Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana

Bangalore, India

Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana

Bangalore, India
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Metri K.G.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | Pradhan B.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | Nagendra H.R.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana
Journal of Stem Cells | Year: 2017

Background: Hypertension (HTN) is a highly prevalent disease and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It leads to several long term complications including cognitive impairment. Yoga is a form of alternative and complementary therapy known to be effective in improving cognitive function. There is however, a lack evidence of the role of yoga on cognitive function in hypertensive patients. Aim: To study the impact of short term residential yoga-based lifestyle intervention on cognitive functions in hypertensive patients. Methodology: Sixty hypertensive subjects, within age range 30 to 60 years (Mean ± SD; 46.92 ± 9.2 yrs) were enrolled in this study. Thirty subjects (IAYT) followed 6 days of residential yoga program, consisting of 5 hrs of different yoga sessions including physical practices, meditation, devotional songs, a low salt & calorie diet and counseling sessions at SVYASA University campus in Bengaluru. Thirty subjects (Non-IAYT) followed their daily routines. Subjects with diabetes, psychiatric problem, stroke, head injury, neurodeficits, history of recent surgery, and previous exposure to yoga in last one year were excluded from the study. All the subjects were administered Digit Letter Substitution Test and Digit Forward and Backward Test at the baseline and after 6 days. Results: For the IAYT group, there was a significant improvement in Digit Forward and Backward Test (p>0.001) scores and in DLST test (p>0.001) after 6 days of intervention compared to baseline. Whereas, non-IAYT group showed, no significant improvement in any of the variables assessed. Therefore, compared to the Non-IAYT group, the IAYT group showed significantly better improve in DF (p < 0.001), DB (p < 0.001) and DLST scores (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Short term residential yoga practice helps in enhancing cognitive function in hypertensive patients. © 2017 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

John J.M.,NIMHANS | Navneetham J.,NIMHANS | Nagendra H.R.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2017

Introduction: Mental health promotion among adolescents has been a key area of intervention for professionals working with children and adolescents. The opinions of experts in the field of mental health have taken to frame a trans-disciplinary intervention for adolescent girls on self awareness. Aim: To discuss the development and validation of a structured intervention by combining the knowledge from different disciplines in helping adolescents enhancing self awareness. Materials and Methods: Both qualitative and quantitative methodologies were followed for the development and validation of the module. First phase of the development of intervention module was the framing of intervention module after conducting in-depth interviews with experts in both mental health and yoga fields. Six experts each from mental health and yoga field were chosen experts for interview through convenient sampling. Validated interview guides were used for the process. The framed intervention module was given to six mental health experts and six yoga experts for content validation. The experts rated the usefulness of the intervention on a scale 0-4 (4=extremely helpful). Results: The themes derived in the interviews were importance of self awareness, autonomy of self, physical level of self understanding, self regulation of emotions and self monitoring. The interviews were consolidated to frame the intervention module consisting of eight sessions having two parts in each session. Part one of each session is activities and interactions on mental health and part two is guided instructions for body focused meditation. Sessions were finalized with rating and suggestions from the experts. The final version of the module was pilot tested and had found to have enhanced self awareness among adolescent girls. Conclusion: Integration of multiple disciplines brought in novel perspectives in intervention. © 2017, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.

Rshikesan P.B.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2016

Introduction: Obesity is a growing global epidemic and cause of non-communicable diseases. Yoga is one of the effective ways to reduce stress which is one of the causes of obesity. Aim: To assess the effect of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy (IAYT) yoga module on adult male obesity in an urban setting. Materials and Methods: RCT (Randomized Controlled Trial) was conducted for 14 weeks on obese male subjects with yoga and control groups. Total number of subjects were 72 and they were randomized into two groups (Yoga n=37, Control n=35).The subjects were from an urban setting of Mumbai and were doing yoga for the first time. Special yoga training of IAYT was given to yoga group for one and half hour for 5 days in a week for 14 weeks. The control group continued regular physical activities and no specific physical activity was given. The assessments were anthropometric parameters of weight, Body Mass Index (BMI), MAC (Mid Upper Arm Circumferences) of Left and Right Arm, Waist Circumference (WC), HC (Hip Circumference), WHR (Waist Hip Ratio), SKF(Skin Fold Thickness of Biceps, Triceps, Sub scapular, suprailiac and cumulative), Percentage body fat based on SKF and Psychological Questionnaires of Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and AAQW (Acceptance and Action Questionnaire for Weight Related Difficulty). These were taken before and after intervention for both yoga and control groups. Within and between group analysis & correlation of differences from post to pre readings among the variables, were carried out using SPSS 21. Results: The anthropometric and psychological parameters were improved in both the groups but changes were significant in yoga group. Conclusion: Incorporating the IAYT for obese male in urban setting will be effective for obesity treatment and for reducing the obesity related problems. © 2016, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.

