Sveaskog

Växjö, Sweden
Växjö, Sweden
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Roturier S.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Ollier S.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Nutti L.-E.,Sirges Reindeer Herding Community | Bergsten U.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Winsa H.,Sveaskog
Ecological Engineering | Year: 2017

Fire suppression since the 19th century has modified the functioning of boreal forest ecosystems in northern Sweden. In the long run, it induces changes in understory vegetation that result, especially on mesic sites, in feather mosses and Ericaceous dwarf shrubs outcompeting ground lichens, thus decreasing winter pastures for reindeer husbandry. In 2008, a field experiment was established in which, two years after a large forest fire, reindeer lichen (Cladonia spp.) was transplanted across various plots. The general objective was to accelerate the recovery of lichen-rich reindeer pastures, and test the ability of lichen thalli to establish on burnt surfaces following different post-fire treatments (tree harvest and standing trees retained), in different transplantation seasons (summer and winter) and at different doses (0.45 L m−2 and 2.25 L m−2). The abundance and level of occupancy of viable and established lichen fragments was determined in 0.25 m2 quadrats in 2010, 2013 and 2015. There was a continuous increase in lichen establishment over time, and seven years after transplantation, established lichen occupied, on average, 55% and 83% of the 0.25 m2 quadrats treated with the lower and higher doses, respectively. Nine years after fire, no lichen had colonized the control, i.e. the burnt surface outside the experimental area. At the site with standing trees retained, lichen had already formed a well-established mat with a significantly higher lichen occupancy and abundance than in the open, clear-cut sites, where lichen agglomerated in proto-mats. Lichen transplanted in late-summer exhibited higher abundance and occupancy than that transplanted in late-winter. On average, the difference in lichen occupancy and abundance between different doses after seven years was of lower magnitude than between the doses of lichen transplanted initially. The experiment reveals useful results for the restoration of reindeer pastures and for specifying fire management regimes adapted to both forestry and reindeer husbandry. © 2017


Sundqvist M.,Swerea MEFOS | Mellin P.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Yangb W.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Salman H.,Sveaskog | And 3 more authors.
ECOS 2015 - 28th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems | Year: 2015

The reducing of CO2 allowance promotes steel industry to mitigate CO2 emissions. Utilization of biomass e.g., as injectants in the blast furnace to replace pulverized coal (PC), has been proposed as one promising option to meet these requirements in the short- Term. The aim of this work is to integrate a biomass fast pyrolysis to the iron and steel industry and to investigate the potential effects on the energy consumption and CO2 emission. In this work, an iron and steel plant from Sweden was chosen as a case study. An optimization model was extended to cover the fast pyrolysis units in the system boundary. The fast pyrolysis plant produces different types of biomass products i.e., bio-char, bio-oil and bio-syngas. Different alternative to utilize biomass products within the system were included in the model. The investigation shows that the integration of a fast pyrolysis units has great potential on, not only reducing CO2 emission, the potential energy savings.


Wang C.,Swerea MEFOS | Mellin P.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Lovgren J.,SSAB | Nilsson L.,SSAB | And 5 more authors.
Energy Conversion and Management | Year: 2015

We have investigated and modeled the injection of biomass into blast furnaces (BF), in place of pulverized coal (PC) from fossil sources. This is the easiest way to reduce CO2 emissions, beyond efficiency-improvements. The considered biomass is either pelletized, torrefied or pyrolyzed. It gives us three cases where we have calculated the maximum replacement ratio for each. It was found that charcoal from pyrolysis can fully replace PC, while torrefied material and pelletized wood can replace 22.8% and 20.0% respectively, by weight. Our energy and mass balance model (MASMOD), with metallurgical sub-models for each zone, further indicates that (1) more Blast Furnace Gas (BFG) will be generated resulting in reduced fuel consumption in an integrated plant, (2) lower need of limestone can be expected, (3) lower amount of generated slag as well, and (4) reduced fuel consumption for heating the hot blast is anticipated. Overall, substantial energy savings are possible, which is one of the main findings in this paper. Due to the high usage of PC in Sweden, large amounts of biomass is required if full substitution by charcoal is pursued (6.19 TWh/y). But according to our study, it is likely available in the long term for the blast furnace designated M3 (located in Luleå). Finally, over a year with almost fully used production capacity (2008 used as reference), a 28.1% reduction in on-site emissions is possible by using charcoal. Torrefied material and wood pellets can reduce the emissions by 6.4% and 5.7% respectively. The complete replacement of PC in BF M3 can reduce 17.3% of the total emissions from the Swedish steel industry. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Mellin P.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Wei W.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Yang W.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Salman H.,Sveaskog | And 2 more authors.
Energy Procedia | Year: 2014

Based on the type of BF operated in Sweden, the pulverized coal (PC) has primarily been considered replaceable. If replacing the PC, a reduction of 1.25 Mton CO2 annually is possible, which would require approximately 4 TWh charcoal (0.46 Mton) or 7.14 TWh of dry raw biomass. This amount of biomass is substantial and availability is the main concern discussed in this paper. Uncertainty of the future biomass supply makes predictions beyond 2030 difficult. However, the predictions used in this work indicate that there is an unused potential, which could cover the need of all PCI in Sweden. Other aspects could potentially limit the proportion of PCI replaced by biomass, which should be further investigated. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd.


