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Nakata T.,Sapporo Medical University | Nakata T.,Hokkaido Prefectural Esashi Hospital | Hashimoto A.,Sapporo Medical University | Matsuki T.,Steel Memorial Muroran Hospital | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging | Year: 2013

Quantitative SPECT analysis contributes to the diagnostic and prognostic assessment of coronary artery disease. A novel automated scoring system (heart score view) can provide identical quantitative information to that determined by expert visual analysis. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the prognostic value of the automated SPECT scoring system when applied to stress thallium and resting beta-methyl-iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) SPECT images. After a preliminary validation of the automated system by comparison with expert visual analyses, outcome data from 151 consecutive patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease without prior myocardial infarction were analyzed using automated SPECT scores on stress thallium and resting BMIPP images. The software quantified abnormalities as summed stress (SSS), summed rest and summed difference scores for stress thallium and as summed BMIPP scores (SBS). Cardiac events occurred over a period of 48 months in 29 (19.2 %) patients with diabetes mellitus, a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and more abnormal scores for thallium and BMIPP. Multivariate predictors of all cardiac events included diabetes mellitus and thallium SSS. The global Chi-square value was significantly increased when SSS was added to the clinical information (diabetes mellitus and LVEF). Negative predictive values of thallium SSS and SBS were almost identical at 84 % for all cardiac events and 98 % for hard cardiac events. Automatically quantified perfusion and BMIPP scores are related to cardiac events and these values can improve the risk stratification of coronary patients particularly when stress thallium imaging is combined with clinical information. © 2012 The Author(s).


Hayashi T.,Sapporo Medical University | Kawakami H.,Hokkaido University | Osanai M.,Teine Keijinkai Hospital | Ishiwatari H.,Sapporo Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2015

Background & Aims: Endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) is performed routinely before self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) are placed in malignant distal biliary strictures to prevent postprocedural pancreatitis. However, it is not clear whether ES actually prevents pancreatitis or affects other adverse events (AEs). We conducted a noninferiority trial to examine the necessity of ES before SEMS placement. Methods: Two hundred patients with distal biliary strictures caused by unresectable pancreatic cancer were assigned randomly to groups that received ES or did not receive ES (non-ES) before SEMS placement, at 25 hospitals in Hokkaido, Japan, from August 2010 through November 2012. The primary outcome was early AEs (≤30 d) specifically related to the presence or absence of ES (pancreatitis, bleeding, or perforation). Secondary outcomes measured included the effect of ES omission on time to SEMS dysfunction and patient survival times. Results: The proportions of patients with early AEs were 9.2% in the non-ES group and 10.4% in the ES group (a difference of 1.2%, noninferior). The median times to SEMS dysfunction was longer than 594 days in the non-ES group and 541 days in the ES group (P= .88). The median overall survival times were 202 in the ES group vs 255 days in the non-ES group; P= .20). Conclusions: ES before SEMS does not affect the incidence of AEs, SEMS patency, or patient survival times. Our data provide no evidence for a benefit of ES to patients undergoing SEMS placement forabiliary stricture caused by pancreatic cancer. UMIN clinical trials registry number:000004044. © 2015 AGA Institute.


Jomen W.,Steel Memorial Muroran Hospital
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology | Year: 2013

A 62-year-old man with transfusion-dependent severe aplastic anemia received immunosuppressive therapy (IST) with rabbit antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine A in April 2010. However, his transfusion dependency did not improve. As more than 100 red blood cell (RBC) transfusions had been performed, he was administered iron chelation therapy (ICT) with deferasirox (DFX) to improve iron overload starting in July 2011. Consequently, both RBC and platelet transfusion dependency gradually improved concomitant with a decrease in serum ferritin. The bone marrow (BM) biopsy findings before administration of DFX showed severe iron accumulation and strong positive immunostaining for 8-OHdG, a marker of oxidative stress due to free iron. One year after ICT, the number of BM hematopoietic cells was increased and both iron deposition and oxidative stress were decreased. These findings suggest that DFX may contribute to hematological improvement in patients with IST-refractory aplastic anemia.


