Sultan Idris University of Education is a public university in the town of Tanjung Malim, Perak in Malaysia. First established in 1922 as a teachers college, it is one of the oldest functioning institutions of higher learning in Malaysia. Wikipedia.
Balakrishnan B.,Sultan Idris University of Education |
Woods P.C.,Multimedia University
European Journal of Engineering Education | Year: 2013
Over the years, rapid development in computer technology has engendered simulation-based laboratory (lab) in addition to the traditional hands-on (physical) lab. Many higher education institutions adopt simulation lab, replacing some existing physical lab experiments. The creation of new systems for conducting engineering lab activities has raised concerns among educators on the merits and shortcomings of both physical and simulation labs; at the same time, many arguments have been raised on the differences of both labs. Investigating the effectiveness of both labs is complicated, as there are multiple factors that should be considered. In view of this challenge, a study on students' perspectives on their experience related to key aspects on engineering laboratory exercise was conducted. In this study, the Visual Auditory Read and Kinetic model was utilised to measure the students' cognitive styles. The investigation was done through a survey among participants from Multimedia University, Malaysia. The findings revealed that there are significant differences for most of the aspects in physical and simulation labs. © 2013 Copyright SEFI.
Balakrishnan B.,Sultan Idris University of Education
Computer Applications in Engineering Education | Year: 2015
Computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL) via online is an emerging paradigm of educational technology where people can learn together with the help of computer and its related applications. CSCL has become an important and appealing mode of learning across disciplines including engineering. Teamwork is one of the most important elements in engineering profession and collaborative learning is a natural choice for engineering education since it cultivates team among students. This study aims to better understand the adoption of CSCL using Google Docs among engineering students and its relationship with students' attitude toward computer for learning, prior experience of using CSCL tool - Google Docs- and students' different learning styles. The outcomes of this investigation suggest that students' attitude toward computer for learning and prior experience have a significant relationship with the students' adoption of CSCL. At the same time, students' different learning styles did not have any impact on the adoption of CSCL in their learning process. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Ariffin S.A.,Sultan Idris University of Education
International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning | Year: 2016
In Malaysian universities, there is a scarcity of local content to support student learning. Mobile content is predominantly supplied by the United States and the United Kingdom. This research aims to understand the situation from the academic perspective, particularly in the field of local cultural studies. Student-generated multimedia is presented as a solution to the critical lack of local content whilst also providing an innovative learning approach to better engage students. Academics were exposed to the concepts of mobile learning and student-generated content by allowing their students to create multimedia for assignments using mobile devices. Before and after, semi-structured interviews were conducted with the academics. The main themes that emerged in Stage 1 were challenges, while Stage 2 successfully demonstrated student-generated content activity. Technical challenges were overcome and students encouraged to use their own mobile devices, although a minority of academics thought that having a standardised device would be better. © 2016, IGI Global.
Bahruji H.,University of Cardiff |
Bahruji H.,Sultan Idris University of Education |
Bowker M.,University of Cardiff |
Davies P.R.,University of Cardiff |
Pedrono F.,University of Cardiff
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental | Year: 2011
Using sunlight to generate hydrogen from biomass is a promising and environmentally benign route to converting waste products into fuel but the practical application of the technology requires a photocatalyst and the development of suitable materials for this task has been hampered by an incomplete understanding of the photocatalytic mechanism. By exploring the effect of molecular structure on the rate of hydrogen evolution from a variety of alcohols over Pd/TiO2 catalysts, a few simple rules are derived that predict the relative rates of photocatalytic reforming and the dominant reaction products; the latter being confirmed by mass spectrometry. In general, for an alcohol CxHyOH, decarbonylation dominates with the formation of CO2 and a hydrocarbon Cx-1. For diols and triols, alkyl fragments generally scavenge hydrogen and desorb as alkanes but in cases where competition for hydrogen occurs between alkyl fragments, for example iso-propanol, some reaction of alkyl groups to CO2 and H2 is evident. Methylene groups are always oxidised. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Wahid N.B.A.,National University of Malaysia |
Wahid N.B.A.,Sultan Idris University of Education |
Latif M.T.,National University of Malaysia |
Suratman S.,University of Malaysia, Terengganu
Chemosphere | Year: 2013
This study was conducted to determine the composition and source apportionment of surfactant in atmospheric aerosols around urban and semi-urban areas in Malaysia based on ionic compositions. Colorimetric analysis was undertaken to determine the concentrations of anionic surfactants as Methylene Blue Active Substances (MBAS) and cationic surfactants as Disulphine Blue Active Substances (DBAS) using a UV spectrophotometer. Ionic compositions were determined using ion chromatography for cations (Na+, NH4+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+) and anions (F-, Cl-, NO3-, SO42-). Principle component analysis (PCA) combined with multiple linear regression (MLR) were used to identify the source apportionment of MBAS and DBAS. Results indicated that the concentrations of surfactants at both sampling sites were dominated by MBAS rather than DBAS especially in fine mode aerosols during the southwest monsoon. Three main sources of surfactants were identified from PCA-MLR analysis for MBAS in fine mode samples particularly in Kuala Lumpur, dominated by motor vehicles, followed by soil/road dust and sea spray. Besides, for MBAS in coarse mode, biomass burning/sea spray were the dominant source followed by motor vehicles/road dust and building material. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Bin Haji Sidek S.F.,Sultan Idris University of Education
Proceedings 2010 International Symposium on Information Technology - System Development and Application and Knowledge Society, ITSim'10 | Year: 2010
This research has outlined 2 objectives: to develop a personal Short Messaging Service (SMS) server that is easy to manage by school IT teacher and to develop an SMS application system which is cost effective and does not tied up to the SMS Gateway Service Provider. The Rational Unified Process (RUP) methodology is implemented in this research where the researcher could iteratively do the system development during each phase. The literature review shows most of the Content Delivery SMS services used by people nowadays are rely on the commercial system developer and the SMS Gateway Provider which provides the expensive 5 digits unique number. But the SMS application system developed through this research only need minimum development and maintenance cost and suitable to be used in the school environment. The product of this research is the SMS application system that can avoid the reliance of the Content Delivery SMS application of the student examination result to the SMS Gateway Provider and the commercial SMS application developer. This system can be managed totally by school staff via selected telco without involving the third party as a SMS Gateway Provider as well as the commercial SMS application developer. This system also can be expanded to be another SMS application that is suitable to be implemented in school only by creating tables in the database that has been provided and develop some simple user interface. © 2010 IEEE.
