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Mihic S.S.,Sveucilista u Rijeci | Boskovic S.,Fakultet zdravstvenih studija
Hrvatska Revija Za Rehabilitacijska Istrazivanja | Year: 2016

The education policy in Croatia is inclusive and therefore promotes inclusive values in the community. Teachers’ beliefs about and attitudes towards inclusive education play a key role in the successful education of students with disabilities in regular classes. This paper is based on the hypothesis that teachers-especially younger and less-experienced teachers, as well as elementary school teachers-believe that inclusive education contributes equally to the development of students with disabilities and to the development of typical students.. The study included 274 teachers from two counties in the Republic of Croatia. Questionnaire on Teachers’ Opinions about the Inclusion of Children with Moderate to Severe Special Needs in General Education Settings (Linn and Coelho da Silva, 2014) was used. By significant reduction of the variables, a Scale of Teacher Beliefs about Inclusive Values with good metric characteristics was obtained. It included two factors: (1) Inclusive education contributes to the development of typical students and (2) Inclusive education contributes to the development of students with disabilities. © 2016, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Political Sciences. All rights reserved.

Free mobility of workers is one of the fundamental freedoms on which the European Union (with the free movement of goods, services and capital) is based. It is defined by the Art. 45 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (hereinafter TFEU) (consolidated version 2012, OJ C 326, 26.10.2012.) and entails the abolition of any discrimination based on nationality in relationship to employment between workers of the Member States. Art. 45, par. 4 of the TFEU stipulates that the provisions of this Article shall not apply to the employment in public services. In essence, the Master of the ship functions are: a) the responsibility for the safety of the ship and order on board, b) a public authority on board and c) representation of the ship-operator. Since the public functions of the shipmaster are performed occasionally, they actually represent only a small part of its activities and the question is whether the position of a shipmaster can be defined as a public one or whether the citizenship as a condition for performing shipmaster function in a Croatian maritime law represents a discriminatory treatment. This paper will also analyse case law from the European Court of Human Rights in proceedings under Art. 14 from the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (prohibition of discrimination) and the Case law from the European Court of Justice. © 2015 University of Dubronvnik. All rights reserved.

Milovic-Karic G.,Diplomirana Pravnica | Milovic D.,Sveucilista u Rijeci
AMHA - Acta Medico-Historica Adriatica | Year: 2013

The aim of this article was to define the elements of health culture in the Statute of Lastovo, from its declaration in 1310 to amendments made in the 18th century. The source we used was a recently published translation of the Statute from Latin, in which we identified the lawmaker's stipulations directly or indirectly related to public health of the times. The Statute stipulates several preventive measures to keep plague at bay and to control it if it breaks out. Stipulations on communal slaughterhouses and fish markets, even if not directly intended to address healthcare issues, brought a definite improvement to public hygiene and sanitation. Penal provisions for the perpetrators included death, whipping, branding, cutting fingers off, standing on logs, and pillorying. The article concludes that even though the Statute of Lastovo is quite comprehensive and voluminous, it does not give much space to health culture, in fact, even less space than other Medieval statutes of towns along the east coast of the Adriatic.

Milovic D.,Sveucilista u Rijeci | Milovic-Karic G.,Diplomirana Pravnica
AMHA - Acta Medico-Historica Adriatica | Year: 2013

The Code of Šibenik dates back to the 13th century and is impressive inasmuch as it pays a lot of attention to health culture issues. It brings a number of hygienic and sanitary measures such as the ban to keep pigs in the town, to throw "filth and decay" on public roads, to unload and sell fish in places not intended for selling, to display and sell meat outside butcheries, to skin animals outside butcheries, to sell carrion meat, and the order to bakers to bake bread thoroughly. It pays particular attention to public bodies of water such as ponds and to watersupply, and the town subsidised half the welling costs. In respect to general health protection, the Code banned corpse kissing to prevent infections, and graves were removed from the town centre for the same reason (because they "stank"). The "insane" and "simple minded" could not close legal deals. The fact that the town employed a trained physician - medicus - (in addition to a barber) suggests that it was the physician's job to decide who of the townspeople belonged to the category of the mentally challenged.

Marinkic M.,Sveucilista u Rijeci | Barbaric I.,Johanniter Krankenhaus Genthin Stendal
Medicina Fluminensis | Year: 2014

Wilson disease (hepatolenticular degeneration) is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism characterised by degenerative changes in the brain and liver, as well as Kayser-Fleischer rings in the cornea. It mostly occurs in early age. The abnormal gene for Wilson disease is localized on chromosome 13. Absence or malfunction of ATP7B protein results in decreased biliary copper excretion into bile duct. Accumulation of copper in hepatocytes causes tissue impairment. Clinical features include liver disease, progressive neurological disorders and/or psychiatric symptoms. In younger patients, hepatic involvement is more likely to be the predominant manifestation. Forms of Wilson hepatic disease include asymptomatic elevated transaminases, acute or chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, portal hypertension and fulminate hepatic failure. Decreased ceruloplasmin levels, increased copper 24 hour urinary excretion, elevated "free" copper serum levels, elevated hepatic copper content and detectable Kayser-Fleischer corneal rings indicate Wilson disease. Hepatic copper content ≥250 μg/g dry weight (normal content is up to 50 μg/g) remains the best biochemical evidence for Wilson disease. When the diagnosis is uncertain, direct mutation analysis and haplotypes analysis should be performed. The treatment is based on continuous pharmacological therapy and, if needed, liver transplantation. Drugs used in therapy are: penicillamine, trientine, zinc and tetrathiomolybdate. Initial treatment for symptomatic patients should include penicillamine or trientine, often in combination with zinc. Children who do not respond well to pharmacological therapy or suffer from liver cirrhosis or fulminant hepatic failure should be evaluated promptly for liver transplantation.

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