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Parashar B.,Stich Radiation Center | Patro K.C.,Mahatma Gandhi Cancer Hospital | Smith M.,Stich Radiation Center | Arora S.,Stich Radiation Center | And 2 more authors.
Seminars in Interventional Radiology | Year: 2014

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is an aggressive malignancy that carries a poor prognosis, especially in patients presenting with advanced stage. Primary treatment for localized RCC is surgical resection however, a significant number of patients still develop locoregional and distant metastasis after curative resection. In metastatic disease, radiation therapy (RT) has been used for palliation routinely for brain and other extracranial lesions with respectable response rates. However, RT for primary RCC has questionable benefit. In this article, the authors discuss the evidence with regards to the role of RT in primary RCC either as a primary treatment, adjuvant treatment, or preoperatively to improve resection outcomes. In addition, novel RT techniques such as stereotactic body radiation therapy and its use in RCC management are also addressed. Finally, the authors discuss the techniques and doses of RT for primary RCC.©2014 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.


Parashar B.,Stich Radiation Center | Patel P.,Stich Radiation Center | Monni S.,Weill Cornell Medical Center | Singh P.,Stich Radiation Center | And 6 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2010

Background: The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients who underwent wedge resection plus intraoperative brachytherapy versus patients who received stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for single malignant lung nodules. Methods: A retrospective chart review included 55 patients who were treated for single lung nodules, and 47 of those patients who had adequate information were chosen for the current analysis. Twenty-five patients with single malignant lung nodules received SBRT. Twenty-two patients underwent limited surgical resection plus radioactive seed implantation for solitary malignant lung nodules. Results: Univariate statistical analysis demonstrated a significance difference only for age in the 2 groups: The mean age in the radioactive seed group (66.6 years) was statistically significantly different from the mean of the age in the SBRT group (75.9 years; 2-sided P =.04). No significant differences were observed between the 2 groups in terms of local control, distant metastasis, survival, or toxicity. Conclusions: The current results demonstrated comparable efficacy in outcome and toxicity between surgical resection with radioactive seed implantation and SBRT for the treatment of single malignant lung nodules in patients who were not candidates for lobectomy/pneumonectomy. © 2010 American Cancer Society.


Arora S.,Stich Radiation Center | Christos P.,Weill Cornell Medical Center | Pham A.,Stich Radiation Center | Desai P.,Stich Radiation Center | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2014

Purpose: Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) are considered the most aggressive cancers of the head and neck. The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare survival outcomes in PDTC and ATC in a large population-based cohort. Materials and Methods: Patients with PDTC and ATC diagnosed from 1973 to 2008 were obtained from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and log-rank analyses were performed to evaluate (1) The effect of histology on cause-specific survival (CSS) and (2) the influence of factors such as treatment, treatment sequence, race, sex, and age on CSS. Multivariate analysis was performed to assess the independent effect of these factors on CSS. Results: A total of 1352 patients with PDTC and ATC were identified. PDTC constituted 52.4% of patients versus 47.6% for ATC. Median CSS was similar in the two histology groups (P = 0.14). Both PDTC and ATC patients receiving radioisotopes showed a significantly better CSS compared to external beam radiation (P < 0.0001). PDTC and ATC Patients receiving radiation prior to surgery demonstrated a significantly lower CSS compared to patients receiving radiation postoperatively (P < 0.0001). Female gender and black/nonwhite race tended to improve CSS in PDTC and ATC patients (P = 0.29 and P = 0.03, for gender and race, respectively). However, multivariate analysis revealed only type of radiation treatment and age to be independently associated with CSS. Conclusion: This is the first large population-based study evaluating PDTC and ATC outcomes in patients who received radiation treatment. Radioisotope use and timing of radiotherapy (postoperative vs. preoperative) were associated with improved CSS in both histologies.