Wang C.,Swerea MEFOS | Larsson M.,Swerea MEFOS | Larsson M.,Lulea University of Technology | Lovgren J.,SSAB | And 5 more authors.
Energy Procedia | Year: 2014

This study is to investigate different types of biomass products' injection into the blast furnace (BF) to replace pulverized coal injection (PCI). The biomass products covered in the study are charcoal, torrefied material and wood pellets on the basis of Swedish forests. The modelling work has been performed in a specialized BF model. The modelling results show that charcoal has the significant effects on the BF operation. PCI can be replaced fully by charcoal, and only limited amount of torrefied material and wood pellets can be injected into BF. For the studied BF, the annual CO2 emission reduction potential from the replaced amount of PCI when injecting charcoal, torrefied material and wood pellets are about 1140 kton, 260 kton and 230 kton, respectively. In addition, a possible energy saving can be achieved for charcoal injection. A slightly higher P content in the hot metal may occur when injecting torrefied material. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd.


Futter M.N.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Keskitalo E.C.H.,Umeå University | Ellison D.,Umeå University | Pettersson M.,Umeå University | And 7 more authors.
Forests | Year: 2011

The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is an ambitious piece of legislation designed to protect and improve water quality throughout Europe. However, forests are only mentioned once in the WFD, and forestry is not mentioned at all, despite its potential implications for streams, rivers and lakes. Here we present a transdisciplinary commentary on the WFD and its implications for forests and forestry in Sweden. This commentary has been prepared by forestry stakeholders, biophysical and social scientists. While we were cognizant of a large body of discipline-specific research, there are very few inter- or trans-disciplinary commentaries which link academic and stakeholder perspectives on the WFD. We had originally felt that there would be little commonality in our concerns. However, we found significant areas of agreement. Our key areas of concern about the implications of the WFD for forestry in Sweden included: (i) concerns about what is meant by good ecological status and how it is assessed; (ii) a perceived lack of clarity in the legal framework; (iii) an inadequate environmental impact assessment process; and (iv) uncertainties about appropriate programs of measures for improving water quality. We were also concerned that ecosystem services provided by forests and the positive effects of forestry on water quality are inadequately recognized in the WFD. © 2011 by the authors.


Nilsson M.,Sveaskog | Staal Wasterlund D.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Wahlberg O.,Mid Sweden University | Eriksson L.O.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research | Year: 2016

Interactions between value-creating activities are vital to increasing product value. Information sharing is a cornerstone of such interactions. For a forest-owning company with the primary objective to be leading in selling roundwood to forest industries, it appears therefore crucial that the sales people within a forest company have up-to-date knowledge about the forest in planning their sales, and that the forest knowledge is presented in a format that is suitable for them. To investigate if this is the case, a study was conducted at Sveaskog, a large Swedish forest-owning company. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with respondents from different levels in the organization. The results show that most sales managers did not directly use the knowledge about the forests when planning their sales; instead, they relied on historical data and had low trust in the knowledge presented in the tactical forest plan. The study pinpoints the organizational obstacles for using forest information in sales planning. These obstacles need to be addressed if more sophisticated information made available through new technology is to be utilized. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group


Liziniewicz M.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Eko P.M.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Klang F.,Sveaskog
Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to show the effects of five tree-selection strategies when thinning on quality and growth properties of Norway spruce stands, and their potential for improving quality in the stands. The five strategies were thinning to retain high-quality (HQ) and low-quality (LQ) trees, thinning from above (A) and below (B) and thinning to obtain an even distribution of residual trees (S). The study was conducted in two planted stands close to rotation age, located in southern Sweden, which had been thinned twice since the establishment of the thinning experiment. In the two quality-based treatments trees were selected for harvest on the basis of the following growth and quality traits: tree class, vitality, dbh, height, straightness, branch diameter and quality defects. The quality traits were found to be largely independent of tree size, thus the selection strategies based solely on dbh (A and B) did not improve quality within the stands. Thinning targeting HQ traits promoted the retention and growth of HQ trees, and improved overall quality of the stands compared to the other treatments. HQ thinning increased the share of straight trees by 15%, on average. Significant proportions of stem crooks and quality defects detected before the first thinning were invisible 21 years after it. All thinned stands had higher proportions of naturally pruned trees than unthinned stands. The selection method had no influence on periodic annual increment after thinning. © 2016 Taylor & Francis

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