SVS Medical College

andhra pradesh, India

SVS Medical College

andhra pradesh, India
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Rao V.M.M.,Kurnool Medical College | Rameswarudu M.,SVS Medical College
National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology | Year: 2017

Background: Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) assesses the overall functional status of the respiratory system. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to observe the PEFR in school going healthy children, in a town located in the southern part of India. To illustrate the relation among the age, height, weight, and PEFR in the school going children. Materials and Methods: 119 school going healthy boys were selected randomly, aged between 5 and 16 years. Anthropometric parameters, namely, height and weight of the subjects were measured to the nearest reading with minimal clothes on and without footwear using stadiometer and weighing machine, respectively. Subjects were divided into five groups: Group I with a height range of 101-120 cm, Group II with 121-130 cm; Group III with 131-140 cm; Group IV with 141-150 cm; and Group V with 151-160 cm. PEFR was measured using the pocket flow meter and wrights flow meter. Results: Mean PEFR values with standard deviation in the five groups with pocket flow meter and with wrights flow meter are Group I: 159 ± 18.3 and 118 ± 22.5, Group II: 227 ± 31.0 and 204 ± 31.8, Group III: 253 ± 52.0 and 234 ± 51.2, Group IV: 309 ± 43 and 296 ± 40.9, and Group V: 368 ± 51.0 and 343 ± 47.7. Correlation coefficient was also calculated between the height and PEFR, measured with pocket flow meter in all the five groups; 0.64, 0.68, 0.25, 0.47, and 0.69 from Groups I to V. Conclusion: PEFR is increased with the increasing in height of the subjects. © 2016 Veera Mohan Rao M and Rameswarudu M.


Patil M.K.J.,SVS Medical College | Patil S.M.,Shri BM Patil Medical College
National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology | Year: 2017

Background: From analytical and statistical studies, it has been firmly concluded that cigarette smoking has various hazards on different systems of human being. Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of this study were to determine cardiovascular sympathetic activity in habitual cigarette smokers and compare it with healthy age-matched controls and to find out any correlation between duration of cigarette smoking and sympathetic dysfunction. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in 40 habitual cigarette smokers (study group) and 40 normal, healthy nonsmokers (Control group) who served as age-matched controls to study sympathetic functions. The participants were in the age range of 20-45 years. The participants were selected from the habitual cigarette smoking (10-25 cigarettes/day) and nonsmoking students and employees in the medical college campus by convenience sampling method. Following the basal recording of physiological and sympathetic function parameters, the participant was required to smoke 1 full cigarette within 5 min at his usual puffing rate. 5 min after the participant completed to smoke the cigarette, the autonomic function parameters are again recorded. Blood pressure (BP) response to orthostatic test and to sustained handgrip exercise. The data were suitably arranged and were subjected to statistical analysis; the level of significance is calculated by applying t-test. Results: Significant raise in diastolic BP after cigarette smoking in the study group. Conclusion: Habitual smoking affects negatively the sympathetic autonomic nervous system. © 2017 Mahesh Kumar J Patil, Sumangala M Patil.


Mohan Singh S.,Gandhi Medical College | Sudhakar Suresh K.,SVS Medical College
Medico-Legal Update | Year: 2016

Old injuries are always claimed to be caused during the alleged crime by the victims in Criminal cases, where it becomes a very big challenge to the Medical Officer who receives the request for an Wound Certificate. Often times the age of injury has led the doctor and Police Officer in arriving at the correct time of crime. But at the same times many cases could not reach a logical end since the benefit of doubt goes to the accused in such cases, and they are left scot-free. There has been very little research in the last decade on the age of contusions based on colour and histopathological changes apart from what is given in the standard text books. Hence this study has been taken up to verify the validity of the relation between the colour changes and age of a Contusion. A study was done by choosing cases which were brought by the Police for treatment and issue of Wound certificate to causality of Gandhi Hospital, Secunderabad, Telangana State. A total of 122 cases were selected and followed up by checking the colour of Contusions and noting the same by a series of photographs. Injuries spanning from 6 hours through 21 days according to the allegation in the FIR were taken up for this study. It was found that the development of a yellow colour was the most significant change (subjects aged < 65, P < 0.001; subjects aged >65 years, P < 0.001). The development of a yellow colour occurred significantly faster in subjects aged ~65 years. (P < 0.001). The appearance of a blue and purple/black colour was of lesser significance. The appearance of a red colour did not alter significantly with time. From this study it was only possible to conclude that a bruise with a yellow colour was more than 18 h old. © 2016, World Informations Syndicate. All rights reserved.


