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Silvestris N.,Instituto Tumori Giovanni Paolo II | Gnoni A.,Hospital Vito Fazzi | Brunetti A.E.,Instituto Tumori Giovanni Paolo II | Vincenti L.,Surgery Unit | And 8 more authors.
Current Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) occurs in the majority of cases with early locoregional spread and distant metastases at diagnosis, leading to dismal prognosis and limited treatment options. Traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy provides only modest benefit to patients with PDAC. Identification of different molecular pathways, overexpressed in pancreatic cancer cells, has provided the opportunity to develop targeted therapies (monoclonal antibodies and small-molecule inhibitors) and peculiar new class of taxanes with a crucial therapeutic role in this cancer setting. A phase III trial has shown that erlotinib in combination with gemcitabine was clinically irrelevant and skin toxicity can be a positive prognostic factor. Moreover, the combination of cetuximab or erlotinib with radiotherapy in advanced pancreatic cancer has shown to be synergistic and a reversal of radio-resistance has been suggested by inhibition of VEGF/EGFR pathway. To overcome EGFR-inhibition therapy resistance several alternative pathways targets are under investigation (IGF- 1R, MMPs, Hedgehog proteins, m-TOR, MEK, COX-2) and provide the rationale for clinical use in phase II/III studies. Also nab-paclitaxel, a new taxanes class, uses high pancreatic albumin-binding protein SPARC levels to act in cancer cells with a less toxic and more effective dose with respect to classic taxanes. Understanding of molecular pathogenesis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma continues to expand. However, many promising data in preclinic and phase I/II trials did not yield promise in phase III trials, suggesting that identification of predictive biomarkers for these new agents is mandatory. The knowledge of biologic and molecular aspects of pancreatic cancer can be the basis for future therapeutic developments. © 2014 Bentham Science Publishers.


PubMed | Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Surgery Unit, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital and 10 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European journal of surgical oncology : the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2016

Gastrectomy with extended lymphadenectomy is considered the gold standard treatment for advanced gastric cancer, with no age- or comorbidity-related limitations. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of curative gastrectomy with extended nodal dissection, verifying survival in elderly and highly co-morbid patients.In a retrospective multicenter study, we examined 1322 non-metastatic gastric-cancer patients that underwent curative gastrectomy with D2 versus D1 lymphadenectomy from January 2000 to December 2009. Postoperative complications, overall survival (OS), and disease-specific survival (DSS) according to age and the Charlson Comorbidity Score were analyzed in relation to the extent of lymphadenectomy.Postoperative morbidity was 30.4%. Complications were more frequent in highly co-morbid elderly patients, and, although general morbidity rates after D2 and D1 lymphadenectomy were similar (29.9% and 33.2%, respectively), they increased following D2 in highly co-morbid elderly patients (39.6%). D2-lymphadenectomy significantly improved 5-year OS and DSS (48.0% vs. 37.6% in D1, p<0.001 and 72.6% vs. 58.1% in D1, p<0.001, respectively) in all patients. In elderly patients, this benefit was present only in 5-year DSS. D2 nodal dissection induced better 5-year OS and DSS rates in elderly patients with positive nodes (29.7% vs. 21.2% in D1, p=0.008 and 47.5% vs. 30.6% in D1, p=0.001, respectively), although it was present only in DSS when highly co-morbid elderly patients were considered.Extended lymphadenectomy confirmed better survival rates in gastric cancer patients. Due to high postoperative complication rate and no significant improvement of the OS, D1 lymphadenectomy should be considered in elderly and/or highly co-morbid gastric cancer patients.


