Central Sugarcane Research Station

Surendranagar, India

Central Sugarcane Research Station

Surendranagar, India
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Deshmukh S.U.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Kolape S.S.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2013

The application of 100 per cent recommended dose of NPK fertilizer through briquette recorded significantly higher yields of cane (140.52 t ha -1) and commercial cane sugar (19.75 t ha-1). Significantly higher number of millable canes per hectare (103.28 '000' ha -1) were also recorded by the100 per cent recommended dose of NPK fertilizer through briquette , where as it was on par with application of 100 per cent recommended dose of NPK through straight fertilizer and 75 per cent recommended dose of NPK through briquette. The fertilizer applied through non briquette form @ 100 per cent NPK RD either by conventional or by crow bar methods and fertilizer applied through briquette @ 75 per cent NPK RD by crow bar found equally effective in terms of cane and commercial cane sugar yields indicating the 25 per cent saving of recommended dose of NPK fertilizer for sugarcane. The differences in case of per cent commercial cane sugar due to influence of different treatments were found non significant. The application of briquette maintained higher level of nutrient status of N, P and K in soil at harvest. In general the per cent use efficiency of briquette form of fertilizer is higher than the non briquette form of fertilizer for sugarcane. © EM International.


More N.B.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Patil A.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Bhalerao V.P.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2013

A field experiment was conducted during 2003 to 2005 for two plant cane and one ratoon at CSRS, Padegaon to develop an eco-friendly nutrient management strategy for seasonal sugarcane grown on Vertisol with ten treatments. Application of 100 % recommended dose of NPK with 25 % additional N through FYM + biofertilizers and the treatment of application of 75 % RD NPK with 25 % N through FYM were found superior over the other sources and levels in terms of cane (146.0 and 143.5 t ha-1) and CCS yield (20.1 and 19.5 t ha -1) (for plant cane and ratoon crops, respectively) with maintaining soil health and economics. Results clearly indicate the saving of 25 % inorganic fertilizers by use of integration of different nutrient sources with maintaining soil fertility and economics of the sugarcane plant and one ratoon. Copyright © EM International.


More N.B.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Bhoye U.K.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Deshmukh S.U.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Kolpe S.S.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Pol K.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2013

The field experiments on seasonal sugarcane were conducted during 2007-08,2008-09 and 2009-10 on farmers field and at Central Sugarcane Research Station, Padegaon, Tal: Phaltan, Dist: Satara, Pin-415 521 to assess the performance of different sugarcane cultivars in respect of yield and other physiological traits influenced by soil stress grown in sodic soils. Sugarcane cultivars viz. Co 86032, Co 94012, CoM 0265, Co 62175 and CoC 671 were planted in field with four replications under randomized block design. The high yielding sugarcane Cv. CoM 0265 (Phule-265) performs better in Sodic soils in terms of cane (111.36 t ha1) and CCS (15.54 t ha1) yields and also significantly superior for different physiological traits over the other cultivars viz. Co 62175, Co 86032, Co 94012 and CoC 671 might be due to its higher genetic strength against salt stress. Therefore, CoM 0265 found to be a suitable cultivar in sodic soil with higher monetary returns as compare to other cultivars. Significantly higher N and K uptake and available N and K content in soil at harvest were recorded bv CoM 0265 than the other cultivars. © EM International.


Murumkar D.R.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Indi D.V.,Zonal Agricultural Research Station | Pawar S.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Sugar Tech | Year: 2016

A field experiment was conducted for three consecutive years to study the effect of set treatment of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus and PSB on seed yield, quality and saving of chemical N and P fertilizers for sugarcane seed plot. The set inoculation of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus + PSB coupled with 75 % recommended N and 75 % recommended P2O5 significantly improved the growth, two eye bud-set yield and quality. Among fertilizer levels, 75 % recommended N and 75 % recommended P recorded the highest yield of two eye bud-sets (883.63 and 885.44 thousands/ha, respectively). Between the inoculation treatments, fresh planting material inoculated with Acetobacter recorded higher two eye bud-sets (858.96 thousands/ha) than the uninoculated planting material from previous-year Acetobacter inoculated plot (828.47 thousands/ha); however, they were statistically indistinguishable. Moreover, the higher population and activity of G. diazotrophicus were observed at 75 % recommended N and 75 % recommended P. Among various interactions, the interaction of 75 % N and inoculation treatment showed significantly highest Acetobacter count in cuttings (7.38 × 104). The available N and P status of soil at harvest was significantly influenced by different fertilizer levels (N and P levels), inoculation treatments and their interactions as well. © 2016 Society for Sugar Research & Promotion


Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Indi D.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Pawar S.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2013

Among 56 genotypes tested against whip smut disease under artificial condition, 2 genotypes from IVT (Early), 4 from AVI Early-I Plant, 4 from AVT Early-II Plant, 12 from IVT Midlate, 3 from AVT Midlate (I Plant) and 2 from AVT Midlate (II Plant) recorded resistant reaction to smut disease. These genotypes would be of immense utility to the sugarcane breeders for their incorporation in breeding programmes for whip-smut resistance. Copyright © EM International.


Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Indi D.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Pawar S.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2013

Screening sugarcane genotypes for smut resistance under artificial inoculation conditions with smut pathogen is being carried out from last 42 years at Central Sugarcane Research Station, Padegaon. At present, the centre has a collection of 47 genotypes which have shown absolute resistance to whip smut disease. Out of 47 genotypes, 23 genotypes are found to be resistant to whip smut under artificial inoculation condition for at least last 10 years. These resistant genotypes could be of immense utility to Sugarcane breeders for their incorporation in breeding programme for smut resistance. Copyright © EM International.


Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Pandhare R.A.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Indi D.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Mali J.B.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Pawar S.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2013

A field experiment was conducted in a randomized block design with three replications on sugarcane variety Co 86032 for 3 years in preseason during 2004-05 to 2006-07. The effect of pre-planting sett treatment and/or soil application with Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus or composite culture consisting of Azotobacter, Azospirillum, G. diazotrophicus and PSB with varying levels of fertilizer nitrogen was studied. The treatment T5i.e. application of 50 per cent recommended dose of N and 100 % recommended P 2O5 and K2 o coupled with pre-planting sett treatment with G. diazotrophicus for 30 minutes @ 10 kg in 100 lit water ha -1 recorded the highest cane yield (119.49 t ha-1) and was also the most beneficial treatment as revealed through the highest gross monetary returns (Rs. 1,60,871/- ha-1), net monetary returns (Rs. 92,413/- ha-1) and benefit : cost ratio (2.36). Thus, sett treatment with G. diazotrophicus at the time of planting could save 50% of chemical fertilizer nitrogen with equivalent cane yield and higher monetary returns of Rs. 5,682/- ha-1 as compared to only recommended dose of fertilizers (100 % NPK). Copyright © EM International.


Potdar D.S.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Ombase K.C.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Dixit R.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Raskar B.S.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2013

Farming systems in the western Maharashtra based on sugarcane have been analyzed for its suitability during the year 2007-08 to 2010-11. The growth rate in agriculture during the recent past is very slow in spite of the rapid economic growth in our country. To sustain a positive growth rate in agriculture a crop diversification approach is the need of the hours. In diversified farming, to minimize the risk though crop is the main aim. While in the integrated farming system a judicious mix of more than one enterprise along with cropping has a complementary effect with additional source of income to the farmers. Study of sugarcane based farming system of four years, we are concluded that the Cow, Buffalo and sugarcane have beer observed to be the main sources of farm income. The Cow based sugarcane farming system is found beneficial in terms of monitory returns and B: C ratio than buffalo based sugarcane farming system and only crop component system. The agronomic, socio-economic and environmental advantages of IFS are vivid and appealing. These are potentially suitable to all categories of farmers. © EM International.


Ombase K.C.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Potdar D.S.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Dixit R.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Pawar S.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2014

The field experiments were conducted to evaluate response of promising sugarcane genotypes to fertilizer levels during preseason of the years 2009-10 and 2010-11 at Central Sugarcane Research Station, Padegaon. The sugarcane genotype Co 310 produced significantly higher cane and CCS yield (132.26 and 18.621 ha-1respectively) than rest of genotypes tested. The application of 125% recommended dose of nitrogen to preseasonal sugarcane produced significantly highest cane and CCS yield (132.92 and 18.79 t ha -1, respectively). Growth and yield attributes viz; millable height, girth and millable cane/ha were significantly highest with the genotype Co 310 irrespective of nitrogen levels. The fertilizer level of 125% nitrogen to preseasonal sugarcane registered significantly highest growth and yield attributes viz; millable height, girth, no. of internodes/cane, millable cane/ha and weight/cane as well as quality paratmeters viz; brix, sucrose and CCS. Copyright © EM International.


Ombase K.C.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Potdar D.S.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Nalawade S.V.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Dixit R.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station | Pawar S.M.,Central Sugarcane Research Station
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2014

A field experiment was conducted for three consecutive years 2008-09 to 2010-11 to study the effect of sett size, seed rate and sett treatment on yield and quality of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) at Central Sugarcane Research Station, Padegaon (M.S.). Planting of two bud setts (112.531 ha -1) proved significantly superior for higher cane yield, CCS yield, net profit and B:C ratio. Normal seed rate of 60,000 buds/ha recorded significant higher cane and CCS yield. The seed treatment either with Carbendazin alone or with Carbendazin + Gibbrellic add found non significant for cane and CCS yield and monitory return . Copyright © EM International.

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