Statny geologicky ustav Dionyza Stura
Statny geologicky ustav Dionyza Stura
Lenkey L.,Eötvös Loránd University |
Raab D.,Eötvös Loránd University |
Goetzl G.,Geologische Bundesanstalt |
Lapanje A.,Geoloski zavod Slovenije |
And 5 more authors.
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica | Year: 2017
In this paper we present the results of 3D conductive thermal modeling of the Alpine–Pannonian transition zone. The study area comprises the Vienna, Danube, Styrian and Mura–Zala basins, surrounded by the Eastern Alps, the Western Carpathians and Transdanubian Range. The model consists of three layers: Tertiary sediments, the underlying crust and lithospheric mantle. The crust and mantle were homogenous with constant thermal properties. Heat production in the sediments and crust was 1 μW/m3. The thermal conductivity of sediments varied horizontally and vertically and based on laboratory measurements. We tested two scenarios: a steady-state and a time-dependent case. The conductive heat transport equation was solved by finite element method using Comsol Multiphysics. The results of the steady-state model fit to the observation in the northern part of the study area, but this model predicts lower heat flow density and temperatures than observed in the southern part of the study area including the Styrian basin. The area underwent lithospheric stretching during the Early-Middle Miocene time, therefore the temperature field in the lithosphere is not steady-state. We calculated the initial temperature distribution in the lithosphere at the end of rifting using non-homogeneous stretching factors, and we modeled the present day thermal field. The results of the time-dependent model fit to the observed heat flow density and temperatures, except in those areas where intensive groundwater flow occurs in the carbonatic basement of the Transdanubian Range and Northern Calcareous Alps, and the metamorphic basement high between the Mura trough and Styrian basin. We conclude that time-dependent model is able to predict the temperature field in the upper 6–8 km of the crust, and is a valuable tool in EGS exploration. © 2017, Akadémiai Kiadó.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SC5-13a-2014 | Award Amount: 2.09M | Year: 2015
The exploitation of minerals in Europe is an indispensable activity to ensure that the present and future needs of the European society can be met. This means that sufficient access is required to explore and exploit minerals. At the same time the mineral needs of our society must be met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Accordingly exploitable mineral deposits (known deposits, abandoned mines and historical mining sites) need to be assessed against other land uses, taking into account criteria such as habitats, other environmental concerns, priorities for settlements, etc. Access to mineral deposits, on the other hand, also meets public interests such as raw materials security (compared with many international access options). The deliberation between these diverse land uses requires adequate consideration of the exclusiveness, reversibility, and consequences on the surrounding. The overall objective of MINATURA 2020 is to develop a concept and methodology (i.e. a harmonised European regulatory/guidance/policy framework) for the definition and subsequent protection of mineral deposits of public importance in order to ensure their best use in the future. Providing a policy planning framework that comprises the sustainability principle for mining is the key driving force behind MINATURA.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2010.1.1-01 | Award Amount: 3.21M | Year: 2011
PanGeo is a service proposed in response to FP7 GMES Downstream Call 3 (released July 2009). The objective of PanGeo is to enable free and open access to geohazard information in support of GMES. This will be achieved by the generation of a validated Geohazard Data Layer supported by a Geohazard Summary for 52 of the largest towns listed in the GMES Land Themes Urban Atlas involving all 27 countries of the EU. Upon user enquiry, a PanGeo web-portal will automatically integrate the geohazard data with the Urban Atlas to highlight the polygons influenced. The datasets will be made discoverable, accessible and useable via a distributed web-map system as built and demonstrated by OneGeology Europe (www.onegeology-europe.eu). The key users of PanGeo are anticipated as: Local Authority planners and regulators who are concerned with managing development risk, National geological surveys and geoscience institutes who are obliged to collect geohazard data for public benefit, Policy-makers concerned with assessing and comparing European geological risk, much as the Urban Atlas data is used to compare the landcover/use status of European towns. Products will be made by integrating: a) interpreted InSAR terrain-motion data (derived from existing projects, e.g. ESA GSE Terrafirma plus new processing), b) geological information, and c) the landcover and landuse data contained within the Urban Atlas. The integration and interpretation, plus a validation of key features observed, will be made by the corresponding national Geological Survey for the towns concerned. It is planned to deliver the service for two Urban Atlas towns in each country of the EU (Luxembourg and Cyprus only 1), equalling fifty-two towns in total. The geological survey