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Östermalm, Sweden

Thorstenson A.,Karolinska Institutet | Bergman M.,Section of Urology | Scherman-Plogell A.-H.,Stockholm South Hospital | Hosseinnia S.,Karolinska University Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Scandinavian Journal of Urology | Year: 2014

Objective. Tumour characteristics, preoperative work-up and surgical treatment in patients diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) between 2005 and 2010, and changes over time were studied in a national population-based cohort. Material and methods. The National Swedish Kidney Cancer Register (NSKCR) contains information on histopathology, Fuhrman grade and clinical stage at presentation, and on the preoperative work-up and surgical treatment of patients with RCC. Between 2005 and 2010, 5553 RCC patients were registered in the NSKCR, 99% of those registered in the National Cancer Registry. Results. During the study period the mean tumour size decreased from 70 to 64 mm (p = 0.024) and the frequency of metastatic RCC decreased from 22% to 15% (p < 0.001). The use of preoperative chest computed tomography increased from 59% to 84%. In total, 4229 (76%) patients were treated with curative intent, 3453 (82%) underwent radical nephrectomy, 606 (14%) partial nephrectomy (PN) and 170 (4%) cryotherapy or radiofrequency ablation. In tumours up to 4 cm, PN was performed in 33% of the surgically treated patients. PN irrespective of size increased from 8% to 20% and laparoscopic nephrectomy increased from 6% to 17% during the period. In patients with metastatic RCC, 55% underwent cytoreductive nephrectomy. Conclusions. The NSKCR explores population-based data on the clinical handling of patients with RCC. This study, between 2005 and 2010, shows significant decrease in tumour size and metastatic RCC at presentation, a more complete preoperative work-up, and significantly increased use of PN and laparoscopic nephrectomy in Sweden. © 2014 Informa Healthcare.

Ejerblad E.,Uppsala University | Kvasnicka H.M.,University of Cologne | Thiele J.,University of Cologne | Andreasson B.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Hematology | Year: 2013

Objectives: During long term follow-up of a cohort of patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV) a higher than expected incidence of myelofibrosis (MF) was noted. In order to test if the explanation could be found in the diagnostic criteria a re-evaluation of diagnosis using the 2008 WHO diagnostic criteria for ET and MF was performed. Methods: This prospective study of 60 patients with ET and PV was set up in 1998 to evaluate the long-term efficacy and tolerability of anagrelide treatment. Bone marrow trephine biopsies were requested from study start, after 2 and 7 years of follow-up. A blinded re-evaluation of the bone marrow trephines was performed. The 2008 WHO bone marrow criteria were used for diagnosis and fibrosis grading. Results: Of 40 patients with an initial diagnosis of ET, 21 were confirmed as 'true ET' whereas 17 were reclassified as primary myelofibrosis (PMF) (12 PMF-0, 3 PMF-1, 2 PMF-2) and 2 as myeloproliferative neoplasms of uncertain origin. After 7 years of follow-up, 19 of 21 patients with 'true ET' were alive, none had transformed to MF, leukemia, or myelodysplastic syndrome. In contrast, 4/17 patients reclassified as PMF had died, two patients transformed to myelodysplastic syndrome and 7 patients progressed to overt MF. Discussion: We conclude that a blinded re-evaluation of bone marrow trephines from study start and after 7 years of follow-up using 2008 World Health Organization criteria was able to differentiate between true ET and PMF with a marked difference in follow-up outcome. © W.S. Maney & Son Ltd 2013.

Engstrom G.,Astrazeneca | Engstrom G.,Lund University | Lindberg C.,Astrazeneca | Gerhardsson De Verdier M.,Astrazeneca | And 6 more authors.
Respiratory Medicine | Year: 2012