Habidin N.F.,Sultan Idris University of Education |
Yusof S.M.,University of Technology Malaysia
International Journal of Automotive Technology | Year: 2012
In the globalization era, lean initiatives and environmental management systems are increasingly implemented in the automotive industry. The aim of this report is to investigate and perform structural analysis of Lean Six Sigma (LSS) and Organizational Performance (OP). Data were obtained from 252 top management leaders in the Malaysian automotive industry. This report presents the results of the Exploratory Factor Analyses (EFA), Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), and reliability analysis, which are empirically verified and validated. A set of assessment measurements of LSS and OP is expected to be suitable for their characteristics and improve their competitiveness. Thus, the main objective of the analysis was to provide additional insight into the relationship between LSS and OP by examining the effects of ISO 14001 certification as a moderator. The results indicate that ISO 14001 certification does not significantly moderate the relationship between LSS and OP in the Malaysian automotive industry. However, the OP values for ISO 14001 certified companies are higher than those without ISO 14001 certification. © 2012 The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Ali A.Z.M.,Sultan Idris University of Education
Educational Technology and Society | Year: 2013
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of segmented-animation and continuous-animation presentation in facilitating the learning of students, with different spatial visualization ability. An animation showing the cellular signal transmission process was developed for the purpose of this research. It was tested under a teacher-controlled projected presentation condition, which makes it different from many of the other previous similar studies. Pre-test and post-test experimental designs were used on two different groups. Spatial visualization ability was determined through a SVAT test. The data collected was statistically analyzed using Univariate Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The results indicate that segmented-animation, which was presented with an LCD projector on a large white screen, was significantly more effective than continuous-animation in enhancing students' learning performance; specifically in memory recollection aspects. The results also show that segmented-animation presentation was beneficial for both low and high spatial visualization ability students, in conducting necessary cognitive processes, in order to develop more accurate mental model of the information depicted in the animation. © International Forum of Educational Technology & Society (IFETS).
Farah R.N.,Sultan Idris University of Education |
Othman M.,University Putra Malaysia
Applied Mathematics and Information Sciences | Year: 2014
The design of the interconnection network is one of the main research issues in distributed computing with regard to some specific parameters. This paper works on Modified Chordal Rings Degree Six (CHRm6) topology. Two broadcasting schemes for CHRm6 are proposed. The first scheme is for even source nodes and the second scheme is for odd source nodes. The proposed broadcasting schemes give upper and lower bound of broadcasting in CHRm6 depends on total number of nodes. We prove the lower bound on the broadcast time is d+2 where d is the diameter of the CHRm6. © 2014 NSP Natural Sciences Publishing Cor.
Gan P.-T.,Sultan Idris University of Education
Computational Economics | Year: 2014
A noteworthy characteristic of empirical studies on the economic uncertainty index is that very few published papers depend on normative analysis. Therefore, normative analysis cannot be used to refute the precision of the economic uncertainty index; the lack of precision is simply the outcome of a misspecification of a commonly used model and a complex data collection process. To overcome this shortcoming, this paper uses the optimal form of the economic uncertainty index and determines its empirical validity based on a sample of 7 countries, including 3 developed and 4 developing countries. Using a grid search optimization procedure, the findings provide some policy implications; the optimal economic uncertainty index can characterize the uncertainty level of macroeconomic conditions and serve as a guiding policy tool for improving uncertainty levels in macroeconomic conditions. The estimated response function of the optimal economic uncertainty index suggests that the exchange rate, inflation, interest rate and output are useful indicators for central banks' decision-making and that the optimal index supports the prediction of economic uncertainty. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.