Entity

Time filter

Source Type


Liu Y.,University of South China | Song X.,University of South China | Song X.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Ma J.,Soochow University of China | And 6 more authors.
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities | Year: 2014

Two series of 7-O-modified chrysin derivatives were prepared from 7-O-carboxymethyl chrysin(2a), 7-O-carboxypropylchrysin(2b) and short-chain alcohols by using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride(EDCI), N-hydroxybenzotriazole(HOBt) and 4-dimethylamiopryidine(DMAP) as coupling reagents. Taking cisplatin as a reference substance, their anti-proliferative activities in vitro against human gastric carcinoma MGC-803 cells were evaluated by the standard 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide(MTT) method. The results showed that among the compounds tested, compound hepty 4-(5-hydroxy-4-oxo-2-phenyl-4H-chromen-7-yloxy) acetate(3f) displayed the most potent growth-inhibitory effect on MGC-803 cells with half maximal inhibitory concentration(IC50) value of 3.23 μmol/L. The preliminary mechanism of inhibitory effect of compound 3f was also detected by flow cytometry(FCM), and the compound exerted anticancer activity via inducing the apoptosis of MGC-803 cells in a dose dependent manner, which suggested that compound 3f would be a potential anti-cancer agent. © 2014, Jilin University, The Editorial Department of Chemical Research in Chinese Universities and Springer-Verlag GmbH. Source


Song X.,University of South China | Song X.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Liu Y.,University of South China | Ma J.,Soochow University of China | And 5 more authors.
Medicinal Chemistry Research | Year: 2015

Abstract Two series of amino acid derivatives containing chrysin were prepared from 7-O-carboxymethyl chrysin (4a) and 7-O-carboxypropyl chrysin (4b) and amino acid methyl esters by treatment with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride and N-hydroxybenzotriazole as coupling reagents. The anti-proliferative activities of these derivatives in vitro against human gastric carcinoma MGC-803 cells were evaluated by the standard MTT method. The results showed that among these derivatives tested, compound N-[4-(5-hydroxy-4-oxo-2-phenyl-4H-chromen-7-yloxy)butyryl]-l-isoleucine methyl ester (7c) exhibited the most potent inhibitory activity against the growth of MGC-803 cells with IC50 value of 3.78 μmol/L, comparable to the positive control cisplatin. The preliminary apoptotic mechanism of compound 7c was also investigated by flow cytometry (FCM) and Western blot analysis. Results form the FCM assay demonstrated that compound 7c could induce the apoptosis of MGC-803 cells in a dose-dependent manner. And further Western blot assay indicated that 7c could induce the apoptosis through increasing protein expression of Bax and decreasing protein expression of Bcl-xl. In summary, these results suggest that compound 7c may serve as an effective chemotherapeutic candidate. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Jiang G.-R.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Ge H.-N.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Liang G.-Q.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Zhou L.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Zhang L.-R.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2016

Objective: To explore the therapeutic and recurrence-preventing effects of Qi-Replenishing and Blood-Activating Formula in rats with acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer. Methods: A total of 138 SD rats were selected to make rat models with gastric ulcer induced by acetic acid (24 rats with sham operation served as sham operation group), and were randomly divided into model group (n = 30), western medicine group (n = 30), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group (n = 24) and combination group (combined western medicine and TCM group, n = 30). Western medicine group was gavaged with omeprazole in the morning and with iso-volumetric distilled water in the afternoon; TCM group and TCM sham operation group were gavaged with iso-volumetric distilled water in the morning and with Qi-Replenishing and Blood-Activating Formula in the afternoon; combination group was gavaged with omeprazole in the morning and with Qi-Replenishing and Blood-Activating Formula in the afternoon; sham operation group and model group were gavaged with iso-volumetric distilled water both in the morning and afternoon. Ulcer indexes and degree of mucosal degree in rats at different time points after gavage were observed. Twenty-eight days after gavage, interleukin (IL)-1β was given to induce ulcer recurrence so as to observe the recurrent severity and rate of ulcer in each group. Results: Compared with model group and western medicine group, treatment in combination group could prominently reduce the ulcer index of rats with peptic ulcer, and increase the healing rate and inhibition rate of peptic ulcer. After IL-1β-induced ulcer recurrence, combination group was significantly superior to model group and western medicine group in ulcer recurrent rate [50% (3/6) vs. 100% (6/6)] and severity. Conclusions: Basic acid-suppression therapy combined with Qi-Replenishing and Blood-Activating Formula can effectually improve the ulcer healing quality and reduce ulcer recurrence. © 2016 Hainan Medical College. Source


