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Le Pecq, France

Lazarova V.,Suez Environment | Sturny V.,Societe Polynesienne de lEau et de lAssainissement | Sang G.T.,Municipality of Bora Bora
Water (Switzerland) | Year: 2012

Urban water reuse is one of the most rapidly growing water reuse applications worldwide and one of the major elements of the sustainable management of urban water cycle. Because of the high probability of direct contact between consumers and recycled water, many technical and regulatory challenges have to be overcome in order to minimize health risks at affordable cost. This paper illustrates the keys to success of one of the first urban water reuse projects in the island Bora Bora, French Polynesia. Special emphasis is given on the reliability of operation of the membrane tertiary treatment, economic viability in terms of pricing of recycled water and operating costs, as well as on the benefits of water reuse for the sustainable development of tourist areas. © 2012 by the authors. Source

Cabrol L.,Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso | Cabrol L.,Fraunhofer Chile Research | Urra J.,Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso | Rosenkranz F.,Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso | And 4 more authors.
Water Science and Technology | Year: 2015

The effect of phenylacetic acid (PAA) pulses on anaerobic digestion (AD) performance and archaeal community structure was evaluated in anaerobic digesters treating sewage sludge from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Four pilot-scale continuous stirred tank reactors were set up at a full-scale municipal WWTP in Santiago de Chile, and fed with either primary or mixed sewage sludge. AD performance was evaluated by volatile fatty acid (VFA) and biogas production monitoring. Archaeal community structure was characterized by 16S rRNA denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and band sequencing. In the primary sludge digester, a single PAA pulse at 200 mg L-1 was sufficient to affect AD performance and archaeal community structure, resulting in long-term VFA accumulation, reduced biogas production and community shift from dominant acetoclastic (Methanosaeta concilii) to hydrogenotrophic (Methanospirillum hungatei) methanogens. By contrast, AD performance and archaeal community structure in the mixed sludge digester were stable and resistant to repeated PAA pulses at 200 and 600 mg L-1. This work demonstrated that the effect of PAA pulses on methanogenic activity and archaeal community structure differed according to AD substrate, and suggests that better insights of the correlations between archaeal population dynamics and functional performance could help to better face toxic shocks in AD. © IWA Publishing 2015. Source

Jouanneau S.,University of Nantes | Recoules L.,CNRS Laboratory for Analysis and Architecture of Systems | Durand M.J.,University of Nantes | Boukabache A.,CNRS Laboratory for Analysis and Architecture of Systems | And 6 more authors.
Water Research | Year: 2013

The Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) is one of the most widely used criteria for water quality assessment. It provides information about the ready biodegradable fraction of the organic load in water. However, this analytical method is time-consuming (generally 5 days, BOD5), and the results may vary according to the laboratory (20%), primarily due to fluctuations in the microbial diversity of the inoculum used.Work performed during the two last decades has resulted in several technologies that are less time-consuming and more reliable. This review is devoted to the analysis of the technical features of the principal methods described in the literature in order to compare their performances (measuring window, reliability, robustness) and to identify the pros and the cons of each method. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Corsaro D.,University of Lausanne | Pages G.S.,Aigues de Barcelona | Catalan V.,Labaqua | Loret J.-F.,Suez Environment | Greub G.,University of Lausanne
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health | Year: 2010

In this study, we enlarged our previous investigation focusing on the biodiversity of chlamydiae and amoebae in a drinking water treatment plant, by the inclusion of two additional plants and by searching also for the presence of legionellae and mycobacteria. Autochthonous amoebae were recovered onto non-nutritive agar, identified by 18S rRNA gene sequencing, and screened for the presence of bacterial endosymbionts. Bacteria were also searched for by Acanthamoeba co-culture.From a total of 125 samples, we recovered 38 amoebae, among which six harboured endosymbionts (three chlamydiae and three legionellae). In addition, we recovered by amoebal co-culture 11 chlamydiae, 36 legionellae (no L. pneumophila), and 24 mycobacteria (all rapid-growers).Two plants presented a similar percentage of samples positive for chlamydiae (11%), mycobacteria (20%) and amoebae (27%), whereas in the third plant the number of recovered bacteria was almost twice higher. Each plant exhibited a relatively high specific microbiota. Amoebae were mainly represented by various Naegleria species, Acanthamoeba species and Hartmannella vermiformis. Parachlamydiaceae were the most abundant chlamydiae (8 strains in total), and in this study we recovered a new genus-level strain, along with new chlamydiae previously reported. Similarly, about 66% of the recovered legionellae and 47% of the isolated mycobacteria could represent new species. Our work highlighted a high species diversity among legionellae and mycobacteria, dominated by putative new species, and it confirmed the presence of chlamydiae in these artificial water systems. © 2010 Elsevier GmbH. Source

Garnier B.,Suez Environment
International Gas Union World Gas Conference Papers | Year: 2015

This report explores some environmental challenges of hydraulic fracturing related to unconventional gases, particularly its effect on water resources. Efforts for aquifer protection, water treatment services, and innovative technologies are considered. This is an abstract of a paper at the 26th World Gas Conference (Paris, France 6/1-5/2015). Source

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