Nairobi, Kenya

Strathmore University
Nairobi, Kenya

Strathmore University is a private university based in Nairobi, Kenya. Strathmore College was started in 1961, as an Advanced level sixth form College offering science and arts subjects, by a group of professionals who formed a charitable educational trust . Saint Josemaría Escrivá, founder of Opus Dei, inspired and encouraged them to start the College.Strathmore has a particularly successful accounting program: 60% of the CPA finalists in Kenya coming from it in the past ten years, dating back from 2007. The current Vice-Chancellor of the University is Professor John Odhiambo. Wikipedia.

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Chebet D.,CIC Insurance Group Ltd | Makhanu E.,Strathmore University
eChallenges Conference | Year: 2015

Low insurance penetration is the main challenge to the insurance industry in Kenya. Several studies conducted in Kenya show that insurance penetration is at 3.1% while mobile penetration is 75% of the country's GDP. This study investigated the influence of use of mobile technology in insurance sales in Kenya. This study used CIC Insurance Group as a case. The targeted population was CIC sales staff. Secondary data, questionnaires and structured interviews were used in data collection. The research was both descriptive and explanatory. A sample of 80 respondents was chosen and 70 questionnaires were satisfactorily completed. SPSS was used in data analysis. The study found out that the mobile application was easy to use and shortened customer acquisition process. Insurance sales significantly improved following the use of mobile technology. The study also demonstrated significant social and economic benefits to society. © 2014 IIMC Intl Information Management Corporatio.

Okungu V.,Strathmore University | Okungu V.,KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme | Chuma J.,KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme | McIntyre D.,University of Cape Town
International Journal for Equity in Health | Year: 2017

Background: The need to provide quality and equitable health services and protect populations from impoverishing health care costs has pushed universal health coverage (UHC) to the top of global health policy agenda. In many developing countries where the majority of the population works in the informal sector, there are critical debates over the best financing mechanisms to progress towards UHC. In Kenya, government health policy has prioritized contributory financing strategy (social health insurance) as the main financing mechanism for UHC. However, there are currently no studies that have assessed the cost of either social health insurance (SHI) as the contributory approach or an alternative financing mechanism involving non-contributory (general tax funding) approaches to UHC in Kenya. The aim of this study was to critically assess the financial requirements of both contributory and non-contributory mechanisms to financing UHC in Kenya in the context of large informal sector populations. Methods: SimIns Basic® model, Version 2.1, 2008 (WHO/GTZ), was used to assess the feasibility of UHC in Kenya and provide estimates of financial resource needs for UHC over a 17-year period (2013-2030). Data sources included review of national and international literature on inflation, demography, macro-economy, health insurance, health services unit costs and utilization rates. The data were triangulated across geographic regions for accuracy and integrity of the simulation. SimIns models for 10 years only so data from the final year of the model was used to project for another 7 years. The 17-year period was necessary because the Government of Kenya aims to achieve UHC by 2030. Results and conclusions: The results show that SHI is financially sustainable (Sustainability in this study is used to mean that expenditure does not outstrip revenue.) (revenues and expenditure match) within the first five years of implementation, but it becomes less sustainable with time. Modelling for a non-contributory scenario, on the other hand, showed greater sustainability both in the short- and long-term. The financial resource requirements for universal access to health care through general government revenue are compared with a contributory health insurance scheme approach. Although both funding options would require considerable government subsidies, given the magnitude of the informal sector in Kenya and their limited financial capacity, a tax-funded system would be less costly and more sustainable in the long-term than an insurance scheme approach. However, more innovative financing for health care as well as giving the health sector higher priority in government expenditure will be required to make the non-contributory financing mechanism more sustainable. © 2017 The Author(s).

