Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC-ENERGY 2010.10.2-2 | Award Amount: 4.60M | Year: 2011
This project aims to the development at an initial industrial level of an advanced, lithium ion battery for efficient application in the sustainable vehicle market. The basic structure of this battery involves a lithium-metal (tin)-carbon, Sn-C, alloy anode, a lithium nickel manganese oxide, LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4, cathode and a ceramic-added, gel-type membrane electrolyte. This battery is expected to meet the target of the topic that calls for innovative developments of lithium-based, automotive energy storage technologies improving energy density, cycle life, cost, sustainability and safety. To confirm this expectation, a strong European consortium exploiting the complementary experience of various interconnected unities, involving academic laboratories and industrial companies, has been established. The academic partners will address the work on the optimization of the basic, electrochemical properties of the electrode and electrolyte materials, while the industrial partners will focus on the determination of battery key aspects, such as: i) the value of energy density under a large size capacity configuration, ii) the definition of the safety by abuse test procedure protocols, iii) the overall cost, iv) the environmental sustainability and v) the recycling process. It is expected that these combined efforts will lead to the industrial production of a battery having an energy density of the order of 300 Wh/kg, a cost considerably lower than batteries already on the market, environmental compatibility and highly reduced safety hazard. In synthesis, this project compares well with others in progress worldwide for the development of lithium batteries directed to an efficient application in the sustainable vehicle market.
Donaj P.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology |
Blasiak W.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology |
Yang W.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology |
Forsgren C.,Stena Metall AB
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2011
Pyrolysis enables to recover metals and organic feedstock from waste conglomerates such as: automotive shredder residue (ASR). ASR as well as its pyrolysis solid products, is a morphologically and chemically varied mixture, containing mineral materials, including hazardous heavy metals. The aim of the work is to generate fundamental knowledge on the conversion of the organic residues of the solid products after ASR's microwave pyrolysis, treated at various temperatures and with two different types of gasifying agent: pure steam or 3% (v/v) of oxygen. The research is conducted using a lab-scale, plug-flow gasifier, with an integrated scale for analysing mass loss changes over time of experiment, serving as macro TG at 950, 850 and 760°C. The reaction rate of char decomposition was investigated, based on carbon conversion during gasification and pyrolysis stage. It was found in both fractions that char conversion rate decreases with the rise of external gas temperature, regardless of the gasifying agent. No significant differences between the reaction rates undergoing with steam and oxygen for char decomposition has been observed. This abnormal char behaviour might have been caused by the inhibiting effects of ash, especially alkali metals on char activity or due to deformation of char structure during microwave heating. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Donaj P.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology |
Yang W.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology |
Blasiak W.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology |
Forsgren C.,Stena Metall AB
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2010
Presently, there is a growing need for handling automobile shredder residues - ASR or " car fluff" One of the most promising methods of treatment ASR is pyrolysis. Apart of obvious benefits of pyrolysis: energy and metals recovery, there is serious concern about the residues generated from that process needing to be recycled. Unfortunately, not much work has been reported providing a solution for treatment the wastes after pyrolysis. This work proposes a new system based on a two-staged process. The ASR was primarily treated by microwave pyrolysis and later the liquid and solid products become the feedstock for the high temperature gasification process. The system development is supported within experimental results conducted in a lab-scale, batch-type reactor at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH). The heating rate, mass loss, gas composition, LHV and gas yield of producer gas vs. residence time are reported for the steam temperature of 1173K. The sample input was 10g and the steam flow rate was 0.65kg/h. The conversion reached 99% for liquids and 45-55% for solids, dependently from the fraction. The H 2:CO mol/mol ratio varied from 1.72 solids and 1.4 for liquid, respectively. The average LHV of generated gas was 15.8MJ/Nm 3 for liquids and 15MJ/Nm 3 for solids fuels. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP.2012.4.1-2 | Award Amount: 4.97M | Year: 2013
The REMANENCE concept is to develop new and innovative processes for the recovery and recycling of rare earth (RE) containing neodymium iron boron magnets (NdFeB) from a range of waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE). Advanced sensing and mechanical separation techniques combined with innovative processes based on hydrogen decrepitation will recover the rare earth magnets in the WEEE. Significantly with the REMANENCE concept, the aim will be to recover material in a form that can easily re-enter the primary magnet manufacturing production route, so providing large energy savings and production costs. There is no existing process for the recovery of NdFeB magnets from waste streams and this highly valuable material is lost to land fill with no prospect of commercial recovery. The material recovered in the REMANENCE concept will have a substantial economic value, which considering current virgin material costs, is estimated to be 80-120 per kg. If fully implemented REMANENCE will provide a secondary source of materials for the EU, large enough to supply the entire EU bonded magnet manufacturing industry and a significant proportion of the EUs high value sintered magnet production. REMANENCE brings together Europes leading experts in; sensing, disassembly, recycling technology and materials processing with a group of innovative SMEs in a multi-disciplinary project able to deliver significant technical advances. The key technical roles of the SMEs as either equipment manufacturers (CTECH, OPTI, ABI) or direct end users of the recovered materials (MAG) will focus the project towards commercial outputs that will result in excellent exploitation opportunities for the developed processes.
