Stem Technology group

Chieti, Italy

Stem Technology group

Chieti, Italy
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Muttini A.,University of Teramo | Muttini A.,Stem Technology group | Salini V.,University of Chieti Pescara | Salini V.,Stem Technology group | And 4 more authors.
Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal | Year: 2012

The ideal strategy for tendon healing has not been identified to date. Recently, the use of stem cells based therapy has been proposed, due to their ability to proliferate and to differentiate towards specific connective tissues lineages. Embryonic stem cells should be considered the ideal cell source for regenerative therapies, but ethical factors limit their use in humans. Mesenchymal stem cells are more easily available and can be obtained by different sources. Amnion derived stem cells can differentiate towards all three germ layers, and can be used for allogeneic transplantation and stored thanks to cryopreservation. In veterinary medicine, stem cells have been used with encouraging results for the treatment of the Superficial Digital Flexor tendinopathy in the horses. Considering that Superficial Digital Flexor tendinopathy is similar for pathogenesis and histopathology to Achilles tendinopathy in man, this experience can provide supportive data to encourage the use of regenerative therapy in humans. © CIC Edizioni Internazionali.

Barboni B.,University of Teramo | Barboni B.,Stem Technology Group | Mangano C.,University of Insubria | Valbonetti L.,University of Teramo | And 16 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background:Evidence has been provided that a cell-based therapy combined with the use of bioactive materials may significantly improve bone regeneration prior to dental implant, although the identification of an ideal source of progenitor/stem cells remains to be determined.Aim:In the present research, the bone regenerative property of an emerging source of progenitor cells, the amniotic epithelial cells (AEC), loaded on a calcium-phosphate synthetic bone substitute, made by direct rapid prototyping (rPT) technique, was evaluated in an animal study.Material And Methods:Two blocks of synthetic bone substitute (∼0.14 cm3), alone or engineered with 1×106 ovine AEC (oAEC), were grafted bilaterally into maxillary sinuses of six adult sheep, an animal model chosen for its high translational value in dentistry. The sheep were then randomly divided into two groups and sacrificed at 45 and 90 days post implantation (p.i.). Tissue regeneration was evaluated in the sinus explants by micro-computer tomography (micro-CT), morphological, morphometric and biochemical analyses.Results And Conclusions:The obtained data suggest that scaffold integration and bone deposition are positively influenced by allotransplantated oAEC. Sinus explants derived from sheep grafted with oAEC engineered scaffolds displayed a reduced fibrotic reaction, a limited inflammatory response and an accelerated process of angiogenesis. In addition, the presence of oAEC significantly stimulated osteogenesis either by enhancing bone deposition or making more extent the foci of bone nucleation. Besides the modulatory role played by oAEC in the crucial events successfully guiding tissue regeneration (angiogenesis, vascular endothelial growth factor expression and inflammation), data provided herein show that oAEC were also able to directly participate in the process of bone deposition, as suggested by the presence of oAEC entrapped within the newly deposited osteoid matrix and by their ability to switch-on the expression of a specific bone-related protein (osteocalcin, OCN) when transplanted into host tissues. © 2013 Barboni et al.

Eleuterio E.,University of Chieti Pescara | Trubiani O.,University of Chieti Pescara | Trubiani O.,Stem Technology Group | Sulpizio M.,University of Chieti Pescara | And 13 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background:Many adult tissues contain a population of stem cells with the ability to regenerate structures similar to the microenvironments from which they are derived in vivo and represent a promising therapy for the regeneration of complex tissues in the clinical disorder. Human adult stem cells (SCs) including bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs), dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) have been characterized for their high proliferative potential, expression of characteristic SC-associated markers and for the plasticity to differentiate in different lineage in vitro.Methodology/Principal Findings:The aim of this study is to define the molecular features of stem cells from oral tissue by comparing the proteomic profiles obtained with 2-DE followed by MALDI-TOF/TOF of ex-vivo cultured human PDLSCs, DPSCs and BMSCs. Our results showed qualitative similarities in the proteome profiles among the SCs examined including some significant quantitative differences. To enrich the knowledge of oral SCs proteome we performed an analysis in narrow range pH 4-7 and 6-9, and we found that DPSCs vs PDLSCs express differentially regulated proteins that are potentially related to growth, regulation and genesis of neuronal cells, suggesting that SCs derived from oral tissue source populations may possess the potential ability of neuronal differentiation which is very consistent with their neural crest origin.Conclusion/Significance:This study identifies some differentially expressed proteins by using comparative analysis between DPSCs and PDLSCs and BMSCs and suggests that stem cells from oral tissue could have a different cell lineage potency compared to BMSCs. © 2013 Eleuterio et al.

