Bhatta D.,Stratophase Ltd. Unit 10a |
Michel A.A.,Stratophase Ltd. Unit 10a |
Marti Villalba M.,Stratophase Ltd. Unit 10a |
Emmerson G.D.,Stratophase Ltd. Unit 10a |
And 5 more authors.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2011
An optical waveguide array biosensor suitable for rapid detection of multiple bio-hazardous agents is presented. SpectroSens™ optical microchip sensors contain multiple spatially-separated waveguide channels with integral high-precision Bragg gratings sensitive to changes in refractive-index; selective surface-functionalisation of discrete sensing channels with different antibodies as bio-recognition elements enables selective multi-analyte biological detection. Interactions between target antigens in the test sample and respective surface-immobilised antibodies result in localised changes in refractive-index; the biosensor response manifests as increases in wavelength of light reflected from specific sensing channels. Multiplexed, label-free detection of 8 different biological agents, encompassing bacterial spores, vegetative cells, viruses and proteinaceous toxins has been demonstrated in real-time. Selective detection of Bacillus atrophaeus (BG) spores, Escherichia coli cells, MS2 viruses and ovalbumin (OVA) protein (simulant bio-hazardous agents) was first demonstrated as proof-of-concept; subsequently, detection of Bacillus anthracis (BA) spores (UM23CL2 strain), Franciscella tularensis (FT) cells (live vaccine strain), Vaccinia viruses (heat-killed) and ricin toxin (bio-hazardous agents) was proven. Two optical microchip sensors, each comprising 8 sensing channels were packaged into a single disposable cartridge allowing simultaneous 16-channel data acquisition. The specific antibody deposition sequence used in this study enabled detection of either 4 simulants or 4 bio-hazardous agents using a single consumable. The final device, a culmination of the multidisciplinary convergence of the fields of biology, chemistry, optoelectronics and microfluidics, is man-portable and inherently robust. The performance characteristics of the SpectroSens™ technology platform highlight its potential for exploitation as a 'detect to warn/treat' biodetector in security and defence operations. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.