Suntory Foundation for Life science

Ōsaka, Japan

Suntory Foundation for Life science

Ōsaka, Japan
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Raj H.,University of Groningen | Szymanski W.,University of Groningen | De Villiers J.,University of Groningen | Puthan Veetil V.,University of Groningen | And 5 more authors.
Chemistry - A European Journal | Year: 2013

Enzymatic amino acid synthesis: Kinetic resolution and asymmetric synthesis of various valuable 3-substituted aspartic acids, which were obtained in fair to good yields with diastereomeric ratio values of up to >98:2 and enantiomeric excess values of up to >99 %, by using engineered methylaspartate ammonia lyases (see figure) are described. These biocatalytic methodologies for the selective preparation of aspartic acid derivatives appear to be attractive alternatives for existing chemical methods. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Morishita F.,Hiroshima University | Furukawa Y.,Hiroshima University | Kodani Y.,Hiroshima University | Kodani Y.,Aichi University | And 2 more authors.
Peptides | Year: 2015

TEP (Thais excitatory peptide)-1 and TEP-2 are molluscan counterparts of annelidan GGNG-peptides, identified in a neogastropod, Thais clavigera (Morishita et al., 2006). We have cloned two cDNAs encoding TEP-1 and TEP-2 precursor protein, respectively, by the standard molecular cloning techniques. Predicted TEP-1 precursor protein consists of 161 amino acids, while predicted TEP-2 precursor protein has 118 amino acids. Only a single copy of TEP was found on the respective precursor. The semi-quantitative RT-PCR showed that expression of TEP-1 was high in sub-esophageal, pleural, pedal and visceral ganglia, while it was low in supra-esophageal ganglion. By contrast, expression level of TEP-2 was high in pedal and visceral ganglia. In situ hybridization visualized different subsets of TEP-1 and TEP-2 expressing neurons in Thais ganglia. For example, supra-esophageal ganglion contained many TEP-2 expressing neuron, but not TEP-1 expressing ones. These results suggest that expression of TEP-1 and TEP-2 is differently regulated in the Thais ganglia. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Konuma T.,Osaka University | Konuma T.,Suntory Foundation for Life science | Lee Y.-H.,Osaka University | Goto Y.,Osaka University | Sakurai K.,Osaka University
Proteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics | Year: 2013

Chemical shift perturbations (CSPs) in NMR spectra provide useful information about the interaction of a protein with its ligands. However, in a multiple-ligand-binding system, determining quantitative parameters such as a dissociation constant (Kd) is difficult. Here, we used a method we named CS-PCA, a principal component analysis (PCA) of chemical shift (CS) data, to analyze the interaction between bovine β-lactoglobulin (βLG) and 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonate (ANS), which is a multiple-ligand-binding system. The CSP on the binding of ANS involved contributions from two distinct binding sites. PCA of the titration data successfully separated the CSP pattern into contributions from each site. Docking simulations based on the separated CSP patterns provided the structures of βLG-ANS complexes for each binding site. In addition, we determined the Kd values as 3.42 × 10-4M2 and 2.51 × 10-3M for Sites 1 and 2, respectively. In contrast, it was difficult to obtain reliable Kd values for respective sites from the isothermal titration calorimetry experiments. Two ANS molecules were found to bind at Site 1 simultaneously, suggesting that the binding occurs cooperatively with a partial unfolding of the βLG structure. On the other hand, the binding of ANS to Site 2 was a simple attachment without a significant conformational change. From the present results, CS-PCA was confirmed to provide not only the positions and the Kd values of binding sites but also information about the binding mechanism. Thus, it is anticipated to be a general method to investigate protein-ligand interactions. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Minakata H.,Suntory Foundation for Life science | Tsutsui K.,Waseda University
General and Comparative Endocrinology | Year: 2015

In protostome and deuterosome invertebrates, neurosecretory cells play major roles in the endocrine system. The optic glands of cephalopods are indicators of sexual maturation. In mature octopuses, optic glands enlarge and secrete a gonadotropic hormone. A peptide with structural features similar to that of vertebrate gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) was isolated from the octopus, Octopus vulgaris, and was named oct-GnRH. The discovery of oct-GnRH has triggered structural determinations and predictions of other mollusc GnRH-like peptides in biochemical and in silico studies. Interestingly, cephalopods studied so far are characterized by a single molecular form of oct-GnRH with a C-terminal -Pro-Gly-NH2 sequence, which is critical for gonadotropin-releasing activity in vertebrates. Other molluscan GnRH-like peptides lack the C-terminal -Pro-Gly-NH2 sequence but have -X-NH2 or -Pro-Gly although all protostome GnRH-like peptides have yet to be sequenced.In marine molluscs, relationships between GnRH-like peptides and sex steroids have been studied to verify the hypothesis that molluscs have vertebrate-type sex steroid system. However, it is currently questionable whether such sex steroids are present and whether they play endogenous roles in the reproductive system of molluscs. Because molluscs uptake and store steroids from the environment and fishes release sex steroids into the external environment, it is impossible to rule out the contamination of vertebrate sex steroids in molluscs. The function of key enzymes of steroidogenesis within molluscs remains unclear. Thus, evidence to deny the existence of the vertebrate-type sex steroid system in molluscs has been accumulated. The elucidation of substances, which regulate the maturation and maintenance of gonads and other reproductive functions in molluscs will require rigorous and progressive scientific study. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.


