Sun Yat sen UniversityGuangdong Province
Sun Yat sen UniversityGuangdong Province
Zhang W.,Sun Yat sen UniversityGuangdong Province |
Du Z.,Sun Yat sen UniversityGuangdong Province |
Huang S.,Guangdong Center for Skin Diseases and s ControlGuangdong Province |
Chen L.,Guangdong Center for Skin Diseases and s ControlGuangdong Province |
And 5 more authors.
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2017
Background The relationship between temperature and syphilis is poorly understood despite clues and suggestions from previous studies. We examined the association between human perceived temperature (humidex) and the relative risk of early-stage syphilis in the most affected area of China, as well as its variance across social-economic status and age groups. Methods Information regarding early-stage (primary and secondary) syphilis cases reported to the China Case Report System between 2005–2013 from Guangdong province was analyzed in this study. Weather data were obtained from the National Meteorological Information Center. Distributed lag nonlinear models were applied to assess the relationship between humidex and the relative risk of early-stage syphilis. Results were further stratified by social-economic status and age groups. Results The relative risks of early-stage syphilis mainly increased with increased humidex, and were elevated when the humidex was around 30 or greater than 38. The humidex-RR association for the 15–40 age group was similar to the scenario pooled across the age groups, particularly in the Pearl-River Delta Region. The relative risk of syphilis in the elderly for the non-Pearl-River Delta Region did not show a clear change with humidex, whereas that in the Pearl-River Delta Region substantially increased, particularly when humidex was above 25. Conclusions Human perceived temperature was positively related to the relative risk of early-stage syphilis. People in the Pearl-River Delta Region tended to be more sensitive, with relative risk elevated at potential comfortable times or under excessively hot conditions. The vulnerability of the elderly in the Pearl-River Delta Region is concerning. © 2017
Talukder M.R.R.,Griffith University |
Talukder M.R.R.,International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research |
Rutherford S.,Griffith University |
Huang C.,Sun Yat sen UniversityGuangdong Province |
And 4 more authors.
Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health | Year: 2017
We summarized epidemiological studies assessing sodium in drinking water and changes in blood pressure or hypertension published in English from 1960 to 2015 from PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. We extracted data on blood pressure level or prevalence of hypertension and calculated pooled estimates using an inverse variance weighted random-effects model. The pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) in 7 studies (12 data sets) comparing the low and high water sodium exposure groups for systolic blood pressure (SBP) was 0.08 (95% CI, −0.17 to 0.34) and for diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was 0.23 (95% CI, 0.09–0.36). Of the 3 studies that assessed the association between high water sodium and odds of hypertension, 2 recent studies showed consistent findings of higher risk of hypertension. Our systematic review suggests an association between water sodium and human blood pressure (more consistently for DBP) but remain inconclusive because of the small number of studies (largely in young populations) and the cross-sectional design and methodological drawbacks. In the context of climate-change-related sea level rise and increasing saltwater intrusion into drinking water sources, further research is urgently warranted to investigate and guide intervention in this increasingly widespread problem. © 2017 Taylor & Francis.
Chen H.,Sun Yat sen Memorial HospitalGuangdong Province |
Liang Z.-W.,Sun Yat sen UniversityGuangdong Province |
Wang Z.-H.,Sun Yat sen Memorial HospitalGuangdong Province |
Zhang J.-P.,Sun Yat sen Memorial HospitalGuangdong Province |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2015
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) increases the risk of perinatal death, partly due to defects in lung development. Leptin, a polypeptide hormone, is involved in fetal lung development. We previously demonstrated that treatment with exogenous leptin during gestation significantly promotes fetal lung maturity in the rat model of FGR. In this study, to delineate the molecular pathways through which leptin may enhance fetal lung development, we investigated the impact of leptin treatment on the survival of type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECs), essential leptin-responsive cells involved in lung development, in a rat model of FGR. The rat model of FGR was induced in pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats by partial uterine artery and vein ligation. In vivo and in vitro analyses of fetal lung tissues and freshly-isolated cultured AECs, respectively, showed that leptin protects type II AECs from hypoxia-induced apoptosis. Further molecular studies revealed the role of Akt activation in the leptin-mediated promotion of survival of type II AECs. The data also showed that the anti-apoptotic effects of leptin are dependent on phosphoinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activation, and involve the down-regulation of caspases 3 and 9, upregulation of pro-survival proteins Bcl-2, and p-Bad, and inhibition of the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria. Taken together, our data suggested that leptin enhances the maturity of fetal lungs by mediating the regulation of caspase-3 and -9 during hypoxia-induced apoptosis of type II AECs and provide support for the potential of leptin as a therapeutic agent for promoting lung development in FGR. J. Cell. Biochem. 116: 2313-2324, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Lu Y.,Sun Yat sen UniversityGuangdong Province |
Peng Y.,Sun Yat sen UniversityGuangdong Province
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2015
As the massive amounts of information on the Internet have been growing significantly in recent years, more and more Web information needs to be analyzed. Web page classification is one of the key technologies to manage Web information. Compared with plaindocuments, there are much more additional components which help to improve the effect of Web page classification，such as HTML tags，and so on. Based on this, a feature weighting method considering the HTML tags is adopted in our paper, its main purpose is to study whether the tag amounts will influence on the effect of Web page classification. The experiment results show that the more tag amounts,the higher classification accuracy. © Research India Publications.