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Pakuliak S.,Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics | Ragoucy E.,University of Savoy | Slavnov N.A.,Steklov Mathematical Institute
Nuclear Physics B | Year: 2014

We study integrable models solvable by the nested algebraic Bethe ansatz and possessing GL(3)-invariant R-matrix. We obtain determinant representations for form factors of off-diagonal entries of the monodromy matrix. These representations can be used for the calculation of form factors and correlation functions of the XXX SU(3)-invariant Heisenberg chain. © 2014 The Authors.

Shirokov M.E.,Steklov Mathematical Institute
Communications in Mathematical Physics | Year: 2010

A general method for proving continuity of the von Neumann entropy on subsets of positive trace-class operators is considered. This makes it possible to rederive the known conditions for continuity of the entropy in more general forms and to obtain several new conditions. The method is based on a particular approximation of the von Neumann entropy by an increasing sequence of concave continuous unitary invariant functions defined using decompositions into finite rank operators. The existence of this approximation is a corollary of a general property of the set of quantum states as a convex topological space called the strong stability property. This is considered in the first part of the paper. © Springer-Verlag 2010.

Colomo F.,National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Italy | Pronko A.G.,Steklov Mathematical Institute
Communications in Mathematical Physics | Year: 2015

We consider the six-vertex model in an L-shaped domain of the square lattice, with domain wall boundary conditions. For free-fermion vertex weights the partition function can be expressed in terms of some Hankel determinant, or equivalently as a Coulomb gas with discrete measure and a non-polynomial potential with two hard walls. We use Coulomb gas methods to study the partition function in the thermodynamic limit. We obtain the free energy of the six-vertex model as a function of the parameters describing the geometry of the scaled L-shaped domain. Under variations of these parameters the system undergoes a third-order phase transition. The result can also be considered in the context of dimer models, for the perfect matchings of the Aztec diamond graph with a cut-off corner. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Holevo A.S.,Steklov Mathematical Institute | Giovannetti V.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience
Reports on Progress in Physics | Year: 2012

One of the major achievements of the recently emerged quantum information theory is the introduction and thorough investigation of the notion of a quantum channel which is a basic building block of any data-transmitting or data-processing system. This development resulted in an elaborated structural theory and was accompanied by the discovery of a whole spectrum of entropic quantities, notably the channel capacities, characterizing information- processing performance of the channels. This paper gives a survey of the main properties of quantum channels and of their entropic characterization, with a variety of examples for finite-dimensional quantum systems. We also touch upon the 'continuous-variables' case, which provides an arena for quantum Gaussian systems. Most of the practical realizations of quantum information processing were implemented in such systems, in particular based on principles of quantum optics. Several important entropic quantities are introduced and used to describe the basic channel capacity formulae. The remarkable role of specific quantum correlations - entanglement - as a novel communication resource is stressed. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Volovich I.V.,Steklov Mathematical Institute
Foundations of Physics | Year: 2011

The Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics assumes the existence of the classical deterministic Newtonian world. We argue that in fact the Newton determinism in classical world does not hold and in the classical mechanics there is fundamental and irreducible randomness. The classical Newtonian trajectory does not have a direct physical meaning since arbitrary real numbers are not observable. There are classical uncertainty relations: Δq>0 and Δp>0, i.e. the uncertainty (errors of observation) in the determination of coordinate and momentum is always positive (non zero). A "functional" formulation of classical mechanics was suggested. The fundamental equation of the microscopic dynamics in the functional approach is not the Newton equation but the Liouville equation for the distribution function of the single particle. Solutions of the Liouville equation have the property of delocalization which accounts for irreversibility. The Newton equation in this approach appears as an approximate equation describing the dynamics of the average values of the position and momenta for not too long time intervals. Corrections to the Newton trajectories are computed. An interpretation of quantum mechanics is attempted in which both classical and quantum mechanics contain fundamental randomness. Instead of an ensemble of events one introduces an ensemble of observers. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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