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Abdlaziz R.A.,Sulaimani Polytechnic University | Abdlaziz R.A.,University Putra Malaysia | Rahim K.A.,University Putra Malaysia | Adamu P.,University Putra Malaysia | Adamu P.,Kaduna State University
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy | Year: 2016

This paper examines the relationship between the prices of oil and food price for Indonesia using non-linear autoregressive distributed lag (NARDL) method. The bound test for co-integration for the NARDL model shows the evidence of co-integration between food price, growth rate of gross domestic product and oil price. The estimated NARDL for the oil price in domestic currency provides strong evidence of long- and short-run co-integration between food and oil price when the latter increases while the relations for oil price reduction is not present and insignificant. The estimators of positive change in oil price model measured in US Dollar are significant in our study. © 2016, Econjournals. All right reserved.

Ahmed H.M.,Sulaimani Polytechnic University
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine | Year: 2016

Background: Medicinal plants still play an important role in the Kurdish community. Sulaymaniyah Province in South Kurdistan (Iraq) has a great diversity of plants, including medicinal plants, yet very few scattered ethnobotanical studies conducted in Kurdistan are available in the scientific literature. Thus the study of Kurdish ethnobotany may be crucial for understanding local medicinal plant uses and their relationships to surrounding areas. Therefore, the objective of this investigation was to document traditional medicinal plant uses among healers of southern Kurdistan. Methods: An ethnobotanical survey was conducted to document traditional knowledge on medicinal plants uses among traditional healers in the Province of Sulaymaniyah during 2014 and 2015. The data were collected by interviewing 45 traditional healers (36 males and 9 females between the ages of 25 and 80 years) who retain traditional knowledge on medicinal plants. Furthermore, the use value (UV) of taxa was determined and informant consensus factor (ICF) was calculated for the medicinal plants included in the study. Further analysis was carried out to compare the field data with the Kurdish ethnobotanical literature. Results: The present study found a total of sixty-six plant species, belonging to sixty-three genera within thirty-four plant families, used to treat ninghty-nine different types of ailments and diseases. The most important family was Lamiaceae (7 species), followed by Apiaceae, Asteraceae, and Fabaceae (6 species each). The most frequently used parts were leaves (46 %), followed by flowers (15 %), and seeds (10 %). The most common preparation method was decoction (68 %), whereas few taxa were consumed as a vegetable (13 %) or ingested in powder form (10 %). The respiratory issues category had the highest ICF value (0.68), followed by inflammations and women's diseases (0.58 and 0.54, respectively). The highest UVs were recorded for the species Zingiber officinale (0.48), Matricaria chamomilla (0.37), Adiantum capillus-veneris (0.31), Thymus vulgaris (0.31) and Pimpinella anisum (0.31). Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that the area is rich in medicinal plant knowledge. The information reported by the traditional healers of this region is invaluable for further research in the field of cross-cultural ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology. © 2016 Ahmed.

Othman N.,Sulaimani Polytechnic University | Kendrick D.,University of Nottingham | Al-Windi A.,Linkoping University
Burns | Year: 2015

Background: While it is globally observed that young children are at a higher risk of burn injuries, little is known about childhood burns in Iraqi Kurdistan. This study was undertaken to describe the epidemiology of burns amongst pre-school children in this region. Methods: A prospective study was undertaken from November 2007 to November 2008 involving all children aged 0-5 years attending the burns centre in Sulaimaniyah province for a new burn injury whether treated as an outpatient or admitted to hospital. Results: 1,122 children attended the burns centre of whom 944 (84%) were interviewed (male 53%, female 47%). Mean age was 1.9 years with children aged 1 year comprising 32% and those aged 2 years comprising 21% of the sample. The incidence of burns was 1044/100,000 person-years (1030 in females and 1057 in males). Mechanisms of injury included scalds (80%), contact burns (12%) flames (6%) and other mechanisms (2%). Almost 97% of burns occurred at home including 43% in the kitchen. Winter was the commonest season (36%) followed by autumn (24%). There were 3 peak times of injury during the day corresponding to meal times. The majority of burns were caused by hot water (44%) and tea (20%) and the most common equipment/products responsible were tea utensils (41%). There were 237 admissions with an admission rate of 95 per 100,000 person-years. Scald injuries accounted for most admissions (84%). Median total body surface area affected by the burn or scald (TBSA) was 11% and median hospital stay was 7 days. In-hospital mortality was 8%. Mortality rate was 4% when TBSA was ≤25%, and 100% when TBSA was over 50%. Conclusion: Burn incidence is high in young children especially those aged 1-2 years. Preventive interventions targeted at families with young children & focusing on home safety measures could be effective in reducing childhood burns. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

Ibrahim A.A.,University of Malaya | Ibrahim A.A.,Sulaimani Polytechnic University | Khaledi H.,University of Malaya | Ali H.M.,University of Malaya
Polyhedron | Year: 2014

A new thiocarbohydrazone (LH4) derived from indole-7- carbaldehyde was synthesized and reacted with NiII, PdII, PtII, CuI and AgI salts to bind the metals in various coordination fashions, forming complexes with different nuclearities. The reaction with CuCl in the presence of PPh3 produced a dinuclear CuI complex with the formula [Cu2Cl2(LH 4)2(PPh3)2], in which LH4 binds the metals as a neutral μ2-S-donor ligand. The reaction of the thiosemicarbazone with AgI resulted in the formation of a hexanuclear complex featuring an Ag6S6 core. The ligand in this complex is monoanionic and uses the sulfur and a hydrazinic nitrogen atom in binding to the metals. The reaction of LH4 with [MCl 2(PPh3)2] (M = NiII, PdII and PtII) at room temperature yielded complexes of the type [M(LH2)(PPh3)]. The thiocarbohydrazone in these complexes takes advantage of one indole N atom donor to act as a dianionic NNS tridentate ligand. A modification of the conditions of the reaction with the Pd II salt led to the formation of the dinuclear complex [Pd 2Cl(LH)(PPh3)3]. In this molecule, the thiocarbohydrazone is triply deprotonated and chelates one metal center by its dianionic NNS pocket, while coordinating the second metal ion through a hydrazinic N atom. The structure of the molecules was studied by X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Hamada M.,University of Aizu | Muhammed A.,Sulaimani Polytechnic University | Tufan K.,Fatih University
Proceedings - 2014 IEEE 8th International Symposium on Embedded Multicore/Manycore SoCs, MCSoC 2014 | Year: 2014

A learning style index is a model that can help learners to identify their learning preferences and hence adopt suitable learning materials that can enhance their learning process. On the other hand, teachers also can gain by knowing their students' learning preferences. It helps them to prepare a suitable teaching styles and materials that can fit with their students' preferences. This paper is concerned with a cloud based implementation of a learning style index model. © 2014 IEEE.

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