Lavoie K.H.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh |
Winter A.S.,University of New Mexico |
Read K.J.H.,University of New Mexico |
Hughes E.M.,University of New Mexico |
And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2017
Subsurface habitats harbor novel diversity that has received little attention until recently. Accessible subsurface habitats include lava caves around the world that often support extensive microbial mats on ceilings and walls in a range of colors. Little is known about lava cave microbial diversity and how these subsurface mats differ from microbial communities in overlying surface soils. To investigate these differences, we analyzed bacterial 16S rDNA from 454 pyrosequencing from three colors of microbial mats (tan, white, and yellow) from seven lava caves in Lava Beds National Monument, CA, USA, and compared them with surface soil overlying each cave. The same phyla were represented in both surface soils and cave microbial mats, but the overlap in shared OTUs (operational taxonomic unit) was only 11.2%. Number of entrances per cave and temperature contributed to observed differences in diversity. In terms of species richness, diversity by mat color differed, but not significantly. Actinobacteria dominated in all cave samples, with 39% from caves and 21% from surface soils. Proteobacteria made up 30% of phyla from caves and 36% from surface soil. Other major phyla in caves were Nitrospirae (7%) followed by minor phyla (7%), compared to surface soils with Bacteroidetes (8%) and minor phyla (8%). Many of the most abundant sequences could not be identified to genus, indicating a high degree of novelty. Surface soil samples had more OTUs and greater diversity indices than cave samples. Although surface soil microbes immigrate into underlying caves, the environment selects for microbes able to live in the cave habitats, resulting in very different cave microbial communities. This study is the first comprehensive comparison of bacterial communities in lava caves with the overlying soil community. © 2017 Lavoie et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Messner S.F.,University at Albany |
Beaulieu M.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh |
Isles S.N.,University at Albany |
Mitchell L.,University at Albany
Homicide Studies | Year: 2014
Our research revisits prior work by Neapolitan (2005) on the quality and use of race-specific homicide data. Neapolitan reported that correlations between Black homicide offending rates based on arrest data and rates based on data from the Supplementary Homicide Reports (SHR) for samples of large U.S. cities are only moderately strong. He proposed that, given these findings, the respective rates cannot be regarded as valid indicators of the same concept. We extend Neapolitan's research by estimating regression models to determine the extent to which conclusions about the structural covariates of Black homicide offending rates differ depending on the specific measure of the dependent variable. In addition, we have computed three different Black homicide offending rates with the SHR data: (1) A rate based on single victim/single offender incidents; (2) a rate based on all offenders of known race; and (3) a rate based on the number of Black offenders when the race of offender has been imputed. Our analyses reveal that, consistent with Neapolitan's findings, the correlations between the Black offending rate based on the arrest data and the various SHR-based rates are only moderately strong. In the regression analyses, explained variance is comparatively low in the model with the Black offending rate based on arrest data. However, the regression coefficients do not diverge much across models. Overall, our results suggest that empirical findings and substantive conclusions about city-level covariates of Black offending rates might be less sensitive to the selection of data source than is often assumed. © 2012 SAGE Publications.
Malakouti S.K.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
Panaghi L.,Family Research Center |
Foroughan M.,University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences |
Salehi M.,Iran Alzheimer Association |
Zandi T.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh
International Psychogeriatrics | Year: 2012
Background: This study aimed to validate the Farsi version of Neuropsychiatric Inventory (F-NPI), with the aim of promoting clinical assessment and local research on evaluation of neuropsychiatric symptom profiles of individuals with dementia in Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional, psychometric study, 100 patients with dementia in the age range of 60-90 years participated. Two trained psychiatrists interviewed the study subjects. Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS) and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were used to determine the concurrent validity. Test-retest, inter-rater reliability and internal consistency were calculated. Discrimination validity was determined, using a matched control group consisting of 49 participants without dementia. Cronbach's ± and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to analyze the data. Results: The internal consistency (Cronbach's ± = 0.9) was excellent. The inter-rater reliability varied between 0.6 and 0.98 for frequency, severity and total scale of the F-NPI, and test-retest reliability was between 0.4 and 0.96. Concurrent validity varied between 0.3 and 0.9 (P < 0.05). The most prevalent symptom was 'apathy' and the least prevalent was 'euphoria'. Conclusion: The Farsi version of NPI has satisfactory psychometric indexes and is applicable for clinical and study works in Iranian community. © 2011 International Psychogeriatric Association.
Richard M.P.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh
American Review of Canadian Studies | Year: 2010
This article examines a little-known dimension to the Ku Klux Klan movement in the United States during the 1920s. As Anglo-Canadian Protestants supported the KKK to assert control over French-Canadian and other Catholics in the New England states, they undermined the Klan's emphasis on Americanism and illustrated an inherent contradiction in this avowedly nativist organization. © 2010 ACSUS.