Berardinelli P.,University of Teramo | Valbonetti L.,University of Teramo | Valbonetti L.,Stem Technology group | Muttini A.,University of Teramo | And 12 more authors.
Clinical Oral Investigations | Year: 2013

Objectives: The present research has been performed to evaluate whether a commercial magnesium-enriched hydroxyapatite (MgHA)/collagen-based scaffold engineered with ovine amniotic fluid mesenchymal cells (oAFMC) could improve bone regeneration process in vivo. Materials and methods: Bilateral sinus augmentation was performed on eight adult sheep in order to compare the tissue regeneration process at 45 and 90 days after implantation of the oAFMC-engineered scaffold (Test Group) or of the scaffold alone (Ctr Group). The process of tissue remodeling was analyzed through histological, immunohistochemical, and morphometric analyses by calculating the proliferation index (PI) of oAFMC loaded on the scaffold, the total vascular area (VA), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression levels within the grafted area. Results: MgHA/collagen-based scaffold showed high biocompatibility preserving the survival of oAFMC for 90 days in grafted sinuses. The use of oAFMC increased bone deposition and stimulated a more rapid angiogenic reaction, thus probably supporting the higher cell PI recorded in cell-treated sinuses. A significantly higher VEGF expression (Test vs. Ctr Group; p = 0.0004) and a larger total VA (p = 0.0006) were detected in the Test Group at 45 days after surgery. The PI was significantly higher (p = 0.027) at 45 days and became significantly lower at 90 days (p = 0.0007) in the Test Group sinuses, while the PI recorded in the Ctr Group continued to increase resulting to a significantly higher PI at day 90 (CTR day 45 vs. CTR day 90; p = 0.022). Conclusions: The osteoinductive effect of a biomimetic commercial scaffold may be significantly improved by the presence of oAFMC. Clinical relevance: The amniotic fluid mesenchymal cell (AFMC) may represent a novel, largely and easily accessible source of mesenchymal stem cells to develop cell-based therapy for maxillofacial surgery. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Angelucci S.,University of Chieti Pescara | Marchisio M.,University of Chieti Pescara | Marchisio M.,Stem Technology Group | Di Giuseppe F.,University of Chieti Pescara | And 11 more authors.
Proteome Science | Year: 2010

Background: The human umbilical cord contains mucoid connective tissue and fibroblast-like cells. These cells named Wharton's jelly cells, (WJCs) display properties similar to mesenchymal stem cells therefore representing a rich source of primitive cells to be potentially used in regenerative medicine.Results: To better understand their self-renewal and potential in vitro expansion capacity, a reference 2D map was constructed as a proteomic data set. 158 unique proteins were identified. More than 30% of these proteins belong to cytoskeleton compartment. We also found that several proteins including Shootin1, Adenylate kinase 5 isoenzyme and Plasminogen activator-inhibitor 2 are no longer expressed after the 2ndpassage of in vitro replication. This indicates that the proliferative potency of these cells is reduced after the initial stage of in vitro growing. At the end of cellular culturing, new synthesized proteins, including, ERO1-like protein alpha, Aspartyl-tRNA synthetase and Prolyl-4-hydroxylase were identified. It is suggested that these new synthesized proteins are involved in the impairment of cellular surviving during replication and differentiation time.Conclusions: Our work represents an essential step towards gaining knowledge of the molecular properties of WJCs so as to better understand their possible use in the field of cell therapy and regenerative medicine. © 2010 Angelucci et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