Amano M.,Kitasato University | Amiya N.,Kitasato University | Yokoyama T.,Kitasato University | Takakusaki Y.,Kitasato University | Minakata H.,Suntory Foundation for Life science
Fisheries Science | Year: 2011

We have developed a time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TR-FIA) for octopus gonadotropin-releasing hormone (oct-GnRH) to determine the profiles of oct-GnRH peptide levels in cephalopods. The sensitivity and the intra-assay and inter-assay coefficients of variation were 4.9 pg/well and 6.8 (n = 10) and 2.7% (n = 5), respectively. Anti-oct-GnRH antibody was tested on all known forms of GnRH and found to cross-react with lamprey GnRH-II (27.1%), annelid GnRH (3.36%), tunicate GnRH-I (0.92%), dogfish GnRH (0.51%), and scallop Patinopecten yessoensis GnRH (0.05%). The displacement curve obtained for serially diluted brain extracts of three cephalopods, the spear squid Loligo bleekeri, swordtip squid Loligo edulis, and North Pacific giant octopus Octopus dofleini, paralleled the oct-GnRH standard curve. The presence of oct-GnRH in the central nervous system (CNS) of these cephalopods was further examined by a combination of reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography and oct-GnRH TR-FIA. CNS extracts from these cephalopods showed peaks with retention times similar to that of synthetic oct-GnRH. These results indicate that this novel oct-GnRH TR-FIA is widely applicable for oct-GnRH measurement in cephalopods. © 2011 The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science.


PubMed | Waseda University and Suntory Foundation for Life science
Type: | Journal: General and comparative endocrinology | Year: 2016

In protostome and deuterosome invertebrates, neurosecretory cells play major roles in the endocrine system. The optic glands of cephalopods are indicators of sexual maturation. In mature octopuses, optic glands enlarge and secrete a gonadotropic hormone. A peptide with structural features similar to that of vertebrate gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) was isolated from the octopus, Octopus vulgaris, and was named oct-GnRH. The discovery of oct-GnRH has triggered structural determinations and predictions of other mollusc GnRH-like peptides in biochemical and in silico studies. Interestingly, cephalopods studied so far are characterized by a single molecular form of oct-GnRH with a C-terminal -Pro-Gly-NH2 sequence, which is critical for gonadotropin-releasing activity in vertebrates. Other molluscan GnRH-like peptides lack the C-terminal -Pro-Gly-NH2 sequence but have -X-NH2 or -Pro-Gly although all protostome GnRH-like peptides have yet to be sequenced. In marine molluscs, relationships between GnRH-like peptides and sex steroids have been studied to verify the hypothesis that molluscs have vertebrate-type sex steroid system. However, it is currently questionable whether such sex steroids are present and whether they play endogenous roles in the reproductive system of molluscs. Because molluscs uptake and store steroids from the environment and fishes release sex steroids into the external environment, it is impossible to rule out the contamination of vertebrate sex steroids in molluscs. The function of key enzymes of steroidogenesis within molluscs remains unclear. Thus, evidence to deny the existence of the vertebrate-type sex steroid system in molluscs has been accumulated. The elucidation of substances, which regulate the maturation and maintenance of gonads and other reproductive functions in molluscs will require rigorous and progressive scientific study.


PubMed | Suntory Foundation for Life science, University of Tokyo and Okayama University
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2015

Acclimation from marine to dilute environments constitutes among the dramatic evolutionary transitions in the history of life. Such adaptations have evolved in multiple lineages, but studies of the blood/hemolymph homeostasis mechanisms are limited to those using evolutionarily advanced Deuterostome (chordates) and Ecdysozoa (crustaceans). Here, we examined hemolymph homeostasis in the advanced Lophotrochozoa/mollusc, the other unexplored taxa, and its possible regulation by the vasopressin/oxytocin superfamily peptides known to be implicated in fluid homeostasis in Chordata and Arthropoda. The hemolymph osmotic and ionic status in the euryhaline cephalopod (Octopus ocellatus) following transfer from 30-ppt normal seawater to 20 ppt salinity indicate hyperosmo- and hyperionoregulatory abilities for more than 1 week, as in crustaceans and teleost fish. While ventilation frequency decreased by 1 day, Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity, which has been generally implicated in ion transport, was induced in two of the eight posterior gills after 1 week. In addition, the octopuses were intravenously injected with 1 or 100 ng/g octopressin or cephalotocin, which are Octopus vasopressin/oxytocin orthologs. After 1 day, octopressin, but not cephalotocin, decreased the hemolymph osmolality and Ca concentrations, as well as urinary Na concentrations. These data provide evidence for possible parallel evolution in hyperionoregulatory mechanisms and coordination by conserved peptides.

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