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Han S.-Y.,Sunchon National University | Hong C.-E.,Chonbuk National University | Kim H.-G.,Chonbuk National University | Lyu S.-Y.,Sunchon National University | Lyu S.-Y.,Suncheon Research Center for Natural Medicines
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2015

In this study, we evaluated the effects of Korean mistletoe (Viscum album L. var. coloratum) coated with a biodegradable polymer (Eudragit®) wall on the growth of mouse melanoma in vivo. Oral administration of 4 % (430 mg/kg/day) enteric-coated mistletoe resulted in a significant reduction in tumor volume on day 14 compared to the negative control group in B16F10 melanoma-inoculated BDF1 mice. When we measured the survival rate, enteric-coated mistletoe-received mice had a higher survival rate after day 12. Also, we investigated the mechanism involving the cancer cell growth inhibition when melanoma cells were treated with Korean mistletoe lectin (Viscum album L. var. coloratum agglutinin, VCA) and its extract in vitro. As a result, a significant G0/G1 arrest was observed in both B16BL6 and B16F10 melanoma cells with VCA or mistletoe extract. In addition, VCA or mistletoe extract induced an increase in both early and late apoptosis in cells. When we studied the molecular mechanism, our results showed that VCA and mistletoe extract can increase activated multiple caspases (caspase-1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9), dose-dependently. We also found out that VCA and mistletoe treatment causes a significant decrease in the expression of procaspase-3 and 8. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Ham J.R.,Sunchon National University | Lee H.-I.,Mokpo Marin Food Industry Research Center | Choi R.-Y.,Sunchon National University | Sim M.-O.,Jeollanamdo Development Institute of Korean Traditional Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Food and Function | Year: 2016

This study examined the effects of syringic acid (SA) on obese diet-induced hepatic dysfunction. Mice were fed high-fat diet (HFD) with or without SA (0.05%, wt/wt) for 16 weeks. SA reduced the body weight, visceral fat mass, serum levels of leptin, TNFα, IFNγ, IL-6 and MCP-1, insulin resistance, hepatic lipid content, droplets and early fibrosis, whereas it elevated the circulation of adiponectin. SA down-regulated lipogenic genes (Cidea, PPARγ, Srebp-1c, Srebp-2, Hmgcr, Fasn) and inflammatory genes (Tlr4, Myd88, NF-κB, Tnfα, Il6), whereas it up-regulated fatty acid oxidation genes (PPARα, Acsl, Cpt1, Cpt2) in the liver. SA also decreased hepatic lipogenic enzyme activities and elevated fatty acid oxidation enzyme activities relative to the HFD group. These findings suggested that dietary SA possesses anti-obesity, anti-inflammatory and anti-steatotic effects via the regulation of lipid metabolic and inflammatory genes. SA is likely to be a new natural therapeutic agent for obesity or non-alcoholic liver disease. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015.

Kim H.J.,Sunchon National University | Jeong Y.S.,Sunchon National University | Jung W.K.,Suncheon Research Center for Natural Medicines | Kim S.K.,Sunchon National University | And 5 more authors.
Molecular Biotechnology | Year: 2015

Two genes encoding lipolytic enzymes were isolated from a metagenomic library constructed from oil-polluted mud flats. An esterase gene, est3K, encoded a protein of 299 amino acids (ca. 32,364 Da). Est3K was a family IV esterase with typical motifs, HGGG, and HGF. Although est3K showed high identity to many genes with no information on their enzymatic properties, Est3K showed the highest identity (36 %) to SBLip5.1 from forest soil metagenome when compared to the enzymes with reported properties. A lipase gene, lip3K, encoded a protein of 616 amino acids (ca. 64,408 Da). Lip3K belonged to family I.3 lipase with a C-terminal secretion signal and showed the highest identity (93 %) to the lipase of Pseudomonas sp. MIS38. The presence of several newly identified conserved motifs in Est3K and Lip3K are suggested. Both Est3K and Lip3K exerted their maximal activity at pH 9.0 and 50 °C. The activity of Lip3K was significantly increased by the presence of 30 % methanol. The ability of the enzymes to retain activities in the presence of methanol and the substrates may offer a merit to the biotechnological applications of the enzymes such as transesterification. The activity and the thermostability of Lip3K were increased by Ca2+. Est3K and Lip3K preferred p-nitrophenyl butyrate (C4) and octanoate (C8), respectively, as the substrate and acted independently on the substrates with no synergistic effect. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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