Rao A.G.,SVS Medical College | Chataraju S.D.,SVS Medical College
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health | Year: 2016

Tick bites are uncommon and are vectors of a number of skin diseases; some are innocuous and others deleterious. Herein, we report a case of tick bite in a 50-year-old man who presented with an insect in the abdominal wall, unassociated with systemic involvement. Examination revealed the presence of a tick in the abdominal wall (near the right hypochondrium) with head embedded in it. There is an erythematous, edematous swelling surrounding the bite with elevated skin fold covering the head of the tick. Biopsy from the swelling after the removal of tick revealed foci of fibrinoid material with perivascular lymphocytes, neutrophils, and histiocytes in the dermis. © 2016 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.


Rao A.,SVS Medical College
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2015

Coexistence of two different histopathological types of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) in the same anatomical site is rare and interesting. Herein, we report a case of coexistence of nodular and adenoid BCC in a 78-year-old peasant who presented with a plaque and a globular swelling on left paranasal region of few years duration. Histopathology of skin biopsy with immunohistochemistry study using antibodies to S100, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) and cytokeratin 7 (CK 7) from the margin of the ulcer and globular swelling confirmed the diagnosis that revealed features of nodular and adenoid basal cell carcinoma, respectively. Investigative work up did not reveal evidence of metastasis.


Rao A.,SVS Medical College
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2015

Becker's nevus is a focal epidermal hypermelanotic disorder. It morphologically presents as unilateral, hyperpigmented, hypertrichotic patch on upper trunk, proximal upper extremities and arms. However, Becker's nevus presenting as bilateral, symmetrical patches is rare. Herein, we report a rare case of giant Becker's nevus with bilateral symmetrical presentation in an adult male.


Jagannath N.,Svs Medical College | Chikkannasetty S.,Svs Medical College | Govindadas D.,Svs Medical College | Devasankaraiah G.,Svs Medical College
Indian Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2012

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ethanolic extract of Asparagus racemosus on urolithiasis in rats. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into six groups (n = 6). Ethylene glycol (EG) 0.75% and ammonium chloride (AC) 2% in drinking water were fed to all groups (Groups II-VI) except normal control (Group I) rats for 10 days to induce urolithiasis. Group III-VI rats were treated with ethanolic extract of Asparagus racemosus at doses 200, 400, 800, and 1600 mg/kg, respectively, for 10 days. Positive control (Group II) rats were treated with EG/AC alone. Group I rats were administered drinking water and distilled water (6 l/g) by gavage. After 10 days, blood samples were collected and analyzed for serum concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, urea, and creatinine. The kidneys were removed and sectioned for histopathological examination. The data were presented as mean standard error of mean and analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Student′s "t"-test. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Conventional windows software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The rats treated with ethanolic extract of A. racemosus at doses 800 and 1600 mg/ kg significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the serum concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, urea, and creatinine. Histopathology of the kidneys in Groups V and VI revealed less tissue damage and were almost similar to Group I rats. Conclusions: The ethanolic extract of A. racemosus has protective effect against urolithiasis.


Rao A.,SVS Medical College
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2016

Coexistence of two immunologically diverse forms of leprosy in an individual is very rare. Herein, we report a case of association of borderline tuberculoid (BT) leprosy with histoid leprosy (HL) in a young immune competent male. He was diagnosed as a case of BT leprosy 10 years ago and now presented with multiple papules and nodules. Histopathological examination of biopsy taken from patch and nodule showed features of BT and HL, respectively. © 2016 Indian Journal of Dermatology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.


The coexistence of Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG)-induced lupus vulgaris involving the site of vaccination with lichen scrofulosorum is rare. Herein we report a 3-year-old boy who presented with lupus vulgaris at the vaccination site 3 weeks after neonatal BCG vaccination followed by the development of lichen scrofulosorum approximately 2.5 years later. Characteristic clinical morphology, typical histopathology, and positive DNA polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium bovis confirmed the clinical diagnosis. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Rao A.G.,SVS Medical College | Danturty I.,SVS Medical College
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2012

Leukemia cutis is the infiltration of neoplastic leukocytes or their precursors into the epidermis, the dermis, or the subcutis, resulting in clinically identifiable cutaneous lesions. Leukemia cutis may follow, precede or occur concomitantly with the diagnosis of systemic leukemia. A 50-year-old woman presented with asymptomatic multiple cutaneous nodules all over the body of 4 months duration. Cutaneous examination showed multiple hyperpigmented nodules and plaques involving face, trunk, and extremities. Peripheral smear showed abnormally elevated leucocyte count (TLC-70,000) with abnormal cells: myeloblasts 40%, promyelocytes 8% and myelocytes 39%. Auer rods were present in few myeloblasts. Bone marrow aspiration showed increased cellularity, erythroid hyperplasia with megaloblastic change, increased myeloblasts with maturation arrest. Immunohistochemistry showed strongly positive myeloperoxidase infiltrating cells and negative for CD20 and CD3 consistent with the diagnosis of AML-M 2 with leukemia cutis. This case is reported for its rarity.

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