Central Sugarcane Research Station

Surendranagar, India

Central Sugarcane Research Station

Surendranagar, India
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Mevada K.D.,BACA | Kadu R.B.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Gamar P.G.,BACA
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2017

A field experiment was carried out at Agronomy Farm, College of Agriculture, Pune (Maharashtra) during spring season of 2011-12 to find out the effect of different planting methods along with intercropping on growth and yield of suru sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Var. Co 86032. The experiment was comprising of four planting patterns viz., 90 x 30 cm single row planting, 90-180 x 30 cm paired row planting, 180 x 30 cm single row planting and 120 x 30 cm single row planting with sugarcane planter as main plots and two intercropping systems viz., sugarcane + groundnut and sole sugarcane, laid out in strip plot design with three replications in medium deep black, well drained, clayey textured soils with alkaline reaction (pH 7.6). The field capacity and permanent wilting point values were 36.07 and 18.45 per cent, respectively. The bulk density was 1.21 g cm-3. In single row planting system, single line of groundnut (TPG 41) was sown in inter-row space of sugarcane on one side of ridge and in paired row planting and in wide row planting two rows of groundnut was sown in inter-row space of sugarcane. Results revealed that intercropping of two rows of groundnut in paired row planting of sugarcane (2:2) was proved to be the most productive system with significantly the highest cane equivalent yield (152 96 t ha-1). The treatment combination of paired row planting of sugarcane at 90-180 x 30 cm associated with groundnut in 2:2 ratio was also found to be the most remunerative.


Deshmukh S.U.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Kolape S.S.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2013

The application of 100 per cent recommended dose of NPK fertilizer through briquette recorded significantly higher yields of cane (140.52 t ha -1) and commercial cane sugar (19.75 t ha-1). Significantly higher number of millable canes per hectare (103.28 '000' ha -1) were also recorded by the100 per cent recommended dose of NPK fertilizer through briquette , where as it was on par with application of 100 per cent recommended dose of NPK through straight fertilizer and 75 per cent recommended dose of NPK through briquette. The fertilizer applied through non briquette form @ 100 per cent NPK RD either by conventional or by crow bar methods and fertilizer applied through briquette @ 75 per cent NPK RD by crow bar found equally effective in terms of cane and commercial cane sugar yields indicating the 25 per cent saving of recommended dose of NPK fertilizer for sugarcane. The differences in case of per cent commercial cane sugar due to influence of different treatments were found non significant. The application of briquette maintained higher level of nutrient status of N, P and K in soil at harvest. In general the per cent use efficiency of briquette form of fertilizer is higher than the non briquette form of fertilizer for sugarcane. © EM International.


More N.B.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Patil A.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Bhalerao V.P.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2013

A field experiment was conducted during 2003 to 2005 for two plant cane and one ratoon at CSRS, Padegaon to develop an eco-friendly nutrient management strategy for seasonal sugarcane grown on Vertisol with ten treatments. Application of 100 % recommended dose of NPK with 25 % additional N through FYM + biofertilizers and the treatment of application of 75 % RD NPK with 25 % N through FYM were found superior over the other sources and levels in terms of cane (146.0 and 143.5 t ha-1) and CCS yield (20.1 and 19.5 t ha -1) (for plant cane and ratoon crops, respectively) with maintaining soil health and economics. Results clearly indicate the saving of 25 % inorganic fertilizers by use of integration of different nutrient sources with maintaining soil fertility and economics of the sugarcane plant and one ratoon. Copyright © EM International.


Phalke D.H.,Indian Institute of Science | Phalke D.H.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Patil S.R.,Indian Institute of Science | Manna M.C.,Indian Institute of Science | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2017

A field experiment was conducted during summer 2011-12 at MPKV Farm, Rahuri to evaluate the effect of in-situ recycling of sugarcane crop residues and its industrial wastes on soil organic C fractions like labile carbon, microbial biomass C, particulate organic C, KMnO4 extractable C, physically protected particulate organic matter carbon (POMC) and significantly improved water stable aggregates in the cultivated soil under maize (Zea mays L.)-soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] system. The active carbon pools like soil microbial biomass carbon(SMBC), water soluble carbohydrates (WHC) and acid hydrolysable carbon (AHC) was significantly improved in the treatment receiving 100% recommended dose of fertilizer along with in-situ compost of crop residues, press mud cake and methanated spent wash compost compared to burning of residues. Application of in-situ sugarcane residues with pressmud incorporation retainedabout19.6%, 38.8% and 33% more amount of total organic carbon (TOC), SMBC, AHC respectively, over burning of sugarcane crop residues and removal of stubbles after harvest of maize. The mean values of WSC (43 mg/kg) and the physically protected carbon, i.e. POMC (2014 mg/kg) were greater by 47% and 6.6% respectively, in the treatment (T7) receiving in-situ residue decomposition of sugarcane crop residues in combination with equal proportion (50%) of press mud cake and biomethanated spent wash over the burning of sugarcane crop residues and removal of stubbles after harvest of maize. After harvest of maize the maximum recalcitrant fraction (humic acid) of carbon was observed in the treatment T7 (in-situ decomposition of sugarcane crop residues + 50% press-mud cake + 50% biomethenated spent wash). This study clearly indicated that resistant fraction of carbon might be accumulated more where decomposed organic matter was applied regularly. It clearly indicated that application of in-situ decomposed residues and by-products of industrial waste in combination with NPK enhanced the below and above ground biomass production, SOC stock and carbon pools. © 2017, Indian Council of Agricultural Research. All rights reserved.