PubMed | Stich Radiation Center, Weill Cornell Medical Center and Cornell University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of geriatric oncology | Year: 2014

Management of locally advanced head and neck cancer (LAHNC) in the elderly is challenging due to multiple co-morbidities, poor organ function and performance status. The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy of radiation therapy (RT) in elderly patients, defined as 65 years and older, with high-risk LAHNC.An IRB approved retrospective chart review of elderly patients was performed, of whom 73 patients were selected for analysis. The stages included were II/III-IV. Sites included were oropharynx, oral cavity, larynx, salivary gland, nasopharynx, nasal cavity, paranasal sinus, hypopharynx and unknown primary.Median age was 74 years. Thirty nine (53%) patients received concurrent chemotherapy. Median time to completion of RT was 53 days. Median external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) dose was 66 Gy. With a median follow-up of 24 months, overall local control (LC) was 80% and distant metastasis (DM) was 12%. Sixty patients (82%) were alive at the time of study. Two-year overall survival (OS) was 96% (95% CI=87%, 99%). Chemotherapy did not improve LC [80% (chemo) vs 79% (no chemo), p=0.88] or DM [11% (chemo) vs 14% (no chemo), p=0.73]. Interestingly, patients receiving RT using intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) had a significantly higher rate of LC vs three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) (94% vs 68%, respectively, p=0.008). Grade 2/3 toxicity was seen in 70/73 (96%) patients while grade 4 toxicity was seen in three patients (4%).Elderly patients with LAHNC have high rates of LC and OS. Prospective studies can reveal more insight into this increasingly important clinical problem in elderly patients.


PubMed | Stich Radiation Center and Weill Cornell Medical Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of radiosurgery and SBRT | Year: 2014

To evaluate clinically significant radiotherapy (RT) dose to draining lymph nodes (LN) in patients treated with SBRT.Early stage non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with SBRT were selected for analysis. Patients received SBRT if they were not considered eligible for surgical resection. RT plans for 29 patients (32 lesions) were analyzed. For each patient, ipsilateral and contralateral levels 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and ipsilateral hilar LN stations were contoured. Dose volume histograms and dosimetric coverage of each lymph node region were obtained for each patient. There were 14 males and 15 females. Median age was 75 (range 60-89). Clinically significant RT was received at the corresponding draining lymph node station depending on the primary tumor location. Friedmans non-parametric test revealed a statistically significant difference in RT dose to LN stations depending on the location of the tumor (p<0.0001).SBRT for early stage lung cancer results in significant RT dose to the draining LN. This RT dose may be sufficient to eliminate subclinical microscopic disease despite being a highly conformal treatment. Prospective studies are needed to evaluate if SBRT is comparable to lobectomy plus mediastinal lymph node dissection as a treatment option.


Parashar B.,Stich Radiation Center | Hirsh A.Z.,Stich Radiation Center | Yan W.,Stich Radiation Center | Wei L.,New York Hospital Queens | Wernicke A.G.,Stich Radiation Center
Sarcoma | Year: 2010

Retiform hemangioendothelioma (RH) is an infrequently encountered vascular neoplasm of intermediate or borderline malignancy. Treatment of RH is controversial. We present a case of a 44-year-old Asian male presenting with an unresectable RH of the pelvis. The patient was treated with concurrent low-dose Cisplatin and External beam Radiation (4140cGy in 180cGy per fraction). This is the first report of a clinical complete response and a long-term local control of this rare tumor. This has significant clinical implication, since it gives the first evidence of treatment of this rare tumor using concurrent low-dose chemotherapy and radiation. © 2010 Alina Z. Hirsh et al.


Parashar B.,Stich Radiation Center | Arora S.,Stich Radiation Center | Wernicke A.G.,Stich Radiation Center
Seminars in Interventional Radiology | Year: 2013

Radiation therapy for early stage lung cancer is a promising modality. It has been traditionally used in patients not considered candidates for standard surgical resection. However, its role has been changing rapidly since the introduction of new and advanced technology, especially in tumor tracking, image guidance, and radiation delivery. Stereotactic radiation therapy is one such advancement that has shown excellent local control rates and promising survival in early stage lung cancer. In addition, the toxicity profiles are quite favorable. In addition to stereotactic radiation, advances in brachytherapy techniques have enabled high local control rates in operable patients who receive sublobar resections due to compromised pulmonary function. Isotopes that have been used include iodine-125, palladium-103, and cesium-131. In this review article, the role of radiation therapy in treatment of lung cancer, patient selection, outcomes, toxicity and recent technological advancements are discussed. The radiation therapy techniques described in this article are also being used in the management of locally advanced lung cancers. © 2013 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.