Gil-Alana L.A.,University of Navarra | Mudida R.,Strathmore University | Carcel H.,University of Navarra
Energy | Year: 2017

We conduct a fractional integration and cointegration study of several Kenyan electricity price series in order to determine whether signs of persistence or mean reversion can eventually be discovered. Such features can be considered as relevant when considering the possibilities of shocks affecting the energy market of Kenya, which has recently been subjected to major debate. We conclude that electricity prices in Kenya contain unit roots, implying permanent shocks lasting forever. Among the factors affecting electricity prices, we find oil prices and interest rates have significant positive effects on electricity, and based on the fact that all the series are I(1), long run relationships are examined by means of fractional cointegration. The recently introduced FCVAR model is implemented, with results showing that the series under study are fractionally cointegrated, with oil price shocks affecting electricity prices. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-39-2015 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2015

mHealth4Afrika is a collaborative research project that addresses maternal and newborn healthcare delivery, a key requirement of end-user communities in developing countries, and priority area in both the 2015 Millennium Development Goals and Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals. Aligned with Horizon 2020 Societal Challenges, mHealth4Afrika will research and evaluate the potential impact of co-designing an open source, multilingual mHealth platform on the quality of community based maternal and newborn healthcare delivery in Southern Africa (Malawi, South Africa), East Africa (Kenya) and Horn of Africa (Ethiopia). Research and innovation actors from three European and four African countries will engage with local end-user communities (i.e. representatives of parents and local community leaders, Ministry of Health, healthcare professionals and volunteers, health oriented NGOs). Based on this User-centred Design, Living Labs, Collaborative Open Innovation based approach, the consortium will integrate and adapt Multilingual electronic health records to store patient history, associated tests and test results; Sensors to capture the results of a range of standardised tests for expectant and lactating mothers, unborn babies and infants; Analytical and visualisation tools to facilitate the interpretation and monitoring of the patient results; and Multi-lingual and multimodal mobile interfaces leveraging visualisation and speech synthesis to address literacy deficits and digitise data gathering through electronic forms. By focusing on accessibility, usability and integrated training, this will facilitate urban, rural and deep rural healthcare workers to adopt and use a comprehensive system that integrates quality community based healthcare delivery with telemedicine. The expected outcome is a multi-region proof of concept that can make a significant contribution in accelerating exploitation of mHealth across Africa.

Orero J.O.,Strathmore University | Rifqi M.,University Pantheon Assas
Communications in Computer and Information Science | Year: 2014

Physiology-based emotionally intelligent paradigms provide an opportunity to enhance human computer interactions by continuously evoking and adapting to the user experiences in real-time. However, there are unresolved questions on how to model real-time emotionally intelligent applications through mapping of physiological patterns to users' affective states. In this study, we consider an approach for design of fuzzy affective agent based on the concept of typicality. We propose the use of typicality degrees of physiological patterns to construct the fuzzy rules representing the continuous transitions of user's affective states. The approach was tested on experimental data in which physiological measures were recorded on players involved in an action game to characterize various gaming experiences. We show that, in addition to exploitation of the results to characterize users' affective states through typicality degrees, this approach is a systematic way to automatically define fuzzy rules from experimental data for an affective agent to be used in real-time continuous assessment of user's affective states. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014.

Derdus K.M.,Strathmore University | Ozianyi V.G.,Strathmore University
Proceedings of the 2nd Pan African International Conference on Science, Computing and Telecommunications, PACT 2014 | Year: 2014

Road accidents are a major cause of injuries and death in developing countries. It is crucial to build a road accident database and data retrieval system as a fundamental resource in improving road safety. Since the accident database needs to hold reliable data, accurate methods for accident data collection must be used. This study focuses on improving accident data collection by using a Smartphone-based application. The application's aim is to improve data collection, while supporting mobility, ubiquity and accuracy. The name of the application is CrashData; it has been developed and tested in Kenya. Using the application, data are sent to a central database for storage and can be retrieved by the same application. The type of information collected is determined by the Model Minimum Uniform Crash Criteria (MMUCC), National Institute of Statistics (NIS) and other accident data sets. Location information recording is supported and depends entirely on Smartphone inbuilt GPS module and Google places API. The application provides a web interface for office based managers, who can use Google maps to identify accident hotspots by mining location information from the database. © 2014 IEEE.

