Suwon Womens College
Suwon Womens College
Park Y.-J.,Korea University |
Shin N.-M.,Korea University |
Yoon J.-W.,Suwon Womens College |
Choi J.,University of California at San Francisco |
Lee S.-J.,Korea University
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing | Year: 2010
Purpose: In this study cardiovascular health status and health behavior of Korean women based on their household income were explored. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, 91 women residing in the community were recruited to complete survey questionnaires and biophysical tests including blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI), body fat rate, waist circumference (WC), and blood chemistry tests. Results: Compared to non-low income women (NLIW), low income women (LIW) were more likely to be older, less educated, and jobless, and further more LIW were postmenopause and reported having been diagnosed with hypertension or hypercholesterolemia. Significant differences were found in systolic BP, triglyceride level, BMI, body fat rate, and WC between the groups. Two fifths of the LIW had indications for metabolic syndrome. Their 10-yr risk estimate of myocardioal infarction or coronary death demonstrated a higher probability than that of NLIW. Although these significant differences were due to age gap between the groups, advanced age is known to be one of the key characteristics of LIW as well as a non-modifiable risk factor. Conclusion: Effective community programs for vulnerable women at risk of cardiovascular disease should be based on strategies targeting unhealthy behaviors and modifiable risk factors.
PubMed | Suwon Womens College, Inje University, Big Health, Konkuk University and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health | Year: 2016
To evaluate the association between smoking and physician-diagnosed stroke and myocardial infarction, this study used Community Health Survey data from 2009 on 92,082 males over the age of 30 years. Using multiple logistic regression, association index between smoking and physician-diagnosed stroke and myocardial infarction was calculated after adjusting the effects of age, hypertension, and diabetes. The odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of the physician-diagnosed stroke and myocardial infarction in the smoking group were 1.12 (1.02-1.24) and 1.21 (1.06-1.38) compared to the non-smoking group. The values of the physician-diagnosed stroke and myocardial infarction were 0.84 (0.74-0.94) and 0.96 (0.82-1.12) in the current-smoking subgroup, 1.38 (1.24-1.53) and 1.45 (1.26-1.67) in the ex-smoking subgroup, 1.39 (1.18-1.63) and 1.85 (1.53-2.24) in the 10- to 19-year smokers groups, 1.39 (1.22-1.58) and 1.36 (1.15-1.60) in the 30- to 40-year smokers groups, and 0.53 (0.44-0.63) and 0.47 (0.36-0.63) in those who had smoked for over 50 years. These results showed smoking was a risk factor for stroke and myocardial infarction in Korean males. This objective evidence should guide policy-making and public health interventions in the fields of smoking prevention and prohibition.
Jeon M.-S.,Chungnam National University |
Park S.-J.,Sangmyung University |
Jang H.-J.,Dankook University |
Choi Y.-S.,Suwon Womens College |
Hong W.-S.,Sangmyung University
British Food Journal | Year: 2015
Research limitations/implications – A more diversified sanitation-training program should be developed on the basis of the characteristics of kitchen staff members and restaurant characteristics. As kitchen staff members themselves have identified change in perspectives on sanitation as the most important factor for improving practice levels, the training should not only transmit information but should be developed into a training method.Originality/value – This research provides suggestions for how restaurant kitchens in South Korea can make progress in a situation where sanitation implementation is limited to the transfer of knowledge.Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the sanitation knowledge and practice of staff who work in restaurant kitchens and to suggest sanitation management plans and efficient ways to enhance sanitation knowledge and practice in the restaurant industry.Design/methodology/approach – The survey research was conducted using a questionnaire composed of 73 questions in three areas of general information, sanitation knowledge, and sanitation practices. The respondents were selected from among kitchen staff working in restaurants that were both at least 198 m2 in size and listed in the Korean Foodservice Information database. The collected data were analyzed to identify the differences between sanitation knowledge and practices.Findings – The results showed that the respondents were well aware of the importance of sanitation during food preparation and cooking whereas they had a relatively lack of personal hygiene. Age and education level of kitchen staff correlated with sanitation knowledge and practices, and kitchen staff working less than 12 hours per shift scored significantly higher in terms of sanitation knowledge than those who worked more hours per shift. Also, kitchen staff working in restaurant franchises showed higher levels of both knowledge and practice than those working in independent restaurants. © 2015 Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
PubMed | Korea Health Industry Development Institute, Suwon Womens College and Seoul National University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Asian nursing research | Year: 2014
This study aims to explore the relationships between health-related behavioral and psychological factors and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases (CCVD) comorbidities among Korean adults with diabetes mellitus (DM).Data included in the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. This study compared three groups: those diagnosed with DM only, DM and hypertension, DM, hypertension and CCVD using multinomial logistic regression analyses and the classification and regression tree (CART) model.Weight control (OR=4.01) and depression (OR=2.37) are related with increased odds of having hypertension and CCVD comorbidity in those with DM. The CART model suggested that the high prevalence risk groups for hypertension or CCVD comorbidities were diabetic adults aged between 51 and 69 with a body mass index of 25 and above and those aged 70 and above.For effective control of CCVD comorbidities among diabetic Korean adults, psychological support for depression and weight control need to be prioritized when managing DM. Weight control intervention needs to be reinforced for DM patients aged between 51 and 69 and that even if BMI is below 25, the occurrence of comorbidities needs to be carefully monitored for DM patients aged 70 or older.
