STCE Royal Observatory of Belgium

Uccle, Belgium

STCE Royal Observatory of Belgium

Uccle, Belgium
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Verbeeck C.,STCE Royal Observatory of Belgium | Delouille V.,STCE Royal Observatory of Belgium | Mampaey B.,STCE Royal Observatory of Belgium | De Visscher R.,STCE Royal Observatory of Belgium
Astronomy and Astrophysics | Year: 2014

Context. Precise localization and characterization of active regions (AR) and coronal holes (CH) as observed by extreme ultra violet (EUV) imagers are crucial for a wide range of solar and helio-physics studies. Aims. We introduce a set of segmentation procedures (known as the SPoCA-suite) that allows one to retrieve AR and CH properties on EUV images taken from SOHO-EIT, STEREO-EUVI, PROBA2-SWAP, and SDO-AIA. Methods. We build upon our previous work on the Spatial Possibilistic Clustering Algorithm (SPoCA), that we have improved substantially in several ways. Results. We apply our algorithm on the synoptic EIT archive from 1997 to 2011 and decompose this dataset into regions that can clearly be identified as AR, quiet Sun, and CH. An antiphase between AR and CH filling factor is observed, as expected. The SPoCA-suite is next applied to datasets from EUVI, SWAP, and AIA. The time series pertaining to ARs or CHs are presented. Conclusions. The SPoCA-suite enables the extraction of several long time series of AR and CH properties from the data files of EUV imagers and also allows tracking individual ARs or CHs over time. For AIA images, AR and CH catalogs are available in near-real time from the Heliophysics Events Knowledgebase. The full code, which allows processing any EUV images, is available upon request to the authors. © ESO, 2013.

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