Skogsby, Sweden
Skogsby, Sweden

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Sikora T.,University of Ostrava | Jaschhof M.,Station Linne | Sevcik J.,University of Ostrava
European Journal of Taxonomy | Year: 2017

Fungivorous gall midges of the subfamilies Lestremiinae, Micromyinae, Winnertziinae and Porricondylinae were largely neglected in previous inventories of the Diptera faunas of the Czech and Slovak Republics. A taxonomic-faunistic study focusing on these subfamilies identified a total of 80 species, of which 49 are new records for the Czech Republic and 33 are new records for Slovakia. Species that have never before been found in central Europe are Aprionus dalarnensis Mamaev, 1998, A. oligodactylus Jaschhof, 2009, A. pigmentalis Mamaev, 1998, Asynapta inflata Spungis, 1988, Camptomyia gigantea Spungis, 1989, Cassidoides fulviventris (Mamaev, 1964), Claspettomyia hamata (Felt, 1907), Dendrepidosis longipennis (Spungis, 1981), Dicerura dispersa Jaschhof, 2013, Divellepidosis lutescens (Spungis, 1981), D. pallescens (Panelius, 1965), D. vulgata Jaschhof, 2013, Ekmanomyia svecica Jaschhof, 2013, Holoneurus ciliatus Kieffer, 1896, Monepidosis pectinatoides Jaschhof, 2013, Neocolpodia gukasiani (Mamaev, 1990), Neurolyga acuminata Jaschhof, 2009, Neurolyga interrupta Jaschhof, 2009, Parepidosis planistylata Jaschhof, 2013, Peromyia bidentata Berest, 1988, Porricondyla errabunda Mamaev, 2001, P. microgona Jaschhof, 2013, P. tetraschistica Mamaev, 1988, Schistoneurus irregularis Mamaev, 1964, Spungisomyia fenestrata Jaschhof, 2013, S. media (Spungis, 1981), Tetraneuromyia lamellata Spungis, 1987, T. lenticularis (Spungis, 1987), and Winnertzia parvispina Jaschhof, 2013. A new genus including a single new species of Porricondylini is described and named Glossostyles perspicua Jaschhof & Sikora gen. et sp. nov. on the basis of specimens collected in the Czech Republic and Sweden. Adult morphology suggests that Glossostyles gen. nov. is a close relative of Claspettomyia Grover, 1964. © 2017, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle. All rights reserved.


Thirty species of gall midges, Cecidomyiidae, of the mycophagous subfamilies Lestremiinae, Micromyinae, Winnertziinae, and Porricondylinae are reported from Sweden for the first time, including several extremely seldom collected species. Genera newly found in Sweden are Allaretella Meyer & Spungis (in Lestremiinae), Tekomyia Möhn (in Micromyinae), Nikandria Mamaev (in Winnertziinae), Arctepidosis Mamaev, Dallaiella Mamaev, Epicola Spungis, and Lamellepidosis Mamaev (all in Porricondylinae). Peromyia trimera (Edwards, 1938) stat. rev. is revived from the synonymy with P. ramosa (Edwards, 1938). Descriptions of the male morphology are provided of the micromyines Aprionus aberrantis Mamaev, Campylomyza abjecta Mamaev, Peromyia leveillei Kieffer (type species of the genus Peromyia Kieffer), Peromyia trimera, and Tekomyia populi Möhn; the winnertziine Nikandria brevitarsis Mamaev; and the porricondylines Arctepidosis jamalensis Mamaev, Dallaiella petrosa Mamaev, and Lamellepidosis spungisi Mamaev. Bryomyia amurensis Mamaev & Økland, Campylomyza abjecta Mamaev, and Peromyia gotohi Jaschhof (all in Micromyinae) are new records in the Western Palearctic. New species described are Peromyia sororia spec. nov.from Japan, a close relative of P. leveillei, and Nikandria australis spec. nov.from New Zealand, only the second species in the genus Nikandria Mamaev. An intersexual specimen of Lamellepidosis spungisi with female antennae and male genitalia is described. © Copyright 2017 Magnolia Press.