Longo C.,Skin Cancer Unit | Ragazzi M.,Pathology Unit | Castagnetti F.,Surgery Unit | Gardini S.,Skin Cancer Unit | And 7 more authors.
Dermatology | Year: 2013

Mohs micrographic surgery can be employed in recurrent basal cell carcinoma, although it is a time-consuming technique. Recently, ex vivo fluorescence confocal microscopy (FCM) has been employed to obtain a fast assessment of tumor margins at the bedside. In our case we successfully employed ex vivo FCM to assess the tumor margins and we treated the persistent tumor with intensity-modulated radiation therapy. Our case demonstrates that a multidisciplinary approach is very efficient in managing complex and recurrent tumors and highlights the benefits of FCM as a new technique that can be used in the surgical theater to speed up the entire procedure. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Lenisa L.,Surgery Unit | Lenisa L.,University of Pavia | Espin-Basany E.,Hospital Valle Of Hebron | Rusconi A.,Surgery Unit | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Colorectal Disease | Year: 2010

Objective: This prospective, two-centre study was designed to evaluate long-term outcomes when using a collagen plug to treat cryptoglandular anal fistulae. Materials and method: Over 3 years, 60 consecutive patients with cryptoglandular fistulae were treated using an anal fistula plug by experienced surgeons. Preoperative, postoperative and follow-up data were collected in a dedicated database. Success was defined as the closure of all fistula openings and the absence of discharge. Faecal incontinence scores were administered at baseline and at 6 months follow-up. Results: Eleven patients had multiple fistula tracts. All fistulae treated in this series were classified as complex. Seventeen fistulae were anterior tracts in females, and the remaining tracts were trans-sphincteric in nature. Thirty-eight tracts were recurrent. Mean operative time was 26∈±∈10 min. No major complications, active sepsis or mortality were observed. Success rate with a mean follow-up of 13 months was 60% of patients and 70% of tracts. Mean time for recurrence was 5.7 months. Two recurrent patients were successfully treated with a redo plug procedure, and five were successfully closed with a post-plug fistulotomy, leading to a global 72% success rate without continence impairment. Of the patients with a minimum follow-up of 6 months (mean, 18.5 months; range, 6-34 months), 29 in 32 (90.6%) were healed at final evaluation. In these patients, the mean preoperative CCF incontinence score was 0.73. This was reduced to 0.14 at 6-month follow-up. The mean reduction of CCF incontinence score was -0.6 (95% CI, 1.3 to -0.1; p = 0.01). Conclusion: Fistula tract treatment with the anal fistula plug is a safe and viable surgical option that should be offered to complex fistula patients. The reasons and risk factors for recurrence remain to be explored. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


Piana S.,Pathology Unit | Froio E.,Pathology Unit | Ricci C.,Dermatology and Skin Cancer Unit | Castagnetti F.,Surgery Unit | Moscarella E.,Dermatology and Skin Cancer Unit
American Journal of Dermatopathology | Year: 2015

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an aggressive tumor with an uncertain histogenesis typically arising on sun-damaged skin of the elderly. It has rarely been described in association with other tumors such as epithelial, melanocytic, and mesenchymal, but not vascular neoplasias. However, an exuberant vascular reaction is considered a common phenomenon in neuroendocrine neoplasms, where it can even obscure the proliferating cells and mimic a primary vascular neoplasia. A 47-year-old man was referred for the evaluation of a long-lasting reddish skin tumor located on the right buttock. After 2 punch biopsies, the patient underwent surgical excision of the lesion. Histological examination showed a dermal florid, benign vascular proliferation overlying some large deep coalescent nodules made up of monomorphous round cells with scant cytoplasm and a high mitotic activity. After the appropriate immunohistochemical stainings, a final diagnosis of hemangioma overlying a previously unrecognized MCC was rendered. Whether the angiomatous proliferation should be considered an exuberant reaction to the tumor, induced by an angiogenetic drive, or a true hemangioma is somewhat controversial. The main point is that such a neoplastiform angiomatous proliferation may represent a potential diagnostic pitfall, especially in limited specimens, and that an accurate clinicopathologic correlation is always needed. In our case, even if additional punch biopsies had been performed, the vascular proliferation would dominate the histological picture and an accurate diagnostic conclusion would probably not be reached due to the deep location of the MCC. © 2015 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


PubMed | Gene Therapy Center, Experimental Laboratory of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Surgery Unit, Pathology Unit and Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Annals of hepatology | Year: 2015

