Steinbeis University of Appied Sciences of Berlin
Berlin, Germany
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Kenning P.,Zeppelin University | Hartleb V.,Curtin University Australia | Schneider H.,Steinbeis University of Appied Sciences of Berlin
International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management | Year: 2011

Purpose: This paper aims to add insights on consumers' price knowledge in food retailing using a theory-based multi-method approach. Design/methodology/approach: The paper provides data from one questionnaire and two experimental studies. The aim of the first study was to address price recall. To do so, data were collected on the accuracy of grocery-shopper price knowledge for 20 carefully selected products. Using the mall intercept method, three trained interviewers queried 300 randomly selected people in the store, but prior to shopping. After a period of four weeks the subjects were contacted by phone and asked whether they would like to participate in a second two-step experiment. A total of 105 of the original 300 shoppers agreed to take part in the second study, in which a recognition task in terms of a computer experiment was accomplished with and without financial incentives. Findings: The results of these studies confirmed the authors' expectations, based on theoretical considerations that: the level of price recall is lower than the level of price recognition; incentives have no influence on price-knowledge in the recognition task; and price-knowledge for private labels is significantly higher in the recall, as well as in the recognition task. Moreover, in regression analyses it was found that there was no significant influence of age, gender, price-consciousness, duration of customership, and shopping transactions per week on price recall and/or price recognition. Research limitations/implications: The findings are limited with respect to branch, time period, and culture. Originality/value: This paper is the first using a multi-method approach to measure price-recall and price-recognition in food retailing. Moreover, it adds evidence concerning the differences of price-knowledge due to the nature of the brand. Finally, it is shown that incentives and certain demographics have no influence on price-knowledge. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SiS-2008- | Award Amount: 1.07M | Year: 2009

The ETICA project will identify emerging Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and their potential application areas in order to analyse and evaluate ethical issues arising from these. By including a variety of stakeholders and disciplinary perspectives, it will grade and rank foreseeable ethical risks. Based on the study governance arrangements currently used to address ICT ethics in Europe, ETICA will recommend concrete governance structures to address the most salient ethical issues identified. These recommendations will form the basis of more general policy recommendations aimed at addressing ethical issues in emerging ICTs before or as they arise Taking an inclusive and interdisciplinary approach will ensure that ethical issues are identified early, recommendations will be viable and acceptable, and relevant policy suggestions will be developed. This will contribute to the larger aims of the Science in Society programme by developing democratic and open governance of ICT. Given the high importance of ICT to further a number of European policy goals, it is important that ethical issues are identified and addressed early. The provision of viable policy suggestions will have an impact well beyond the scientific community. Ethical issues have the potential to jeopardise the success of individual technical solutions. The acceptance of the scientific-technological basis of modern society requires that ethical questions are addressed openly and transparently. The ETICA project is therefore a contribution to the European Research Area and also to the quality of life of European citizens. Furthermore, ethical awareness can help the European ICT industry gain a competitive advantage over less sensitive competitors, thus contributing to the economic well-being of Europe.

Iacopini F.,Dell | di Lorenzo N.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Altorio F.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Schurr M.-O.,Steinbeis University of Appied Sciences of Berlin | Scozzarro A.,Dell
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2010

Gastrointestinal perforations are conservatively managed at endoscopy by through-the-scope endoclips and covered self expandable stents, according to the size and tissue features of the perforation. This is believed to be the first report of successful closure of two gastrocutaneous fistulas with over-the-scope clips (OTSCs). After laparoscopic gastric banding, a 45-year old woman presented with band erosion and penetration. Despite surgical band removal and gastric wall suturing, external drainage of enteric material persisted for 2 wk, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy demonstrated two adjacent 10-mm and 15-mm fistulous orifices at the esophagogastric junction. After cauterization of the margins, the 10-mm fistulous tract was grasped by the OTSC anchor, invaginated into the applicator cap, and closed by a traumatic OTSC. The other 15-mm fistula was too large to be firmly grasped, and a fully-covered metal stent was temporarily placed. No leak occurred during the following 6 wk. At stent removal: the OTSC was completely embedded in hyperplastic overgrowth; the 15-mm fistula significantly reduced in diameter, and it was closed by another traumatic OTSC. After the procedure, no external fistula recurred and both OTSCs were lost spontaneously after 4 wk. The use of the anchor and the OTSC seem highly effective for successful closure of small chronic perforations. © 2010 Baishideng.