McDermott K.A.,University of California at San Francisco | Rao M.R.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | Nagarathna R.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | Murphy E.J.,University of California at San Francisco | And 3 more authors.
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2014

Background: Type 2 diabetes is a major health problem in many countries including India. Yoga may be an effective type 2 diabetes prevention strategy in India, particularly given its cultural familiarity.Methods: This was a parallel, randomized controlled pilot study to collect feasibility and preliminary efficacy data on yoga for diabetes risk factors among people at high risk of diabetes. Primary outcomes included: changes in BMI, waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, insulin, insulin resistance, blood pressure, and cholesterol. We also looked at measures of psychological well-being including changes in depression, anxiety, positive and negative affect and perceived stress. Forty-one participants with elevated fasting blood glucose in Bangalore, India were randomized to either yoga (n = 21) or a walking control (n = 20). Participants were asked to either attend yoga classes or complete monitored walking 3-6 days per week for eight weeks. Randomization and allocation was performed using computer-generated random numbers and group assignments delivered in sealed, opaque envelopes generated by off-site study staff. Data were analyzed based on intention to treat.Results: This study was feasible in terms of recruitment, retention and adherence. In addition, yoga participants had significantly greater reductions in weight, waist circumference and BMI versus control (weight -0.8 ± 2.1 vs. 1.4 ± 3.6, p = 0.02; waist circumference -4.2 ± 4.8 vs. 0.7 ± 4.2, p < 0.01; BMI -0.2 ± 0.8 vs. 0.6 ± 1.6, p = 0.05). There were no between group differences in fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, insulin resistance or any other factors related to diabetes risk or psychological well-being. There were significant reductions in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, anxiety, depression, negative affect and perceived stress in both the yoga intervention and walking control over the course of the study.Conclusion: Among Indians with elevated fasting blood glucose, we found that participation in an 8-week yoga intervention was feasible and resulted in greater weight loss and reduction in waist circumference when compared to a walking control. Yoga offers a promising lifestyle intervention for decreasing weight-related type 2 diabetes risk factors and potentially increasing psychological well-being.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identified NCT00090506. © 2014 McDermott et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Vinchurkar S.A.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | Arankalle D.V.,National Institute of Naturopathy
Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2015

A 63-year-old overweight female prediagnosed of stress urinary incontinence presented with exacerbated events of urine leakage. She was advised a residential lifestyle and behavioral program, primarily consisting of a monitored yoga therapy module, apart from her ongoing anticholinergic medicine, for 21 days. Assessments were based on a frequency volume chart, a bladder diary for the entire duration of treatment, and the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form questionnaire on the days of admission and discharge. A total of 1.9 kg of weight loss was observed during her stay. Usage of pad, as reported in her diary, reduced from 3 to 1 per day. Her International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form score reduced from 16 to 9, indicating better continence. She expressed subjective well-being and confidence in her social interactions. This is probably the first case report demonstrating feasibility of integration of yoga therapy in the management of urinary incontinence. © The Author(s) 2014.

Nidhi R.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | Padmalatha V.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | Nagarathna R.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | Amritanshu R.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Year: 2013

Objectives: The objectives of this trial were to compare the effects of a holistic yoga program with the conventional exercise program in adolescent polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Design: This was a prospective, randomized, active controlled trial. Setting: Ninety (90) adolescent (15-18 years) girls from a residential college in Andhra Pradesh who satisfied the Rotterdam criteria were randomized into two groups. Intervention: The yoga group practiced a holistic yoga module, while the control group practiced a matching set of physical exercises (1 hour/day, for 12 weeks). Outcome measures: Anti-müllerian hormone (AMH-primary outcome), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone, prolactin, body-mass index (BMI), hirsutism, and menstrual frequency were measured at inclusion and after 12 weeks. Results: Mann-Whitney test on difference score shows that changes in AMH (Y=-2.51, C=-0.49, p=0.006), LH, and LH/FSH ratio (LH: Y=-4.09, C=3.00, p=0.005; LH/FSH: Y=-1.17, C=0.49, p=0.015) were significantly different between the two intervention groups. Also, changes in testosterone (Y=-6.01, C=2.61, p=0.014) and Modified Ferriman and Gallway (mFG) score (Y=-1.14, C=+0.06, p=0.002) were significantly different between the two groups. On the other hand, changes in FSH and prolactin postintervention were nonsignificantly different between the two groups. Also, body weight and BMI showed nonsignificantly different changes between the two groups, while changes in menstrual frequency were significantly different between the two groups (Y=0.89, C=0.49, p=0.049). Conclusions: A holistic yoga program for 12 weeks is significantly better than physical exercise in reducing AMH, LH, and testosterone, mFG score for hirsutism, and improving menstrual frequency with nonsignificant changes in body weight, FSH, and prolactin in adolescent PCOS. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Raghavendra B.R.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | Singh P.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana
Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine | Year: 2016

