Nagoya-shi, Japan
Nagoya-shi, Japan

Sugiyama Jogakuen University is a private women's college in Hoshigaoka in Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1905 as a sewing school, and it was chartered as a university in 1949.Locally, it is famous as one of the "SSK" schools of Nagoya: Aichi Shukutoku University, Kinjo Gakuin University, and this university. It is close to Hoshigaoka Station on the municipal subway's Higashiyama Line. Wikipedia.

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Taniguchi C.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University
[Nihon koshu eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health | Year: 2015

OBJECTIVES: "Quitline" is a telephone helpline that advises smokers who are contemplating quitting. Many countries, including East Asian countries, have been conducting nationwide quitline services; however, this has not been conducted in Japan. The aim of this study was to characterize quitline services abroad and review their efficacy in helping smokers quit, in order to determine an appropriate scheme for Japan.METHODS: We investigated the present condition of quitline in Australia, New Zealand, Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, the United States, and the United Kingdom, focusing on its modalities. Subsequently, we searched "Medline"and "Cochrane Database of Systematic Review"using free text terms of "hotlines"and "smoking cessation"to review the efficacy of the modalities used by the quitline services. Relevant articles from the reference lists were also identified.RESULTS: In Asia Pacific countries, various tools were used by the quitline services, including a quit booklet, website, mobile phone service, and e-mail. Some of these countries conducted proactive counseling by a quitline counselor. There have been several meta-analyses and randomized-control trials showing the efficacy of individually tailored materials in quitline services. To introduce an effective quitline service in Japan, it is desirable to provide individually tailored materials. In addition, as Japanese smokers can easily access smoking cessation advice in hospitals, health check-up settings, and pharmacies, quitline services should be connected with this infrastructure.CONCLUSION: To introduce an effective nationwide quitline service in Japan, it is necessary to provide various individually tailored materials that complement the smoking cessation infrastructure.

Hashimoto S.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University | Hayashi S.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University | Yoshida A.,Nakatsugawa Municipal General Hospital | Naito M.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis | Year: 2013

Aim: To investigate the acute effects of postprandial exercise on glucose and lipoprotein metabolism after the intake of glucose with or without fat cream in healthy but sedentary young women. Methods: Healthy young Japanese women with a sedentary lifestyle, normal weight (18.5≤BMI<25), normal ovarian cycle, and apolipoprotein (apo) E3/3 were enrolled as participants. They ingested 1 g/kg body weight of glucose only or glucose supplemented with 1 g/kg oral fat tolerance test (OFTT) cream (0.35 g/kg as fat) with or without postprandial walking exercise on a motorized treadmill (ca. 50%V4o2max for 30 min) 20 min after intake of the beverage. Each subject performed 4 trials in a randomized, cross-over design. Venous blood was drawn before (0 h), and 20 min, 1, 2, 4, and 6 h after ingestion. Results: Postprandial exercise alleviated the sharp rise of serum glucose and insulin, and transiently mitigated the decrease of free fatty acids (FFA) after ingestion of the glucose-only beverage. Although no fat was contained in the glucose beverage, transient apoB48 secretion was observed without the rise of serum triglyceride (TG) and remnant-like particle (RLP)-TG, suggesting that apoB48-containing lipoprotein particles with little TG were released by the exercise. Serum apoB48 concentrations at 6 h had decreased to levels lower than the baseline (0 h, after 12-h overnight fast) with or without exercise, suggesting that the 12-h overnight fast may not have been a 'true' fast. Similarly, postprandial exercise suppressed the sharp rise of serum glucose and insulin, and transiently mitigated the decrease of FFA after the ingestion of glucose with OFTT cream. Postprandial exercise stimulated the transient secretion of apoB48-containing TG-rich lipoproteins (TRL) with a rapid rise of serum apoB48, TG, and RLP-TG; however, the subsequent course of lipemia was not significantly changed. Serum apoB48 and RLP-TG values did not return to the baseline even after 6 h, suggesting that postprandial lipoprotein metabolism was not finished at the end of the experiment. Conclusion: Postprandial aerobic exercise alleviated the glycemic peak at 1 h associated with insulin 'sparing'. The effect of exercise on fat metabolism was transient, enhancing the secretion of intestinal TRL at an early phase, but no further significant effects were observed. Postprandial exercise transiently stimulated the secretion of apoB48 after glucose intake without a fat load.