concerned will choose the towns for processing from the Urban Atlas list using their own knowledge as to where the information will be of most use, probably the largest towns, which, when extrapolated, would equal (13% of total EU urban population). User input to design will be facilitated by the Surveys contracted into the project and initiation of Local Authority Feedback Group. Terrafirma has shown the potential for the self-sustainability of services providing InSAR-derived terrain-motion data, as 30% of users have gone on to procure further product on a commercial basis. In PanGeo, it is anticipated that, by adding considerably more value as described above, and promoting the clear benefits of such key environmental information, that the local authorities of neighbouring towns will begin to demand similar.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERA-NET-Cofund | Phase: LCE-26-2016 | Award Amount: 31.30M | Year: 2017
The GeoERA proposal is put forward by the national and regional Geological Survey Organisations (GSO) of Europe. Its overall goal is to integrate the GSOs information and knowledge on subsurface energy, water and raw material resources, to support sustainable use of the subsurface in addressing Europes grand challenges. The GeoERA consortium will organise and co-fund together with the EC a joint call for transnational research projects that address the development of 1) interoperable, pan-European data and information services on the distribution of geo-energy, groundwater and raw material resources; 2) common assessment frameworks and methodologies supporting better understanding and management of the water-energy-raw materials nexus and potential impacts and risks of subsurface use; 3) knowledge and services aimed at European, national and regional policy makers, industry and other stakeholders to support a more integrated and efficient management and more responsible and publicly accepted exploitation and use of the subsurface. The transnational projects selected in the call will be implemented by the consortium partners themselves, who provide their co-funding in-kind. GeoERA will contribute to the overall EU objective of building the ERA through enhanced cooperation and coordination of national and regional Geological Survey research programmes. GeoERA will also include forward looking activities, including the creation of opportunities for future collaborative research, and the feasibility assessment of an Article 185 initiative in Applied Geoscience as follow-up to the GeoERA ERA-NET towards the development of the ultimate goal of delivering a Geological Service for Europe.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY.2010.5.2-2 | Award Amount: 2.62M | Year: 2010
The EU has made significant progress in CCS as a bridging technology for combating climate change, but this must now accelerate and be spread evenly throughout EU Member States and Associated Countries. In this context, CO2GeoNet, CO2NET EAST and ENeRG are joining forces, pooling their expertise and building on their Networking experience to form CGS Europe, a unique concerted European reference point on CO2 storage. The objective of CGS Europe is to build a credible, independent and representative pan-European scientific body of expertise on CO2 geological storage that will: (i) create a durable networking of research capacity on CO2 storage in Europe, (ii) liaise and coordinate its activities with other stakeholders, including the ZEP Technology Platform, (iii) facilitate the large-scale demonstration and industrial deployment of CCS, (iv) support the implementation of the EU Directive on the geological storage of CO2 and other regulatory regimes. This will be achieved by: (i) setting up coordination and integration mechanisms between the CO2GeoNet Association and the 23 other participants, thus covering most of Europe with 24 EU Member States and 4 Associated Countries, (ii) setting up links and cooperation with other initiatives at national, European and international levels, (iii) preparing a framework enabling the consortium to be independent from EC funding after the end of the project. CGS Europe will strive to compile and structure the existing research results, policy and regulations in a centralised knowledge repository to enable stakeholders to easily find pertinent information. Knowledge development will be ensured by the sharing of good practices, the assessment of research needs and the fostering of new research projects. A major effort will be dedicated to knowledge dissemination and capacity building, aiming at giving impartial and understandable information to the different stakeholders, according to their specific needs in each country.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: NMP.2013.4.1-3 | Award Amount: 2.78M | Year: 2013