The ancient Indian yoga text, Hatha Yoga Pradipika, describes six cleansing techniques. The objective of cleansing techniques is to purify and prepare the body for the practice of yoga postures, breath regulation, and meditation. Yogic visual concentration technique (trataka) is one of these techniques. A previous study showed an increase in critical flicker fusion (CFF) following yogic visual concentration (trataka). The present study planned to assess the immediate effect of trataka on cognitive performance using the Stroop color-word test. Performance on the Stroop color-word test was assessed in 30 healthy male volunteers with ages ranging from 18 years to 31 years old (22.57 ± 3.65 years). The participants were tested before and after yogic visual concentration (trataka) and during a control session on two separate days. There was a significant improvement in performance on the Stroop color-word test after trataka compared to the control session [repeated measures analysis of variance (RM ANOVA) with Bonferroni adjustment; p < 0.001]. Performance on the Stroop color-word test was better after trataka compared to the control session suggesting that the trataka technique increased the selective attention, cognitive flexibility, and response inhibition. © 2014 Center for Food and Biomolecules, National Taiwan University.

Vinod Kumar B.L.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana | Nikam K.,University of Mysore
Advances in Knowledge Organization | Year: 2012

A machine-readable Sanskrit-English thesaurus for yogic and allied sciences is being developed using Greenstone Digital Library software (OSDL) at the S-VYASA deemed to-be university in Bangalore. This paper deals with the problems and issues that arose during construction of the bilingual thesaurus.

Hankey A.,Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine | Year: 2012

This paper traces the revolutionary changes that have transformed the ontological status of western physics and biology over the last thirty years, so as to show in detail how they have moved towards the perspective of the Vedic sciences. From this it appears that Ayurveda′s more holistic approach is no longer in opposition to the views of physics and biology. In physics, experimental verification of phenomena associated with quantum correlations have forced scientists to accept that the macroscopic world is not strongly objective: traditional western scientific ontology stands rejected. One consequence is that the world is not necessarily reductionist i.e. based solely on the properties of its tiniest constituents. In biology, the 1930′s discovery of homeostasis has reached a natural climax: the feedback instabilities, identified by Norbert Wiener as inevitably accompanying control processes, are now recognized to be states of optimal regulation, where organisms centre their function. The non-reductive properties of these states clearly distinguish the theory of control from previous physical theories; they now occupy the centre-stage of life. Possibly against expectation, their non-reductive nature makes their physics holistic: western biology seems to have broken free of reductionist physics. When Ayurveda and bioscience are compared in light of these little appreciated advances in fundamental science, the supposed differences between them are vastly reduced-they practically dissolve. Instead of being poles apart, the ontologies of western science and Ayurveda seem to have become almost identical.

Chandwani K.D.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Thornton B.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Perkins G.H.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Arun B.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Society for Integrative Oncology | Year: 2010

This study examined the effects of yoga on quality of life (QOL) and psychosocial outcomes in women with breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy. Sixty-one women were randomly assigned to either a yoga or a wait-list group. Yoga classes were taught biweekly during the 6 weeks of radiotherapy. Participants completed measures of QOL, fatigue, benefit finding (finding meaning in the cancer experience), intrusive thoughts, sleep disturbances, depressive symptoms, and anxiety before radiotherapy and then again 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after the end of radiotherapy. General linear model analyses revealed that compared to the control group, the yoga group reported significantly better general health perception (p = .005) and physical functioning scores (p = .04) 1 week postradiotherapy; higher levels of intrusive thoughts 1 month postradiotherapy (p = .01); and greater benefit finding 3 months postradiotherapy (p = .01). There were no other group differences in other QOL subscales for fatigue, depression, or sleep scores. Exploratory analyses indicated that intrusive thoughts 1 month after radiotherapy were significantly positively correlated with benefit finding 3 months after radiotherapy (r = .36, p = .011). Our results indicated that the yoga program was associated with statistically and clinically significant improvements in aspects of QOL. © 2010 BC Decker Inc.

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