Herman M.,Stich Radiation Center | Wernicke G.A.,Stich Radiation Center | Yan W.,Stich Radiation Center | Nori D.,Stich Radiation Center | Parashar B.,Stich Radiation Center
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2010

Complete androgen insensitivity is a rare X-linked disorder characterized by a female phenotype in a chromosomally male individual. Malignant transformation of the un-descended testis is a rare phenomena compared to other inter-sex syndromes. This is a case of a 32-year-old female who was diagnosed with androgen insensitivity and presented to the emergency room with pelvic pain. Later the pelvic pain was found to be due to testicular masses, one of which was pure seminoma. We reviewed the literature emphasizing the biochemical and endocrinologic abnormalities leading to the syndrome, as well as the potential for malignant changes of the un-descended testes, diagnosis, and therapeutic management. We discuss the importance of early diagnosis and the consequence associated with misdiagnosis.


PubMed | Stich Radiation Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of cancer research and therapeutics | Year: 2014

Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) are considered the most aggressive cancers of the head and neck. The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare survival outcomes in PDTC and ATC in a large population-based cohort.Patients with PDTC and ATC diagnosed from 1973 to 2008 were obtained from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End RESULTS database. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and log-rank analyses were performed to evaluate (1) The effect of histology on cause-specific survival (CSS) and (2) the influence of factors such as treatment, treatment sequence, race, sex, and age on CSS. Multivariate analysis was performed to assess the independent effect of these factors on CSS.A total of 1352 patients with PDTC and ATC were identified. PDTC constituted 52.4% of patients versus 47.6% for ATC. Median CSS was similar in the two histology groups (P = 0.14). Both PDTC and ATC patients receiving radioisotopes showed a significantly better CSS compared to external beam radiation (P < 0.0001). PDTC and ATC Patients receiving radiation prior to surgery demonstrated a significantly lower CSS compared to patients receiving radiation postoperatively (P < 0.0001). Female gender and black/nonwhite race tended to improve CSS in PDTC and ATC patients (P = 0.29 and P = 0.03, for gender and race, respectively). However, multivariate analysis revealed only type of radiation treatment and age to be independently associated with CSS.This is the first large population-based study evaluating PDTC and ATC outcomes in patients who received radiation treatment. Radioisotope use and timing of radiotherapy (postoperative vs. preoperative) were associated with improved CSS in both histologies.


PubMed | Stich Radiation Center
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: American journal of clinical oncology | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare sublobar resection plus intraoperative seed implant (IOS) versus stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in patients with single malignant lung nodules in patients 70 years of age or older.A retrospective chart review was performed and 47 patients with adequate information were selected for analysis. Thirty patients with single malignant lung nodules received SBRT. Seventeen patients received limited surgical resection plus radioactive seed implantation for solitary malignant lung nodules. Univariate statistical analysis showed a significant difference only for the age in the 2 groups: the mean age in the radioactive seed group, 78.8 years versus 76.1 years in the SBRT group (2-sided, P=0.05).There was high local control and minimal toxicity with either treatment modality and no significant difference among the 2 groups in terms of local control, survival, and toxicity. However, the distant failure was higher but not statistically significant in the SBRT group (9 of 30 patients in SBRT vs. 0 of 17 in IOS, P=0.1).Our study has shown excellent outcomes and limited toxicity in both IOS and SBRT for treatment of single malignant lung nodules in patients who are not candidates for lobectomy. However, a randomized trial is needed in this group of elderly patients to determine the most appropriate treatment.

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