The State University of Norte Fluminense "Darcy Ribeiro" is a public university located in the city of Campos dos Goytacazes in the State of Rio de Janeiro. The University was planned by anthropologist Professor Darcy Ribeiro. The university was designed mainly by the renowned architecture Oscar Niemayer. It was established on February 27, 1991. Wikipedia.
Braga I.L.S.,INVISION |
Moraes F.S.,State University of Norte Fluminense
Geophysics | Year: 2013
We have developed and applied an inverse Q filter formulation using the continuous wavelet transform (CWT), which provides a natural domain for time-variant operations, such as compensation for propagation in attenuating and dispersive media. The well-known linear attenuation model, given as a function of time and frequency, was applied very efficiently over wavelet coefficients in the time-frequency domain to correct for amplitude and phase distortions, as necessary. The inverse CWT yields the recovered trace with a broader bandwidth. The process works on a trace-by-trace basis, making no distinction if the data is pre-or poststack. Our motivation was to develop gather conditioning tools to enhance prestack interpretation techniques such as amplitude variation with offset (AVO) analysis and inversion -a technique that is often compromised by tuning and other propagation related issues that degrade seismic resolution. Thus, we investigated the AVO fidelity of our filter and the sensitivity of the results to incorrect values of Q, using real and synthetic data. Our synthetic data experiments clearly showed that AVO anomalies are recovered and preserved in a stable manner, even with values of Q off by 50% of its correct value. The application in time-migrated gathers shows a very natural increase in the vertical definition of the events, especially due to the partial elimination of the tuning effect. The benefits for imaging are also evidenced by comparing stacked sections before and after inverse Q filtering. The higher resolution of seismic sections leads to a better definition of smaller scale stratigraphic and structural features. © 2013 Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
Moraes F.S.,State University of Norte Fluminense
Leading Edge (Tulsa, OK) | Year: 2011
Major oil companies generally hold a large investment portfolio, including several development projects with some worth hundreds of millions of US dollars. It is the geophysicist's task to assist in gathering the information required to optimize field development, including the positioning of infill drilling and determining the best oil recovery strategy. The final goal is to achieve an improved recovery factor at a reduced cost of drilling. © 2011 Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
Schripsema J.,State University of Norte Fluminense
Phytochemical Analysis | Year: 2010
The present state-of-the-art of NMR in plant metabolomics is reviewed. Attention is paid to the different practical aspects of the application of NMR. The sample preparation, the measurement of the spectrum, quantitative aspects and data analysis are discussed. Each stage has its specific problems, which are pointed out and recommendations are made. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Beggio P.C.,State University of Norte Fluminense
Nuclear Physics A | Year: 2011
We study the impact parameter dependence of inelasticity in the framework of an updated geometrical model for multiplicity distribution. A formula in which the inelasticity is related to the eikonal is obtained. This framework permits a calculation of the multiplicity distributions as well as the inelasticity once the eikonal function is given. Adopting a QCD inspired parametrization for the eikonal, in which the gluon-gluon contribution dominates at high energy and determines the asymptotic behavior of the cross sections, we find that the inelasticity decreases as collision energy is increased. Our results predict the KNO scaling violation observed at LHC energies by CMS Collaboration. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Pena G.F.,State University of Norte Fluminense
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2012
This study aimed to obtain estimates of stability and adaptability of phase launched materials and materials recommended in the country, for the northern and northwestern regions of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, and made a comparative analysis of different methods to evaluate stability and adaptability of grain yield and popping expansion. To this end, 10 genotypes were evaluated (UNB2U-C3, UNB2U-C4, BRS Angela, Viçosa, Beija-Flor, IAC 112, IAC 125, Zélia, Jade, and UFVM2 Barão de Viçosa) in five environments. The Yates and Cochran method revealed that genotypes UFV2M Barão de Viçosa, BRS Angela and UNB2U-C3 were the most stable for grain yield. This method also indicated superiority of genotypes UNB2U-C3, UNB2U-C4, BRS Angela, Viçosa, IAC 125, and Zélia for popping expansion. The Plaisted and Peterson and Wricke methods demonstrated that genotypes Zélia and UNB2U-C4 were the most productive and stable. These methods indicated genotypes UNB2U-C3 and BRS Angela as the most stable for popping expansion. The Kang and Phan ranking system uses methods based on analysis of variance and classified population UNB2U-C4 as the genotype with the highest stability of grain production and confirmed cultivar BRS Angela as the most stable for popping expansion. Genotypes IAC 112 and UNB2U-C4 were the most stable and adapted for grain yield, according to the Lin and Binns method. The P(i) statistics also ranked UNB2U-C3 and UNB2U-C4 as the genotypes with the best predictability and capacity for popping expansion.
