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Palermo, Italy

Foyaca-Sibat H.,Neurology and Stroke Unit | Ibanez-Valdes L.,Neurology Unit | More-Rodriguez J.,Nelson Mandela Academic Hospital
Internet Journal of Neurology | Year: 2010

We found a high prevalence of dogs among animals kept at home in some villages at the former Transkei where the prevalence for cysticercosis is also high. From our personal experience on the field of epilepsy and neurocysticercosis (NCC) and its radiological signs on CT scan of the brain we were able to identified some nodular and hyperdense lesion on the cerebral hemisphere which not resemble NCC at any stage but we could not confirm any other parasitic zoonoses of the brain because our lack of resources for a proper laboratory diagnoses. Because we have a strong suspicion about Toxocariasis among our patients we reviewed the available medical literature to conclude that we have more suspicion about the presence of Toxocariasis in our population as another challenger to consider. © Internet Scientific Publications, LLC., 1996 to 2010.

Rizzo M.A.,Nephrology and Dialysis Unit | Rizzo M.A.,University of Milan | Frediani F.,Neurology and Stroke Unit | Granata A.,Nephrology and Dialysis Unit | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Nephrology | Year: 2012

Neurological complications frequently affect chronic kidney disease patients. They are important causes of morbidity and mortality. We present a review of neurological complications affecting hemodialysis patients, focusing on classical and new aspects. Neurological complications can be classified as central or peripheral, but they also include other conditions such as muscle and autonomic disorders. Neurological complications in hemodialysis patients are often underdiagnosed and undertreated. Dialysis treatment can modify the clinical pattern and the course of neurological complications, but it may also directly induce some specific, dialysis-related complications. A strict collaboration between nephrologists, neurologists and other specialists can potentially improve prevention and management of these disorders and improve quality of life for hemodialysis patients. © 2012 Società Italiana di Nefrologia.

Mangiafico S.,University of Florence | Pracucci G.,University of Florence | Saia V.,University of Florence | Nencini P.,University of Florence | And 51 more authors.
Neurological Sciences | Year: 2015

Endovascular treatment (ET) showed to be safe in acute stroke, but its superiority over intravenous thrombolysis is debated. As ET is rapidly evolving, it is not clear which role it may deserve in the future of stoke treatments. Based on an observational design, a treatment registry allows to study a broad range of patients, turning into a powerful tool for patients’ selection. We report the methodology and a descriptive analysis of patients from a national registry of ET for stroke. The Italian Registry of Endovascular Treatment in Acute Stroke is a multicenter, observational registry running in Italy from 2010. All patients treated with ET in the participating centers were consecutively recorded. Safety measures were symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, procedural adverse events and death rate. Efficacy measures were arterial recanalization and 3-month good functional outcome. From 2008 to 2012, 960 patients were treated in 25 centers. Median age was 67 years, male gender 57 %. Median baseline NIHSS was 17. The most frequent occlusion site was Middle cerebral artery (46.9 %). Intra-arterial thrombolytics were used in 165 (17.9 %) patients, in 531 (57.5 %) thrombectomy was employed, and 228 (24.7 %) patients received both treatments. Baseline features of this cohort are in line with data from large clinical series and recent trials. This registry allows to collect data from a real practice scenario and to highlight time trends in treatment modalities. It can address unsolved safety and efficacy issues on ET of stroke, providing a useful tool for the planning of new trials. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Italia.

Tonini M.C.,Headache and Cerebrovascular Disease Center | Frediani F.,Neurology and Stroke Unit
Neurological Sciences | Year: 2012

Although migraine (MH) and tension type headache (TTH) are the most common and important causes of recurrent headache in adolescents, they are poorly understood and not recognized by parents and teachers, delaying the first physician evaluation for correct diagnosis and management. The purpose of this study is to assess the knowledge about headache impact among the students of a Communication Private High School in Rimini city, and to evaluate the main different types of headaches interfering with school and social day activities. A self-administered questionnaire interview was given to students of the last 2 years of high school; ten items assessed the headache experience during the prior 12 months, especially during school time: the features and diagnosis of headaches types (based on the 2004 IHS criteria), precipitating factors, disability measured using the migraine disability assessment (MIDAS); therapeutic intervention. Out of the 60 students, 84 % experienced recurrent headache during the last 12 months. 79 % were females, aged 17-20 years; a family history was present in 74 % of headache students, in the maternal line; 45 % of subjects were identified as having MH and 27 % TTH; 25 % had morning headache and 20 % in the afternoon; fatigue, emotional stress and lack of sleep were the main trigger factors for headache, respectively in 86, 50 and 50 % of students; 92 % of headache students could not follow the lessons, could not participate in exercises and physical activity because of the headache; none had consulted a medical doctor and the 90 % of all students had never read, listened or watched television about headache. This study remarks on the need to promote headache educational programs, starting from high school, to increase communication between teachers-family-physician and patient-adolescents, with the goal to have an early appropriate therapeutic intervention, improvement of the quality of life and to prevent long-term headache disease in the adult age. © Springer-Verlag 2012.

Coco D.L.,Neurology and Stroke Unit | Lopez G.,Neurology and Stroke Unit | Corrao S.,National Relevance and High Specialization Hospital Trust ARNAS Civico | Corrao S.,E.M.A.R.C.
Vascular Health and Risk Management | Year: 2016

We reviewed current knowledge about the interaction between stroke and vascular risk factors and the development of cognitive impairment and dementia. Stroke is increasingly recognized as an important cause of cognitive problems and has been implicated in the development of both Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia. The prevalence of cognitive impairment after stroke is high, and their combined effects significantly increase the cost of care and health resource utilization, with reflections on hospital readmissions and increased mortality rates. There is also substantial evidence that vascular risk factors (such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, and tobacco smoking) are independently associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline and dementia. Thus, a successful management of these factors, as well as optimal acute stroke management, might have a great impact on the development of cognitive impairment. Notwithstanding, the pathological link between cognitive impairment, stroke, and vascular risk factors is complex and still partially unclear so that further studies are needed to better elucidate the boundaries of this relationship. Many specific pharmacological treatments, including anticholinergic drugs and antihypertensive medications, and nonpharmacological approaches, such as diet, cognitive rehabilitation, and physical activity, have been studied for patients with vascular cognitive impairment, but the optimal care is still far away. Meanwhile, according to the most recent knowledge, optimal stroke care should also include cognitive assessment in the short and long term, and great efforts should be oriented toward a multidisciplinary approach, including quality-of-life assessment and support of caregivers. © 2016 Lo Coco et al.

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