Kuroda H.,Steel Memorial Muroran Hospital
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology | Year: 2013

A 77-year-old man diagnosed with primary myelofibrosis (PMF), successfully controlled by thalidomide and prednisolone, was referred to us for massive subcutaneous bleeding involving the face, body, and all four limbs. Hemostatic studies showed prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time, decreased factor VIII coagulation, and a high factor VIII inhibitor titer, resulting in a diagnosis of acquired hemophilia A (AHA) for which he was treated with prednisolone and cyclophosphamide on admission. He developed right femoral intramuscular hemorrhage soon after immunosuppressive therapy and was treated with rituximab combined with activated prothrombin complex concentrates. Furthermore, he suffered complications of respiratory failure with increasing throat hemorrhaging. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) was administered combined with methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Bleeding, including respiratory failure, was ameliorated with rFVIIa. Immunosuppressive rituximab therapy resolved AHA with marked efficacy. He died of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonitis. Autopsy showed transformation from PMF to acute myeloid leukemia.


Kazuno K.,Steel Memorial Muroran Hospital
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2013

A 78-year-old female presented with a chief complaint of palpitations. She was diagnosed with a large unruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva accompanying aortic regurgitation and right coronary artery ostial stenosis. When the aneurysm was resected following cardiac arrest, it was found to be an aneurysm with the right Valsalva sinus at the orifice. Root replacement was not required because there was no aortic annular dilatation. Patch closure as well as aortic valve replacement were conducted. The right coronary artery was diverged from the aneurysm and the aperture thereof was severely stenosed. Therefore, bypass surgery was additionally conducted. Postoperative course was uneventful. An unruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva, which is a relatively rare disease, is asymptomatic in many cases and tends to have grown large when found. Because the postoperative results were relatively good, we believe that surgery should be performed at an early stage in order to avoid rupture.


Kotani Y.,Steel Memorial Muroran Hospital | Takahata M.,Hokkaido University | Abumi K.,Hokkaido University | Ito M.,Hokkaido University | And 2 more authors.
Spine Journal | Year: 2013

Background context: In the cervical spine, the combination of ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is rarely seen. There have been only four cases reported in the English literature. Purpose: We describe two more cases that exhibited cervical myelopathy resulting from the combination of cervical OLF and OPLL and required surgery. A literature review with a comparative analysis between previous reports and present cases was also performed. Study design: Case report and literature review. Patient sample: Two patients with combined OLF and OPLL. Outcome measures: Preoperative computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and pathological findings from operative specimens were used to confirm the diagnoses. Methods: A 76-year-old man (Case 1) presented with disturbance of gait and fine finger movement. Magnetic resonance imaging showed severe spinal canal stenosis and cord compression at the C3-C4 level. Computed tomography showed OPLL at the C2-C6 levels (segmental type) and OLF at the left C3-C4 level. The patient underwent posterior decompression and OLF resection. A 75-year-old man (Case 2) presented with sensory disturbance and muscle weakness in his bilateral upper extremities and disturbance in fine finger movements. Magnetic resonance imaging showed severe spinal canal stenosis and cord compression at the C2-C3 and C3 levels. Computed tomography showed OPLL at the C3-C7 levels (mixed type) and OLF at the left C2-C3 and C3 levels. The patient also underwent posterior decompression and OLF resection. Results: In both cases, histological examination of the surgical specimens showed osseous tissue and enchondral ossification within the ligamentum flavum, and the diagnosis in each case was OLF. After surgery, both patients' symptoms immediately improved, and no recurrence was observed at 2 years after surgery. Conclusions: We experienced two cases of cervical myelopathy resulting from the combination of OLF and OPLL in the cervical spine. The symptoms of myelopathy were treated successfully by laminectomy and laminoplasty with OLF resection in both cases. The literature review including the present two cases revealed that cervical OLF tended to occur adjacent or close to the margin of cervical OPLL, suggesting that the increased mechanical stress at the junction of OPLL may be a causative factor. Copyright © 2012 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Kuroda H.,Steel Memorial Muroran Hospital
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology | Year: 2013

