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Prague, Czech Republic

Bartova E.,University of Veterinary And Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno | Sedlak K.,State Veterinary Institute Prague
Parasitology | Year: 2011

In the Czech Republic, sera from 551 clinically healthy adult slaughtered pigs (females, 6-8 months old) were collected during the first half of June in 2010. Sera were tested for Toxoplasma gondii-specific IgG antibodies by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; samples with more than 50% S/P were considered as positive. The same samples were also analysed for Neospora caninum antibodies using a commercial competitive-inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; samples with more than 30% inhibition were considered as positive. Antibodies against T. gondii were found in 198 pigs (36%) in all districts with prevalences ranging from 18% to 75%. Antibodies against N. caninum were found in 16 pigs (3%); positive animals were found in 4 districts with prevalences ranging from 1% to 20%. Indication of mixed infections (concurrent presence of both N. caninum and T. gondii antibodies) was found in 8 (1A.5%) pigs. The results of our study indicate that pigs in the Czech Republic have a relatively high seroprevalence for T. gondii, while they have only a low seroprevalence for N. caninum. Therefore, natural infection with T. gondii seems to be very common in Czech pigs. It is the first evidence of N. caninum antibodies in pigs in the Czech Republic. These results complete data about N. caninum infection in pigs in Europe. © Copyright Cambridge University Press 2011. Source


Bartova E.,University of Veterinary And Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno | Markova J.,University of Veterinary And Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno | Sedlak K.,State Veterinary Institute Prague
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2015

Introduction and objectives. Encephalitozoon cuniculi is an obligate intracellular parasite infecting especially domestic rabbits; however, spontaneous infections have been documented in other mammalian species such as dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, cows and sheep all over the world. Encephalitozoonosis is a chronic and latent disease leading to renal failure, encephalitis, disorders of brain and urinary tract, and may lead to death. There are limited reports on encephalitozoonosis in wildlife, which is why the aim of this study was to detect the prevalence of antibodies to E. cuniculi in European hares. Materials and methods. Samples of blood sera from 701 wild hares from the Czech Republic (n = 245), the Slovak Republic (n = 211) and Austria (n = 245) were examined by indirect immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT); samples with titer ≥ 40 were marked as positive. Results. The total seroprevalence of E. cuniculi antibodies was 1.42% with titres in the range 40-640. Antibodies to E. cuniculi were detected in 2.9% (7/245), 0.8% (2/245) and 0.47% (1/211) hares from the Czech Republic, Austria and the Slovak Republic, respectively. Conclusions. This is the first detection of antibodies to E. cuniculi in hares from Europe showing that hares could be exposed to E. cuniculi infection, however with a low rate. © 2015, Institute of Agricultural Medicine. All rights Reserved. Source


Bartova E.,University of Veterinary And Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno | Sedlak K.,State Veterinary Institute Prague | Syrova M.,University of Veterinary And Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno | Literak I.,University of Veterinary And Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno
Parasitology Research | Year: 2010

During January 2007, blood samples were collected from 552 healthy horses from nine different regions of the Czech Republic. Sera were tested for serum antibodies to Neospora caninum by a competitive-inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and confirmed by an indirect fluorescent antibody test. The same samples were tested for serum antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii by a latex agglutination test. In total, 131 of 552 (24%) horses reacted positively for Neospora antibodies in competitive-inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; seven of them had ≥50% of inhibition. Samples were confirmed in indirect fluorescence test, and only two samples were positive with final titres 50 and 100, while others were negative. Antibodies against T. gondii were found in 125 (23%) horses. This is the first serologic survey for Neospora spp. antibodies performed on horses in the Czech Republic. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source


Vaclavik L.,Institute of Chemical Technology Prague | Rosmus J.,State Veterinary Institute Prague | Popping B.,Eurofins | Hajslova J.,Institute of Chemical Technology Prague
Journal of Chromatography A | Year: 2010

The use of fast semi-automated method employing direct analysis in real time (DART) ion source coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) for analysis of melamine (MEL) and cyanuric acid (CYA) in milk powder and milk based products has been demonstrated in this study. Simple sample extraction procedure employing methanol-5% aqueous formic acid mixture, which enabled disruption of melamine-cyanurate complex, was followed by direct, high-throughput (30s per run) examination of sample extracts spread on a glass rod by mass spectrometry under ambient conditions, without any prior chromatographic separation. After optimization of instrument parameter settings, limits of detection (LODs) 170 and 450μgkg-1 were achieved for MEL and CYA, respectively. In the final phase of study, the possibility of minimizing spectral interference, thus improving method performance characteristics through the use of ultrahigh resolving power offered by Orbitrap based mass analyzer is demonstrated. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source


Sedlak K.,State Veterinary Institute Prague | Bartova E.,University of Veterinary And Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno | Machacova T.,University of Veterinary And Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno
Acta Parasitologica | Year: 2014

Sera of 414 cats coming from different parts of the Czech Republic were tested for N. caninum antibodies. Sera samples were collected during years 2002-2011. N. caninum antibodies were detected by a commercial competitive-inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) with cut off ≥30% inhibition. Samples positive in cELISA were confirmed by an indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT); titre ≥50 was considered positive. In total, 137 (33%) cats reacted positively in cELISA; N. caninum antibodies in IFAT were detected in 16 (3.86%) cats with titres 50 and 100. In 6 cats, positive for N. caninum antibodies, T. gondii antibodies were also detected by IFAT. It is the first report of N. caninum antibodies in domestic cats from the Czech Republic and third report in Europe. © 2014 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien. Source

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