Joko K.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University | Sakurai K.,Protex Japan Inc.
Sen'i Gakkaishi | Year: 2013

The effects of the chemical and mechanical treatment conditions on the permanent wave performance of hair tresses treated with a proposed waving procedure modified by the incorporated relaxation process in the conventional waving technique were investigated. The evaluation of the shape of the waved samples was performed in dry state after one day. As compared to the results obtained with the conventional technique, all of the tresses of reduced for 3 and 5 minutes with the appropriate range of pH and concentration in the ammonium thioglycolate (ATG) solution were superior in wave strength and stability with increasing both pH and ATG concentration in reducing solution. This effectiveness is caused by some rearrangement of the protein chains in the stress-supporting phase in the hair and dependent on the proportion of ionized sulfhydril groups (KS) generated by the cleavage of the disulfide bonds. It was found, in addition, that the effectiveness of relaxation process was also dependent on the degree of initial stress wrapped on the rod. These findings indicate that in the proposed waving procedure modified by the incorporated relaxation process, both concentration of KS- in the reduced area within the hair and degree of the initial bending stress wrapped on the rod are the main factor of the permanent wave formation of human hair. Accordingly the incorporation of relaxation process to the conventional technique brought the shortening of the reducing and neutralizing process at the completion of the permanent waving procedure. The shortened reducing and neutralizing process brought about decrease in the damage caused by the reduction and oxidation reaction, resulting in major benefits as observed by appearance and feel.

BACKGROUND:: Smoking patients who are admitted to a smoke-free hospital often experience nicotine withdrawal. Control of withdrawal symptoms in hospitalized patients with terminal illness by nurses may be important to end-of-life care. OBJECTIVE:: The aims of this study were to assess Japanese nurses’ perceptions toward providing a tobacco use intervention to hospitalized cancer patients who are receiving palliative and end-of-life care and to investigate demographic factors associated with a positive perception. METHODS:: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 1955 nurses at 6 selected hospitals in Japan. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed using age, workplace, length of nursing education, primary position, academic certification, having received instruction on smoking cessation programs at their nursing school, having attended lectures on smoking cessation programs at his/her hospital, and smoking status as potential independent variables. RESULTS:: The proportion of nurses who had a positive perception toward providing a tobacco use intervention to hospitalized cancer patients receiving end-of-life care was only 16% to 20% at each hospital. Experience of having received instruction on tobacco use interventions while in nursing school was significantly associated with having a positive perception toward providing a tobacco use intervention for such patients. CONCLUSIONS:: Most of the Japanese nurses had a conservative perception toward providing a tobacco use intervention for cancer patients who are receiving end-of-life care. Having received instruction on interventions while in a nursing school was likely to yield a positive perception. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:: It is important to introduce instruction on tobacco use interventions for patients with terminal-stage cancer in the standard curriculum of nursing schools in Japan. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved

Naito M.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University
Sub-Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2014

Too many hypotheses in the etiology of atherosclerosis have been proposed. Classically, lipid insudation hypothesis by Virchow and thrombogenic hypothesis by Rokitansky are famous. However, in the recent progress in the area of atherosclerosis, the response-to-injury hypothesis by Ross (Ross R Glomset JA, N Engl J Med 295:369-377, 420-425, 1976; Ross R, Arteriosclerosis 1:293-311, 1981; Ross R, N Engl J Med 314:488-500, 1986; Ross R, Nature 362:801-809, 1993; Ross R, N Engl J Med 340:115-126, 1999) has been the leading one. In this review, however, the author focuses to the recent debate on the role of oxidative modification of atherogenic lipoproteins. © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014.

Mukai N.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University
2015 IEEE/ACIS 14th International Conference on Computer and Information Science, ICIS 2015 - Proceedings | Year: 2015

Generally, novice drivers often feel uneasy about driving in unfamiliar traffic environment. In Japan, the road traffic act was revised in November, 2011. This revision authorized the operation of the roundabout intersection which is a traffic-lights-free intersection. The roundabout intersection have been widely spread in Europe, on the other hand, Japanese people are unfamiliar with the roundabout intersection, and especially novice drivers may panic easily. Thus, this paper aims for modeling driving behaviors to support operation of novice drivers. Moreover, we examine the effects of navigation at the roundabout intersection for the novice drivers. First, we built a driving simulation environment for roundabout intersection by using UC-win/Road, and we collect driving logs of a novice driver who drives with navigation or without navigation. Then, we classify the driving log into some discrete driving states (i.e., go straights) on the basis of Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) and plot state transition graphs of the discrete driving states to model driver's behavior. The driver model obtained by above method showed the characteristic driving behaviors of novice drivers in the simulation environment. © 2015 IEEE.

