Raritan, NJ, United States
Raritan, NJ, United States

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Phillip Jr. E.,New Jersey Center for Biomaterials | Murthy N.S.,New Jersey Center for Biomaterials | Bolikal D.,New Jersey Center for Biomaterials | Narayanan P.,New Jersey Center for Biomaterials | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials | Year: 2013

Sterilization conditions need to be optimized to effectively neutralize the bioburden while using short exposure times for minimizing the changes in chemical composition, material properties and device architecture. Towards this goal, effects of ethylene oxide (EtO) exposure parameters such as time, temperature, humidity, and EtO concentration on the polymer properties were investigated by monitoring the changes in composition, and the morphology of different types of structures in a family of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)- containing tyrosine-derived polycarbonates. EtO was found to esterify the carboxyl groups present in the desaminotyrosyl- tyrosine groups. Sterilization under conditions more severe than those normally used reduced the glass transition temperature (Tg) and the molecular weight of the polymers, and the presence of PEG in the polymer enhanced this effect. Furthermore, electron micrographs showed that EtO sterilization cycle conditions, even those considered 'mild,'' were found to damage the fragile structures such as those found in electrospun mats and porous scaffolds. Our study shows that the presence of EtO-susceptible groups, fusible architecture, and surface morphology should be taken into account in choosing the appropriate EtO sterilization conditions. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Gu L.,Rutgers University | Zablocki K.,Rutgers University | Lavelle L.,Sterile Process Technology | Bodnar S.,Sterile Process Technology | And 4 more authors.
Polymer Degradation and Stability | Year: 2012

An amphiphilic macromolecule (AM) was exposed to ionizing radiation (both electron beam and gamma) at doses of 25 kGy and 50 kGy to study the impact of these sterilization methods on the physicochemical properties and bioactivity of the AM. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance and gel permeation chromatography were used to determine the chemical structure and molecular weight, respectively. Size and zeta potential of the micelles formed from AMs in aqueous media were evaluated by dynamic light scattering. Bioactivity of irradiated AMs was evaluated by measuring inhibition of oxidized low-density lipoprotein uptake in macrophages. From these studies, no significant changes in the physicochemical properties or bioactivity were observed after the irradiation, demonstrating that the AMs can withstand typical radiation doses used to sterilize materials. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Rosario-Melendez R.,Rutgers University | Lavelle L.,Sterile Process Technology | Bodnar S.,Sterile Process Technology | Halperin F.,Sterile Process Technology | And 3 more authors.
Polymer Degradation and Stability | Year: 2011

The effect of electron beam and gamma radiation on the physicochemical properties of a salicylate-based poly(anhydride-ester) was studied by exposing polymers to 0 (control), 25 and 50 kGy. After radiation exposure, salicylic acid release in vitro was monitored to assess any changes in drug release profiles. Molecular weight, glass transition temperature and decomposition temperature were evaluated for polymer chain scission and/or crosslinking as well as changes in thermal properties. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopies were also used to determine polymer degradation and/or chain scission. In vitro cell studies were performed to identify cytocompatibility following radiation exposure. These studies demonstrate that the physicochemical properties of the polymer are not substantially affected by exposure to electron beam and gamma radiation. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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