PubMed | University of Aarhus, Roskilde University, Ruuhikoskenkatu 17 B 5, Copenhagen University and 13 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular ecology resources | Year: 2016

DNA sequences offer powerful tools for describing the members and interactions of natural communities. In this study, we establish the to-date most comprehensive library of DNA barcodes for a terrestrial site, including all known macroscopic animals and vascular plants of an intensively studied area of the High Arctic, the Zackenberg Valley in Northeast Greenland. To demonstrate its utility, we apply the library to identify nearly 20 000 arthropod individuals from two Malaise traps, each operated for two summers. Drawing on this material, we estimate the coverage of previous morphology-based species inventories, derive a snapshot of faunal turnover in space and time and describe the abundance and phenology of species in the rapidly changing arctic environment. Overall, 403 terrestrial animal and 160 vascular plant species were recorded by morphology-based techniques. DNA barcodes (CO1) offered high resolution in discriminating among the local animal taxa, with 92% of morphologically distinguishable taxa assigned to unique Barcode Index Numbers (BINs) and 93% to monophyletic clusters. For vascular plants, resolution was lower, with 54% of species forming monophyletic clusters based on barcode regions rbcLa and ITS2. Malaise catches revealed 122 BINs not detected by previous sampling and DNA barcoding. The insect community was dominated by a few highly abundant taxa. Even closely related taxa differed in phenology, emphasizing the need for species-level resolution when describing ongoing shifts in arctic communities and ecosystems. The DNA barcode library now established for Zackenberg offers new scope for such explorations, and for the detailed dissection of interspecific interactions throughout the community.


PubMed | Pacific Northwest Diptera Research Laboratory, University of Ostrava, Masaryk University and Station Linne
Type: | Journal: PeerJ | Year: 2016

The phylogeny of the insect infraorder Bibionomorpha (Diptera) is reconstructed based on the combined analysis of three nuclear (18S, 28S, CAD) and three mitochondrial (12S, 16S, COI) gene markers. All the analyses strongly support the monophyly of Bibionomorpha in both the narrow (


The taxonomy of 13 Micromyinae (Cecidomyiidae) described by Zoya L. Berest in 1986-2001 is revised. As a result, 12 new junior subjective synonyms are proposed: Aprionus giganteus Berest, 1991 syn. nov. of Aprionus halteratus (Zetter-stedt, 1852); Aprionus lobatus Berest, 1986 syn. nov. of Aprionus acutus Edwards, 1938; Aprionus onychophorus Berest, 1991 syn. nov. of Aprionus cardiophorus Mamaev, 1963; Bryomyia multispinata Berest, 1988 syn. nov. of Bryomyia gib-bosa (Felt, 1907); Cordylomyia barsovi Berest, 1991 syn. nov. of Neurolyga fenestralis Rondani, 1840; Eleniella Berest, 2001 syn. nov. of Monardia Kieffer, 1895; Eleniella kyseluci Berest, 2001 syn. nov. of Monardia obsoleta Edwards, 1938; Heterogenella dolini Berest, 1989 syn. nov. of Heterogenella cambrica (Edwards, 1938); Peromyia almensis Berest, 1989 syn. nov. of Peromyia caricis (Kieffer, 1901); Peromyia emarginata Berest, 1988 syn. nov. of Peromyia fungicola (Kief-fer, 1901); Peromyia paliformia Berest, 1994 syn. nov. of Peromyia aeratipennis (Skuse, 1888); and Peromyia podolica Berest, 1991 syn. nov. of Peromyia fungicola (Kieffer, 1901). Misinterpretation of preparation artifacts for taxonomic characters is shown to be the principal reason for the identification errors unveiled here. Peromyia extensa Berest, 1991, a valid species known only from the type specimens, is redescribed. Copyright © 2016 Magnolia Press.


A new genus containing a single new species of Porricondylinae (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) is described and named Linnaeomyia hortensis gen. nov., spec. nov. The sole known specimen of L. hortensis, a male, was Malaise trapped in a backyard site on the Baltic island of Öland, southeast Sweden, in summer 2014. Morphological evidence supports our hypothesis that Linnaeomyia is most closely related to Neurepidosis Spungis, 1987. Several male genital characters, notably the spine-bearing gonostyli and the vestigial ejaculatory apodeme, substantiate the generic distinctiveness of L. hortensis. Although a backyard discovery, L. hortensis is unlikely to be a synanthropic species. Copyright © 2015 Magnolia Press.


