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Suzuka, Japan

Norimatsu Y.,Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences | Ohsaki H.,Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences | Yanoh K.,Suzuka General Hospital | Kawanishi N.,Mihara Medical Associations Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Diagnostic Cytopathology | Year: 2013

It is well known that "condensed cluster of stromal cells (CCSC)" and "metaplastic clumps with irregular protrusion (MCIP)" in endometrial glandular and stromal breakdown (EGBD) cases may simulate "clumps of cancer cells (CCC)" in endometrioid adenocarcinoma grade 1 (G1), leading to difficulty in cytological interpretation. The aim of this study was undertaken to clarify the cytological immunoreactivity of nuclear findings about CCSC and MCIP which may be recognized in EGBD cases by using p53 protein and cyclin A in liquid-based cytologic (LBC) preparations. The material consists of cytologic smears of 20 cases of EGBD and 20 cases of G1 for which histopathological diagnosis was obtained by endometrial curettage at the JA Suzuka General Hospital. The evaluation of immunoreactivity was performed by using the intensity of nuclear staining and the nuclear labeling index (N-LI). The intensity of nuclear staining was scored as negative (0), weak (1), moderate (2), or strong (3). The N-LI was scored as less than 10% (0), from 10 to 25% (1), from 26 to 50% (2), or greater than 50% (3). The final score was calculated of the addition of both partial scores. Results are as follows: As for the p53 protein immunoreactivity, CCC (2.4 ± 1.4) was a significantly higher value in comparison with CCSC (0) and MCIP (0.8 ± 0.4), respectively. As for the cyclin A immunoreactivity, CCC (2.8 ± 1.1) was a significantly higher value in comparison with CCSC (0) and MCIP (0.6 ± 0.5), respectively. CCSC and MCIP in EGBD are misunderstood as cellular atypia and structural atypia on occasion; but, as for results of the immunoreactivity scores of p53 protein and cyclin A in our study, it seemed that those biochemical characters proved that the biological activity level was low (or degenerative). The results of the current study demonstrated that the cytological immunoreactivity of nuclear findings by p53 and cyclin A appear to be more useful for the LBC assessment of endometrial lesions, especially for the discrimination of EGBD and G1.Diagn. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Norimatsu Y.,Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences | Yanoh K.,Suzuka General Hospital | Kobayashi T.K.,Osaka University
Acta Cytologica | Year: 2013

Objective: Liquid-based preparation (LBP) of the endometrial lesions is an important diagnostic tool for a variety of endometrial abnormalities because of its simplicity and high quali-quantitative diagnostic yield. We aimed to investigate the LBP method for endometrial cytology to evaluate both benign and abnormal endometrial lesions. Study Design: LBP is a semiautomated methodology that has recently become widely available and has gained popularity as a method of collecting and processing both gynecologic and nongynecologic cellular specimens. Results: Some peculiar endometrial cytoarchitectural features were described using LBPs. These were advantageous to screen as compared to conventional slides due to a smaller screening area and an excellent quality of cell preparations. Conclusions: LBP is a useful tool in the cellular diagnosis and follow-up of endometrial abnormalities, which remains complementary to the emerging molecular diagnostic cytopathology. The study of LBPs from endometrial cytology could be challenging since it is affected by numerous look-alikes and diagnostic pitfalls. This review discusses these various entities and takes into consideration the ancillary techniques that may be useful in the diagnostic procedure. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Yano M.,Nagoya City University | Takao M.,Mie University | Fujinaga T.,Nagara Medical Center | Arimura T.,Nagano Municipal Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2013