A 49-year-old woman presented with pharyngeal and cervical lymph node swelling in December 2010. Biopsy of the pharynx demonstrated follicular lymphoma which secreted large volumes of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). Bone marrow aspiration yielded a dry tap, and bone marrow biopsy demonstrated myelofibrosis associated with lymphoma cells on admission. The plasma concentration of TGF-β was elevated and monoclonal IgM gammopathy was detected. After only one course of chemotherapy with CHOP plus rituximab, remission of both lymphoma and myelofibrosis was achieved. Bone marrow aspiration became possible, and TGF-β and IgM levels normalized. Thus, the myelofibrosis was reversible.


Jomen W.,Steel Memorial Muroran Hospital
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology | Year: 2014

A 68-year-old man complained of dizziness and was referred to our hospital by his primary physician for evaluation of an elevated leukocyte count. In April 2002, soon after the chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia had been diagnosed, he was treated with imatinib. In March 2010, imatinib treatment was completed and the BCR/ABL fusion gene had become undetectable by real time quantitative PCR. Subsequently, leukocyte counts and the hematocrit gradually rose. In August 2012, a bone marrow aspirate showed hypercellular marrow with marked erythroid hyperplasia and the presence of the JAK2 gene V617F mutation. He was diagnosed with polycythemia vera. Phlebotomy and chemotherapy were started in addition to imatinib administration. Shortly thereafter complete blood counts returned to normal levels.


Yamada M.,Steel Memorial Muroran Hospital
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology | Year: 2014

A 79-year-old man had been followed up since July 2003 based on a diagnosis of essential thrombocythemia (ET). The patient visited our hospital after developing a high fever and rash in August 2010, and Sweet's syndrome was diagnosed based on skin biopsy results. The bone marrow aspirate showed features like those of myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm (MDS/MPN, unclassifiable). Administration of metenolone and azacitidine was initiated in March and May 2011, respectively, but the rash associated with Sweet's syndrome showed exacerbation. Ranimustine was therefore administered starting in July 2011 to control the blood cell count, but the rash associated with Sweet's syndrome persisted. Combination therapy with lenalidomide was initiated in September 2012, and resulted in control of the blood cell count and marked improvement of Sweet's syndrome.


Sato K.,Kyoaikai Hospital | Yuasa N.,Steel Memorial Muroran Hospital | Fujita M.,Steel Memorial Muroran Hospital | Fukushima Y.,Kyoaikai Hospital
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2014

Objective This study investigated the clinical usefulness of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value for preoperative differentiation between uterine leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma. Study Design This study included 10 lesions from 5 patients with pelvic leiomyosarcoma and 83 leiomyoma nodules from 76 patients, as identified by postoperative pathological examination (1 autopsy). All magnetic resonance examinations were performed with a 1.5-T superconductive magnetic resonance unit. Results The leiomyosarcoma lesions were readily apparent via DWI, presenting as an intermediate- to high-intensity area in the uterine wall. All low-intensity areas presented as leiomyoma nodules. The mean ADC value for the 10 leiomyosarcoma lesions was 0.791 ± 0.145 (×10-3 mm2/s), significantly lower than that of the leiomyoma nodules that presented with intermediate-intensity areas, 1.472 ± 0.285 (×10-3 mm2/s) (n = 41) (P <.001), and high-intensity areas (1.100 ± 0.343) (n = 9) (P =.03). Additionally, in this study, the highest ADC value for a leiomyosarcoma was 1.095, with an intermediate DWI intensity. Based on these results, we classified the patients into 2 groups: low-risk group (barely any leiomyosarcoma risk) and high-risk group. Analyses comparing the 2 groups yielded the following: sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 94.0%; positive predictive value, 66.7%; negative predictive value, 100%; and accuracy, 94.6%. Conclusion We suggest that this modality using a combination of signal intensity on DWI and ADC value is very effective, simple, and easy to apply clinically for differential diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma and myoma. © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

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