Objective: There is great need of biomarkers for research and clinical purposes in COPD. This study explored the relationships between ten putative plasma biomarkers of COPD and physiological measures of reduced lung function. Methods: FEV1, FVC, residual volume/total lung capacity (RV/TLC) and CO diffusion capacity (DLCO) were assessed in 357 subjects from the Swedish Twin Registry. The lung function measures were studied in relation to plasma levels of desmosines, C-reactive protein (CRP), plasminogen inhibitor activator (PAI-1) concentration and activity, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP-1), clara cell protein 16 (CC16), surfactant protein D (SPD), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and interleukin (IL)-8. Results: After adjustments for age, sex, height, BMI and smoking, FEV1 was significantly associated with PAI-1 activity and desmosines. RV/TLC was significantly associated with CC16, PAI-1 concentration and PAI-1 activity, and DLCO was significantly associated with desmosines, TIMP-1 and CRP. When the multivariate analysis was restricted to subjects with COPD (i.e., FEV1/FVC < 0.70), CRP and desmosines were inversely associated with lung function. Conclusion: Several biomarkers were associated with lung function in this cross-sectional study. Especially CRP and desmosines could be useful markers to assess disease severity in subjects with COPD. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Wasik A.M.,Karolinska University Hospital | Almestrand S.,Karolinska University Hospital | Wang X.,Karolinska University Hospital | Wang X.,Lund University | And 6 more authors.
Cell Death and Disease | Year: 2011

Cannabinoid receptors 1 (CB1) and/or 2 (CB2) are overexpressed in many types of human malignancies including mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Agonists to CB1 and CB2 promote ceramide de novo synthesis, p38-mitogen-activated protein kinasedependent activation of caspase-3 and apoptotic cell death in most MCLs. However, in this report we describe that in some MCLs the response to treatment with cannabinoids decreased cell viability as assessed by metabolic activity but did not involve the caspase-3 cascade or loss of plasma membrane integrity. Both primary cells from one MCL patient and the MCL cell line Granta519 responded to treatment with cannabinoids by formation of cycloheximide-sensitive cytoplasmic vacuoles, but did not enter apoptosis. The persistent expression of mammalian homolog of Atg8 with microtubule-associated protein-1 light chain-3 II (LC3 II) and p62, as well as the lack of protection from chloroquine, indicates that lysosomal degradation is not involved in this cytoplasmic vacuolation process, distinguishing from classical autophagy. Transmission electron microscopy images and immunofluorescence staining of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone calreticulin showed that the vacuoles were of ER origin and that chromatin remained normal. These features resemble paraptosis-like cell death-a third type of a programmed cell death not previously described in response to cannabinoids. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

Wang X.,Karolinska University Hospital | Bjorklund S.,Karolinska University Hospital | Wasik A.M.,Karolinska University Hospital | Grandien A.,Karolinska Institutet | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010

The SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 11 (SOX11) gene, located on chromosome 2p25, encodes for a transcription factor that is involved in tissue remodeling during embryogenesis and is crucial for neurogenesis. The role for SOX11 in hematopoiesis has not yet been defined. Two genes under direct control of SOX11 are the class- III β-tubulin gene (TUBB3) in neural cells and the transcription factor TEA domain family member 2 (TEAD2) in neural and mesenchymal progenitor cells. Normal, mature lymphocytes lack SOX11 but express SOX4, another member of the same group of SOX transcription factors. We and others recently identified SOX11 as aberrantly expressed in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Since SOX11 is variably expressed in MCL it may not be essential for tumorigenesis, but may carry prognostic information. Currently, no specific functional effects have been linked to SOX11 expression in MCL and it is not known which genes are under influence of SOX11 in lymphoma. In this study we found variable expression of SOX11, SOX4 and SOX12 mRNA in mantle cell lymphoma cell lines. Downregulation of SOX11 expression by siRNA verified that SOX11 controlled the expression of the gene TUBB3 in the MCL cell line Granta 519. Furthermore we identified, by global gene expression analysis, 26 new target genes influenced by siRNA SOX11 downmodulation. Among these genes, DBN1, SETMAR and HIG2 were found to be significantly correlated to SOX11 expression in two cohorts of primary mantle cell lymphomas. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analysis showed that these genes are direct targets of the SOX11 protein. In spite of almost complete downregulation of the SOX11 protein no significant effects on Granta 519 cell proliferation or survival in short term in vitro experiments was found. In summary we have identified a number of genes influenced by SOX11 expression in MCL cell lines and primary MCL. Among these genes, DBN1, SETMAR and HIG2 are direct transcriptional targets of the SOX11 protein. © 2010 Wang et al.

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