Weiland T.,Novineon CRO | Fehlker M.,Novineon CRO | Gottwald T.,University of Tübingen | Gottwald T.,Ovesco Endoscopy AG | And 2 more authors.
Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies | Year: 2012

Background: Conventional endoscopic treatment options for closure of gastrointestinal fistulae are impaired by several limitations and therefore yield high rates of recurrence. Aim of the study is the evaluation of the primary-technical and secondary-clinical success rates in closure of gastrointestinal fistulae by means of the OTSC System. Design/Methods: The database Medline was systematically searched for primary research on the evaluation of the OTSC System in closure of gastrointestinal fistulae. Appraisal of studies for inclusion and data extraction were performed independently by two reviewers using an a priori determined data extraction grid. Results: A total of 19 primary research articles were identified. The examined studies comprised case reports as well as case series and clinical single-arm studies (n = 7) with a limited number of participants. Reviewed studies revealed a high rate of procedural success (mean 84.6%; 95% confidence interval 66.6 to 93.8%) and durable clinical success (mean 69.0%; 95% confidence interval 51.8 to 82.2%). Failed attempts and incomplete closures were mainly ascribed to the challenging effort of treating highly fibrotic chronic fistulae. Conclusion: Endoscopic closure of gastrointestinal fistulae by means of the OTSC System is a safe and effective method. © 2012 Informa Healthcare.

Weiland T.,Novineon CRO | Fehlker M.,Novineon CRO | Gottwald T.,University of Tübingen | Gottwald T.,Ovesco Endoscopy AG | And 2 more authors.
Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques | Year: 2013

Background: Reliable closure is a prerequisite for conventional and innovative endoscopic procedures, such as NOTES. The purpose of this study is the systematic evaluation of the procedural and clinical success rates in closure of iatrogenic gastrointestinal perforations and acute anastomotic leaks by means of the over-the-scope-clip system (OTSC®). Design: PubMed and other sources were searched systematically for clinical and preclinical research on the evaluation of the OTSC System for closure of gastrointestinal perforations and leaks. Appraisal of studies for inclusion and data extraction was performed independently by two reviewers using an a priori determined data extraction grid. Major endpoints to be extracted were data on procedural success (successful clip application) and clinical access (durable closure of defect without secondary adjunct therapy). Results: A total of 17 clinical research articles/abstracts and 22 preclinical research articles/abstracts were identified. The examined clinical studies comprised case series and clinical single-arm studies. The reviewed studies revealed a consistently high mean rate of procedural success of 80-100 % and durable clinical success of 57-100 %. An identified major drawback preventing successful clip application was occurrence of fibrotic or inflamed lesion edges. Usage of the OTSC System was accompanied by neither major clip-related nor application-related complication. In experimental settings, closure of larger perforations and gastric access sites of NOTES or endoscopic full-thickness resection were achieved with high rates of success. Conclusions: Because randomized, clinical trials are not available in this field of indication, the evaluation is based on small case series. Nevertheless, by pooling all experience gained, we conclude that endoscopic closure of iatrogenic gastrointestinal perforations and acute anastomotic leaks by means of the OTSC System is a safe and effective method. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Habermann-Horstmeier L.,Steinbeis University of Appied Sciences of Berlin | Limbeck K.,Furtwangen University of Applied Sciences
Pravention und Gesundheitsforderung | Year: 2016

