Msalya G.,Sokoine University of Agriculture |
Kim E.-S.,Iowa State University |
Laisser E.L.K.,Sokoine University of Agriculture |
Kipanyula M.J.,SUA |
And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2017
Background More than 90 percent of cattle in Tanzania belong to the indigenous Tanzania Short Horn Zebu (TSZ) population which has been classified into 12 strains based on historical evidence, morphological characteristics, and geographic distribution. However, specific genetic information of each TSZ population has been lacking and has caused difficulties in designing programs such as selection, crossbreeding, breed improvement or conservation. This study was designed to evaluate the genetic structure, assess genetic relationships, and to identify signatures of selection among cattle of Tanzania with the main goal of understanding genetic relationship, variation and uniqueness among them. Methodology/Principal findings The Illumina Bos indicus SNP 80K BeadChip was used to genotype genome wide SNPs in 168 DNA samples obtained from three strains of TSZ cattle namely Maasai, Tarime and Sukuma as well as two comparative breeds; Boran and Friesian. Population structure and signatures of selection were examined using principal component analysis (PCA), admixture analysis, pairwise distances (FST ), integrated haplotype score (iHS), identical by state (IBS) and runs of homozygosity (ROH). There was a low level of inbreeding (F0.01) in the TSZ population compared to the Boran and Friesian breeds. The analyses of FST , IBS and admixture identified no considerable differentiation between TSZ trains. Importantly, common ancestry in Boran and TSZ were revealed based on admixture and IBD, implying gene flow between two populations. In addition, Friesian ancestry was found in Boran. A few common significant iHS were detected, which may reflect influence of recent selection in each breed or strain. Conclusions Population admixture and selection signatures could be applied to develop conservation plan of TSZ cattle as well as future breeding programs in East African cattle. © 2017 Msalya et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
News Article | May 5, 2017
SHENZHEN, China, May 5, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- The 2017 edition of SIUF saw a tremendous success with 825 exhibitors from over 25 countries and regions, including: Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, Indonesia, Germany, France, Italy, Israel and Columbia. Spread over 73,000 sqm in 6 halls the show presented global brands, suppliers, manufacturers specialized in the intimate apparel industry to over 130,000 visitors. With a total turnover of 5.3 billion Chinese Yuan, showing growth of 12.8%, compared to last year, the 12th event has proven to be a premier platform for the entire supply chain of lingerie business. Over 300 Journalists were present for onsite, in studio or on air interviews that were picked up by more than 2000 media outlets. Youku, Southern Daily, Guangzhou Daily and Inke broadcasted live from the exhibition while Tencent, Ifeng, Letv, Xiufu web, Efu and Ef360 provided editorial coverage for the highlights of the event. Reaching out to numerous global media, the show was also partnered with international online and offline platforms, such as Intima France, Sous, Linea Intima, Underlines, Collezioni, Blint, Intimo Piu Mare, Lingerie Magazine, Lace&Lingerie, Fashionating World and Intimo Hub. The 3-day event offered a full range of event program sitting alongside the "2017 China Underwear Culture Week" The vibrant culture program encompassed fashion shows, design contests, awards, trends forum and super model contests. Brands like Embry Form, Invista, Rui Fashion, Oleno, Muse's Allure, "JiXiangZhai" carried out countless fashion shows to showcase the very best of China's lingerie and apparel trends. Also the hottest topics from material to distribution around underwear industry were shared with all professionals during the "China International Underwear Summit". In depth analysis on topics like "New Materials, New Technology and New Trends", "Transformation Innovation Connection" and "How E-commerce Can Help Your Business Grow" were discussed to support all industry players in growing business and exploring new market. SIUF 2017 was supported by Shenzhen Underwear Association (SUA), Guangdong Province Textile Association, China Knitting Industrial Association, Xinyi Foundation, Taiwan Textile Federation, HKIAIA as well as Gesamtmasche. SIUF 2018 will be held from April 19 to 21 at Shenzhen Convention and Exhibition Center. Stand booking is now open. Early bird discount for international exhibitors until November 15, 2018. Contact information is available at www.siuf.com/en/.
