Swabian Childrens Cancer Center

Augsburg, Germany

Swabian Childrens Cancer Center

Augsburg, Germany

Time filter

Source Type

Schaller T.,Institute of Pathology | Bode M.,Klinikum Augsburg | Berlis A.,Clinic of Radiology and Neuroradiology | Fruhwald M.C.,Swabian Childrens Cancer Center | And 3 more authors.
Pathology Research and Practice | Year: 2015

Hemangioblastomas are rare capillary-rich tumors predominantly found in the CNS. The histological appearance of these tumors varies across a broad spectrum. Several entities show considerable histomorphological similarities to hemangioblastomas. Therefore, morphological evaluation can be challenging. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic utility of immunohistochemistry using antibodies against carbonic anhydrase IX and cytokeratin staining. Within our files, we identified 20 hemangioblastomas. A collection of 46 other tumors relevant to the differential diagnosis (12 pilocytic astrocytomas, 11 meningiomas, one pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, one angiomatous fibrous histiocytoma, 14 carcinoma metastases and seven gliomas grades II-IX) served as control. The pattern of strong, diffuse expression of carbonic anhydrase IX with membranous accentuation in combination with keratin negativity was considered diagnostic for hemangioblastomas. It was found in 18 out of 20 (90%) hemangioblastomas and in none of the control cases (P< 0.001). This resulted in a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 100%. The positive and negative predictive values were 100% and 96%, respectively. Carbonic anhydrase IX with cytokeratin is thus a highly sensitive and specific marker combination for hemangioblastomas. It is therefore very helpful in the diagnosis of these tumors and in their discrimination from other entities. © 2015 Published by Elsevier GmbH.


Kordes U.,University of Hamburg | Bartelheim K.,Swabian Childrens Cancer Center | Modena P.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Modena P.,Sant Anna General Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Pediatric Blood and Cancer | Year: 2014

Rhabdoid tumor predisposition syndrome is usually associated with shorter survival in patients with malignant rhabdoid tumors regardless of anatomical origin. Here we present four children harboring truncating heterozygous SMARCB1/INI1 germline mutations with favorable outcome. All four patients received multi-modality treatment, three according to therapeutic recommendations by the EU-RHAB registry, two without radiotherapy, and mean event-free survival accounts for 7 years. In conclusion, intensive treatment with curative intent is justified for children with rhabdoid tumors even if an underlying rhabdoid predisposition syndrome is demonstrated. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2014;61:919-921. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


PubMed | Institute of Pathology, Swabian Childrens Cancer Center, Clinic of Radiology and Neuroradiology and Klinikum Augsburg
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pathology, research and practice | Year: 2015

Hemangioblastomas are rare capillary-rich tumors predominantly found in the CNS. The histological appearance of these tumors varies across a broad spectrum. Several entities show considerable histomorphological similarities to hemangioblastomas. Therefore, morphological evaluation can be challenging. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic utility of immunohistochemistry using antibodies against carbonic anhydrase IX and cytokeratin staining. Within our files, we identified 20 hemangioblastomas. A collection of 46 other tumors relevant to the differential diagnosis (12 pilocytic astrocytomas, 11 meningiomas, one pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, one angiomatous fibrous histiocytoma, 14 carcinoma metastases and seven gliomas grades II-IX) served as control. The pattern of strong, diffuse expression of carbonic anhydrase IX with membranous accentuation in combination with keratin negativity was considered diagnostic for hemangioblastomas. It was found in 18 out of 20 (90%) hemangioblastomas and in none of the control cases (P < 0.001). This resulted in a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 100%. The positive and negative predictive values were 100% and 96%, respectively. Carbonic anhydrase IX with cytokeratin is thus a highly sensitive and specific marker combination for hemangioblastomas. It is therefore very helpful in the diagnosis of these tumors and in their discrimination from other entities.

Loading Swabian Childrens Cancer Center collaborators
Loading Swabian Childrens Cancer Center collaborators