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Mendise T.J.,Summa Health System | Ferris E.M.,Summa Health System | McCarroll M.L.,Summa Health System | McCarroll M.L.,Summa Center for Womens Health Research | von Gruenigen V.E.,Summa Health System
Journal of Robotic Surgery | Year: 2013

During challenging gynecologic (GYN) procedures, the conventional robotic set-up can limit a surgeon's ability to effectively and efficiently perform these procedures. We present a novel set-up using a parallel-docking approach of the da Vinci® Surgical System with only three robotic arms and incorporating two patient side assist ports to overcome the difficulties presented during challenging GYN procedures. The Summa Set-up (SS) uses 4 ports actively, 2 assist ports and 2 robotic ports, compared to the traditional set-up which uses 4 ports: 1 assist port and 3 robotic ports. With the SS format, the patient-side assistant stands at the head of the bed and can simultaneously retract the uterus and aide in surgical dissection along with the console surgeon. While there are many possibilities of da Vinci® docking, port placement and assistant placement during robotic-assisted GYN surgery, we believe the SS can be an alternative for many GYN surgeons, especially those in teaching hospitals, for increased mobility and efficiency during complex GYN procedures. © 2012 Springer-Verlag London.


McCarroll M.L.,Summa Center for Womens Health Research | Pohle-Krauza R.J.,Youngstown State University | Volsko T.A.,Akron Children's Hospital | Martin J.L.,Summa Health System | And 2 more authors.
Open Respiratory Medicine Journal | Year: 2013

Background: In pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) effective measures have been taken while in analyzing a patient's intervention with the help of entry to exit evaluations. The absence of an objective and quantifiable scale are limitations of PR that allow analyzing of a patient's self reported symptoms throughout PR. The Breathlessness, Cough and Sputum Scale (BCSS©) is used to predict patient exacerbations by evaluating common symptoms identified in the COPD population. This study used the BCSS© survey to track complex symptom changes throughout the course of PR intervention. The BCSS© tool measured the patient's self reported symptoms in real time for each visit when patient enrolled in PR. Methods: Thirty-five patients with COPD from three outpatient PR centers were asked to report the severity of breathlessness, cough, and sputum prior to each PR session using the BCSS© survey. Results: There was a significant decrease in self reported symptoms of the mean BCSS© score from entry 4.6(± 2.9) to exit 2.3 (± 2.5), p < 0.001. The results showed variable decrease in the self reported symptoms with more PR visits. The secondary outcome showed high correlations with quality of life measures using the Pulmonary Function Status Scale (PFSS) on entry and exit to PR. Conclusions: The BCSS© tool is an effective means for measuring the impact of PR on improving patient tolerance and self-reported symptoms as a result of COPD. More research is needed to better assess the complex symptoms of COPD patients in PR to enhance programmatic outcomes. © McCarroll et al.


Von Gruenigen V.E.,Summa Akron City Hospital | Powell D.M.,Summa Akron City Hospital | Sorboro S.,Summa Akron City Hospital | McCarroll M.L.,Summa Center for Womens Health Research | Kim U.,Summa Akron City Hospital
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2013

Hospitals and health care systems are already seeing the effect of health care reform with declining dollars. Hospital services, which had narrow financial margins in the past, will have further challenges. This article will review definitions, challenges, and potential financial solutions for labor and delivery units. Improving quality, efficiency, and cost requires substantial physician cooperation in the changing paradigm from physiciancentric care to the transparent safety of teams. The financial contribution margin should increase the net revenue, but significant volumes are also needed. The challenge of this model for obstetrics is the slowing birth rate with the ultimate limitation for growth. Therefore, cost containment is imperative for sustainability. Standardization of hospital policies and procedures can improve quality and cost-savings with new incentive models. Examples include decreasing expensive pharmaceuticals, minimizing elective inductions of labor, and encouraging breast-feeding. As providers of health care to women, we all must engage in the triple aim of (1) improving the experience of care, (2) improving the health of populations, and (3) reducing per capita costs of health care. Although accountable care organizations presently are focused on Medicare populations for cost containment, all health care providers and institutions must be vigilant on both quality costeffective care for sustainability, especially in obstetrics. © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.


McCarroll M.L.,Summa Center for Womens Health Research | Armbruster S.D.,Summa Center for Womens Health Research | Chung J.E.,Kent State University | Kim J.,Kent State University | And 2 more authors.
Health Communication | Year: 2014

The objective of this article is to illustrate user characteristics of a hospital's social media structure using analytics and user surveys. A 1-year retrospective analysis was conducted along with an Internet survey of users of the hospital's Facebook, Twitter, and blog. Of the survey respondents (n = 163), 95.7% are female and 4.3% are male; most are ages 50-59 years (31.5%) and 40-49 years (27.8%); and 93.2% are Caucasian. However, the hospital system database revealed 55% female and 37% minority population, respectively. Of the survey respondents, 61.4% reported having a bachelor's degree or higher, whereas only 11.7% reported having a high school degree/equivalent or lower. However, within the hospital patient databases, 93% of patients have a high school degree/equivalent or lower and only 3% have a bachelor's degree or higher in our women's services population. Social media were used to seek personal health information 68.7% (n = 112), to learn about hospital programming 27.6% (n = 45), and to seek family health information 25.2% (n = 41). Respondents younger than 49 years of age were more likely to seek personal health information using social media compared to those 50 years of age and older (p =.02). Respondents with a bachelor's degree or higher education were statistically less likely to search for physician information compared to those less educated individuals (p =.04). We conclude that social media may play an important role in personal health information, especially for young female respondents; however, the survey provides strong evidence that further research is needed to ensure that social network sites provided by hospitals are reaching the full spectrum of health system patients. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


McCarroll M.L.,Summa Center for Womens Health Research | Armbruster S.,Summa Center for Womens Health Research | Frasure H.E.,Case Western Reserve University | Gothard M.D.,Biostats Inc. | And 4 more authors.
Gynecologic Oncology | Year: 2014

Objective More patient-centered programming is essential for endometrial cancer (EC) survivors needing to lose weight to reduce cardiovascular disease risk (CVD). The purpose of this study was to improve self-efficacy (SE) and quality of life (QOL) using a lifestyle intervention program designed for weight loss. Methods Overweight and obese early-stage EC survivors, n = 75, were randomized into two groups: 1) Survivors of Uterine Cancer Empowered by Exercise and Healthy Diet (SUCCEED), a six-month lifestyle intervention or 2) a usual care group (UC). Participants completed the Weight Efficacy Lifestyle Questionnaire (WEL) to assess SE and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - General (FACT-G) to measure QOL, and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. Mixed, repeated-measures ANCOVA models with baseline covariates were employed using SPSS 20.0. Results Positive effects in every WEL domain, including the total score, were statistically significant in the SUCCEED group versus the UC group. A linear regression model demonstrated that, if BMI decreased by 1 unit, the total WEL score increased by 4.49 points. Significant negative correlations were found in the total WEL score and a change in BMI of R = - 0.356 (p = 0.006). Between-group differences in the FACT-G were significant from baseline in the fatigue domain at three months (p =.008) and in the physical domain at six months (p =.048). No other significant differences were found. Conclusion Overall, this study shows promise for targeted interventions to help improve SE, thus improving BMI. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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