News Article | May 4, 2017
Over 300 Journalists were present for onsite, in studio or on air interviews that were picked up by more than 2000 media outlets. Youku, Southern Daily, Guangzhou Daily and Inke broadcasted live from the exhibition while Tencent, Ifeng, Letv, Xiufu web, Efu and Ef360 provided editorial coverage for the highlights of the event. Reaching out to numerous global media, the show was also partnered with international online and offline platforms, such as Intima France, Sous, Linea Intima, Underlines, Collezioni, Blint, Intimo Piu Mare, Lingerie Magazine, Lace&Lingerie, Fashionating World and Intimo Hub. The 3-day event offered a full range of event program sitting alongside the "2017 China Underwear Culture Week" The vibrant culture program encompassed fashion shows, design contests, awards, trends forum and super model contests, and helped showcase the very best of China's lingerie and apparel trends. Coming up with a wide range of fashion shows carried out by Embry Form, Invista, Rui Fashion, Oleno, Muse's Allure, "JiXiangZhai", the event program was highlighted by the "SIUF 2017 Super Model Talent Competition" with 36 super models coming from all over the world. Domestic and International celebrities and veterans were invited to attend the show as jury, including the directors from Victoria's Secret, Hamish Hamilton (2003-2015) and Rene Celestine (2016), as well as Weiwei Tan - the Chinese singer, Jos Berry - the founder of Concepts Paris, Francesca Spinetta - CEO of Intima Group and Jason Paul McCarthy - the Director of AAS at Parson School of Design. Also the hottest topics from material to distribution around underwear industry were shared with all professionals during the "China International Underwear Summit". In depth analysis on topics like "New Materials, New Technology and New Trends", "Transformation Innovation Connection" and "How E-commerce Can Help Your Business Grow" were discussed to support all industry players in growing business and exploring new market. "It was wonderful to celebrate this milestone of 12 years of SIUF," said Fengwei Zhang, CEO of Shenzhen Shengshi Jiuzhou Exhibition, also known as founder of SIUF. "When we look back on the market changes over the past decade we are encouraged about the challenges ahead for the next decade with value, technology and sustainability at the forefront. We will carry on with our expertise in the intimate apparel industry to build bridges across the whole supply chain." SIUF 2017 was supported by Shenzhen Underwear Association (SUA), Guangdong Province Textile Association, China Knitting Industrial Association, Xinyi Foundation, Taiwan Textile Federation, HKIAIA as well as Gesamtmasche SIUF 2018 will be held from April 19 to 21 at Shenzhen Convention and Exhibition Center. Stand booking is now open. Early bird discount for international exhibitors until November 15, 2018. Contact information is available at www.siuf.com/en/. The joint trade fair SIUF, also known as "China (Shenzhen) International Brand Underwear Fair & Shenzhen International Underwear OEM / Materials and Fabrics Fair", has made its way to become the most influential fairs in Asia. The 2018 show will have a continuous focus on offering the whole supply & distribution chain of intimate apparel industry in terms of brands, fabrics, accessories, manufacturing and solutions for intimate apparel. For more information, please visit www.siuf.com/en/. SIUF is organized by Tarsus (Shanghai) Exhibitions and Shenzhen Shenshi Jiuzhou Exhibition. Based in the UK, Tarsus is an international business-to-business media group with interests in exhibitions, conferences, education, publishing and online media. With a strong foothold as the owners of a portfolio of world-class products in the emerging markets of China, the Middle East, Turkey, India, Southeast Asia and Mexico, in addition to the US, Tarsus is well positioned to leverage these assets as a platform for growth. For more information about the organizer, please visit: www.tarsus.com. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/siuf-2017-maintained-market-leader-as-chinas-biggest-lingerie-branding--sourcing-fair-300450372.html
Jaglic Z.,Veterinary Research Institute |
Desvaux M.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research |
Weiss A.,University of Hohenheim |
Nesse L.L.,Norwegian Veterinary Institute |
And 9 more authors.
Microbiology (United Kingdom) | Year: 2014
The ability of bacteria to bind different compounds and to adhere to biotic and abiotic surfaces provides them with a range of advantages, such as colonization of various tissues, internalization, avoidance of an immune response, and survival and persistence in the environment. A variety of bacterial surface structures are involved in this process and these promote bacterial adhesion in a more or less specific manner. In this review, we will focus on those surface adhesins and exopolymers in selected foodborne pathogens that are involved mainly in primary adhesion. Their role in biofilm development will also be considered when appropriate. Both the clinical impact and the implications for food safety of such adhesion will be discussed. © 2014 The Authors.
Laisser E.L.K.,Ministry of Education and Vocational Training |
Kipanyula M.J.,Sokoine University of Agriculture |
Msalya G.,SUA |
Mwilawa A.J.,Tanzania Livestock Research Institute Mabuki |
And 3 more authors.