Background: In the past, various studies have shown that burnout plays a major role in the care of persons with disability. Unlike most investigations, this study asked participants for their subjective assessment in terms of their burnout risk and correlated them with factors which can play a role in the development of burnout at work. Methods: The data were from the BMBD study, in which 400 caregivers in residential facilities for people with disabilities in Germany were questioned. They were analyzed using univariate and bivariate methods, tests of significance and regression analysis. Results and conclusion: The subjective idea of developing burnout in the foreseeable future primarily correlated to the working (time) conditions, but also to personal factors and the institutional framework. Stress and overburdening led to the feeling to develop a burnout. The groups that were especially at risk were 25- to 34-year-old caregivers, male caregivers without management function, and female executives. Because 83.3 % of caregivers who had experienced burnout in the past again feared a repeat burnout, early identification of risk structures in the workplace is of great importance as well as timely initiation of environmental prevention measures. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Racz N.,Vienna University of Technology | Weippl E.,Vienna University of Technology | Seufert A.,Steinbeis University of Appied Sciences of Berlin
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2010

Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) is an emerging topic in the business and information technology world. However to this day the concept behind the acronym has neither been adequately researched, nor is there a common understanding among professionals. The research at hand provides a frame of reference for research of integrated GRC that was derived from the first scientifically grounded definition of the term. By means of a literature review the authors merge observations, an analysis of existing definitions and results from prior surveys in the derivation of a single-phrase definition. The definition is evaluated and improved through a survey among GRC professionals. Finally a frame of reference for GRC research is constructed. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Hoffmann S.,University of Kiel | Schlicht J.,Steinbeis University of Appied Sciences of Berlin
International Journal of Consumer Studies | Year: 2013

Previous research has mainly focused on consumers' environmental values and attitudes to explain green consumption. However, it has been neglected how situational factors like the way a consumer is affected by the impacts of environmental pollution influence environmental attitudes and the demand for organic food products. To fill this void, we firstly introduce a taxonomy of different types of factual concernment and perceived concern. Factual concernment describes the manner in which a person is affected by the negative consequences of environmental pollution, whereas perceived concern expresses an anxious sense of interest. Building on that taxonomy, an experimental study analyses how four types of factual concernment (direct vs. indirect; material vs. immaterial) influence consumers' perceived concerns (in terms of environmental and health concern) as well as the readiness to gather information, the readiness to make sacrifices, the willingness to pay higher prices and purchase intentions. The study reveals that particularly direct concernment fosters the consumption of organic food. However, the study did not find any differences between the influences of material and immaterial concernment on the organic food purchase decision. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

The fontanels and the syndesmoses of the calvaria as well as the synchondroses of the cranial base act as areas of great flexibility and enable the cranial fault to adapt to the maternal labor channel during birth. The knowledge of the anatomical differences of the cranium and the cervical spine in this age build up the baseline for understanding the symptoms that may occur in case of birth trauma.

Bruggenjurgen B.,Steinbeis University of Appied Sciences of Berlin
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz | Year: 2010

Decision-making in healthcare is a priority-setting process. Tools used in health economic evaluation support decision-making by outlining complex interdependences, simulating short- and long-term consequences, and quantifying formal comparisons of health technologies. Key elements in health economic evaluations are patient-relevant outcomes and cost parameters. Costing of healthcare services is demanding and reflects only an approximation to reality, particularly in Germany, as the reimbursement schemes neither fully provide all details nor the different costing perspectives. Hence, in order to obtain uniform and cross-indication applicable cost parameters, a German standard cost dataset is necessary. In addition, patient-relevant and indication-specific sets of outcomes parameters should be agreed upon in order to also enable a reliable clinical product development. Economic aspects could be applied in a two-step decision-making approach, where initially the anticipated indication-specific technical efficiency level in terms of cost per adjusted life years would be assessed from a health system perspective. The second step would employ prioritization based on indication-relevant outcomes and ranking criteria in the individual patient decision situation. Health economic evaluations are relevant tools to support prioritization of health technologies, both on an individual as well as public health level. © 2010 Springer Medizin Verlag.

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