Hawkins N.M.,Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital |
Jhund P.S.,University of Glasgow |
Simpson C.R.,University of Edinburgh |
Petrie M.C.,Golden Jubilee National Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Heart Failure | Year: 2010
Aims: Heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) frequently coexist and present major challenges to healthcare providers. The epidemiology, consultation rate, and treatment of patients with HF and COPD in primary care are ill-defined.Methods and resultsThis was an analysis of cross-sectional data from 61 primary care practices (377 439 patients) participating in the Scottish Continuous Morbidity Recording scheme. The prevalence of COPD in patients with HF increased from 19.8 in 1999 to 23.8 in 2004. In 2004, the prevalence was similar in men and women (24.8 vs. 22.9, P = 0.09), increased with age up to 75 years, and increased with greater socioeconomic deprivation (most deprived 31.3 vs. least deprived 18.6, P = 0.01). Contact rates for HF or COPD in those with both conditions were greater than disease-specific contact rates in patients with either condition alone. Although overall beta-blocker prescribing increased over time; the adjusted odds of beta-blocker prescription in patients with COPD was low and failed to improve [odds ratio 0.30 (0.28-0.32), P < 0.001]. In 2004, only 18 of individuals with HF and COPD were prescribed beta-blockers vs. 41 in those without COPD.ConclusionChronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a frequent comorbidity in patients with HF and represents a significant healthcare burden to primary care. Although beta-blocker prescribing in the community has increased, less than a fifth of patients with HF and COPD received beta-blockers.
Chew C.,Stobhill Hospital |
Ritchie M.,University of Glasgow |
O'Dwyer P.J.,University of Glasgow |
Edwards R.,University of Glasgow
Clinical Radiology | Year: 2011
Aim: To assess patient outcome in a consecutive series of patients with myeloma and spinal metastases who underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty. Materials and methods: Data were gathered prospectively on all patients undergoing percutaneous vertebroplasty between June 2001 and June 2010. Outcome measures included visual analogue pain scores (VAS) and Roland-Morris Questionnaire (RMQ) in patients treated since 2005 as well as complications and long-term outcome in all patients. Results: One hundred and twenty-eight patients underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty for myeloma (n = 41) or spinal metastases (n = 87) over a 9 year period. VAS scores fell from 7.75 ± 1.88 pre-vertebroplasty to 4.77 ± 2.69 post-vertebroplasty (p = 0.001). RDQ scores improved from 18.55 ± 4.79 to 13.5 ± 6.96 (p = 0.001). Complications were recorded in three patients: cement extension to vena cava (n = 1), local haematoma (n = 1), and loss of sensation over T1 dermatome (n = 1). The Kaplan-Meier estimate of 5 year survival post-vertebroplasty was 40% for patients with myeloma and 25% for those with metastases. Conclusion: This large prospective study demonstrates percutaneous vertebroplasty reduces pain and improves disability in patients from intractable pain from myeloma or spinal metastases and now forms an important part of the multimodality treatment for these patients. © 2011 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Hill A.T.,Royal Infirmary |
Welham S.,British Thoracic Society |
Reid K.,British Thoracic Society |
Bucknall C.E.,Stobhill Hospital
Thorax | Year: 2012
There have been two national British Thoracic Society (BTS) bronchiectasis audits from 1 October to 30 November in 2010 and 2011 in patients with non-cystic fibrosis attending secondary care. The first audit was soon after the publication of the BTS guidelines in July 2010 and both audits were based on the BTS guideline recommendations. We had 1460 and 2404 records in the 2 years respectively. The national audits highlight that the majority of guideline recommendations were not currently being adhered to and demonstrate the need for national quality standards, which are currently in preparation.
Galloway S.D.R.,University of Stirling |
Craig T.P.,University of Stirling |
Cleland S.J.,Stobhill Hospital
Amino Acids | Year: 2011
Infusion of carnitine has been observed to increase non-oxidative glucose disposal in several studies, but the effect of oral carnitine on glucose disposal in non-diabetic lean versus overweight/obese humans has not been examined. This study examined the effects of 14 days of l-carnitine l-tartrate oral supplementation (LC) on blood glucose, insulin, NEFA and GLP-1 responses to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Sixteen male participants were recruited [lean (n = 8) and overweight/obese (n = 8)]. After completing a submaximal predictive exercise test, participants were asked to attend three experimental sessions. These three visits were conducted in the morning to obtain fasting blood samples and to conduct 2 h OGTTs. The first visit was a familiarisation trial and the final two visits were conducted 2 weeks apart following 14 days of ingestion of placebo (PL, 3 g glucose/day) and then LC (3 g LC/day) ingested as two capsules 3×/day with meals. On each visit, blood was drawn at rest, at intervals during the OGTT for analysis of glucose, insulin, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and total glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). Data obtained were used for determination of usual insulin sensitivity indices (HOMA-IR, AUC glucose, AUC insulin, 1st phase and 2nd phase β-cell function, estimated insulin sensitivity index and estimated metabolic clearance rate). Data were analysed using RMANOVA and post hoc comparisons where appropriate. There was a significant difference between groups for body mass, % fat and BMI with no significant difference in age and height. Mean (SEM) plasma glucose concentration at 30 min was significantly lower (p < 0.05) in the lean group on the LC trial compared with PL [8.71(0.70) PL; 7.32(0.36) LC; mmol/L]. Conversely, plasma glucose concentration was not different at 30 min, but was significantly higher at 90 min (p < 0.05) in the overweight/obese group on the LC trial [5.09(0.41) PL; 7.11(0.59) LC; mmol/L]. Estimated first phase and second phase β-cell function both tended to be greater following LC in the lean group only. No effects of LC were observed on NEFA or total GLP-1 response to OGTT. It is concluded that LC supplementation induces changes in blood glucose handling/disposal during an OGTT, which is not influenced by GLP-1. The glucose handling/disposal response to oral LC is different between lean and overweight/obese suggesting that further investigation is required. LC effects on gastric emptying and/or direct 'insulin-like' actions on tissues should be examined in larger samples of overweight/obese and lean participants, respectively. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Chew C.,Stobhill Hospital |
O'Dwyer P.J.,University of Glasgow |
Edwards R.,Gartnavel General Hospital
Clinical Radiology | Year: 2013
AIMS: To ascertain prospectively the health service cost of vertebroplasty in a cohort of consecutive patients with spinal metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Percutaneous vertebroplasty was performed under conscious sedation and local anaesthetic in the Interventional Suite with fluoroscopic guidance. Data were collected prospectively on standard forms. Quality of life questionnaires (EQ-5D) were filled out pre-, 6 weeks, and at 6 months post-vertebroplasty. RESULTS: The majority of the procedures were performed on an outpatient basis (8/11). The median duration of the procedure was 60 min (range 40e80 min) with a further 60 min spent in the recovery room (range 10e230 min). Personnel involved included a consultant radiologist, a radiology registrar, four nurses, and two radiographers. The average cost of vertebroplasty per patient, including consumables, capital equipment, hotel/clinic costs, and staffing, was 2213.25 (95% CI 729.95). The mean EQ-5D utility scores increased from 0.421 pre-treatment to 0.5979 post-treatment (p = 0.047). The visual analogue scale (VAS) of perceived health improved from a mean of 41.88 to 63.75 (p = 0.00537). CONCLUSION: Health service costs for percutaneous vertebroplasty in patients with spinal metastases is significantly lower than previously estimated and is in keeping with that of other palliative radiological procedures. © 2012 The Royal College of Radiologists.