Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples

www.unisob.na.it
Sant'Orsola Terme, Italy

The Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples is a university located in Naples, Italy. It was founded in 1864 and is organized into 3 departments. Wikipedia.

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Ferrara G.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples
Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science | Year: 2017

The agro-food is one of the main manufacturing industries in Italy. It accounts for more than 2 million firms, making up 9% of the Gross Domestic Products (GDP). However, Italian agro-food industry has several weak points such as small dimension of firms, county’s dependence on agricultural products realized abroad and weak innovative activities. Based on these assumptions, this paper offers a geographical analysis of Italian agro-food system of innovation aimed to evidence actions that firms and policy-makers have to realize. Specifically the paper evidences that firms have to invest in internationalization and innovation and policy-makers have to support them in several ways. © 2017, National Centre for Agrarian Sciences. All rights reserved.


Ferrara G.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples
Journal of Food Products Marketing | Year: 2017

Several studies aim to evidence the relevance of innovation in the agro-food industry. However, comparative studies between regions are almost absent. With the aim to fill this literature gap, this paper aims to present a geographical analysis of innovation in the agro-food value chain. With the goal of presenting a geographical comparative analysis of innovation in the agro-food value chain, we present results of some interviews conducted with a sample of Italian firms. We selected two case studies to evidence how institutional contest affects firms’ innovative activities. © 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC


Brandimonte M.A.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Ferrante D.,University of Trieste | Bianco C.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Villani M.G.,Parthenope University of Naples
Cognition | Year: 2010

Memory for future actions, or prospective memory (PM), often involves remembering to do things for others. The present article explores the motivational mechanisms underlying memory for pro-social intentions through the manipulation of the social relevance of goals and presence of material rewards during an activity-based PM task. Results revealed that memory for the intention was better under pro-social than under standard conditions. However, when a material reward was introduced under pro-social conditions, it had the detrimental effect of reducing prospective remembering. Ongoing task performance was faster under pro-social than under No PM and standard PM conditions and it was unrelated to PM performance. In addition, the outcome of the ratings of two independent groups of participants confirmed that people are not aware of the potential conflict between pro-social and self-gain motives. Taken together, these new findings extend current PM theories by suggesting a prominent role of latent motivational mechanisms in guiding memory for pro-social intentions. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Ambron E.,University of Edinburgh | Ambron E.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Della Sala S.,University of Edinburgh | McIntosh R.D.,University of Edinburgh
Neuropsychologia | Year: 2012

This study relates two behaviours, each well documented within its own literature but not previously considered together: closing-in behaviour (CIB) and the effect of visual distractors on reaching. CIB is common in typically developing children, and in adults with dementia, and classically manifests as the tendency to perform graphic copying tasks very close to, or on the top of the model. The effect of visual distractors on reaching has been studied extensively in normal adults. Distractors induce characteristic deviations of the reach, usually away from the distractor, which imply that a competing response towards the distractor is automatically primed, and actively suppressed. It is possible that CIB reflects a failure to inhibit motor distraction, such that the acting hand is attracted automatically to a salient stimulus (the model, during copying tasks). This hypothesis predicts that CIB should be associated with distractor effects during reaching, characterised by veering towards, rather than away from the distractor. We tested this prediction in groups of pre-school children with and without CIB, and in young adults, using task-relevant and task-irrelevant distractors. Both groups of children showed greater veering towards distractors than did adults, implying a lower capacity to inhibit automatic responses. Crucially, this effect was stronger in children with CIB than without CIB when a task-irrelevant distractor was presented. These findings support the idea that CIB reflects a failure to inhibit automatically primed actions towards salient stimuli. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


de Vito S.,University of Edinburgh | de Vito S.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Gamboz N.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Brandimonte M.A.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | And 3 more authors.
Neuropsychologia | Year: 2012