Objectives: The use of staplers for thoracic surgery has been widely accepted and regarded as a safe procedure. However, adverse events (AEs) of stapling are occasionally experienced. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the AEs of stapling in pulmonary vascular surgery. Methods A retrospective multi-institutional review was conducted by the 29 institutions of the Central Japan Lung Cancer Surgery Study Group. All staplings of the pulmonary artery (PA) and vein in thoracic surgery were reviewed during the research period. Results Stapling of the PA and vein was performed 3393 times. The total number of AEs related to stapling was nine (0.27%). Eight events occurred intraoperatively and one occurred immediately after the operation. Intraoperative AE occurred more frequently than postoperative AE. AE in the PA occurred more frequently than in the pulmonary vein. The intraoperative AEs were oozing (n = 3), stapling failure (n = 2), laceration of the peripheral vasculature at compression (n = 2) and technical injury of the vasculature at insertion (n = 1). The causes of AEs were reported to be tissue fragility (n = 3), stapler rocking during stapling (n = 2), stapler-tissue thickness mismatch (n = 2) and technical failure (n = 1). The only postoperative AE was staple line rupture of the PV stump. No relationship was seen between the incidence of AE and cartridge colours, compression types of staplers or numbers of staple lines. Conclusions Generally, stapling of the pulmonary vasculatures in recent thoracic surgery has been safe. Furthermore, the knowledge of the possible risks of pulmonary vascular stapling may help to decrease the AEs of stapling. © 2013 The Author. Source

Okano H.,Suzuka General Hospital | Takahashi M.,Jichi Medical University | Isono Y.,Suzuka General Hospital | Tanaka H.,Suzuka General Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Hepatology Research | Year: 2014

Aim: To characterize hepatitis E in Mie prefecture and to investigate whether raw pig liver sold as food in Mie is contaminated with hepatitis E virus (HEV) strains similar to those recovered from patients. Methods: Seventeen patients with sporadic acute hepatitis E treated from 2004 to 2012 were studied. A total of 243 packages of raw pig liver from regional grocery stores were tested for the presence of HEV RNA. The partial genomic sequences of human and swine HEV isolates were determined and subjected to the phylogenetic analyses. Results: The HEV isolates recovered from the 17 patients segregated into genotype 3 (n=15) and genotype 4 (n=2), and 15 genotype 3 isolates further segregated into 3e (n=11) and 3b (n=4). Pig liver specimens from 12 (4.9%) of the 243 packages had detectable HEV RNA. All 12 swine HEV isolates were grouped into genotype 3 (3a or 3b). Although no 3e strains were isolated from pig liver specimens, two 3b swine strains were 99.5-100% identical to two HEV strains recovered from hepatitis patients, within 412-nt partial sequences. Conclusion: The 3e HEV was prevalent among hepatitis E patients. HEV RNA was detected in approximately 5% of pig liver sold as food. The presence of identical HEV strains between hepatitis patients and pig liver indicated that pigs play an important role as reservoirs for HEV in humans in Mie. Further studies are needed to clarify the source of 3e HEV in the animal and environmental reservoirs. © 2013 The Japan Society of Hepatology. Source

Nakano T.,Mie University | Takahashi K.,Toshiba General Hospital | Arai M.,Toshiba General Hospital | Okano H.,Suzuka General Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Infection, Genetics and Evolution | Year: 2013

Nucleotide sequences of hepatitis E virus (HEV) isolates infecting wild boars in Mie prefecture, which is located in the central region of Japan and is far from the most prevalent regions of HEV infection in Japan, were determined and characterised. Among 144 serum samples of wild boars captured in Mie prefecture, 7 were positive for HEV-RNA. The nucleotide sequence of nearly the entire genome was determined for 4 of the 7 positive samples. Phylogenetic tree analyses indicated that 6 samples were subtype 3e and 1 was subtype 3a among the 7 isolates. We identified the indigenization of subtype 3e isolates in Japanese wild boars. Furthermore, 5 subtype 3e isolates were closely related and were located in the peripheral branch of subtype 3e isolates from European countries in the phylogenetic tree. The structure indicated that the ancestor of the 5 subtype 3e isolates originated in Europe. The phylogenetic structure and coalescent analyses suggested that the subtype 3e isolates entered Japan from Europe by importation of large-race pigs around 1966. The results also indicated that several lineages of subtype 3e expanded to a wide area of Japan around 1992 and 1 of the lineages was indigenized in wild boars in Mie prefecture between 1992 and 2009. The appearance of a wild boar cluster in the peripheral branch in the phylogenetic lineage may indicate the direction of gene flow of HEV subtype 3e from swine to wild boars. Clarification of the transmission direction or route should be helpful to prevent a future endemic or epidemic of HEV infection. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.. Source

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