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Cleveland, TN, United States

Smith C.,Michigan State University | Goslin B.,Michigan State University | Goslin B.,Surgery Partners
Surgical Infections

Background: Clostridium sordellii infection is a rare condition usually associated with obstetric operations. There have been few reports of C. sordelli in association with other invasive procedures. The mortality rate of this infection approaches 70%. Methods: Case report and review of the pertinent English-language literature. Results: We describe the first known C. sordellii infection after excision of a breast mass in an adult female. This patient had a prolonged hospital course in the surgical intensive care unit and endured multiple surgical debridements. Conclusion: Our patient showed many clinical signs that have been described in past cases of C. sordellii infection. Although the patient had substantial acute morbidity secondary to necessary aggressive treatment, she did survive ultimately. Our case serves the purpose of establishing future treatment for C. sordellii breast surgical site infections with the hope that future treatment may be adapted from our experience. © 2013 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Katsanos K.,Radiology Partners | Spiliopoulos S.,University of Patras | Karunanithy N.,Radiology Partners | Krokidis M.,University of Cambridge | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Vascular Surgery

Objective Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have shown the superiority of some of these technologies over balloon angioplasty, but direct comparisons between these treatment options are lacking. The authors conducted a network meta-analysis of RCTs comparing bare nitinol stents, covered nitinol stents, paclitaxel- or sirolimus-eluting stents (PES or SES), and paclitaxel-coated balloons (PCB) with plain balloon angioplasty or with each other in the femoropopliteal artery (PROSPERO registry: CRD42013004845). Methods Sixteen RCTs comprising 2532 patients with 4227 person-years of follow-up were analyzed on an intention-to-treat basis. Bayesian random effects Poisson and binomial models were used for mixed treatment comparisons (WinBUGS). Clinical heterogeneity was accounted for by incorporating a meta-regression model on trial-specific baseline risk. End points included technical success, vascular restenosis, target lesion revascularization, and major amputations. Pairwise odds ratios and rate ratios (ORs and RRs) of absolute treatment effects were calculated, and the probabilities of each treatment being best are reported. Summary estimates are reported as the posterior median and associated credible intervals (CrIs) that serve the same purpose as confidence intervals in the context of the Bayesian framework. Extensive sensitivity, meta-regression, and network consistency analyses were performed to evaluate heterogeneity. Results Technical success was highest with covered stents (pooled OR, 13.6; 95% CrI, 3.3-31.1, probability best 82%) followed by uncovered stents (pooled OR, 7.0; 95% CrI, 2.6-129, probability best 18%) when compared with balloon angioplasty (reference treatment). Vascular restenosis was lowest with PES (RR, 0.43; 95% CrI, 0.16-1.18, probability best 45%) followed by PCB (RR, 0.43; 95% CrI, 0.26-0.67, probability best 42%). Target lesion revascularization was lowest with PCB (RR, 0.36; 95% CrI, 0.23-0.55, probability best 56%) followed by PES (RR, 0.42; 95% CrI, 0.16-1.06, probability best 33%). Major amputations were rare in all treatment and control groups (pooled amputation rate of 0.7 events per 100 person-years). Conclusions Immediate technical success is better with the use of covered stents, whereas paclitaxel-eluting stents and paclitaxel-coated balloons offer the best long-term results in the femoropopliteal artery. © 2014 by the Society for Vascular Surgery. Source