Contrary to what was originally thought (Hassabis, Kumaran, Vann, & Maguire, 2007) recent data have shown that imagining the future is not entirely dependent on the hippocampus (Squire et al., 2010) and neuroimaging studies have demonstrated a frontopolar activation during future thinking tasks (Okuda et al., 2003). The present study investigated whether the performance of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) on future simulation tasks was dependent on memory or executive control. Thirty-one PD patients, asked to imagine possible future scenarios, generated fewer future episodic details than matched controls. The seven patients who clearly performed below the range of controls in future thinking, were also significantly poorer on the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), a battery assessing executive control, but showed no deficits in immediate or delayed memory tests. These results suggest that poor performance in the future thinking task is associated with poor executive control and less so with memory impairment. Flexible searching activities of past details might be crucial capacities for envisaging one's own future. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Brooks J.L.,University of Edinburgh | Brooks J.L.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Sala S.D.,University of Edinburgh | Logie R.H.,University of Edinburgh
Neuropsychologia | Year: 2011

The effect of age on tactile rod bisection is explored in an attempt to fully understand lateralized biases that are not driven by prior experience or visual processing. In Experiment 1, a total of 549 healthy participants aged between 3 and 84 years of age, divided into eight age groups, used touch alone without vision to bisect one wooden rod. Participants across all age groups, except those approaching or in adolescence, showed pseudoneglect on tactile rod bisection. In Experiment 2 a total of 72 healthy participants aged between 6 and 96 years old, divided into three age groups, used touch alone without vision to bisect three wooden rods of different length. Experiment 2 showed pseudoneglect across the full adult life span and most notably in the oldest participants. For the youngest participants there was not a significant pseudoneglect bias but there was a significant effect of gender with females showing greater leftward bias than males. When participants scanned and bisected the rods starting from the right-hand side, pseudoneglect was significantly enhanced; again this bias interacted with age. The results suggest that the right hemisphere exerts an early capacity to orient attention contralaterally and that this capacity continues in middle and older adulthood which is inconsistent with current models of cognitive ageing. The findings are discussed in terms of how the right hemisphere preferentially orients attention leftward in the absence of direct visuo-spatial processing across lifespan and how this may be modulated by variables like gender and starting position. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.7.3 | Award Amount: 3.19M | Year: 2010

OCOPOMO addresses two levels of scientific and technological advancements:\n1)\tSocio-political: to formulate, model, evaluate and monitor social and economic policies of governments, which are supported by\n2)\tScientific and technological innovations: drawing together lessons and practical techniques from complexity science, agent based social simulation, foresight scenario analysis and advanced ICT for e-participation.\nOCOPOMO develops an integrated IT platform for efficient policy development by integrating formal policy modelling, scenario generation, and open collaboration supporting engagement of wide stakeholder groups in social and economic policy areas of two pilots. The project builds on methods and tools of policy modelling and scenario-based foresight and integrates them into a platform of open collaboration among key stakeholders (policy analysts, policy operators, wider interest groups of specific policy domains, etc.) using e-participation tools.\nThe outcomes of OCOPOMO are:\na)\tIT solutions (e-governance toolbox) supporting the engagement and open collaboration of participating stakeholders in collaborative scenario-development and in reflexive discussions about resulting formal policy models;\nb)\tA general model of macroeconomic relations deduced as much as possible from data available at national and European level, and enriched with the commonalities deduced in the two pilot policy areas;\nc)\tTwo policy analyses related to the strategic economic and social development policies in regions in Italy and Slovakia. The policy analyses will be based on both formal simulation models and narrative scenarios;\nThe policy analyses are generated with the precision and clarity of formal models and rich contextual narrative scenarios resulting from the combination of scenario-based foresight and formal policy modelling. The e-governance ICT toolbox facilitates the policy creation, analysis, modelling and evaluation in a comprehensive way.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2012-ASP8 | Award Amount: 22.99M | Year: 2013