Fossil and extant Diallactiini, which are mycophagous Cecidomyiidae (gall midges), are reviewed globally for the first time. Johnsonomyia Felt, 1908 stat. rev. isrestored from synony my with Haplusia Karsch, 1877 (with Chastomera Skuse, 1888 confirmed as a junior synonym) and both genera are re-defined. Haplusia funebris Plakidas, 2007 and Wyattella lobata Yukawa, 1968 are newly combined in Johnsonomyia. Gynapteromyia Mamaev, 1965 is shown to be a species-rich, almost cosmopolitan genus, which absorbs several of the species previously classified in Haplusia or Chastomera. Gynapteromyia brevipalpis (Mamaev, 1964) comb. nov., G. heteroptera (Mamaev & Spungis, 1980) comb. nov., G. hondrui (Mamaev, 1964) com b. nov., G. indica (Grover, 1971) com b. nov., G. longipalpis (Mamaev, 1964) comb. nov., and G. stricta (Fedotova & Sidorenko, 2005) comb. nov. are all new combinations. †Palaeocolpodia eocenica Meunier, 1904 is considered to be a nomen dubium. Prior to the present study, the tribe Diallactiini contained 28 extant species classified in 6 genera. Previously unworked specimens of Diallactiini gathered by the author in the past 15 years were examined and identified as belonging to 57 different species, all unnamed. From that material, the following new taxa are described: Bruneiplusia gen. nov. (from Brunei), B. kaspraki sp. nov., Gynapteromyia costaricensis sp. nov. (Costa Rica), G. furcata sp. nov. (Costa Rica), G. novaezealandiae sp. nov. (New Zealand), G. tasmanica sp. nov. (Australia), G. temburong sp. nov. (Brunei), G. tenuistylata sp. nov. (Brunei), Haplusia afrotropica sp. nov. (South Africa), Japoplusia gen. nov. (Japan), Jap. honshuensis sp. nov., Johnsonomyia scabra sp. nov. (Costa Rica), John. serrata sp. nov. (South Africa), Loboplusia gen. nov. (Costa Rica), L. zurqui sp. nov., Makrostyles gen. nov. (Costa Rica), Makr. terrifica sp. nov., Mikrostyles gen. nov. (Brunei), Mikr. angustilobata sp. nov., Mikr. latolobata sp. nov., Wahabia gen. nov. (Brunei), Wah. mantici sp. nov., and Wyattella japonica sp. nov. (Japan). A key to the genera of Diallactiini based on male characters is presented. Diallactiini are shown to be a remarkably diverse group in terms of adult morphology. The genitalia of some male Diallactiini represent the most strongly modified such structures known in Winnertziinae. Morphological novelties found in Diallactiini, but no other Cecidomyiidae, include the fringed leg setae of Loboplusia and the furcate palpal sensilla in some Gynapteromyia and Mikrostyles. Diallactiini occur in all zoogeographic regions, with the highest generic and specific diversity found in the tropics (although Afrotropical diallactiines are poorly researched). Local diversity is also highest in the tropics, with as many as 29 species (unnamed or named in this paper) of at least 6 genera found at a single site, Zurquí de Moravia, in the cloud forest of Costa Rica. The best-explored fauna of Winnertziinae, including Diallactiini, is certainly that of Europe, but diallactiine biodiversity there is low and most of the nine European species are rarely encountered in the field. Gynapteromyia brevipalpis is reported from Sweden for the first time. Copyright © 2016 Magnolia Press.


The Swedish species of fungivorous Cecidomyiidae have been the subject of comprehensive inventory in recent years (2004-2012). Notwithstanding these efforts,which are unparalleled in the remainder of Europe and the World, a followup project running over four months (May-August, 2014) revealed the presence in Sweden of an additional 28 species of Lestremiinae, Micromyinae and Porricondylinae. These discoveries, comprising 10 species new to science and 18 species new to the Swedish fauna, are outlined and discussed in terms of taxonomic position and geographical distribution. New species are described and named as follows: Aprionus forshagei, Aprionus gustavssoni, Aprionus karlssonorum, Aprionus lindgrenae, Aprionus magnussoni (all in Micromyinae), Asynapta panzari, Asynapta suzzae, Dicerura peterssoni, Monepidosis tinnerti, and Tetraneuromyia wilksae (all in Porricondylinae). Serratyla acuta (Spungis), originally classified as a Porricondyla, is a new combination. Copyright © 2015 Magnolia Press.