Monteiro L.R.,State University of Norte Fluminense
Hystrix | Year: 2013
Phylogenetic comparative methods are one of the most important parts of the morphometric toolkit for studies of morphological evolution. The assessment of repeated independent events of evolution of phenotypic and associated ecological-functional traits is still a starting point for the study of adaptation, but modern comparative approaches go beyond correlative methods, allowing for the modeling of evolutionary scenarios and analyses of trait evolution patterns. The evidence for adaptive change due to ecological diversification is stronger (even if still circumstantial) if models that predict increases in diversification rate fit the data well and the morphological changes are associated with ecological and functional changes. A large body of literature is dedicated to methodological and theoretical aspects of comparative methods, but in the context of univariate traits. On the other hand, biological shape is a complex trait, and morphometric data is essentially multivariate. Whereas most comparative methods allow for direct multivariate extensions, dimension reduction is an almost certain requirement due to the high dimensionality of morphometric data sets and the large number of evolutionary parameters that need to be estimated by comparative methods. Objective methods with considerable statistical support to determine data dimensionality exist, but the applied literature usually relies on subjective criteria to assess how many shape dimensions should be retained. The most appropriate calculation and interpretations of principal components, the most popular dimension reduction method, are also topics that should be considered more carefully in applications. The maturity of comparative methods and the development of model-based approaches linking macroevolutionary patterns and microevolutionary processes provide an exciting perspective for the study of morphological evolution. © 2013 Associazione Teriologica Italiana.
de Oliveira J.G.,State University of Norte Fluminense |
Vitoria A.P.,State University of Norte Fluminense
Food Research International | Year: 2011
The papaya (Carica papaya L.) is a tropical fruit that is widely cultivated and consumed, both for its agreeable flavor as well as its many pharmacological properties. This review will discuss the fruit's origin and principal growing regions in the world and will briefly explore its nutritional and pharmacological attributes. In addition, we will identify and comment on some of the most common physiological disorders that occur postharvest. Such disorders compromise the quality of the fruit, bringing financial losses to the productive sector, along with serious economic and social consequences to papaya-growing countries. Among these disorders, physiological bruising, also known as "skin freckles", characterized by the appearance of blemishes on the fruit while still in its growth stage, is one of the main problems associated with the crop. Possible causes of and current information on bruising are dealt with in this article. Other physiological disorders of the papaya such as pulp flesh translucency, pulp softening, and hard lumps in papaya flesh are also discussed. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Freitas A.L.P.,State University of Norte Fluminense
Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice | Year: 2013
In Brazil, buses represent the main mode of public transportation. However, in recent years intercity and interstate bus companies have been facing a growing competition with other forms of transportation such as bus companies competitors, illegal transportation companies, chartered buses, and, more recently, air companies. In this scenario characterized by growing competition, it is essential to evaluate the quality of road transportation of passengers. In order to contribute to the analysis of this issue, this paper presents a methodological approach to assess the quality of intercity road transportation of passengers, according to the customers' perspective. By conducting a case study in a city of almost 500,000 inhabitants from the interior of Rio de Janeiro, an Importance-Satisfaction Analysis (ISA) and an assignment procedure were used in order to obtain: (i) the main factors (criteria) that influence the quality of service intercity road transportation of passengers, (ii) the importance degree of criteria related to road transportation of passengers, (iii) the satisfaction of the users of road transportation under the considered criteria, (iv) the critical criteria/items, and (v) the categories which best represent the quality of service intercity road transportation according to the passengers' perspective. Finally, several possible corrective actions to improve the quality of services considering each critical item/criterion were highlighted and special recommendations were done for the critical process (ticket sales). © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Cabral P.D.,State University of Norte Fluminense
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2011
Dry beans are considered to be a crop of great socio-economic importance, because they are an inexpensive source of nutrients and because their cultivation requires considerable manual labor. Studies of genetic diversity have been very important for genetic improvement programs, because they give parameters for the identification of genitors that can provide large heterosis effects and improved segregation in recombinants, increasing the probability of obtaining superior genotypes in the progeny. We evaluated the genetic diversity of 57 dry bean accessions, including 31 local accessions, propagated by small-scale farmers, 20 accessions supplied by the Brazilian Agricultural Research Agency, and six commercial accessions, using 16 microsatellite primers. Among these primers, 13 were found to be polymorphic, giving 29 polymorphic alleles. The largest number of alleles per locus was observed for primer BM141, which had four alleles. The polymorphic information content varied from 0.11 to 0.51, observed for loci BM212 and BM141, respectively. The lowest degree of dissimilarity (0.0) was found between the accession Iapar 81 and the accessions E03, E04, E09, and E13 and between the accession pairs E08 with E16 and Iapar 31 with E06. The highest degree of dissimilarity was found between the accessions Carioca and E22 (1.0). Grouping analysis revealed four groups, according to the place of origin. This tendency was also found in the principal coordinate analysis. The local genotypes were found to have relatively high genetic diversity, while the EMBRAPA and commercial cultivars had a relatively narrow genetic basis.
Ramos H.C.,State University of Norte Fluminense
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2011
The limited number of papaya varieties available reflects the narrow genetic base of this species. The use of backcrossing as a breeding strategy can promote increases in variability, besides allowing targeted improvements. Procedures that combine the use of molecular markers and backcrossing permit a reduction of the time required for introgression of genes of interest and appropriate recovery of the recurrent genome. We used microsatellite markers to characterize the effect of first-generation backcrosses of three papaya progeny, by monitoring the level of homozygosity and the parental genomic ratio. The homozygosity level in the population ranged from 74 to 94%, with a mean of 85% for the three progenies (52-08, 52-29 and 52-34). The high level of inbreeding found among these genotypes increases the expectation of finding more than 95% fixed loci in the next generation of self-fertilization of superior genotypes. The mean proportion of the recurrent parent genome found in first-generation backcross progeny was 50.1%; 52-34 had a larger genomic region in common with the recurrent genitor and the lowest level of homozygosity. The progeny 52-08 was genetically closest to the donor genitor, and it also had the highest level of homozygosity. We found that linking conventional procedures and molecular markers contributed to an increase in the efficiency of the breeding program.