Fujisaki W.,Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology |
Tokita M.,Ochanomizu University |
Kariya K.,Sumitomo Forestry
Most research on the multimodal perception of material properties has investigated the perception of material properties of two modalities such as vision-touch, vision-audition, audition-touch, and vision-action. Here, we investigated whether the same affective classifications of materials can be found in three different modalities of vision, audition, and touch, using wood as the target object. Fifty participants took part in an experiment involving the three modalities of vision, audition, and touch, in isolation. Twenty-two different wood types including genuine, processed, and fake were perceptually evaluated using a questionnaire consisting of twenty-three items (12 perceptual and 11 affective). The results demonstrated that evaluations of the affective properties of wood were similar in all three modalities. The elements of "expensiveness, sturdiness, rareness, interestingness, and sophisticatedness" and "pleasantness, relaxed feelings, and liked-disliked" were separately grouped for all three senses. Our results suggest that the affective material properties of wood are at least partly represented in a supramodal fashion. Our results also suggest an association between perceptual and affective properties, which will be a useful tool not only in science, but also in applied fields. © 2014 The Authors. Source
Kim J.,University of Tokyo |
Kato S.,University of Tokyo |
Takeuchi K.,Sumitomo Forestry |
Tatsuma T.,University of Tokyo |
Kang I.J.,Kyushu University
Building and Environment
In order to develop an early-warning biosensor system for predicting the impact on health of long-term and low-level exposure to indoor chemical compounds, e.g. volatile organic compounds (VOCs), we evaluated the potential for assessing indoor air quality using the biosensor system based on the swimming behavior of Japanese medaka (oryzias latipes) as an indicator of indoor air quality in the beginning. As a technology to dissolve chemical compounds into water efficiently, a micro bubble generator was introduced. The test chemical was formaldehyde which is a representative of chemical compounds existing indoors. The result of the measuring solubility of formaldehyde was that formaldehyde concentration in water was raised to 0.12 mg/L when 1.0 mg/m3 of formaldehyde in air was bubbled for approximately 44 h. The correlation between the 0.1 mg/L of formaldehyde in water, which is roughly equivalent to 0.83 mg/m3 of formaldehyde in air, and the swimming activities of medaka was investigated. The fish showed abnormal behavior compared to one under a control treatment, e.g. the body movement distance decreased and the duration time near the upper water column increased significantly. It was verified that it is possible to detect concentrations of formaldehyde of 0.83 mg/m3 in indoor air using this proposed biosensor system. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source
Sumitomo Forestry and Kanai Co. | Date: 2014-09-30
In a column base joint structure, an anchor bolt and a column installed upright on a groundsel are tightly joined using groundsel-side and column-side hardware pieces. The groundsel-side hardware piece includes groundsel-embedded and upper fitting tenon portions. A fitting hole for the upper fitting tenon portion of the groundsel-side hardware piece is formed in a base of the column. The column-side hardware piece includes a lower projecting portion projecting downward from a top face portion to the inside of the fitting hole, and a column-embedded portion positioned above the top face portion. A pin locking hole in the upper fitting tenon portion of the groundsel-side hardware piece and a pin locking hole in the lower projecting portion of the column-side hardware piece are mutually aligned, a driftpin is hammered into the aligned pin locking holes, and the anchor bolt and the column are thereby tightly joined to each other.
Sumitomo Forestry | Date: 2014-08-04
Disclosed is a coupling member that enables a joint between a wooden member and a mating member to absorb vibration energy, and a method for producing the same and a joint structure using the same. The metal coupling member is embedded in the wooden member. The wooden member is connected with a mating member by the coupling member. The coupling member includes a metal rod-like main body portion to be embedded in the wooden member, and an inner rod portion protruding from the main body portion. The inner rod portion axially extends from a protruding portion thereof to a predetermined depth in the main body portion, has a periphery separated from the main body portion to allow axial displacement of the inner rod portion relative to the main body portion, and is integrally connected to the main body portion at the deepest part thereof.
Kanai Co. and Sumitomo Forestry | Date: 2012-05-21
A beam-column connection structure is formed, after installing a continued beam member to a predetermined position, by connecting and fixing lateral beam members, to side faces of an end portion of the continued beam member using a drift pin while connection grooves are fitted to side face connection metal fittings which are attached to the end portion, connecting an extension beam member to the end portion of the continued beam member using a drift pin while a connection groove formed at an end face of the extension beam member is fitted to the end face connection metal fitting, and connecting and fixing column members, to the upper face and lower face of the end portion of the continued beam member using a drift pin while fitting holes, formed at end faces of the column members, are fitted to the top end side portions of column connection pole-like fittings.