Chaudhari P.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Ghodke S.K.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Ombase K.C.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Bhoite D.S.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Agrometeorology | Year: 2017

A field experiment was carried out at Central Sugarcane Research Station Padegaon, during 2011-12 to 2013-14 to assess the crop weather relationship in preseasonal sugarcane (var. CoM 0265). Treatments were comprised of nine planting dates at 15 days interval starting from 15th October to 15th February. The results indicated that the early planting produced highest cane and CCS (commercial cane sugar) yield. Significantly the highest brix (21.3), sucrose (20.4%), purity (96.8%) and CCS (14.6%) were observed under early planting of sugarcane on 15th October, which was at par with the treatment 01st November, 15th November, 1st December planting. At harvest cane and CCS yield of sugarcane was positively correlated with maximum temperature, wind velocity and pan evaporation. Significantly positive correlation of millable cane, weight per cane was observed with cane and CCS yield. © 2017, Association of Agrometeorologists. All rights reserved.


Murumkar D.R.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Indi D.V.,Zonal Agricultural Research Station | Pawar S.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Sugar Tech | Year: 2016

A field experiment was conducted for three consecutive years to study the effect of set treatment of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus and PSB on seed yield, quality and saving of chemical N and P fertilizers for sugarcane seed plot. The set inoculation of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus + PSB coupled with 75 % recommended N and 75 % recommended P2O5 significantly improved the growth, two eye bud-set yield and quality. Among fertilizer levels, 75 % recommended N and 75 % recommended P recorded the highest yield of two eye bud-sets (883.63 and 885.44 thousands/ha, respectively). Between the inoculation treatments, fresh planting material inoculated with Acetobacter recorded higher two eye bud-sets (858.96 thousands/ha) than the uninoculated planting material from previous-year Acetobacter inoculated plot (828.47 thousands/ha); however, they were statistically indistinguishable. Moreover, the higher population and activity of G. diazotrophicus were observed at 75 % recommended N and 75 % recommended P. Among various interactions, the interaction of 75 % N and inoculation treatment showed significantly highest Acetobacter count in cuttings (7.38 × 104). The available N and P status of soil at harvest was significantly influenced by different fertilizer levels (N and P levels), inoculation treatments and their interactions as well. © 2016 Society for Sugar Research & Promotion


Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Indi D.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Pawar S.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2013

Among 56 genotypes tested against whip smut disease under artificial condition, 2 genotypes from IVT (Early), 4 from AVI Early-I Plant, 4 from AVT Early-II Plant, 12 from IVT Midlate, 3 from AVT Midlate (I Plant) and 2 from AVT Midlate (II Plant) recorded resistant reaction to smut disease. These genotypes would be of immense utility to the sugarcane breeders for their incorporation in breeding programmes for whip-smut resistance. Copyright © EM International.


Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Indi D.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Pawar S.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2013

Screening sugarcane genotypes for smut resistance under artificial inoculation conditions with smut pathogen is being carried out from last 42 years at Central Sugarcane Research Station, Padegaon. At present, the centre has a collection of 47 genotypes which have shown absolute resistance to whip smut disease. Out of 47 genotypes, 23 genotypes are found to be resistant to whip smut under artificial inoculation condition for at least last 10 years. These resistant genotypes could be of immense utility to Sugarcane breeders for their incorporation in breeding programme for smut resistance. Copyright © EM International.


Ombase K.C.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Potdar D.S.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Dixit R.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Pawar S.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2014

The field experiments were conducted to evaluate response of promising sugarcane genotypes to fertilizer levels during preseason of the years 2009-10 and 2010-11 at Central Sugarcane Research Station, Padegaon. The sugarcane genotype Co 310 produced significantly higher cane and CCS yield (132.26 and 18.621 ha-1respectively) than rest of genotypes tested. The application of 125% recommended dose of nitrogen to preseasonal sugarcane produced significantly highest cane and CCS yield (132.92 and 18.79 t ha -1, respectively). Growth and yield attributes viz; millable height, girth and millable cane/ha were significantly highest with the genotype Co 310 irrespective of nitrogen levels. The fertilizer level of 125% nitrogen to preseasonal sugarcane registered significantly highest growth and yield attributes viz; millable height, girth, no. of internodes/cane, millable cane/ha and weight/cane as well as quality paratmeters viz; brix, sucrose and CCS. Copyright © EM International.


Ombase K.C.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Potdar D.S.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Dixit R.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Pawar S.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2014

A field experiment was conducted for three consecutive years 2008-09 to 2010-11 to study the effect of sett size, seed rate and sett treatment on yield and quality of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) at Central Sugarcane Research Station, Padegaon (M.S.). Planting of two bud setts (112.531 ha -1) proved significantly superior for higher cane yield, CCS yield, net profit and B:C ratio. Normal seed rate of 60,000 buds/ha recorded significant higher cane and CCS yield. The seed treatment either with Carbendazin alone or with Carbendazin + Gibbrellic add found non significant for cane and CCS yield and monitory return . Copyright © EM International.

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