Tropical Animal Health and Production | Year: 2014
This study was carried out to assess the distribution, abundance of different tick genera and prevalence of Theileria parva infection in Tarime zebu cattle kept in selected wards of Serengeti and Tarime districts in Mara region. Adult ticks were identified and counted from half body parts of 360 animals which were extensively managed in communal land with natural pastures. Concurrently, blood samples were collected and thereafter DNA extracted and a nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) was done using primers specific for p104 gene to detect the presence of T. parva DNA. Ticks were identified into four groups: Amblyomma genus, Boophilus sub-genus of Rhipicephalus genus, other species of Rhipicephalus, and Hyalomma genus. Rhipicephalus genus accounted for 71.8 % of the total ticks, whereas Amblyomma, Boophilus sub-genus of Rhipicephalus genus and Hyalomma constituted 14.1, 14.0 and 0.1 %, respectively. There were more animals (p < 0.05) infested with ticks in Tarime district (96.1 %) than in Serengeti (61.7 %). The average counts of ticks were higher in adult animals (p < 0.05) than in young animals. The overall prevalence of T. parva was 27.7 % and was higher (p < 0.05) in Serengeti (38.3 %) than in Tarime district (16.7 %). However, all animals tested positive for T. parva did not show any clinical signs of East Coast fever (ECF), suggesting the existence of subclinical infection in Tarime zebu. These results suggest that Tarime cattle can tolerate ECF infection and are likely to serve as potential carriers of T. parva to other less-tolerant cattle breeds in mixed herds. Since Tarime cattle are preferred by most farmers with mixed herds, routine screening for T. parva is highly recommended to minimize introduction of infected cattle into an immunologically naive population. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
News Article | November 7, 2016
NEW YORK, Nov. 7, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- QBE North America today announced a program underwriting agreement with Stateside Underwriting Agency (SUA) to offer its clients who are Title Agents, Abstractors and Escrow Agents Professional Liability insurance for primary and excess coverage....
News Article | December 7, 2016
SILICON VALLEY, CA--(Marketwired - Dec 7, 2016) - Proxim Wireless Corporation ( : PRXM), a pioneer and global leader in point to point (PtP) and point to multipoint (PtMP) wireless systems and advanced Wi-Fi, today announced the worldwide availability of its Tsunami® 10100L series supporting up to 400Mbps data rate and upgradeable to 866Mbps. With the Tsunami 10100L product line, Proxim continues to offer more for less. Operating at 256QAM in a 40Mhz channel, combined with our WORP protocol, means end users will see 300Mbps of useable data in a 40MHz channel. Offered at a price that continues to push the cost/performance metric, the Tsunami 10100L is a leader in the carrier class wireless infrastructure market in $/bit. The 10100L is based on the same hardware platform as the Tsunami 10100 series, meaning customers get the features they have come to expect from Proxim -- a rugged IP67 design, PoE out, Proxim Clear Connect, Fast Connect and more. The 10100L series includes several product variants including -- BSU, SUA, SUR, and QBs. This provides customers with a wide variety of applications and deployment options across the series. With the ability to software upgrade the 10100L to a full 10100 series, customers can "pay as they grow" by deploying the less expensive 10100L product, and upgrading to the full 866Mbps capacity when needed for a small upgrade fee. In addition, as always with Proxim products, Proxim maintains two generations of backwards compatibility. This means the 10100L, as well as the 10100, can interoperate with the Tsunami 800 and 8200 series products. Mixed networks are supported allowing existing networks to add the additional capacity supported by the 10k series when needed, or to start with a 10100 BSU and deploy the lower capacity, more cost effective 800 series products as subscriber units. "The Tsunami® 10100L has been designed for markets that are looking for carrier class communications but with moderate bandwidth requirements. This series makes our high performance solutions now more affordable with no compromises on quality," said Greg Marzullo, CEO and President, Proxim Wireless. To find out more about Proxim Wireless, please visit www.proxim.com or follow us on Twitter, LinkedIn and Google+. Like us on Facebook or go to our YouTube page for latest videos. About Proxim Wireless Proxim Wireless Corporation ( : PRXM) provides Wi-Fi®, Point-to-Point and Point-to-Multipoint 4G wireless network technologies for wireless Internet, video surveillance and backhaul applications. Our ORiNOCO® and Tsunami® product lines are sold to service providers, governments and enterprises with over 2.5 million devices shipped to 250,000+ customers in more than 90 countries worldwide. Proxim is ISO 9001:2008 certified. For more information, visit www.proxim.com. For investor relations information, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org or call +1(408) 383 7615. Safe Harbor Statement Statements in this press release that are not statements of historical facts are forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions. Our actual results may differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could contribute to such differences, including difficulties in overcoming the network installation and operational challenges relating to any specific customer or geographical area; factors beyond our control such as weather, geographic, governmental, and interference issues that may increase the costs and difficulties of wireless deployments; specific requirements of a given customer in their specific situations; whether the deployment will achieve the desired objectives of any given customer; changes in the timing, features, and other characteristics of products Proxim expects to introduce; and difficulties or delays in supplying products with the features, performance, compliances, certifications, cost, price, quality, and other characteristics desired by customers. Further information on these and other factors that could affect Proxim's actual results is contained in the filings made by Proxim with the OTC Markets (available at www.otcmarkets.com), including without limitation in the Annual Report filed by Proxim on March 30, 2010, and is and will be contained in its other public statements, which may be available on Proxim's website (www.proxim.com).