HoliDes addresses development and qualification of Adaptive Cooperative Human-Machine Sys-tems (AdCoS) where many humans and many machines act together, cooperatively, in a highly adaptive way. They adapt to each other and to the context to guarantee fluent and cooperative task achievement. Such systems with higher levels of automation are urgently needed to enhance safety and to increase the confidence of human operators. However, adaptiveness in Cooperative Human-Machine Systems on the Health, Aeronautics, Control Rooms and Automotive market is still sadly limited. The development and especially the qualification and certification of AdCoS in-volving several interactive Embedded Systems are not yet well-mastered in industrial develop-ment. The lack of adequate means of compliance with human factors and safety regulations may force the designers to simplify systems in order to make them certifiable. This clearly compromises the huge potential AdCoS could have on increasing overall safety. In order to unleash this potential HoliDes will research affordable means of compliance which enable to formalize adaptation strategies on global many humans - many machines levels and local HMI levels in a coordinated way. This will be achieved by developing techniques & tools on 5 research dimensions: (1) automated AdCoS re-configuration based on e.g. real-time predictive human models; (2) holistic formal (human & machine) modelling and accelerated analysis; (3) new empirical task, exploration and validation analyses of AdCoS; (4) a formalized synergetic empirical and model-based methodology; (5) integration of all techniques & tools in a Human Factors Reference Technology Platform (HF-RTP) to foster interoperability and to support human factors along the whole engineering life-cycle. The HF-RTP will be closely connected to the technically oriented CESAR RTP to enable holistic development & qualification from both perspectives human factors and technical systems design. APPROVED BY ECSEL-JU 12/12/2014


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-5-1.NIGHT | Award Amount: 79.67K | Year: 2007

Last year Dicocom organized the Neapolitan researchers night in the ancient centre of Naples,with the VEGAN project.This year we want to follow the same approach to give continuity to the event, also because weld like that the researchers night turn into a fix appointment for Naples, for this reason we decided to focus our project on the research between the past and the future and propose the same location:piazza Dante.Our project is based on the binomial research in the past/research for the future,we have from one side all the disciplines linked to archaeology,conservation and promotion of cultural heritage and the re-proposal of last year simulated excavation for children. In this context we intend to twin the event with others in the domain of cultural heritage: the exhibition realised in the frame of a Culture2000project and the launch of the ancient monastic complex of Cimitile.The other side is represented by scientific research focused on the future, in this context we tried to collect all the main Campanian research centres, from Universities to the CRC to the CNR to the National Astrophysics Institute to the association women in researchorganised.Moreover we will organise the Competition Draw a Researcher with an exhibition that will be held in the Monastic Citadel of Suor Orsola Benincasa University and another in the monastic complex of Cimitile.The main objective of this researchers night is to realise an event focused on the discovery,the fun and stay all together,with the maximum of participation to give to Neapolitan researchers the occasion to go in piazza and celebrate!Our aim is that researchers have an occasion to play with their knowledge involving people, to talk and dialogue with them to share their passion, that the researchers could demonstrate to everybody throughout scientific, amusing and divulgation activities that the research work doesnt alienate, doesnt isolate doesnt get people like laboratory rats,at the contrary


Nigro G.,The Second University of Naples | Brandimonte M.A.,Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples | Cicogna P.,University of Bologna | Cosenza M.,The Second University of Naples
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology | Year: 2014

The primary goal of this study was to investigate the relationship among retrospective memory, episodic future thinking, and event-based prospective memory performance in preschool, first-grade, and second-grade children. A total of 160 children took part in the experiment. The study included participants from four age groups: 4-year-olds, 5-year-olds, 6-year-olds, and 7-year-olds. Participants were administered a recognition memory task, a task to test the ability to pre-experience future events, and an event-based prospective memory task. Data were submitted to correlational analyses, analyses of variance (ANOVAs), and logistic regression analyses. Results showed that, overall, all of these abilities improve with age and are significantly correlated with one another. However, when partialling out age and retrospective memory, episodic future thinking and prospective memory performance remained correlated. Logistic regression further showed that age and episodic future thinking abilities were significant predictors of prospective memory performance independent of retrospective memory abilities. © 2013.

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