D'Alimonte I.,University of Chieti Pescara | D'Alimonte I.,Stem Technology Group | Nargi E.,University of Chieti Pescara | Nargi E.,Stem Technology Group | And 13 more authors.
Stem Cell Research | Year: 2013

In this study, mesenchymal stem cells deriving from dental pulp (DPSCs) of normal human impacted third molars, previously characterized for their ability to differentiate into osteoblasts, were used. We observed that: i) DPSCs, undifferentiated or submitted to osteogenic differentiation, express all four subtypes of adenosine receptors (AR) and CD73, corresponding to 5'-ecto-nucleotidase; and ii) AR stimulation with selective agonists elicited a greater osteogenic cell differentiation consequent to A1 receptor (A1R) activation. Therefore, we focused on the activity of this AR. The addition of 15-60nM 2-chloro-N6-cyclopentyl-adenosine (CCPA), A1R agonist, to DPSCs at each change of the culture medium significantly increased the proliferation of cells grown in osteogenic medium after 8days in vitro (DIV) without modifying that of undifferentiated DPSCs. Better characterizing the effect of A1R stimulation on the osteogenic differentiation capability of these cells, we found that CCPA increased the: i) expression of two well known and early osteogenic markers, RUNX-2 and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), after 3 and 7DIV; ii) ALP enzyme activity at 7DIV and iii) mineralization of extracellular matrix after 21DIV. These effects, abolished by cell pre-treatment with the A1R antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropyl-xanthine (DPCPX), involved the activation of the canonical Wnt signaling as, in differentiating DPSCs, CCPA significantly increased dishevelled protein and inhibited glycogen synthase kinase-3β, both molecules being downstream of Wnt receptor signal pathway. Either siRNA of dishevelled or cell pre-treatment with Dickkopf-1, known inhibitor of Wnt signaling substantially reduced either DPSC osteogenic differentiation or its enhancement promoted by CCPA. Summarizing, our findings indicate that the stimulation of A1R may stimulate DPSC duplication enhancing their osteogenic differentiation efficiency. These effects may have clinical implications possibly facilitating bone tissue repair and remodeling. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Barboni B.,University of Teramo | Barboni B.,Stem Technology Group | Russo V.,University of Teramo | Russo V.,Stem Technology Group | And 10 more authors.
Stem Cell Reviews and Reports | Year: 2014

Stem cells isolated from amniotic epithelium (AECs) have shown great potential in cell-based regenerative therapies. Because of their fetal origin, these cells exhibit elevated proliferation rates and plasticity, as well as, immune tolerance and anti-inflammatory properties. These inherent attitudes make AECs well-suited for both allogenic and xenogenic cellular transplants in animal models. Since in human only at term amnion is easily obtainable after childbirth, limited information are so far available concerning the phenotypic and functional difference between AECs isolated from early and late amnia. To this regard, the sheep animal model offers an undoubted advantage in allowing the easy collection of both types of AECs in large quantity. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of gestational age on ovine AECs (oAECs) phenotype, immunomodulatory properties, global DNA methylation status and pluripotent differentiation ability towards mesodermic and ectodermic lineages. The immunomodulatory property of oAECs in inhibiting lymphocyte proliferation was mainly unaffected by gestational age. Conversely, gestation considerably affected the expression of surface markers, as well the expression and localization of pluripotency markers. In detail, with progression of gestation the mRNA expression of NANOG and SOX2 markers was reduced, while the ones of TERT and OCT4A was unaltered; but at the end of gestation NANOG, SOX2 and TERT proteins mainly localized outside the nuclear compartment. Regarding the differentiation ability, LPL (adipogenic-specific gene) mRNA content significantly increased in oAECs isolated from early amnia, while OCN (osteogenic-specific gene) and NEFM (neurogenic-specific gene) mRNA content significantly increased in oAECs isolated from late amnia, suggesting that gestational stage affected cell plasticity. Finally, the degree of global DNA methylation increased with gestational age. All these results indicate that gestational age is a key factor capable of influencing morphological and functional properties of oAECs, and thus probably affecting the outcome of cell transplantation therapies. © 2014, The Author(s).

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