News Article | November 10, 2016
E-Waste Management Market is valued at $2.4 billion in 2015 and is projected to reach $9.5 billion by 2022 growing at a CAGR of 21.4% from 2015 to 2022. The factors such as rapid product innovations, adoption of latest technologies and agreements are boosting the market growth. Growing market penetration in developing countries, replacement of markets in developed countries and a high undesirability rates are some of the key factors driving the market growth. However, some components such as toxic substances, increasing the pollution of land, air and water are hampering the market growth. As electronic products is rapidly becoming obsolete and are being replaced at a very short life span. This reducing life span of electronic device is however a challenge before the technology industry. North American market is expected to witness the highest CAGR in exporting the E-Waste to developing countries. These exports generate a large quantity of trash for recycling in emerging markets. The Asia-Pacific comparatively generates larger revenue from the recycled E-Waste. However, North America is also in the process of recycling the E-waste, which would add a significant share to the global market. Some of the key players in the market include Boliden AB, MBA Polymers, Inc., Stena Metall AB, Enviro-Hub Holdings Ltd., Global Electric Electronic Processing Inc., Aurubis AG, Tetronics International Ltd., Electronic Recyclers International, Inc. , SIMS Metal Management, Ltd., Umicore S.A., CRT Recycling Inc., LifeSpan Technology Recycling Inc., Triple M Metal LP, E-Waste Harvesters, Electronic Waste Management, E-Waste Systems, Inc., MRI (Australia) Pty Ltd., Desco Electronic Recyclers and Waste Management Inc. Source Type Covered • Household Appliances o Large Household Appliances o Small Household Appliances • Entertainment & Consumer Electronics o Televisions o Other Entertainment & Consumer Electronics • IT and Telecommunication o Phones o Computers o Other IT and Telecommunications What our report offers: - Market share assessments for the regional and country level segments - Market share analysis of the top industry players - Strategic recommendations for the new entrants - Market forecasts for a minimum of 7 years of all the mentioned segments, sub segments and the regional markets - Market Trends (Drivers, Constraints, Opportunities, Threats, Challenges, Investment Opportunities, and recommendations) - Strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations - Competitive landscaping mapping the key common trends - Company profiling with detailed strategies, financials, and recent developments - Supply chain trends mapping the latest technological advancements 1 Executive Summary 2 Preface 2.1 Abstract 2.2 Stake Holders 2.3 Research Scope 2.4 Research Methodology 2.4.1 Data Mining 2.4.2 Data Analysis 2.4.3 Data Validation 2.4.4 Research Approach 2.5 Research Sources 2.5.1 Primary Research Sources 2.5.2 Secondary Research Sources 2.5.3 Assumptions 3 Market Trend Analysis 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Drivers 3.3 Restraints 3.4 Opportunities 3.5 Threats 3.6 EmergingMarkets 4 Porters Five Force Analysis 4.1 Bargaining power of suppliers 4.2 Bargaining power of buyers 4.3 Threat of substitutes 4.4 Threat of new entrants 4.5 Competitive rivalry Continued.... About Us Wise Guy Reports is part of the Wise Guy Consultants Pvt. Ltd. and offers premium progressive statistical surveying, market research reports, analysis & forecast data for industries and governments around the globe. Wise Guy Reports understand how essential statistical surveying information is for your organization or association. Therefore, we have associated with the top publishers and research firms all specialized in specific domains, ensuring you will receive the most reliable and up to date research data available.