Kirkey C.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh |
Ostroy N.,American University of Washington
American Review of Canadian Studies | Year: 2010
Canada's military engagement in Afghanistan can be fully explained, according to many academic accounts, government officials, and media commentators, by exclusively examining domestic or state-level factors specific to the Canadaian nation, most notably the political priorities of successive governments. This essay instead finds that Canadian external behavior must be analyzed in the context of the current unipolar international political system. The presence of only one great power, and the fact that the power in question is the United States, has and will continue to play a significant role in the formulation and execution of Canadian foreign policy pursuits, including Afghanistan. © 2010 ACSUS.
Strang K.D.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh
Journal of Information Technology Education: Innovations in Practice | Year: 2015
An online Moodle Workshop was evaluated for peer assessment effectiveness. A quasiexperiment was designed using a Seminar in Professionalism course taught in face-to-face mode to undergraduate students across two campuses. The first goal was to determine if Moodle Workshop awarded a fair peer grader grade. The second objective was to estimate if students were consistent and reliable in performing their peer assessments. Statistical techniques were used to answer the research hypotheses. Although Workshop Moodle did not have a built-in measure for peer assessment validity, t-tests and reliability estimates were calculated to demonstrate that the grades were consistent with what faculty expected. Implications were asserted to improve teaching and recommendations were provided to enhance Moodle.
Ballantine M.W.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh
Clinical Social Work Journal | Year: 2012
Increasing empirical evidence points to the prevalence and devastating effects of sibling incest. The dynamics of incestuous sibling relationships are complex and typically embedded in severely dysfunctional families. Often confused and/or distressed by their incestuous experiences, many victims fail to disclose the abuse. Left undisclosed and untreated, unresolved issues of mutuality and consequent shame and guilt can lead to life-long emotional problems and dysfunctional behavioral patterns that are difficult to repair. Two cases illustrate common therapeutic themes, the importance of timely disclosure and coordinated, multi-dimensional treatment approaches, as well as the therapeutic challenges of assisting sibling incest victims who present for treatment as adults. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Mccormick N.B.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh
Sexual and Relationship Therapy | Year: 2010
It is valuable for clinicians who treat sexual and relationship dysfunctions to be able to understand and explain the cognitive processes used by the typical individual to initiate and maintain an intimate sexual encounter. Script theory, which characterises social interactions as everyday dramas that play out peoples' beliefs about the expected sequence of events and the roles actors should assume within well-known situations, is useful for this purpose. After providing a general overview of script theory, principles which are especially relevant to sexual behavior are reviewed. Focusing on heterosexual adolescents and adults, the paper examines studies which explore how people relate when enacting sexual scripts. Expected and actual differences in men's and women's roles within these scripts are addressed. Using a predominantly cognitive-behavioral orientation, the paper addresses script-related issues faced by clients in individual, sexual, and marital therapy and provides some treatment and educational suggestions. © , 2010 British Association for Sexual and Relationship Therapy.
Kenyon G.N.,Lamar University |
Neureuther B.D.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh
International Journal of Information Systems and Supply Chain Management | Year: 2010
Historically, the growth of the beef industry has been hampered by various entities, i.e., breeders, cow-calf producers, stockers, backgrounders, processors, etc.., within the beef industry's supply chain. The primary obstacles to growth are the large numbers of participants in the upstream side of the supply chain and the lack of coordination between them. Over the last decade significant advances have been made in information and communication technologies, and many new companies have been founded to promote these technical advances. This research looks at both the upstream and downstream participants to determine the degree to which information technologies are currently being utilized and the degree that these new technologies have driven performance improvements in the beef industry's supply chain. Through surveys, the authors find that the beef industry does not use information technologies to their benefit and that the US beef supply chain is not yet strategically poised to enable the use of these technologies. Copyright © 2010, IGI Global.
PubMed | Ahvaz Petroleum Hospital, State University of New York College at Plattsburgh and University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Aging clinical and experimental research | Year: 2016
Recognition of the risk factors of delirium has been clearly advantageous in preventing and managing it as it occurs.The main aims of this study were to investigate the occurrence of delirium and identify the associated risk factors in a sample of hospitalized elderly in Southwestern Iran.A cross-sectional, hospital-based study was performed on a total of 200 elderly patients, admitted to a general hospital for various health reasons. Data were gathered over a 3-month period of time in 2010. Abbreviated Mental Test score (AMTs) used for delirium detection in post-admission days 1, 3, and 5, followed by clinical diagnostic confirmation according to the DSM-IV-TR criteria for delirium. Information regarding physical, cognitive, emotional, and functional states of the participants was collected, too.Delirium developed in 22% of the participants. The demographic characteristics of the patients with delirium indicated that they were typically single, older men who lived alone and had a lower level of education and poorer functional status. Among other variables, the following were significantly associated with delirium: hemoglobin 12 (P<0.001); Blood urea nitrogen/creatinine ratio 1/20 (P<0.005); and positive C-reactive protein (P=0.022); depressive symptoms (P<0.001), and previous cognitive decline (P<0.001). Patients with more than six different categories of medications were at high risk for delirium as well.Delirium is a serious and common problem in people over 60years of age who are admitted to hospitals. Understanding risk factors and clinical aspects of delirium in elderly hospitalized patients will provide us with a better delirium management strategy.