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Liu S.-Q.,Suzhou University of Science and Technology
Environmental Chemistry Letters | Year: 2012

Photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants using suspended and dispersed semiconductor nano-photocatalysts in wastewater holds unique advantages, including high activity, low cost, solar utilization, and complete mineralization. But the recovery and reuse of photocatalysts are difficult because the fine particles are easily discharged in waters. Immobilization of photocatalysts on supports such as glass and zeolite results in decreased activities due to the low specific area and slow mass transfer. Furthermore, a large amount of the photocatalysts will result in colored contamination. Therefore, it is necessary to develop photocatalysts with a separation function for the reusable and cyclic application. In order to take advantage of the high activity and enable the semiconductor nano-photocatalysts to be reused, the concept of magnetic photocatalysts with separation function was raised. We review the photocatalytic principle, structure, and application of the magnetic semiconductor catalysts. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source

Zhang Y.,Suzhou University of Science and Technology
Chinese Physics B | Year: 2012

In this paper, we focus on studying the fractional variational principle and the differential equations of motion for a fractional mechanical system. A combined Riemann - Liouville fractional derivative operator is defined, and a fractional Hamilton principle under this definition is established. The fractional Lagrange equations and the fractional Hamilton canonical equations are derived from the fractional Hamilton principle. A number of special cases are given, showing the universality of our conclusions. At the end of the paper, an example is given to illustrate the application of the results. © 2012 Chinese Physical Society and IOP Publishing Ltd. Source

Huang W.,Suzhou University of Science and Technology | Gao Y.,Suzhou University of Science and Technology
Catalysis Science and Technology | Year: 2014

Surface chemistry and catalysis over oxide nanocrystals with well-defined morphologies are emerging as a hot topic, and the relevant progress on CeO2 nanocrystals is critically reviewed. CeO2 nanocrystals expose morphology-dependent crystal planes on their surfaces, and CeO2 nanocrystal and metal/CeO2 nanocrystal catalysts exhibit morphology-dependent surface chemistry and catalysis. A comprehensive analysis of the published literature nicely correlates the surface chemistry and catalysis of CeO2 nanocrystal and metal/CeO2 nanocrystal catalysts with the surface composition/structure and oxygen vacancy structure of exposed CeO2 crystal planes. A concept of morphology engineering of oxide nanocrystals not only for the optimization of the catalytic performance but also for the fundamental understanding of the structure-activity relation and catalytic reaction mechanism is discussed. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014. Source

Zhang C.-L.,Suzhou University of Science and Technology | Yu S.-H.,Suzhou University of Science and Technology
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2014

Nanofibres can be fabricated by various methods and perhaps electrospinning is the most facile route. In past years, electrospinning has been used as a synthesis technique and the fibres have been prepared from a variety of starting materials and show various properties. Recently, incorporating functional nanoparticles (NPs) with electrospun fibres has emerged as one of most exciting research topics in the field of electrospinning. When NPs are incorporated, on the one hand the NPs endow the electrospun fibres/mats novel or better performance, on the other hand the electrospun fibres/mats could preserve the NPs from corrosion and/or oxidation, especially for NPs with anisotropic structures. More importantly, electrospinning shows potential applications in self-assembly of nanoscale building blocks for generating new functions, and has some obvious advantages that are not available by other self-assembly methods, i.e., the obtained free-standing hybrid mats are usually flexible and with large area, which is favourable for their commercial applications. In this critical review, we will focus on the fabrication and applications of NPs-electrospun fibre composites and give an overview on this emerging field combining nanoparticles and electrospinning. Firstly, two main strategies for producing NPs-electrospun fibres will be discussed, i.e., one is preparing the NPs-electrospun fibres after electrospinning process that is usually combined with other post-processing methods, and the other is fabricating the composite nanofibres during the electrospinning process. In particular, the NPs in the latter method will be classified and introduced to show the assembling effect of electrospinning on NPs with different anisotropic structures. The subsequent section describes the applications of these NPs-electrospun fibre mats and nanocomposites, and finally a conclusion and perspectives of the future research in this emerging field is given. © 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source

Zhang Y.,Suzhou University of Science and Technology | Zhou Y.,Suzhou University of Science and Technology
Nonlinear Dynamics | Year: 2013

The fractional Pfaffian variational problems and the fractional Noether theory are studied under a fractional model presented by El-Nabulsi. Firstly, the fractional action-like Pfaffian variational problem is presented, the El-Nabulsi-Pfaff-Birkhoff-d'Alembert fractional principle is established, then the El-Nabulsi-Birkhoff fractional equations are derived; secondly, the definitions and criteria of the fractional Noether symmetric transformations are given, which are based on the invariance of El-Nabulsi-Pfaffian action under the infinitesimal transformations of group, then the inner relationship between a fractional Noether symmetry and a fractional conserved quantity is established; finally, two examples are given to illustrate the application of the results. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

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