News Article | December 16, 2016
— According to Publisher, the E-Waste Management Market is valued at $2.4 billion in 2015 and is projected to reach $9.5 billion by 2022 growing at a CAGR of 21.4% from 2015 to 2022. The factors such as rapid product innovations, adoption of latest technologies and agreements are boosting the market growth. Growing market penetration in developing countries, replacement of markets in developed countries and a high undesirability rates are some of the key factors driving the market growth. However, some components such as toxic substances, increasing the pollution of land, air and water are hampering the market growth. As electronic products is rapidly becoming obsolete and are being replaced at a very short life span. This reducing life span of electronic device is however a challenge before the technology industry. North American market is expected to witness the highest CAGR in exporting the E-Waste to developing countries. These exports generate a large quantity of trash for recycling in emerging markets. The Asia-Pacific comparatively generates larger revenue from the recycled E-Waste. However, North America is also in the process of recycling the E-waste, which would add a significant share to the global market. Some of the key players in the market include Boliden AB, MBA Polymers, Inc., Stena Metall AB, Enviro-Hub Holdings Ltd., Global Electric Electronic Processing Inc., Aurubis AG, Tetronics International Ltd., Electronic Recyclers International, Inc. , SIMS Metal Management, Ltd., Umicore S.A., CRT Recycling Inc., LifeSpan Technology Recycling Inc., Triple M Metal LP, E-Waste Harvesters, Electronic Waste Management, E-Waste Systems, Inc., MRI (Australia) Pty Ltd., Desco Electronic Recyclers and Waste Management Inc. Get Sample of the Report at: http://www.reportsweb.com/inquiry&RW0001216360/sample . Source Type Covered - Household Appliances - Large Household Appliances - Small Household Appliances - Entertainment & Consumer Electronics - Televisions - Other Entertainment & Consumer Electronics - IT and Telecommunication - Phones - Computers - Other IT and Telecommunications Regions Covered: - North America - US - Canada - Mexico - Europe - Germany - France - Italy - UK - Spain - Rest of Europe - Asia Pacific - Japan - China - India - Australia - New Zealand - Rest of Asia Pacific - Rest of the World - Middle East - Brazil - Argentina - South Africa - Egypt For more information, please visit http://www.reportsweb.com/e-waste-management-global-market-outlook-2015-2022
Karlsson M.C.F.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Corr D.,Akzo Nobel |
Forsgren C.,STENA METALL AB |
Steenari B.-M.,Chalmers University of Technology
Journal of Coatings Technology Research | Year: 2015
In this work, a model paint containing several types of inorganic pigments was pyrolyzed in a microwave-heated unit. The goal of the pyrolysis process was to recover and recycle the inorganic components in the paint, most importantly titanium dioxide (TiO2). The solid residue remaining after pyrolysis was further heat treated in air to remove most of the char in the TiO2-containing product. The recovered TiO2-containing product was used in two types of paint formulation as a replacement for virgin pigments. The properties of the paints containing recycled TiO2 pigment and extenders were evaluated and compared with a standard paint formulation containing only virgin TiO2 pigment and virgin extenders. A reduction in paint whiteness was observed but the opacity, gloss, and durability were nearly equivalent to that of the standard paint. Another consequence of using recycled pigments was that the recycled mix of TiO2 pigments and extenders was harder to disperse in the paint than the mix based on virgin materials, thus giving the painted surface a somewhat rough texture. The recycled material has shown promising results as a pigment/extender but further work is needed to optimize the recycled product to meet whiteness and dispersion requirements for incorporation in paint formulations on an industrial scale. © 2015, American Coatings Association.
Akesson D.,University of Borås |
Foltynowicz Z.,Poznań University of Economics |
Christeen J.,Stena Metall AB |
Skrifvars M.,University of Borås
Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites | Year: 2012
The possibility of recycling glass fibre-reinforced composites by using microwave pyrolysis was examined. A scrap blade from a wind turbine was fragmented and microwave-pyrolysed. The glass fibre recovered after pyrolysis represented 70% of the initial mass of glass fibre-reinforced composites. The tensile strength of the glass fibre recovered was measured after pyrolysis and compared to the tensile strength of untreated glass fibre. The test showed that the fibres lost about 25% of their tenacity. Non-woven fibre mats were prepared from the recovered fibres. Laminates were then prepared from the non-woven mats obtained, together with virgin glass fibre mats. Mechanical testing of the laminates showed that it is possible to prepare composites using 25 wt% of recycled fibres, with relatively good mechanical properties. © The Author(s) 2012 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.
PubMed | Stena Metall AB and Chalmers University of Technology
Type: | Journal: TheScientificWorldJournal | Year: 2015
Metal oxide varistors (MOVs) are a type of resistor with significantly nonlinear current-voltage characteristics commonly used in power lines to protect against overvoltages. If a proper recycling plan is developed MOVs can be an excellent source of secondary zinc because they contain over 90 weight percent zinc oxide. The oxides of antimony, bismuth, and to a lesser degree cobalt, manganese, and nickel are also present in varistors. Characterization of the MOV showed that cobalt, nickel, and manganese were not present in the varistor material at concentrations greater than one weight percent. This investigation determined whether a pH selective dissolution (leaching) process can be utilized as a starting point for hydrometallurgical recycling of the zinc in MOVs. This investigation showed it was possible to selectively leach zinc from the MOV without coleaching of bismuth and antimony by selecting a suitable pH, mainly higher than 3 for acids investigated. It was not possible to leach zinc without coleaching of manganese, cobalt, and nickel. It can be concluded from results obtained with the acids used, acetic, hydrochloric, nitric, and sulfuric, that sulfate leaching produced the most desirable results with respect to zinc leaching and it is also used extensively in industrial zinc production.
Andersson M.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Knutson Wedel M.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Forsgren C.,Stena Metall AB |
Christeen J.,Stena Metall AB
Minerals Engineering | Year: 2012
The generation of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is large and rapidly increasing, and even though WEEE is recycled today there are still valuable residues left after recycling, ending up in landfills. This paper shows how microwave pyrolysis can be a plausible way to recycle the residues. Six different fractions (from light dust to particles sized 7-12 mm) of landfill waste were analysed and pyrolysed. The process was successful producing oil, gas and a solid residue, and the mass reduction was determined as a function of process time. Mass reduction seemed to be rather stable, independent of the temperature scatter during pyrolysis and a substantial reduction was observed for all of the materials. The major part of mass reduction was observed in the heating phase already above 100°C, and the heating rate was slower for the particulate materials. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.