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Yu Y.,Soochow University of China | Zhang Q.,Soochow University of China | Xu W.,Soochow University of China | Lv C.,Soochow University of China | Hao G.,Suzhou Institute for Food and Drug Control
European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics | Year: 2016

The aim of the study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model of oxcarbazepine and optimize the treatment of oxcarbazepine in Chinese patients with epilepsy. A total of 108 oxcarbazepine therapeutic drug monitoring samples from 78 patients with epilepsy were collected in this study. The pharmacologically active metabolite 10,11-dihydro-10-hydrocarbamazepine (MHD) was used as the analytical target for monitoring therapy of oxcarbazepine. Patients’ clinical data were retrospectively collected. The PPK model for MHD was developed using Phoenix NLME 1.2 with a non-linear mixed-effect model. MHD pharmacokinetics obeys a one-compartment model with first-order absorption and elimination. The effect of age, gender, red blood cell count, red blood cell specific volume, hemoglobin (HGB), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and serum creatine were analyzed. Bootstrap and data splitting were used simultaneously to validate the final PPK models. The mean values of volume of distribution and clearance of MHD in the patients were 14.2 L and 2.38 L h−1, respectively. BUN and HGB influenced the MHD volume of distribution according to the following equation: V = tvV × (BUN/4.76)−0.007 × (HGB/140)−0.001 × eηV. The MHD clearance was dependent on ALT and gender as follows: CL = tvCL × (ALT/30)0.181 × (gender) × 1.083 × eηCL. The final PPK model was demonstrated to be suitable and effective and it can be used to evaluate the pharmacokinetic parameters of MHD in Chinese patients with epilepsy and to choose an optimal dosage regimen of oxcarbazepine on the basis of these parameters. © 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

Liu L.,China Pharmaceutical University | Liu L.,Soochow University of China | Wang Y.,Suzhou Institute for Food and Drug Control | Zheng T.,China Pharmaceutical University | And 8 more authors.
Biomedical Chromatography | Year: 2016

Tumor markers are most popularly used in diagnosis of various cancers clinically. However, the confounding factors of individual background diversities, such as genetics, food preferences, living styles, physical exercises, etc., greatly challenge the identification of tumor markers. Study of the metabolic impact of inoculated tumors on model animals can facilitate the identification of metabolomic markers relevant to tumor insult. In this study, serum metabolites from nude mice (n = 14) inoculated with human H460 cells (human nonsmall cell lung carcinoma) were profiled using gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The mice with inoculated tumors showed an obviously different metabolic pattern from the control; identification of the discriminatory metabolites suggested the metabolic perturbation of free fatty acids, amino acids, glycolysis and tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle turnover. The significantly decreased TCA intermediates, free fatty acids, 3-hydroxybutyric acid and fluctuating amino acids (t-test, p < 0.05) in serum of tumor-bearing mice characterized the metabolic impact of local inoculated H460 tumor cells on the whole system. This indicates that they are candidate metabolomic markers for translational study of lung cancer, clinically. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Hao G.,Suzhou Institute for Food and Drug Control | Yu Y.,Soochow University of China | Gu B.,Suzhou Institute for Food and Drug Control | Xing Y.,Suzhou Institute for Food and Drug Control | Xue M.,Suzhou Institute for Food and Drug Control
Xenobiotica | Year: 2015

The clinical use of doxorubicin, an effective anticancer drug, is severely hampered by its cardiotoxicity. Berberine, a botanical alkaloid, has been reported to possess cardioprotective and antitumor effects. In this study, we investigated the cardioprotective effect of berberine on doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity and the effect of berberine on the metabolism of doxorubicin.2. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered doxorubicin in the presence or absence of berberine for 2 weeks. Administration of berberine effectively prevented doxorubicin-induced body weight reduction and mortality in rats.3. Berberine reduced the activity of myocardial enzymes, including aspartate aminotransferase (AST), creatine kinase (CK), CK isoenzyme (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Echocardiographic examination further demonstrated that berberine effectively ameliorated cardiac dysfunction induced by doxorubicin.4. Berberine inhibited the metabolism of doxorubicin in the cytoplasm of rat heart and reduced the accumulation of doxorubicinol (a secondary alcohol metabolite of doxorubicin) in heart.5. These data showed that berberine alleviated the doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in rats via inhibition of the metabolism of doxorubicin and reduced accumulation of doxorubicinol selectively in hearts. © 2015 Informa UK Ltd.

Zhang B.,Soochow University of China | Zhang B.,Suzhou Institute for Food and Drug Control | Ge Z.-L.,Soochow University of China | Song T.-M.,Soochow University of China | And 3 more authors.
Analytical Letters | Year: 2014

CdTe@CdS quantum dots, cationic polyelectrolyte poly-diallyldimethylammonium chloride, and anionic polyelectrolyte polyacrylic acid were assembled on the surface of silica nanoparticles based on the electrostatic layer-by-layer self-assembly to prepare fluorescent composite nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the particles had a uniform size distribution (approximately 70 nm) and good monodispersity. The fluorescence shielding effect of the silica shell was reduced and the assembled quantum dots were well protected by the sandwich structure. The nanoparticles provided strong fluorescence, high stability for storage, and low photobleaching and leakage. Furthermore, they possessed high fluorescence stability and high-concentration staining for cytoplasm, which enabled them to be used for sensitive cellular imaging analysis. Because of the presence of numerous carboxyl groups, they have potential application for biolabeling and bioanalysis. © 2014, Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Zhang C.,Suzhou Institute for Food and Drug Control | Sun L.,National Institutes for Food and Drug Control | Sun L.,Xinjiang Institute for Food and Drug Control | Tian R.-T.,ChemMind Technologies Co. | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Separation Science | Year: 2015

Frankincense has gained increasing attention in the pharmaceutical industry because of its pharmacologically active components such as boswellic acids. However, the identity and overall quality evaluation of three different frankincense species in different Pharmacopeias and the literature have less been reported. In this paper, quantitative analysis and chemometric evaluation were established and applied for the quality control of frankincense. Meanwhile, quantitative and chemometric analysis could be conducted under the same analytical conditions. In total 55 samples from four habitats (three species) of frankincense were collected and six boswellic acids were chosen for quantitative analysis. Chemometric analyses such as similarity analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis, and principal component analysis were used to identify frankincense of three species to reveal the correlation between its components and species. In addition, 12 chromatographic peaks have been tentatively identified explored by reference substances and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The results indicated that the total boswellic acid profiles of three species of frankincense are similar and their fingerprints can be used to differentiate between them. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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