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Kumar V.,Åbo Akademi University | Bollstrom R.,Omya International AG | Yang A.,Styron LLC | Chen Q.,South China University of Technology | And 4 more authors.
Cellulose | Year: 2014

Nanocellulose is an interesting building block for functional materials and has gained considerable interest due to its mechanical robustness, large surface area and biodegradability. It can be formed into various structures such as solids, films and gels such as hydrogels and aerogels and combined with polymers or other materials to form composites. Mechanical, optical and barrier properties of nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) and microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) films were studied in order to understand their potential for packaging and functional printing applications. Impact of raw material choice and nanocellulose production process on these properties was evaluated. MFC and NFC were produced following two different routes. NFC was produced using a chemical pretreatment followed by a high pressure homogenization, whereas MFC was produced using a mechanical treatment only. TEMPO-mediated oxidation followed by one step of high pressure (2,000 bar) homogenization seems to produce a similar type of NFC from both hardwood and softwood. NFC films showed superior mechanical and optical properties compared with MFC films; however, MFC films demonstrated better barrier properties against oxygen and water vapor. Both the MFC and NFC films were excellent barriers against mineral oil used in ordinary printing inks and dichlorobenzene, a common solvent used in functional printing inks. Barrier properties against vegetable oil were also found to be exceptionally good for both the NFC and MFC films. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Global Expandable Polystyrene Market 2016 - INEOS, Styron LLC, SABIC, Chi Mei Corporation, Synthos. A market study based on the  Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market  across the globe, recently added to the repository of QY Market Research, is titled ‘Global Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) Market 2016’. The research report analyzes the historical as well as present performance of the global Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market, and makes predictions on the future status of Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market on the basis of this analysis. The report studies the market for Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) across the globe taking the existing industry chain, the import and export statistics in Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market & dynamics of demand and supply of Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) into consideration. The ' Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) 'research study covers each and every aspect of the Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market globally, which starts from the definition of the Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market and develops towards Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market segmentations. Further, every segment of the Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market is classified and analyzed on the basis of product types, application, and the end-use industries of the Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market. The geographical segmentation of the Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market has also been covered at length in this report. The competitive landscape of the global market for Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) is determined by evaluating the various market participants, production capacity, Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market's production chain, and the revenue generated by each manufacturer in the Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market worldwide. The global Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) market 2016 is also analyzed on the basis of product pricing, Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) production volume, data regarding demand and Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) supply, and the revenue garnered by the product. Various methodical tools such as investment returns, feasibility, and market attractiveness analysis has been used in the research to present a comprehensive study of the market for Expandable Polystyrene(EPS) across the globe.

The Rubber Market report covers market characteristics, size and growth, segmentation, regional and country breakdowns, competitive landscape, market shares, trends and strategies for this market. It traces the market’s historic and forecast market growth by geography. It places the market within the context of the wider Rubber market, and compares it with other sectors. The rubber industry consists of establishments involved in the production of rubber from petrochemicals and latex obtained from trees. Rubber is used in the manufacture of footwear, tires, flooring, matting, industrial goods and others. The different types of rubber include butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, polybutadiene rubber, styrene butadiene rubber and others. Browse more detail information about Rubber at: The Rubber Market Report answers the following questions: Where is the largest and fastest growing market for Rubber ? How does the market relate to the overall economy, demography and other similar markets? What forces will shape the market going forward? Get a PDF Sample of Rubber Research Report at: The Rubber Market report competitive landscape gives a description of the competitive nature of the market, market shares, and a description of the leading companies. And its key financial deals which have shaped the market in recent years are identified. Companies Mentioned: BASF SE, Styron LLC, Thai Rubber Latex Corp., The DOW Chemical Company, Ansell Ltd., Bando Chemical Industries Ltd., Lanxess AG, LG Chem Ltd., St. Marys Rubbers Pvt. Ltd., Synthos S.A., and Textile Rubber & Chemical Co. Inc. Sourcing and Referencing: Data and analysis throughout the report is sourced using end notes. • Get up to date information available on the specialized design services market globally. • Facilitate decision making on the basis of historic and forecast data and understand the drivers and restraints on the market. • Gain a global perspective on the development of the market. Get Discount on Rubber Research Report at: Need more details about this Report, ask our expert @ Absolute Reports is an upscale platform to help key personnel in the business world in strategizing and taking visionary decisions based on facts and figures derived from in-depth market research. We are one of the top report resellers in the market dedicated towards bringing you an ingenious concoction of data parameters.