Mukai N.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University
Procedia Computer Science | Year: 2013

Traffic analysis is an important work to transport people and goods to their destinations in a quick and efficient manner. In these years, probe taxis, which equip with some sensors (e.g., global positioning system), become widely used in Tokyo. Additionally, their sensor data enable us to predict the amount of future traffic. In this paper, we report a web-based viewer of taxi probe data which are used for traffic simulation. Moreover, we propose a traffic simulation model based on the concept of "PageRank", which is used for the Google search engine, to gain a quick overview of traffic flow in Tokyo. The original algorithm of "PageRank" needs a matrix calculation called "Google matrix", but the matrix calculation can be simulated by transitions of web surfers among web pages. Thus, we also assume the transitions of taxis as the same characteristics of the web surfers, and develop a traffic simulator to find important spots which have a strong effect on transportation efficiency. © 2013 The Authors.

Saito H.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University | Kato M.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University | Yoshida A.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University | Naito M.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University
Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis | Year: 2015

AIM: To investigate the acute effects of the ingestion of a fructose-containing beverage combined with fat on postprandial lipoprotein metabolism.METHODS: Twelve young healthy Japanese women with apolipoprotein E phenotype 3/3 were enrolled in this study. At each of four sessions, the subjects ingested one of four sugar beverages containing fructose and/or glucose (total: 0.5 g/kg body weight) combined with OFTT cream (1 g/kg, 0.35 g/kg as fat) in a randomized crossover design. The four sugar beverages were as follows: 100% (w/w) fructose (F100), 90% fructose + 10% glucose (F90G10), 55% fructose + 45% glucose (F55G45) and 100% glucose (G100). Venous blood samples were obtained at baseline and 0.5, one, two, four and six hours after ingestion.RESULTS: The serum concentrations of TG in the F100, F90G10 and F55G45 trials were significantly higher than each fasting value at two and four hours, and returned to baseline at six hours, except in the F100 trial. The concentrations at four hours and the incremental areas under the curve for the hepatic triglyceride-rich lipoprotein-triglyceride (VLDL-TG(TM)) levels in the F100 and F90G10 trials were significantly higher and larger, respectively, than those observed in the G100 trial. Meanwhile, the concentrations of RLP-TG and apolipoprotein B-48 peaked at two hours in the G100 trial, versus four hours in the other trials, and did not return to baseline at six hours, except in the G100 trial. At four hours, the ⊿apoB48 tended to be higher in the F100 trial than in the G100 trial.CONCLUSIONS: The ingestion of a high-fructose-containing beverage with fat cream delays the clearance of chylomicron and its remnant derived from the intestine and enhances the secretion of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particles from the liver, thereby inducing postprandial lipidemia, even in young healthy women.

Suzuki H.,Nagoya City University | Kuroda H.,Nagoya City University | Yukawa Y.,Nagoya City University | Sugiura M.,Nagoya City University | Sugiura M.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University
Nucleic Acids Research | Year: 2011

The chloroplast atpB and atpE genes encode subunits β and of the ATP synthase, respectively. They are co-transcribed as dicistronic mRNAs in flowering plants. An unusual feature is an overlap (AUGA) of the atpB stop codon (UGA) with the atpE start codon (AUG). Hence, atpE translation has been believed to depend on atpB translation (i.e. translational coupling). Using an in vitro translation system from tobacco chloroplasts, we showed that both atpB and atpE cistrons are translated from the tobacco dicistronic mRNA, and that the efficiency of atpB translation is higher than that of atpE translation. When the atpB 5′-UTR was replaced with lower efficiency 5′-UTRs, atpE translation was higher than atpB translation. Removal of the entire atpB 5′-UTR arrested atpB translation but atpE translation still proceeded. Introduction of a premature stop codon in the atpB cistron did not abolish atpE translation. These results indicate that atpE translation is independent of atpB translation. Mutation analysis showed that the atpE cistron possesses its own cis-element(s) for translation, located ∼25nt upstream from the start codon. © 2011 The Author(s).

Nakamura M.,Nagoya City University | Sugiura M.,Nagoya City University | Sugiura M.,Sugiyama Jogakuen University
Gene | Year: 2011

Codon usage in chloroplast mRNAs is different from that in prokaryotic and cytosolic mRNAs. We previously devised an in vitro assay for translation efficiencies using synthetic mRNAs, and measured translation efficiencies of five synonymous codon groups in tobacco chloroplasts. Using this assay, we here report our analysis of four additional synonymous codon groups in tobacco chloroplasts. We found that translation efficiencies of three arginine codons AGA, CGU and CGA differ dramatically, ca. 10-fold difference although the three arginine codons possess similar codon usage. Translation of AGA is very high, while CGA is translated extremely low. CGA is used frequently in chloroplasts but rare in Escherichia coli. The single tRNA species reads two histidine codons (CAU and CAC) and this is also the case for two glutamic acid codons (GAA and GAG) and two arginine codons (GCU and GCA). Their translation efficiencies, however, differ significantly. These observations suggest that individual codons posses their intrinsic efficiencies. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

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