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Claremont, South Africa

Honig M.,Buffelshoek Trust | Petersen S.,Biodiversity Inc. | Shearing C.,University of Cape Town | Shearing C.,Griffith University | And 2 more authors.
Land Use Policy | Year: 2015

Recent attention in environmental management research has been focussed on investigating how farm management responds to biodiversity conservation guidance provided through voluntary market-based mechanisms. There has been, however, very little research done on linking individual behavioural change theories with these conservation initiatives and moving beyond behavioural change to consider the role of learning, values and personal agency. There has also been little concern for the role of nonhuman agency in programme participation. This study aims to investigate the enabling conditions under which private biodiversity conservation is most likely to take place in agricultural landscapes by investigating the case of the WWF Biodiversity and Wine Initiative (BWI), an exemplar of 'successful' voluntary market-based conservation of the globally important Fynbos biome in the Cape Winelands of South Africa. Using a conceptual framework for pro-environmental behaviour, titled AMPR, this study argues that transitioning to more sustainable production in an agricultural context is constructed upon an in-depth understanding of the value system that underpins the motivational structure of the participant. Data were collected to assess participant's environmental awareness; motivation for programme participation; and the pathways for enabling implementation and the rewards for joining the BWI. The inter- and intra-connectedness between these four components (awareness, motivation, pathway and reward), and a list of success factors of and barriers to implementation are investigated. This study proposes two models using the AMPR framework that illustrate the extrinsic and intrinsic motivations of participants and how this impacts on programme participation, where nonhuman agency forms an explicit part of extrinsic motivation. Based on the two AMPR models, promising policy suggestions that could aid BWI in future are presented. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Sajjad A.,Sustainable Agriculture Programme | Ahmad F.,Sustainable Agriculture Programme | Makhdoom A.H.,Sustainable Agriculture Programme | Imran A.,Sustainable Agriculture Programme
International Journal of Agriculture and Biology | Year: 2012

Sugarcane trash burning is a common practice among sugarcane growers of Pakistan. To assess its impacts on biodiversity of arthropods associated with sugarcane crop, a survey was conducted in four different locations of district Jhang, Pakistan. Burning of sugarcane trash significantly (P<0.05) lowered the abundance of sow bugs, spiders, ladybird beetles and ants i.e., 96%, 95%, 85% and 61%, respectively. Few arthropods remained unaffected i.e., field crickets, cockroaches, hairy caterpillars and ground beetles. The arthropods inside the stalk debris and stubbles (sugarcane borers) were not affected significantly by trash burning. It is concluded that trash burning in sugarcane does not support the ecosystem by destroying arthropod biodiversity (predators & scavengers) and is having no impact on sugarcane borers. © 2012 Friends Science Publishers. Source

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