Intra-articular anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been the primary treatment option for isolated ACL injuries for many years. An anatomic double-bundle reconstruction has been devised in an effort to improve rotational control. The role of the extra-articular iliotibial band tenodesis in ACL injuries has evolved from primary treatment, to an adjuvant secondary procedure, to being used more selectively in revision ACL reconstructions. Hypotheses: 1) Single-bundle and doublebundle intra-articular ACL reconstructions will both restore pre-injury laxity measurements in an isolated ACL injury cadaver model. 2) The deep iliotibial band structures contribute to rotational control and in a dual ACL + ITB injury cadaver model, ACL reconstruction alone cannot restore rotational control. Controlled Laboratory Design. 17 fresh frozen cadavers received intra-articular reconstructions, seven single-bundle and ten double-bundle; laxity was measured with the ACL intact/ITB intact, ACL reconstructed/ITB intact, after cutting the ITB, and after an ITB tenodesis procedure; laxity measurements of anterior tibial translation(ATT) and internal rotation(IR) were measured following applications of an anterior shear force, an internal torque and a coupled anterior shear force-internal torque at 30 and 90 degrees of flexion. Single-bundle and double-bundle ACL reconstructions both restored IR to a native knee state under isolated internal torques and under coupled forces. Both reconstruction techniques also re-established anterior tibial translation to at least the pre-ACL injury level, with over-constraint in the double-bundle subgroup [5.00 (+2.11) to 3.50(+1.18), p-value 0.026] under coupled loads at 30 degrees of flexion. With the individual ACL reconstructions held constant, under coupled forces mean IR increased in the single-bundle subgroup [13.7(+1.1) to 17.6(+1.2), p-value 0.004] and the double-bundle subgroup [9.5(+1.0) to 12.4(+1.0), p-value 0.009] with the cutting of the ITB at 30 degrees. Under internal torque, mean IR increased in the single-bundle subgroup [14.0(+1.0) to 18.4(+1.6), p-value 0.016] with the cutting of the ITB at 30 degrees, while IR increased in the double-bundle subgroup [10.0(+1.3) to 13.4(+1.5), p-value 0.002] under the same internal torque at 90 degrees. With the ACL reconstruction held constant, ATT did not significantly change when the ITB was cut or when it was tenodesed under any specific loading condition. Single-bundle and double-bundle intra-articular reconstructions were both able to restore internal rotation and anterior tibial translation to at least native knee laxity levels after an isolated laboratory ACL injury. When the ACL reconstructions were held constant, internal rotation statistically increased with the cutting of the ITB under multiple testing conditions in both the single-bundle and double-bundle subgroups. Source

Dodd J.,Surgery Partners
Primary health care research & development

Upton Surgery (Worcestershire) has developed a flexible and responsive service model that facilitates multi-agency support for adult patients with complex care needs experiencing an acute health crisis. The purpose of this service is to provide appropriate interventions that avoid unnecessary hospital admissions or, alternatively, provide support to facilitate early discharge from secondary care. Key aspects of this service are the collaborative and proactive identification of patients at risk, rapid creation and deployment of a reactive multi-agency team and follow-up of patients with an appropriate long-term care plan. A small team of dedicated staff (the Complex Care Team) are pivotal to coordinating and delivering this service. Key skills are sophisticated leadership and project management skills, and these have been used sensitively to challenge some traditional roles and boundaries in the interests of providing effective, holistic care for the patient.This is a practical example of early implementation of the principles underlying the Department of Health's (DH) recent Best Practice Guidance, 'Delivering Care Closer to Home' (DH, July 2008) and may provide useful learning points for other general practice surgeries considering implementing similar models. This integrated case management approach has had enthusiastic endorsement from patients and carers. In addition to the enhanced quality of care and experience for the patient, this approach has delivered value for money. Secondary care costs have been reduced by preventing admissions and also by reducing excess bed-days. The savings achieved have justified the ongoing commitment to the service and the staff employed in the Complex Care Team. The success of this service model has been endorsed recently by the 'Customer Care' award by 'Management in Practice'. The Surgery was also awarded the 'Practice of the Year' award for this and a number of other customer-focussed projects. Source

Hammond D.C.,Surgery Partners | O'Connor E.A.,Grand Rapids Medical Education Partners | Knoll G.M.,Grand Rapids Medical Education Partners
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Background: Reduction mammaplasty in severe mammary hypertrophy is challenging to even the very experienced plastic surgeon. Extremely long pedicles threaten blood supply, and the severely stretched skin envelope is difficult to effectively shape and reduce. In this setting, free-nipple techniques and inverted-T pattern skin resections are often used. Methods: A retrospective review of 88 consecutive patients undergoing breast reduction with the removal of at least 1000 g of tissue in at least one breast over a 17-year period was performed. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and complications were noted during routine postoperative care. Results: One hundred forty breasts in 88 patients were noted to meet the study criteria. The mean body mass index of the patients was 37 kg/m2 (range, 24 to 57 kg/m2), and 89 percent of the patients were categorized as obese. The mean volume of resection was 1336 g (range, 1000 to 3144 g). Mean follow-up was 10 months (range, 1 to 96 months). There was a 16.4 percent incidence of minor delayed healing along with a 2.9 percent incidence of partial areolar necrosis, which was treated conservatively and allowed to heal by secondary intention. There was a 5.7 percent reoperation rate related to excisional biopsy of fat necrosis in 4.3 percent and revision of periareolar scar in 1.4 percent. Conclusion: Combining an inferior pedicle approach with a circumvertical skin pattern in the setting of severe mammary hypertrophy is a safe and effective technique for breast reduction. Copyright © 2014 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Source

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