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Vinod Kumar B.L.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | Nikam K.,University of Mysore
Advances in Knowledge Organization

A machine-readable Sanskrit-English thesaurus for yogic and allied sciences is being developed using Greenstone Digital Library software (OSDL) at the S-VYASA deemed to-be university in Bangalore. This paper deals with the problems and issues that arose during construction of the bilingual thesaurus. Source

Hankey A.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine

This paper traces the revolutionary changes that have transformed the ontological status of western physics and biology over the last thirty years, so as to show in detail how they have moved towards the perspective of the Vedic sciences. From this it appears that Ayurveda′s more holistic approach is no longer in opposition to the views of physics and biology. In physics, experimental verification of phenomena associated with quantum correlations have forced scientists to accept that the macroscopic world is not strongly objective: traditional western scientific ontology stands rejected. One consequence is that the world is not necessarily reductionist i.e. based solely on the properties of its tiniest constituents. In biology, the 1930′s discovery of homeostasis has reached a natural climax: the feedback instabilities, identified by Norbert Wiener as inevitably accompanying control processes, are now recognized to be states of optimal regulation, where organisms centre their function. The non-reductive properties of these states clearly distinguish the theory of control from previous physical theories; they now occupy the centre-stage of life. Possibly against expectation, their non-reductive nature makes their physics holistic: western biology seems to have broken free of reductionist physics. When Ayurveda and bioscience are compared in light of these little appreciated advances in fundamental science, the supposed differences between them are vastly reduced-they practically dissolve. Instead of being poles apart, the ontologies of western science and Ayurveda seem to have become almost identical. Source

Varambally S.,National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences | Vidyendaran S.,National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences | Sajjanar M.,National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences | Thirthalli J.,National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences | And 3 more authors.
Asian Journal of Psychiatry

Purpose of the study: The use of yoga as an intervention for caregivers of patients with psychosis has been poorly studied. The current study aimed to test the efficacy of a brief yoga program as an intervention in caregivers of outpatients with functional psychotic disorders using a randomized controlled research design. Materials and methods: Caregivers who agreed to participate in the study (n=29) were randomized into yoga (n=15) or wait-list group (n=14). They were assessed at baseline and at the end of 3 months. Patients who were randomized into the yoga group were offered supervised yoga training thrice a week for 4 weeks, after which they were instructed to practice at home for the next 2 months. Due to the small sample size and some variables not being normally distributed, non-parametric statistical analysis was used. Results: Results showed significantly reduced burden scores and improved quality of life scores in the yoga group as compared to the wait-list group at the end of 3 months. There were no significant changes in anxiety and depression scores in caregivers, or psychopathology scores in patients. Conclusion: In caregivers of outpatients with functional psychosis, 4 weeks of training followed by 3 months of home practice of a yoga module offered significant advantage over waitlist. Yoga can be offered as an intervention for caregivers of patients with severe mental disorders. Methods of providing yoga intervention closer to the community or use of flexible modules at hospitals needs further study. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Chandwani K.D.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Thornton B.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Perkins G.H.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Arun B.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Society for Integrative Oncology

This study examined the effects of yoga on quality of life (QOL) and psychosocial outcomes in women with breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy. Sixty-one women were randomly assigned to either a yoga or a wait-list group. Yoga classes were taught biweekly during the 6 weeks of radiotherapy. Participants completed measures of QOL, fatigue, benefit finding (finding meaning in the cancer experience), intrusive thoughts, sleep disturbances, depressive symptoms, and anxiety before radiotherapy and then again 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after the end of radiotherapy. General linear model analyses revealed that compared to the control group, the yoga group reported significantly better general health perception (p = .005) and physical functioning scores (p = .04) 1 week postradiotherapy; higher levels of intrusive thoughts 1 month postradiotherapy (p = .01); and greater benefit finding 3 months postradiotherapy (p = .01). There were no other group differences in other QOL subscales for fatigue, depression, or sleep scores. Exploratory analyses indicated that intrusive thoughts 1 month after radiotherapy were significantly positively correlated with benefit finding 3 months after radiotherapy (r = .36, p = .011). Our results indicated that the yoga program was associated with statistically and clinically significant improvements in aspects of QOL. © 2010 BC Decker Inc. Source

Chandwani K.D.,University of Rochester | Chandwani K.D.,University of Houston | Perkins G.,University of Houston | Nagendra H.R.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | And 13 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology

Purpose: Previous research incorporating yoga (YG) into radiotherapy (XRT) for women with breast cancer finds improved quality of life (QOL). However, shortcomings in this research limit the findings. Patients and Methods: Patients with stages 0 to III breast cancer were recruited before starting XRT and were randomly assigned to YG (n = 53) or stretching (ST; n = 56) three times a week for 6 weeks during XRT or waitlist (WL; n = 54) control. Self-report measures of QOL (Medical Outcomes Study 36-item short-form survey; primary outcomes), fatigue, depression, and sleep quality, and five saliva samples per day for 3 consecutive days were collected at baseline, end of treatment, and 1, 3, and 6 months later. Results: The YG group had significantly greater increases in physical component scale scores compared with the WL group at 1 and 3 months after XRT (P = .01 and P = .01). At 1, 3, and 6 months, the YG group had greater increases in physical functioning compared with both ST and WL groups (P < .05), with ST and WL differences at only 3 months (P < .02). The group differences were similar for general health reports. By the end of XRT, the YG and ST groups also had a reduction in fatigue (P < .05). There were no group differences for mental health and sleep quality. Cortisol slope was steepest for the YG group compared with the ST and WL groups at the end (P = .023 and P = .008) and 1 month after XRT (P = .05 and P = .04). Conclusion: YG improved QOL and physiological changes associated with XRT beyond the benefits of simple ST exercises, and these benefits appear to have long-term durability. © 2014 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. Source

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