Bae S.,Konkuk University |
Jeong H.-J.,Konkuk University |
Cha H.J.,Konkuk University |
Kim K.,Konkuk University |
And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2012
Hypoxia is a common feature of tumors that occurs across a wide variety of malignancies. Multiple myeloma is an incurable malignant disorder of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Although bone marrow hypoxia is crucial for normal hematopoiesis, the effect of hypoxia on multiple myeloma is poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrated that cobalt chloride (CoCl2)-mediated hypoxia decreased cell viability and altered gene expression in U266 human multiple myeloma cells. CoCl2 induced the loss of cell viability in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, FACS analysis revealed that the loss of cell viability was related to apoptosis. Using microarray analysis, we identified mRNA expression profile changes in response to CoCl2 treatment in U266 cells. Four hundred and fifty-two mRNAs exhibited >2-fold changes in expression in CoCl2-treated U266 cells compared to their expression in control cells. A follow-up bioinformatics study revealed that a great number of genes with altered expression were involved in apoptosis, cell cycle, transcription and development. In conclusion, these results provide novel evidence that CoCl2-mediated hypoxia affects the expression profiles of genes that are functionally related to apoptosis and angiogenesis in U266 multiple myeloma cells.
Kang J.-H.,Korea University |
An S.-O.,Korea University |
Kang S.-J.,Hongik University |
Kim S.-H.,Suwon Womens College |
Kim S.,Korea University
International Journal of Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering | Year: 2014
3D Graphic Rendering has been used to express realistic, 3-dimensional, and emphasized effects in the graphics. As 3D Graphic Rendering developed and became more prevalent, the need for acceleration in data processing grew as well, leading to a development of GPU (Graphic Processing Unit) and shading language used for GPU such as GLSL (OpenGL Shading Language) and HLSL (Higher Language Shading Language). 3D Graphic Rendering based on GPU, however, clearly has its limitation in processing complicated calculations such as calculating curvatures of the surface or ray tracing method, especially as the greater magnitude of the 3D polygonal model data is being used. The following paper will discuss the new method of 3D graphic rendering that is based on faster GPU parallel processing system called CUDA (Compute Unified Device Architecture) to administer 3D polygonal model data and process calculations. In the paper, we will discuss about the characteristics of CUDA and test for graphic rendering of 3D polygonal model according to those characteristics. We will also examine whether it is possible to accelerate the graphic rendering process using CUDA for 3D graphic rendering. © 2014 SERSC.
Jun K.K.,Konkuk University |
Oh S.M.,Suwon Womens College |
Choo G.Y.,Konkuk University |
Park H.K.,Konkuk University |
And 3 more authors.
Korean Journal of Urology | Year: 2012
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term clinical outcomes of the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in elderly women and to identify the factors influencing failure in these cases. Materials and Methods: Women with SUI who underwent a TVT procedure were studied. "Cure" was defined as no urine leakage at all in any circumstances and "improvement" was defined as some urine leakage but a score of over 4 points out of 5 in a satisfaction inquiry. Patients were divided into two groups (middle-aged, <65 years and elderly, ≥65 years) for comparison of clinical outcomes. In the elderly group, patients were subdivided into two groups (cure and no cure groups) and were compared to identify the factors influencing failure. Results: A total of 136 women (middle-aged group, 106; elderly group, 30) were enrolled in the study. The mean ages of the patients in the 2 groups were 53.5±5.9 and 72.0±5.0 years and the mean follow-up times were 50.5±9.4 and 48.8±9.1 months, respectively. The cure and improvement rates in the middle-aged and elderly groups were 80.2% vs. 66.7% and 4.7% vs. 3.3%, respectively (p>0.05). The satisfaction scores in the middle-aged and elderly groups were 3.8±1.1 vs. 3.3±1.5 points (p>0.05). In the elderly group, the body mass index of the cure and no cure groups were 24.6±3.3 kg/m2 and 26.6±1.0 kg/m2, and body mass index was the only factor that differed significantly between the two subgroups (p=0.028).Conclusions: Our long-term results suggest that TVT is an effective treatment even in elderly women. However, elderly women who are obese should be counseled carefully about the success rate. © The Korean Urological Association, 2012.
