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Norman, OK, United States

Xu H.,Stephenson Life science Research Center | Cao B.,Stephenson Life science Research Center | George A.,University of Illinois at Chicago | Mao C.,Stephenson Life science Research Center
Biomacromolecules | Year: 2011

Bioinspired mineralization is an innovative approach to the fabrication of bone biomaterials mimicking the natural bone. Bone mineral hydroxylapatite (HAP) is preferentially oriented with c-axis parallel to collagen fibers in natural bone. However, such orientation control is not easy to achieve in artificial bone biomaterials. To overcome the lack of such orientation control, we fabricated a phage-HAP composite by genetically engineering M13 phage, a nontoxic bionanofiber, with two HAP-nucleating peptides derived from one of the noncollagenous proteins, Dentin Matrix Protein-1 (DMP1). The phage is a biological nanofiber that can be mass produced by infecting bacteria and is nontoxic to human beings. The resultant HAP-nucleating phages are able to self-assemble into bundles by forming β-structure between the peptides displayed on their side walls. The β-structure further promotes the oriented nucleation and growth of HAP crystals within the nanofibrous phage bundles with their c-axis preferentially parallel to the bundles. We proposed that the preferred orientation resulted from the stereochemical matching between the negatively charged amino acid residues within the β-structure and the positively charged calcium ions on the (001) plane of HAP crystals. The self-assembly and mineralization driven by the β-structure formation represent a new route for fabricating mineralized fibers that can serve as building blocks in forming bone repair biomaterials and mimic the basic structure of natural bones. © 2011 American Chemical Society. Source

Du L.,Stephenson Life science Research Center | Du L.,University of Oklahoma | Risinger A.L.,University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio | King J.B.,Stephenson Life science Research Center | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Natural Products | Year: 2014

The cyclic tetrapeptide 1-alaninechlamydocin was purified from a Great Lakes-derived fungal isolate identified as a Tolypocladium sp. Although the planar structure was previously described, a detailed analysis of its spectroscopic data and biological activity are reported here for the first time. Its absolute configuration was determined using a combination of spectroscopic (1H-1H ROESY, ECD, and X-ray diffraction) and chemical (Marfey's analysis) methods. 1-Alaninechlamydocin showed potent antiproliferative/cytotoxic activities in a human pancreatic cancer cell line (MIA PaCa-2) at low-nanomolar concentrations (GI50 5.3 nM, TGI 8.8 nM, LC50 22 nM). Further analysis revealed that 1-alaninechlamydocin induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Similar to other cyclic epoxytetrapeptides, the inhibitory effects of 1-alaninechlamydocin are proposed to be produced primarily via inhibition of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity. © 2014 The American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy. Source

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