Sant'Orsola Terme, Italy

The Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples is a university located in Naples, Italy. It was founded in 1864 and is organized into 3 departments. Wikipedia.

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Nakabayashi K.,University of Teesside | Burton A.M.,University of Glasgow | Brandimonte M.A.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Lloyd-Jones T.J.,University of Swansea
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition | Year: 2012

Four experiments investigated the role of verbal processing in the recognition of pictures of faces and objects. We used (a) a stimulus-encoding task where participants learned sequentially presented pictures in control, articulatory suppression, and describe conditions and then engaged in an old-new picture recognition test and (b) a poststimulus-encoding task where participants learned the stimuli without any secondary task and then either described or not a single item from memory before the recognition test. The main findings were as follows: First, verbalization influenced picture recognition. Second, there were contrasting influences of verbalization on the recognition of faces, compared with objects, that were driven by (a) the stage of processing during which verbalization took place (as assessed by the stimulus-encoding and poststimulus-encoding tasks), (b) whether verbalization was subvocal (whereby one goes through the motions of speaking but without making any sound) or overt, and (c) stimulus familiarity. During stimulus encoding there was a double dissociation whereby subvocal verbalization interfered with the recognition of faces but not objects, while overt verbalization benefited the recognition of objects but not faces. In addition, stimulus familiarity provided an independent and beneficial influence on performance. Post stimulus encoding, overt verbalization interfered with the recognition of both faces and objects, and this interference was apparent for unfamiliar but not familiar stimuli. Together these findings extend work on verbalization to picture recognition and place important parameters on stimulus and task constraints that contribute to contrasting beneficial and detrimental effects of verbalization on recognition memory. © 2011 American Psychological Association.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.7.3 | Award Amount: 3.19M | Year: 2010

OCOPOMO addresses two levels of scientific and technological advancements:\n1)\tSocio-political: to formulate, model, evaluate and monitor social and economic policies of governments, which are supported by\n2)\tScientific and technological innovations: drawing together lessons and practical techniques from complexity science, agent based social simulation, foresight scenario analysis and advanced ICT for e-participation.\nOCOPOMO develops an integrated IT platform for efficient policy development by integrating formal policy modelling, scenario generation, and open collaboration supporting engagement of wide stakeholder groups in social and economic policy areas of two pilots. The project builds on methods and tools of policy modelling and scenario-based foresight and integrates them into a platform of open collaboration among key stakeholders (policy analysts, policy operators, wider interest groups of specific policy domains, etc.) using e-participation tools.\nThe outcomes of OCOPOMO are:\na)\tIT solutions (e-governance toolbox) supporting the engagement and open collaboration of participating stakeholders in collaborative scenario-development and in reflexive discussions about resulting formal policy models;\nb)\tA general model of macroeconomic relations deduced as much as possible from data available at national and European level, and enriched with the commonalities deduced in the two pilot policy areas;\nc)\tTwo policy analyses related to the strategic economic and social development policies in regions in Italy and Slovakia. The policy analyses will be based on both formal simulation models and narrative scenarios;\nThe policy analyses are generated with the precision and clarity of formal models and rich contextual narrative scenarios resulting from the combination of scenario-based foresight and formal policy modelling. The e-governance ICT toolbox facilitates the policy creation, analysis, modelling and evaluation in a comprehensive way.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2012-ASP8 | Award Amount: 22.99M | Year: 2013