The Minerals4EU project is designed to meet the recommendations of the Raw Materials Initiative and will develop an EU Mineral intelligence network structure delivering a web portal, a European Minerals Yearbook and foresight studies. The network will provide data, information and knowledge on mineral resources around Europe, based on an accepted business model, making a fundamental contribution to the European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials (EIP RM), seen by the Competitiveness Council as key for the successful implementation of the major EU2020 policies.The Minerals4EU project will firstly establish the EU minerals intelligence network structure, comprising European minerals data providers and stakeholders, and transform this into a sustainable operational service. Minerals4EU will therefore contribute to and support decision making on the policy and adaptation strategies of the Commission, as well as supporting the security of EU resource and raw materials supply, by developing a network structure with mineral information data and products, based on authoritative of information sources.The Minerals4EU project is built around an INSPIRE compatible infrastructure that enables EU geological surveys and other partners to share mineral information and knowledge, and stakeholders to find, view and acquire standardized and harmonized georesource and related data. The target of the Minerals4EU project is to integrate the best available mineral expertise and information based on the knowledge base of member geological surveys and other relevant stakeholders, in support of public policy-making, industry, society, communication and education purposes at European and international levels. The Minerals4EU consortium possesses the skills and resources to make this the leading European mineral information network structure that will provide tools and expertise to enhance resource efficiency, minerals supply security and support sustainable mineral development for Europe.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: NMP.2011.4.0-6 | Award Amount: 1.69M | Year: 2011
ERA-MIN will, for the first time, bring together a significant number of funding / programming agencies in support of the development of the European non-energy mineral raw materials research area and provide a discussion forum with other European stakeholders involved in non-energy mineral raw materials research. It will aim at building a mirror group to the ETP-SMR, and liaise with non-energy mineral raw materials relevant European Commission (EC) policies and programs as well as with the projects funded by the EC. This will clearly contribute to pool EU capacities, foster EU competitiveness in line with sustainable development ethics, and contribute to the EU security of supplies. ERA-MIN will contribute to the Raw Materials for a Modern Society Partnership Initiative as it develops, providing inputs from national and regional research programming agencies and their related expert institutions, establishing comprehensive coordination as a permanent feature of the European non-energy mineral raw materials research community (ENERC). ERA-MIN will provide systematic information on its activities to the ESFRI, the OECD Global Science Forum, and the ERC. ERA-MIN will pave the way for coordinated actions between several of its participants, as well as pan-European programs, in the domains of research, outreach, training, mobility, or evaluation procedures. Through these measures, ERA-MIN will help to mobilise the intellectual resources of the whole of Europe in the preparation of the plans for the future, needed to address the non-energy mineral resources related global challenges; and foster initiatives by which a unified Europe will be progressively able to act as an equal partner in collaborative enterprises with the USA, Japan, and developing countries. It will as well be a source of support to developing countries in line with the Action Plan decided by the African and EU in November 2010.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-15-2015 | Award Amount: 12.49M | Year: 2016
To meet the ambitious EC target of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) needs to move rapidly towards full scale implementation with geological storage solutions both on and offshore. Onshore storage offers increased flexibility and reduced infrastructure and monitoring costs. Enabling onshore storage will support management of decarbonisation strategies at territory level while enhancing security of energy supply and local economic activities, and securing jobs across Europe. However, successful onshore storage also requires some unique technical and societal challenges to be overcome. ENOS will provide crucial advances to help foster onshore CO2 storage across Europe through: 1) Developing, testing and demonstrating in the field, under real-life conditions, key technologies specifically adapted to onshore storage. 2) Contributing to the creation of a favourable environment for onshore storage across Europe. The ENOS site portfolio will provide a great opportunity for demonstration of technologies for safe and environmentally sound storage at relevant scale. Best practices will be developed using experience gained from the field experiments with the participation of local stakeholders and the lay public. This will produce improved integrated research outcomes and increase stakeholder understanding and confidence in CO2 storage. In this improved framework, ENOS will catalyse new onshore pilot and demonstration projects in new locations and geological settings across Europe, taking into account the site-specific and local socio-economic context. By developing technologies from TRL4/5 to TRL6 across the storage lifecycle, feeding the resultant knowledge and experience into training and education and cooperating at the pan-European and global level, ENOS will have a decisive impact on innovation and build the confidence needed for enabling onshore CO2 storage in Europe.