Liang G.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Wang F.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Song X.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Zhang L.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2016

3-Deoxyglucosone (3DG), a highly reactive dicarbonyl intermediate generated during glycation, has been confirmed to be markedly elevated in the plasma of patients with diabetes. Our previous study found that there is an association between increasing accumulation of plasma 3DG and impaired glucose regulation in non-diabetic seniors (females, >50 years old; males, >55 years old). It was also found that 3DG led to impaired plasma glucose homeostasis in healthy mice, however, the mechanisms underlying the deleterious effect of 3DG in diabetes remain to be fully elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the ability of 3DG to cause hepatic insulin resistance in a cell model by assessing glucose uptake and glycogen content. In addition, the molecular signaling events, including the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) and PI3K/AKT/glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) pathways, which affect hepatic insulin resistance, were further investigated using Western blot analysis. The results showed that 3DG (10-300 ng/ml) had no significant effect on HepG2 cell viability, however, the viability of the HepG2 cells decreased with exposure to concentrations of 500 and 1,000 ng/ml. Treatment with non-cytotoxic 3DG concentrations resulted in decreased uptake of glucose and glycogen content with insulin stimulation, but not under basal conditions. The insulin-induced expression of GLUT2 and p-GSK-3 were eliminated by 3DG (80 and 300 ng/ml), in addition to inhibiting the phosphorylation of downstream effectors of the insulin signaling pathway, including insulin receptor substrate 1, PI3K and AKT. In conclusion, the findings of the present study indicated that the addition of exogenous 3DG directly contributed to the induction of insulin resistance by impairing insulin signaling in the HepG2 cells, which suggested that 3DG may be involved in worsening of the diabetic condition. Source


Liang G.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Song X.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Xu H.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | Wang F.,Suzhou Academy of Wumen Chinese Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes | Year: 2015

A recent study found an increased level of 3DG during oral glucose load in healthy individuals, which redirects our attention to the effect of high plasma 3DG level in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus. We found previously that abnormally elevated plasma 3DG was significantly associated with the impaired glucose regulation in non-diabetic seniors. The current study aimed to investigate the acute effects of exogenous 3DG on plasma 3DG levels, glucose tolerance and insulin levels. A significant increase in the plasma level of 3DG was observed in rats administrated 50 mg/kg 3DG i. v. even 2 h after. With the acute elevation of circulating 3DG, intravenous glucose tolerance of normal rats was impaired, whereas plasma insulin levels were higher. The 3DG-mediated impairment in glucose tolerance was associated with the attenuated insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in the adipose and liver tissues and the decreased glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in the pancreas tissue. In rats treated with 50 mg/kg 3DG i. v., a reduced phosphorylation of p85-PI3K was observed in both the liver and pancreas tissues. The increase in plasma levels of 3DG and the deleterious effects of 3DG were attenuated by aminoguanidine pretreatment. Our results indicated a close association of 3DG with diabetes through participating in inducing acute glucose intolerance involvement of PI3K signaling in healthy individuals. By such a mechanism, a 3DG-targeted intervention to attenuation of the acute elevation of circulating 3DG is promising new therapeutic and prevention strategies for diabetes and its complications. Copyright © 2015, Georg Thieme Verlag KG. All rights reserved. Source

Discover hidden collaborations