HoliDes addresses development and qualification of Adaptive Cooperative Human-Machine Sys-tems (AdCoS) where many humans and many machines act together, cooperatively, in a highly adaptive way. They adapt to each other and to the context to guarantee fluent and cooperative task achievement. Such systems with higher levels of automation are urgently needed to enhance safety and to increase the confidence of human operators. However, adaptiveness in Cooperative Human-Machine Systems on the Health, Aeronautics, Control Rooms and Automotive market is still sadly limited. The development and especially the qualification and certification of AdCoS in-volving several interactive Embedded Systems are not yet well-mastered in industrial develop-ment. The lack of adequate means of compliance with human factors and safety regulations may force the designers to simplify systems in order to make them certifiable. This clearly compromises the huge potential AdCoS could have on increasing overall safety. In order to unleash this potential HoliDes will research affordable means of compliance which enable to formalize adaptation strategies on global many humans - many machines levels and local HMI levels in a coordinated way. This will be achieved by developing techniques & tools on 5 research dimensions: (1) automated AdCoS re-configuration based on e.g. real-time predictive human models; (2) holistic formal (human & machine) modelling and accelerated analysis; (3) new empirical task, exploration and validation analyses of AdCoS; (4) a formalized synergetic empirical and model-based methodology; (5) integration of all techniques & tools in a Human Factors Reference Technology Platform (HF-RTP) to foster interoperability and to support human factors along the whole engineering life-cycle. The HF-RTP will be closely connected to the technically oriented CESAR RTP to enable holistic development & qualification from both perspectives human factors and technical systems design. APPROVED BY ECSEL-JU 12/12/2014

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-5-1.NIGHT | Award Amount: 79.67K | Year: 2007

Last year Dicocom organized the Neapolitan researchers night in the ancient centre of Naples,with the VEGAN project.This year we want to follow the same approach to give continuity to the event, also because weld like that the researchers night turn into a fix appointment for Naples, for this reason we decided to focus our project on the research between the past and the future and propose the same location:piazza Dante.Our project is based on the binomial research in the past/research for the future,we have from one side all the disciplines linked to archaeology,conservation and promotion of cultural heritage and the re-proposal of last year simulated excavation for children. In this context we intend to twin the event with others in the domain of cultural heritage: the exhibition realised in the frame of a Culture2000project and the launch of the ancient monastic complex of Cimitile.The other side is represented by scientific research focused on the future, in this context we tried to collect all the main Campanian research centres, from Universities to the CRC to the CNR to the National Astrophysics Institute to the association women in researchorganised.Moreover we will organise the Competition Draw a Researcher with an exhibition that will be held in the Monastic Citadel of Suor Orsola Benincasa University and another in the monastic complex of Cimitile.The main objective of this researchers night is to realise an event focused on the discovery,the fun and stay all together,with the maximum of participation to give to Neapolitan researchers the occasion to go in piazza and celebrate!Our aim is that researchers have an occasion to play with their knowledge involving people, to talk and dialogue with them to share their passion, that the researchers could demonstrate to everybody throughout scientific, amusing and divulgation activities that the research work doesnt alienate, doesnt isolate doesnt get people like laboratory rats,at the contrary

Bernolet S.,Ghent University | Collina S.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Hartsuiker R.J.,Ghent University
Journal of Memory and Language | Year: 2016

This study investigated the generalizability of the claim that syntactic priming persists, while only the lexical boost to syntactic priming decays (Hartsuiker, Bernolet, Schoonbaert, Spreybroek & Vanderelst, 2008). We report syntactic priming experiments and corresponding memory experiments featuring a lag manipulation (LAG 0, 2 and 6) for three different syntactic contrasts in Dutch: transitives (Experiments 1a and b), datives (Experiments 2a and b) and the choice between auxiliary-participle and participle-auxiliary word order in relative clauses (Experiments 3a and b). Even though prime and target constructions always used unrelated head verbs, decay in the strength of priming was observed for all three contrasts. Participants' memory for the syntactic structures under study was also significantly better in the immediate condition than at later lags. We conclude that, even in unrelated verb conditions, the explicit memory of the prime sentence enhances syntactic priming, leading to stronger priming in immediate conditions than when sentences intervene between the prime and the target sentence. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Garbin G.,University of Trieste | Collina S.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Tabossi P.,University of Trieste
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

In a functional MRI (fMRI) study, we have investigated the grammatical categories of object noun, event noun and verb in order to assess the cortical regions of activation supporting their processing. Twelve Italian healthy participants performed a lexical decision task. They had to decide whether a string was an Italian word or not. Words could be objects like medaglia (medal), or events like the noun pianto (cry); or the verb dormire (to sleep). Noun and verb comparison shows differences in regions of activation in the left Inferior Frontal cortex and in the extent of the same areas. We have found specific areas of activation for object noun, and similarities in the pattern of activation for event noun and verb. The activations induced by pseudowords highly resembled the areas activated by the corresponding word category. The implications of the results are discussed in light of the recent debate on the role of grammatical category in the brain. © 2012 Garbin et al.

