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Wandra T.,Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital | Wandra T.,Asahikawa University | Ito A.,Asahikawa University | Swastika K.,Asahikawa University | And 5 more authors.
Parasitology | Year: 2013

SUMMARY The main aim of this study is to overview the past and present situations of human taeniases and cysticercosis in Indonesia and including future perspectives. Through joint projects from 1996, we have confirmed the occurrence of Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm) in Bali, of Taenia solium (pork tapeworm) mainly in Papua and sporadically in Bali, and of Taenia asiatica in North Sumatra. These taeniases were caused through eating uncooked pork and pig viscera for T. solium and T. asiatica, respectively, and beef for T. saginata. The distribution of these tapeworms in Indonesia is basically highly restricted by the traditional cultural and religious backgrounds in each island. T. saginata is relatively common in Bali although people consume pork 'lawar' more than beef 'lawar'. Taeniases due to T. saginata or T. asiatica and T. solium and cysticercosis due to T. solium have also been sporadically reported in some other islands. Among these species, T. solium is exceptional since humans can be infected not only by larval stages (cysticerci) in pork but also by eggs released from human tapeworm carriers. Cysticercosis has been confirmed in Indonesia in humans, pigs and even dogs. © 2013 Cambridge University Press. Source

Pane M.,Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital | Wandra T.,Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital | Windiyaningsih C.,Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital | Herlina,Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital | Samaan G.,Australian National University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Introduction: Although the number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Indonesia has increased in recent years, little is known about the specific characteristics affecting adherence in this population. Indonesia is different from most of its neighbors given that it is a geographically and culturally diverse country, with a large Muslim population. We aimed to identify the current rate of adherence and explore factors that influence ART adherence. Copyright:Methods: Data were collected from ART-prescribed outpatients on an HIV registry at a North Jakarta hospital in 2012. Sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics were explored as factors associated with adherence using logistics regression analyses. Chi squared test was used to compare the difference between proportions. Reasons for missing medication were analyzed descriptively.Results: Two hundred and sixty-one patients participated, of whom 77% reported ART adherence in the last 3 months. The level of social support experienced was independently associated with adherence where some social support (p = 0.018) and good social support (p = 0.039) improved adherence compared to poor social support. Frequently cited reasons for not taking ART medication included forgetting to take medication (67%), busy with something else (63%) and asleep at medication time (60%).Discussion: This study identified that an increase in the level of social support experienced by ART-prescribed patients was positively associated with adherence. Social support may minimize the impact of stigma among ART prescribed patients. Based on these findings, if social support is not available, alternative support through community-based organizations is recommended to maximize treatment success. © 2014 Weaver et al. Source

Prawira Y.,University of Indonesia | Murniati D.,Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital | Rusli A.,Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital | Giriputro S.,Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health | Year: 2012

This was a cross sectional study to determine the clinical, laboratory and radiologic characteristics of confirmed avian influenza (AI) (H5N1) infection among children and adults. This study was conducted at Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital (SS-IDH), Jakarta among subjects confirmed to have AI infection hospitalized during September 2005 to August 2010. The proportion of confirmed AI patients was 33 out of 321 suspected and probable cases (10.2%). Of 26 subjects analyzed (7 subjects was excluded due to loss of or incomplete medical records), the median ages were 7 years and 25 years in children and adults, respectively (range 1 - 39 years). Prominent clinical features were respiratory symptoms [productive cough (13/13 children; 12/13 adults), dyspnea (12/13 children; 13/13 adults)], and fever (12/13 children; 12/13 adults). Leukopenia was found in 9 subjects in each group. Four children and 7 adults had lymphopenia, while thrombocytopenia was found in 7 children and 10 adults. Two children had an increased ALT, while most adults had an increased AST (10/13) and/or ALT (8/13). Bilateral infiltrates found in most subjects on chest x-ray who had clinical deterioration. Of the 3 children who survived out of 13 children with AI, they all had less severe clinical features and no central nervous system involvement, lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia, or increased creatinine level. None of the adults survived. Source

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