Shu J.,JiAn Company | Yang A.,Styron LLC | Salminen P.,South China University of Technology | Vaittinen H.,Metso
Tappi Journal | Year: 2014

The Ji'an PM No. 3 is the first linerboard machine in China to use multilayer curtain coating technology. Since successful startup at the end of 2011, further development has been carried out to optimize running conditions, coating formulations, and the base paper to provide a product with satisfactory quality and lower cost to manufacture. The key challenges include designing the base board structure for the desired mechanical strength, designing the surface properties for subsequent coating operations, optimizing the high-speed running of the curtain coater to enhance production efficiency, minimizing the amount of titanium dioxide in the coating color, and balancing the coated board properties to make them suitable for both offset and flexographic printing. The pilot and mill scale results show that curtain coating has a major positive impact on brightness, while smoothness is improved mainly by the blade coating and calendering conditions. Optimization of base board properties and the blade + curtain + blade concept has resulted in the successful use of 100% recycled fiber to produce base board. The optical, mechanical, and printability properties of the final coated board meet market requirements for both offset and flexographic printing. Machine runnability is excellent at the current speed of 1000 m/min, and titanium dioxide has been eliminated in the coating formulations without affecting the coating coverage. A significant improvement in the total cost of coated white liner production has been achieved, compared to the conventional concept of using virgin fiber in the top ply. Future development will focus on combining low cost with further quality improvements to make linerboard suitable for a wider range of end-use applications, including frozen-food packaging and folding boxboard.

Styron Europe Gmbh, Styron Llc and Dow Chemical Company | Date: 2010-02-16


Yang A.,Styron LLC | Xie Y.,Styron LLC | Renjung W.,Gold East Paper Jiangsu
Paper Conference and Trade Show 2011, PaperCon 2011 | Year: 2011

This study is based on earlier presented computer modeling and simulation of foldcrack resistance of multilayer coated paper [1-2]. This theoretical work suggested that foldcrack resistance can be improved by control of elastic modulus and thickness of the various layers and that the balance between stiffness and foldcracking is optimized by a layer structure consisting of a thin and stiff precoat layer covered by thick and strong middlecoat layer. The proposed mechanism is that the approach lowers stress development at coating surface during folding due to stress release within precoat due to crack formation and prevents crack propagation to the surface due to the strong middle layer. In order to apply the novel theoretical concept in industrial production of coated paper, a quantitative method ("Fold Crack Area Ratio Test") was developed and validated. The test development is described in detail. Extensive pilot coater trials were carried out to optimize foldcrack resistance of triple coated fine paper by the use of the theoretical concept. Latex elastic modulus and tensile strength as well as coatweight distribution were the main variables. The performance of the optimized system in industrial conditions was validated in subsequent mill trials.

Styron Llc and Dow Chemical Company | Date: 2011-03-01

Rubber for use in the manufacture of tires and other automotive parts; synthetic rubber for use in the manufacture of tires and other automotive parts.

Boyle T.,Styron LLC | Welsch G.,Styron LLC
Paper Conference and Trade Show, PaperCon 2014 | Year: 2014

This paper documents the continued investigation to better understand the migration of starch between paper coating layers. In this work, the impact of topcoat coating applicator technology on starch migration has been investigated using a double coated system. The hypothesis being tested is that a higher pressure pulse topcoat applicator technology will increase the tendency of the starch to migrate from the precoat to the topcoat because there is more water available to re-solubilize the precoat starch and drive it into the topcoat. Thermally modified (TM) corn starch and hydroxyethylated (HE) corn starch were utilized in the precoat in combination with latex. The topcoat binder system was all latex, containing no starch. The precoat was applied using a flooded nip coater for all conditions. Application technique for the topcoat was varied between jet (low pressure pulse) and flooded nip (high pressure pulse). Counter to the aforementioned hypothesis, it has been shown that a higher pressure pulse topcoat applicator technology decreases starch migration from precoat to topcoat. For the HE starch, 35.4% of the precoat starch migrated from precoat to topcoat with a flooded nip topcoat, whereas 57.1% with ajet applied topcoat. For the TM starch, 46.0% of the starch migrated from precoat to topcoat with flooded nip topcoat, versus 64.8% with jet applied topcoat. The TM starch showed a greater propensity to migrate than the HE starch, confirming conclusions from our earlier investigation. Further data will be presented that the difference in migration tendency can play a critical role in various coated paper properties, especially those related to strength.

Styron LLC | Date: 2010-06-07

An improved seating system that includes a blow molded seat back assembly that is fabricated to include a seat back comprising a double walled design having a foreword (14) and a rearward (16) wall wherein there is at least one or more sections comprising a single wall (213). Further, the blow molded seat back may include an integrated reinforcement structure.

The present invention relates to carbonate blend compositions demonstrating improved environmental stress crack resistance in combination with an excellent blend of impact, thermal, and physical properties. Said carbonate blend composition comprises a polycarbonate, a polyester, and a silicon-containing graft (co)polymer having a core-shell morphology, comprising a shell that contains (co)polymerized alkyl(meth)acrylate and glycidyl methacrylate grafted to a composite rubber core that contains polyorganosiloxane and poly(meth)alkyl acrylate components and methods to make said compositions.

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