Topical hypothermia (TH) and ischemic preconditioning (IPC) are used to decrease I/R injury. The efficacy of isolated or combined use of TH and IPC in the liver regarding inflammation and cytoprotection in early ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury needs to be evaluated.Wistar rats underwent 70% liver ischemia for 90 min followed by 120 min of reperfusion. Livers of animals allocated in the sham, normothermic ischemia (NI), IPC, TH, and TH+IPC groups were collected for molecular analyses by ELISA and Western blot, aiming to compare proinflammatory, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant profiles.Compared with NI, TH presented decreased tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-, interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6 and IL-12 concentrations and increased IL-10 levels. TH animals displayed lower inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and higher endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expressions. NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase-1(NQO1) expression was also lower with TH. Isolated IPC and NI were similar regarding all these markers. TH+IPC was associated with decreased IL-12 concentration and reduced iNOS and NQO1 expressions, similarly to isolated TH. Expression of Kelch-like ECH-associated protein (Keap)-1 was increased and expression of nuclear and cytosolic nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) was decreased with TH+IPC vs. NI.TH was the most effective method of protection against early I/R injury. Isolated IPC entailed triggering of second-line antioxidant defense enzymes. Combined TH+IPC seemed to confer no additional advantage over isolated TH in relation to the inflammatory process, but had the advantage of completely avoid second-line antioxidant defense enzymes.


PubMed | Skin Cancer Unit, Radiotherapy Unit, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Medical University of Graz and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Future oncology (London, England) | Year: 2015

The dermoscopic findings of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) were first described more than a decade ago and the list of BCC-related criteria has been several times updated and enriched. Today, the dermatoscope is considered the key tool for the diagnosis of BCC, since it allows its early detection and enables its discrimination from other pigmented and nonpigmented skin tumors. The dermoscopic pattern of BCC results from several combinations of well-known BCC criteria, depending on several factors, including histopathologic subtype, location, gender, age and pigmentary trait. In addition, recent evidence highlighted that dermoscopy is also useful in the management of BCC, since it provides information on the tumor subtype, the presence of pigmentation or ulceration and the response to nonablative treatments.


Segre D.,Surgery Unit | Pozzo M.,Degli Infermi Hospital | Perinotti R.,Degli Infermi Hospital | Roche B.,University of Geneva
Techniques in Coloproctology | Year: 2015

The Italian Society of Colorectal Surgery (SICCR.) has prepared clinical practice guidelines to help its members to optimize the treatment of pilonidal disease, a very common condition, especially among young people, and therefore of great importance on a socioeconomic level. The SICCR committee of experts on pilonidal disease analyzed the international literature and evaluated current evidence. Nonoperative management includes gluteal cleft shaving, laser epilation as well as fibrin glue and phenol injection: reported healing rates and recurrence incidence are satisfactory but the majority of studies are small series with low-quality evidence. Surgical therapy which can be divided into two categories: excision of diseased tissue with primary closure using different techniques or excision withhealing by secondary intention. On the whole, no clear benefit is demonstrated for one technique over the other. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Italia Srl.


PubMed | Surgery Unit, University of Bari, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Unit with Integrated Section of Translational Medical Oncology and University of Catanzaro
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology letters | Year: 2015

Previous experimental and clinical data have indicated that tumour cell proliferation is associated with angiogenesis; in addition, an increased microvascular density (MVD) of tumours has been associated with poor prognosis in solid and haematological malignancies. However, limited data exists regarding the association between tumour cell proliferation and angiogenesis in primary tumour tissue from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients; therefore, the present study aimed to investigate this association. A series of 31 PDAC patients with stage Tumour (T)


Mocciaro F.,IsMeTT | Curcio G.,IsMeTT | Tarantino I.,IsMeTT | Barresi L.,IsMeTT | And 3 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2011

We report a case of a 63-year-old male who experienced an iatrogenic sigmoid perforation repaired combining three endoscopic techniques. The lesion was large and irregular with three discrete perforations, therefore, we decided to close it by placing one clip per perforation, and then connecting all the clips with two endoloops. Finally we chose to use a fibrin glue injection to obtain a complete sealing. Four days after the colonoscopy the patient underwent a laparoscopic right hemicolectomy due to evidence of a large polyp of the caecum with high grade dysplasia and focal carcinoma in situ. Inspection of the sigma showed complete repair of the perforation. This report underlines how a conservative approach, together with a combination of various endoscopic techniques, can resolve complicated iatrogenic perforations of the colon. © 2011 Baishideng.

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