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Murali P.,Sugarcane Breeding Institute SBI | Balakrishnan R.,Sugarcane Breeding Institute SBI
Sugar Tech | Year: 2012

Cultural operations for sugarcane production are arduous especially planting, irrigation and harvesting. In the recent past, labour scarcity coupled with high labour wage rate greatly affected the irrigation and harvesting of the crop in time. It has reduced sugarcane area from 3. 91 lakh ha 2006-2007 to 3. 14 lakh ha in 2009-2010 at Tamil Nadu. Modern sugarcane machinery and labour saving devices were introduced at large scale to reduce the dependency of labour, and complete the farm operation in time. Mechanical operations proved that it was superior to manual operations. It reduced cost of production and enable efficient utilization of resources with better work output. For e. g. Furrow method of irrigation requires about 320 man-hour as against drip irrigation requires of only 30 man-hours. Manual harvesting required about 1,000 man hour with the cost of Rs 55,000 to harvest 100 t/ha (Rs 550/tonne) against Rs 32,500/ha (Rs 325/t) with the labour engagement of 12 man-hours/ha. Now it is inevitable to use modern sugarcane machinery, which is now available in the-country like sugarcane planters weeding machinery and imported harvesters. Although their initial cost is very high but advantages accrued in their use are much more. There is an enormous need to use drip irrigation and mechanical harvesters to mitigate acute labour scarcity (farm operation and harvesting). Custom hiring system on co-operative basis/or owned and operated by sugar factories of sugarcane harvesters should also be implemented (1US $ = 54 IN Rs). © 2012 Society for Sugar Research & Promotion.

Murali P.,Sugarcane Breeding Institute SBI | Hari K.,Sugarcane Breeding Institute SBI
Sugar Tech | Year: 2011

Petroleum resources are finite and therefore search for alternative is continuing all over the world. Development of bio-fuels as an alternative and renewable source of energy for transportation has become critical in the national effort towards maximum self-reliance-the corner stone of our energy security strategy. Bio-fuels like ethanol and bio-diesel being environment friendly, will help us to conform to the stricter emission norms. International experience has demonstrated the advantages of using ethanol and bio-fuel as automotive fuel. There is a lot happening in the field of bio-fuels in India but, the demand and supply scenario is uneven and hinders the bio-fuel blending program. Hence, assessment of potential demand and supply situation assumes greater importance. In this paper, we examine the current production trends and government policies and future requirements of the bio-fuel in the country. The study has highlighted the importance of the bio-fuel production and bio-fuel market prospects in the country. © 2011 Society for Sugar Research & Promotion.

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