Gribincea A.,ULIM |
Maximilian S.,ULIM |
Quality - Access to Success | Year: 2012
We knew things were bad on Wall Street, but on Main Street it may be worse. Startling official statistics show that as a new economic recession stalks the United States, a record number of Americans will shortly be depending on food stamps just to feed themselves and their families. Critics of this model are often attacked as protectionists, tools of special interest groups, anarchists, and worse. But in fact they include some of the world's most eminent economists. The economic model that the United States exports, with the International Monetary Fund in the role of enforcer, works like this: Developing nations are supposed to open their economies wide to foreign investment - to allow their banks, public utilities, and anything else to be sold to the highest foreign bidder. They are to balance their budgets, restrict the role of government, discipline wages, and limit social outlays. All of this is intended to subject the local economy to global competitive discipline and attract foreign private capital. It sounds plausible, but there are several problems. For one thing, foreign investments are notoriously subject to fads and whims. Several otherwise sound economies in East Asia got into severe difficulty in the late 1990s after following the American recipe. Too much foreign capital poured in, and when the bubble burst, it poured right out again. The IMF then came in to shoot the wounded. Another problem is that the United States is telling these countries: "Do as I say, not as I do." When America was a developing nation in the 19th century, it had high tariffs to shelter infant industry. The government was heavily involved in economic development - everything from agriculture to radio to aircraft. The early Republic prohibited land purchases by foreign speculators. And when our economy was in trouble in the 1930s, we ceased letting dollars trade freely, and we ran huge public deficits. The New Deal worked. If there had been an IMF, it would have blacklisted the country.
Mosha D.B.,Sokoine University of Agriculture |
Vedeld P.,Norwegian University of Life Sciences |
Kajembe G.C.,Sokoine University of Agriculture |
Tarimo A.K.P.R.,SUA |
Katani J.Z.,Sokoine University of Agriculture
Water Policy | Year: 2016
Over the past 40+ years, evolution of water institutions responsible for allocation and distribution of water has been enormous. This paper analyzes the evolution of both formal and informal water management institutions and how they affect today's processes of allocating and distributing water in farmer-managed irrigation schemes (FMISs). It also assesses how farmers translate and modify introduced formal institutions in the rights of the existing informal institution while trying to solve water management challenges based on the local conditions. In-depth and focus group data for the study were collected using a checklist of questions administered to 40 informants, one group discussion per village in Itunundu, Mboliboli, Mkula and Magombera villages, Tanzania. The basic argument of this paper is that water institutions have changed over time. Drawing from study findings, the evolution process of water institutions might be understood as an outcome of the government efforts to address emerging challenges with respect to increasing water demand and multi-use. However, institutional evolution is accompanied by some negatives outcomes, as they weaken social norms and threaten sound water management. The experiences from the irrigation schemes highlight the need to include locally evolved institutions while re-crafting formal institutions. Such interventions may well have significant outcomes for efficient, equity and power relations among water users. © IWA Publishing 2016.
News Article | November 11, 2016
Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "The U.S. Commercial Card Market: A Growing Virtual Reality" report to their offering. The U.S. commercial card market continues to grow at rates higher than other business-to-business (B2B) payments types. According to the authors estimates, between 2013 and 2015, U.S. commercial card purchase volume grew at a compound annual growth rate of 9%; we expect to see high-single-digit growth through the next several years. Spending volumes continue to be dominated by the traditional leading commercial card issuers, but share is shifting somewhat to emerging smaller issuers. The major industry growth driver is electronic accounts payable (EAP) as both buyers and suppliers have increasing awareness of the value of card-based products in the payables flow. In a new research report, The U.S. Commercial Card Market: A Growing Virtual Reality the author reviews the corporate purchasing and virtual credit card landscape for the mid to large corporate market sectors. The report discusses how virtual card payments, led by single-use accounts (SUA), are driving the current growth trends. Highlights of the research report include: Key Topics Covered: 1. Executive Summary 2. Introduction 3. Commercial Card Product Landscape, with Product Types Defined 4. Trends in Traditional and Virtual Cards 5. The U.S. Commercial Card Market 6. Network and Issuer Perspective 7. A Closer Look at Virtual Accounts 8. Other Market Considerations: Opportunities and Possible Threats 9. Conclusions 10. Endnote Companies Mentioned For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/kjndnd/the_u_s Research and Markets Laura Wood, Senior Manager email@example.com For E.S.T Office Hours Call +1-917-300-0470 For U.S./CAN Toll Free Call +1-800-526-8630 For GMT Office Hours Call +353-1-416-8900 U.S. Fax: 646-607-1907 Fax (outside U.S.): +353-1-481-1716