Fossil and extant Diallactiini, which are mycophagous Cecidomyiidae (gall midges), are reviewed globally for the first time. Johnsonomyia Felt, 1908 stat. rev. is restored from synonymy with Haplusia Karsch, 1877 (with Chastomera Skuse, 1888 confirmed as a junior synonym) and both genera are re-defined. Haplusia funebris Plakidas, 2007 and Wyattella lobata Yukawa, 1968 are newly combined in Johnsonomyia. Gynapteromyia Mamaev, 1965 is shown to be a species-rich, almost cosmopolitan genus, which absorbs several of the species previously classified in Haplusia or Chastomera. Gynapteromyia brevipalpis (Mamaev, 1964) comb. nov., G. heteroptera (Mamaev & Spungis, 1980) comb. nov., G. hondrui (Mamaev, 1964) comb. nov., G. indica (Grover, 1971) comb. nov., G. longipalpis (Mamaev, 1964) comb. nov., and G. stricta (Fedotova & Sidorenko, 2005) comb. nov. are all new combinations. Palaeocolpodia eocenica Meunier, 1904 is considered to be a nomen dubium. Prior to the present study, the tribe Diallactiini contained 28 extant species classified in 6 genera. Previously unworked specimens of Diallactiini gathered by the author in the past 15 years were examined and identified as belonging to 57 different species, all unnamed. From that material, the following new taxa are described: Bruneiplusia gen. nov. (from Brunei), B. kaspraki sp. nov., Gynapteromyia costaricensis sp. nov. (Costa Rica), G. furcata sp. nov. (Costa Rica), G. novaezealandiae sp. nov. (New Zealand), G. tasmanica sp. nov. (Australia), G. temburong sp. nov. (Brunei), G. tenuistylata sp. nov. (Brunei), Haplusia afrotropica sp. nov. (South Africa), Japoplusia gen. nov. (Japan), Jap. honshuensis sp. nov., Johnsonomyia scabra sp. nov. (Costa Rica), John. serrata sp. nov. (South Africa), Loboplusia gen. nov. (Costa Rica), L. zurqui sp. nov., Makrostyles gen. nov. (Costa Rica), Makr. terrifica sp. nov., Mikrostyles gen. nov. (Brunei), Mikr. angustilobata sp. nov., Mikr. latolobata sp. nov., Wahabia gen. nov. (Brunei), Wah. mantici sp. nov., and Wyattella japonica sp. nov. (Japan). A key to the genera of Diallactiini based on male characters is presented. Diallactiini are shown to be a remarkably diverse group in terms of adult morphology. The genitalia of some male Diallactiini represent the most strongly modified such structures known in Winnertziinae. Morphological novelties found in Diallactiini, but no other Cecidomyiidae, include the fringed leg setae of Loboplusia and the furcate palpal sensilla in some Gynapteromyia and Mikrostyles. Diallactiini occur in all zoogeographic regions, with the highest generic and specific diversity found in the tropics (although Afrotropical diallactiines are poorly researched). Local diversity is also highest in the tropics, with as many as 29 species (unnamed or named in this paper) of at least 6 genera found at a single site, Zurqu de Moravia, in the cloud forest of Costa Rica. The best-explored fauna of Winnertziinae, including Diallactiini, is certainly that of Europe, but diallactiine biodiversity there is low and most of the nine European species are rarely encountered in the field. Gynapteromyia brevipalpis is reported from Sweden for the first time.


Twenty-two new species of Zadbimyia, a new genus of the tribe Asynaptini, are described from Costa Rica, the first new descriptions of Neotropical Porricondylinae (Cecidomyiidae) in modern times. The new species are: Zadbimyia aberrans, Z. anniae, Z. artborkenti, Z. browni, Z. carolinae, Z. costaricensis, Z. dubia, Z. elenae, Z. elviae, Z. holdenae, Z. inornata, Z. lasalturas, Z. marcoi, Z. membranacea, Z. minima, Z. spinapiscis, Z. talamanca, Z. tapanti, Z. viquezi, Z. wendyae, Z. zumbadoi, and Z. zurqui. All species were found during the Zurquí All-Diptera Biodiversity Inventory, in mid-elevation (1600 m) cloud forest in the central highlands of Costa Rica. A maximum of 19 species occurred at a single site. Pseudo- camptomyia Parnell, a genus known from one species in northeastern United States and possibly two species in Somalia, was identified as the closest relative of Zadbimyia. Ultraviolet light traps proved to be the most effective device to collect adults of Zadbimyia. As a peculiarity in Porricondylinae, the circumfila of Zadbimyia males are multi-looped and not sub- stantively different from the circumfila known from male Cecidomyiidi (subfamily Cecidomyiinae). Copyright © 2014 Magnolia Press.

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