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Port Said, Egypt

The Suez Canal University is an Egyptian university serving the Suez Canal area, having its faculties divided among the Suez Canal governorates . It was established in 1976. It is notable for its non-classic research. It has 28 faculties with a total number of students reaching 21,325.The University has about 53 special units for research, education and community development. Wikipedia.

Ahmed A.S.,Suez Canal University
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2010

Analysis of the wind characteristics in Ras Benas city located on the east coast of Red Sea in Egypt using measured data (wind, pressure and temperature) and Weibull function were made. Statistical analysis model to evaluate the wind energy potential was introduced. According to the power calculations done for the site, the annual mean wind density is 315 kW/m 2 at a height of 70 m above ground level. This station has a huge wind energy potential for electricity generation, especially during spring and summer seasons, comparing with some European countries. In addition, the monthly wind turbine efficiency parameter (η monthly) has been calculated by using a commercial wind turbine 1 MW with 70 m hub height to help designers and users in evaluating the potentialities and choosing the suitable wind turbine for the considered site. The use of wind turbine with capacity greater than 1000 kW at this station was recommended. Ras Benas station was selected to install 30 MW-wind farm consists of 20 commercial wind turbines (Nordex S 77) with hub heights and Rotor diameter were 100 and 77 m, respectively. This site has annual wind speed more than 9.8 m/s at 100 m height and enough area to locate these turbines. The estimated energy production using WASP Program of these wind farm was 130 GWh/year. Furthermore, the production costs was found 1.3 cent/kWh, which is a competition price at the wind energy world market. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Methotrexate (MTX) is a cornerstone disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug. One of its major drawbacks is hepatotoxicity, resulting in poor compliance of therapy. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound, possessing both anti-arthritic and hepatoprotective potential. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of CoQ10 (10 mg/kg) alone and in combination with MTX (2 mg/kg) on the progression of adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats, and to elucidate the potential properties of CoQ10 in ameliorating MTX-induced liver damage in rats. Rats were assigned to; normal, arthritic, MTX treated, CoQ10 treated or a combination of MTX and CoQ10. CoQ10 administration potentiated the antiarthritic effect of MTX. Moreover, the combination therapy was effective in attenuating the severity of MTX-induced liver damage displayed by the improvement in hepatospecific serum markers and confirmed by the histo-pathological evaluation. Additionally, it attenuated the hepatic oxidative stress and the intensity of inflammatory mediators associated with MTX administration as evident by the regulation of oxidant/anti-oxidant balance and the inhibitory effects on TNF-α and IL-6 levels. These results revealed that CoQ10 can serve as a useful adjuvant and promote the safe use of MTX in the management of arthritis, not only by potentiating the antiarthritic effect of MTX, but also by alleviating MTX-induced hepatocellular injury. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

The Pan-African Kid-Malhak Dokhan volcanic suite (609 ± 12 Ma) is exposed in the northernmost part of the Arabian-Nubian Shield. The suite consists of non-metamorphosed varicolored alternating succession of porphyritic lava flows of commonly felsic composition (rhyolite-dacite) interlayered with compositionally equivalent pyroclastic beds (dominantly ignimbrites). These Dokhan volcanics are quite evolved (SiO2 ≈ 65-77 wt.%), with strong high-K calc-alkaline affinity and are characterized by relative enrichment in total alkalis, Ba, Y, Zr and total REEs, depletion in Sr, and a LREE-enriched REE patterns with significant negative Eu anomalies. The Kid-Malhak Dokhan lavas display geochemical characteristics of both orogenic arc-type and anorogenic within-plate environments, suggesting eruption in a transitional "post-collisional tectonic setting. The ages of emplacement of the Dokhan volcanics in Egypt including that of Kid-Malhak region (580-620 Ma) coincide with end of the documented collision between the juvenile Arabian-Nubian crust and Saharan Metacraton and the subsequent extensional collapse event. This post-collision transition from compression to extension is explained by the extensional collapse following continental collision, which was controlled mainly by lithospheric delamination and slab breakoff (passive rifting). Various trace element characteristics discussed herein have indicated that the studied Dokhan magma was highly likely generated from crustal sources and that assimilation-fractional crystallization (AFC) and crustal contamination have played a major role and are most probably superimposed on fractional crystallization during the magmatic evolution of Kid-Malhak Dokhan volcanic suite. The eruption of the high-K calc-alkaline post-collisional Dokhan volcanics in Egypt defines a tectono-magmatic transition between the older calc-alkaline arc-related and the subsequent alkaline magmatism in the northern part of the Arabian-Nubian Shield. © 2009.

As of today, the Multi Stage Flash (MSF) evaporator capacity has reached to 20 MIGD of desalinated water using traditional brine recycle and cross tube bundle configuration. However, on the way of scaling-up evaporator unit production beyond 20 MIGD, there are some technical barriers and economical aspects that need to be considered. This work presents a techno-economic comparison between long tube (LT) and cross tube (CT) bundles of MSF evaporator for a unit production of equal and greater than 20 MIGD.Process calculations showed that the heat transfer surface area of MSF-LT is 25% lower than that of MSF-CT. This is mainly owing to an enhancement in heat transfer process. The pumping power in LT evaporator decreases by 8% due to the lower friction loss. For a large size project of 100 MIGD, the saving in the total capital investment of MSF-LT evaporator is 15% lower than that of MSF-CT. The operating cost is the same.A novel layout of MSF-LT configuration is proposed in which the stages are arranged in triple decks to reduce the footprint up to 51%. The novel configuration enables a significant reduction in the water box size and numbers. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

This work presents a technoeconomic comparison between once through long tube (MSF-OT-LT) with atmospheric deaerator, and brine recycle cross tube (MSF-BR-CT) evaporators. The process design and cost analysis of 30 MIGD MSF-OT-LT evaporator is presented.The process calculations showed that for the same performance ratio, the heat transfer area of MSF-OT-LT is 34% lower than that of MSF-BR evaporator. This is due to the flashing range increase and higher heat transfer coefficient of MSF-OT-LT configuration. The pumping power of the MSF-OT-LT is 40% lower than that of MSF-BR-CT evaporator. This is due to lower friction loss in the tubes and due to remove brine recycle pump. A novel configuration of MSF-OT-LT is proposed in which the stages are arranged in a triple deck. The footprint decreases up to 57% in the large size project of 150 MIGD.For a large size project of 150 MIGD capacity, the unit water cost of the MSF-OT-LT configuration is 36% lower than that of the MSF-BR-CT. It can be concluded from this study that the MSF-OT-LT evaporator is a viable option for large scale capacity and a reliable technology for poor quality and high salinity sea water. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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