Maingi S.W.,Kenyatta University | Ondigi A.N.,Kenyatta University | Wadawi J.K.,Strathmore University
International Journal of Tourism Research | Year: 2016

The study sought to investigate the market profiling and positioning of park branding in Kenya. Tourism arrivals in Kenya are currently spatially concentrated in only six parks, which receive 81% of the total number of visitors to the country's 26 wildlife sanctuaries. A descriptive survey design was adopted in the study. Two-stage cluster sampling technique was adopted. The focus of the study was on four protected areas within the Central Tourism region, Kenya. Cluster analysis indicated that the park brands attracted differentiated cluster segments. The results implied that tourism marketing and promotion ought to design, package and promote the brand differently to meet targeted needs of these segments. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Orero J.O.,Strathmore University
PhyCS 2014 - Proceedings of the International Conference on Physiological Computing Systems | Year: 2014

Physiological measures have a key advantage as they can provide an insight into human feelings that the subjects may not even be consciously aware of. However, modeling user affective states through pysiology still remains with critical questions especially on the relevant physiological measures for real-life emotionally intelligent applications. In this study, we propose the use of typicality degrees defined according to cognitive science and psychology principles to measure the relevance of the physiological features in characterizing user affective states. Thanks to the typicality degrees, we found consistent physiological characteristics for modeling user affective states. Copyright © 2014 SCITEPRESS - Science and Technology Publications. All rights reserved.

Mberi T.,Strathmore University | Wanyoike T.,Strathmore University | Sevilla J.,Strathmore University
2016 IST-Africa Conference, IST-Africa 2016 | Year: 2016

Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Government is becoming a major requirement to transform delivery of services to its stakeholders. In Kenya, devolvement of government from local authorities to county governments has resulted in many counties adopting online revenue collection systems. Strathmore Research and Consortium Centre (SRCC) implemented a revenue collection system in Taita Taveta, a County in coastal Kenya. It consisted of two integrated systems; an online system dubbed CountyPro for processing services such as Business Permits, General Billing and Property Rates. The second part was a Point of Sale (PoS) system used by county revenue collectors to charge for various fees. This study assesses success and challenges in adoption of the integrated system. Qualitative and quantitative data collection methods were used. An analysis was carried out and revealed that 87% of the county revenue officers describe the system as efficient in terms of processing of transactions. © 2016 IIMC.

Agency: GTR | Branch: MRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 98.97K | Year: 2015

With large numbers of people in slums seeking care through the private sector, it is important to develop tools to help providers in these clinics improve the quality of their services. For example, documenting the need for an antibiotic helps reduce the number of cases of unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are tools developed to help doctors and nurses give evidence-based care. These are however not easy to use in a patient-facing scenario (e.g. a doctor looking through a manual when the patient is seated in front of him/her). They also need to be tweaked to be relevant to the local context (e.g. is the first line drug available or affordable?). For CPGs to be relevant in low-resource settings it is important to address multiple, if not all, barriers to using guidelines, but in a manner that does not strain limited resources. Our intervention involves working with clinical care providers and developing templates (think checklist) that can be used while they are seeing the patient. The templates take the form of rubber stamps that can be printed into the paper case sheet (e.g. if a woman presents with increased frequency of urination, the clinician stamps the Urinary Tract Infection template into her case sheet). This template is both a guide to what questions to ask the patient and how to manage UTIs. Other illnesses get other templates, but a set of 6-8 templates covers the majority of patients walking into primary care clinics. Importantly these templates are easy to digitise and analyse. They are in the form of a multiple choice exam paper where bubbles need to be shaded. A cell phone image of a filled-in template can quickly give us data on how the case was managed without revealing patient identity. Being rubber stamps we avoid the need to keep track of multiple printed sheets of paper. We also avoid wastage when guidelines change because changing the rubber engraving on the stamp is simple and cheap. We now have a tool to easily monitor the clinicians work, check for quality, and work with them if there are reasons to deviate from the guidelines by during regular feedback sessions. The intervention is being used in two slum clinics in Nairobi with great initial responses. We now want to study this intervention in a set of 10 different private sector clinics in Nairobis slums. We would like to test if this intervention is: a) Usable - different clinics have different priorities and attitudes and we need to be sure that the intervention poses no big challenges b) Effective - does the intervention actually improve clinical practice (e.g. by reducing unnecessary antibiotic prescription)? c) Sustainable - how much does it cost for us to support these clinics with tools and feedback? Can the clinics afford to pay us for this service? d) Scalable - is there a realistic chance for us to roll this intervention out at national (or even provincial) level? If successful the intervention has the potential to change how healthcare is delivered in low-resource settings. More and more people are seeking care in the private sector, but very few regulations, services and tools exist to ensure that care in the private sector is of high quality. We hope to make a significant impact in the quality of care that is delivered to the poor.

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