Kim J.A.,Suwon Womens College |
Lee C.Y.,Yonsei University |
Lim E.S.,Hyejeon College |
Kim G.S.,Yonsei University
Japan Journal of Nursing Science | Year: 2013
Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a smoking cessation program on female high-school students and to analyze the characteristics of students who quit smoking compared to those of students who failed to quit. Methods: This study used a mixed research design, including a pre- and post-experimental design for measuring the effects of the smoking cessation intervention and a qualitative design using a focus group interview to analyze the characteristics of individuals who successfully quit in comparison to those who failed to stop smoking. Data were collected before and after the intervention through a self-report questionnaire, a biochemical index, and a focus group interview. Results: After the intervention, positive changes in stage in the transtheoretical model for smoking-cessation behavior increased significantly (P<0.001), and the number of cigarettes smoked daily (P=0.001), dependency on nicotine, expiratory CO levels, and positive frequency of urine nicotine levels decreased significantly (P<0.001). Based on data from the focus group interview, students who stopped smoking showed different intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental characteristics compared to students who failed to stop smoking. Conclusion: The results suggest that the smoking-cessation program could be more effective if it were to involve teachers and family members. In addition, a smoking-prohibited community environment could assist in the control of adolescents' smoking behavior. © 2012 The Authors Japan Journal of Nursing Science © 2012 Japan Academy of Nursing Science.
Kang I.-J.,Hallym University |
Jeon Y.E.,Hallym University |
Yin X.F.,Hallym University |
Nam J.-S.,Suwon Womens College |
And 4 more authors.
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2011
Beta-amyloid (Aβ) is a major pathogenic peptide for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is generated by the processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP). The Aβ monomers aggregate into oligomeric and fibrillar forms which have been implicated as the toxic species inducing the neuronal dysfunction. Brown algae Ecklonia cava is known for its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory functions. Therefore, we tested the effect of E. cava extract on the production and aggregation of Aβ peptides. The butanol extract of E. cava reduced Aβ secretion from HEK293 cells expressing APP with Swedish mutation and increased soluble APPα and C-terminal fragment-α (CTFα), of which activity was similar to BACE (β-site of APP cleaving enzyme) inhibitors. Furthermore, the extract inhibited Aβ oligomerization, particularly mid-size oligomer formation, confirmed by the ultrastructural morphology. Congo red, thioflavin T assays, and electron microscopy showed that the extract inhibited Aβ fibril formation effectively. Finally, the extract protected primary cortical neurons from various Aβ-induced cell deaths, especially oligomer-induced death. Although further study is needed to test the effectiveness of the extract in vivo, our results demonstrate, for the first time, that the butanol extract of E. cava could be used as an anti-Aβ agent for AD therapeutics. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
PubMed | Suwon Womens College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Japan journal of nursing science : JJNS | Year: 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a smoking cessation program on female high-school students and to analyze the characteristics of students who quit smoking compared to those of students who failed to quit.This study used a mixed research design, including a pre- and post-experimental design for measuring the effects of the smoking cessation intervention and a qualitative design using a focus group interview to analyze the characteristics of individuals who successfully quit in comparison to those who failed to stop smoking. Data were collected before and after the intervention through a self-report questionnaire, a biochemical index, and a focus group interview.After the intervention, positive changes in stage in the transtheoretical model for smoking-cessation behavior increased significantly (P<0.001), and the number of cigarettes smoked daily (P=0.001), dependency on nicotine, expiratory CO levels, and positive frequency of urine nicotine levels decreased significantly (P<0.001). Based on data from the focus group interview, students who stopped smoking showed different intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental characteristics compared to students who failed to stop smoking.The results suggest that the smoking-cessation program could be more effective if it were to involve teachers and family members. In addition, a smoking-prohibited community environment could assist in the control of adolescents smoking behavior.