Gamboz N.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Zamarian S.,University of Trieste | Cavallero C.,University of Trieste
Experimental Aging Research | Year: 2010

This study investigates the effect of aging on alerting, orienting, and conflict resolution by assessing younger (mean age=25.8) and older (mean age=67.9) adults' performance in the Attention Network Test that combines, in a single experimental paradigm, a flanker task with alerting and orienting cues. The analyses of response times indicated equivalent orienting and conflict resolution effects in younger and older adults. By contrast, alerting was found to be significantly reduced in the elderly. This result is only marginally in accordance with recent studies addressing the issues of age-related differences in alerting, which provide mixed results. The possible role of methodological differences across studies in accounting for the controversial results concerning the aging affect on alerting is discussed. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Brandimonte M.A.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Ferrante D.,University of Trieste
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience | Year: 2015

Recent research has shown that pro-social prospective memory, i.e., remembering to do something for others, is negatively affected by the presence of small material rewards. While this competition between pro-social and self-gain motives leads to poor memory for the intention, people do not seem to be aware of the possible collision effects of competing motives (Brandimonte et al., 2010). Extending research on this general topic, in two activity-based prospective memory (PM) experiments, we explored the effects of different types and amount of rewards on pro-social prospective remembering. In Experiment 1, participants could receive no reward, a low material reward (1 euro), or a high material reward (20 euro) for their pro-social PM action. In Experiment 2, their pro-social PM performance could be rewarded or not with an image reward (disclosure of their altruistic behavior). Results revealed that introducing a small material reward (Experiment 1) or a non-material reward (Experiment 2) impaired pro-social PM. However, introducing a high material reward eliminated the impairment (Experiment 1). Importantly, in Experiment 1, ongoing task performance in the pro-social condition was faster than in the No PM condition. However, in Experiment 2, ongoing task costs emerged in the presence of a non-material reward, as compared to the pro-social condition. Also, results from two independent ratings showed that people's predictions on their future pro-social actions were at odds (Experiment 1) or in line (Experiment 2) with actual PM performance. It is suggested that, according to the nature and amount of rewards, memory for a pro-social future action may be modulated by conscious or unconscious motivational mechanisms. © 2015 Brandimonte and Ferrante.

Nigro G.,The Second University of Naples | Brandimonte M.A.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Cicogna P.,University of Bologna | Cosenza M.,The Second University of Naples
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology | Year: 2014

The primary goal of this study was to investigate the relationship among retrospective memory, episodic future thinking, and event-based prospective memory performance in preschool, first-grade, and second-grade children. A total of 160 children took part in the experiment. The study included participants from four age groups: 4-year-olds, 5-year-olds, 6-year-olds, and 7-year-olds. Participants were administered a recognition memory task, a task to test the ability to pre-experience future events, and an event-based prospective memory task. Data were submitted to correlational analyses, analyses of variance (ANOVAs), and logistic regression analyses. Results showed that, overall, all of these abilities improve with age and are significantly correlated with one another. However, when partialling out age and retrospective memory, episodic future thinking and prospective memory performance remained correlated. Logistic regression further showed that age and episodic future thinking abilities were significant predictors of prospective memory performance independent of retrospective memory abilities. © 2013.

Altgassen M.,TU Dresden | Kliegel M.,TU Dresden | Brandimonte M.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Filippello P.,Messina University
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of social importance on prospective remembering in younger and older adults as a possible factor contributing to the age-prospective memory paradox. Using a between-subjects design, 40 younger and 40 older adults worked on a time-based prospective memory task in which social importance was varied. Overall, younger adults outperformed older adults in the prospective memory task. Importantly, in contrast to younger adults, older adults' prospective memory performance was significantly better in the social importance condition than in the standard condition. This interaction was not reflected in participants' time-monitoring behaviour. Findings are discussed in the context of recent prospective memory theories. © 2009 Psychology Press.

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