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Plattsburgh West, NY, United States

Messner S.F.,University at Albany | Beaulieu M.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh | Isles S.N.,University at Albany | Mitchell L.,University at Albany
Homicide Studies

Our research revisits prior work by Neapolitan (2005) on the quality and use of race-specific homicide data. Neapolitan reported that correlations between Black homicide offending rates based on arrest data and rates based on data from the Supplementary Homicide Reports (SHR) for samples of large U.S. cities are only moderately strong. He proposed that, given these findings, the respective rates cannot be regarded as valid indicators of the same concept. We extend Neapolitan's research by estimating regression models to determine the extent to which conclusions about the structural covariates of Black homicide offending rates differ depending on the specific measure of the dependent variable. In addition, we have computed three different Black homicide offending rates with the SHR data: (1) A rate based on single victim/single offender incidents; (2) a rate based on all offenders of known race; and (3) a rate based on the number of Black offenders when the race of offender has been imputed. Our analyses reveal that, consistent with Neapolitan's findings, the correlations between the Black offending rate based on the arrest data and the various SHR-based rates are only moderately strong. In the regression analyses, explained variance is comparatively low in the model with the Black offending rate based on arrest data. However, the regression coefficients do not diverge much across models. Overall, our results suggest that empirical findings and substantive conclusions about city-level covariates of Black offending rates might be less sensitive to the selection of data source than is often assumed. © 2012 SAGE Publications. Source

Malakouti S.K.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Salehi M.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Nojomi M.,Tehran Psychiatric Institute | Zandi T.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh | Eftekhar M.,Tehran Psychiatric Institute
Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy

This study aims to demonstrate the sexual functioning of elderly Iranian retirees who reside in Tehran, Iran. The participants sexual interests are also reviewed in association with their physical and mental health status. The authors recruited 390 elders (199 men, 191 women) by convenient sampling from 4 retirement organizations in Tehran from April 2007 to October 2008. Tools for evaluation included use of a demographic questionnaire, modified Brief Index of Sexual Functioning for Women, Brief Sexual Function Inventory for Men, and the General Health Questionnaire. Sexual activity was "important/very important" in 56.6% and 17.0% of men and women, respectively (p <.005), but their satisfaction from sexual life was similar. Sexual desire and activities were more common among men than among women (p <.05). Impotency and ejaculatory problems were 40% and 33%, respectively, among the male study participants. This study indicated that having a sexual partner was the most important variable for sexual activities. This study provides a profile of sexual behaviors among elderly people in Iran and shows that although sexual decline and dysfunction are seen in both genders, both groups express satisfaction with their sexual affairs when they have a partner available. Copyright © Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Malakouti S.K.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Panaghi L.,Family Research Center | Foroughan M.,University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences | Zandi T.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh
International Psychogeriatrics

Background: This study aimed to validate the Farsi version of Neuropsychiatric Inventory (F-NPI), with the aim of promoting clinical assessment and local research on evaluation of neuropsychiatric symptom profiles of individuals with dementia in Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional, psychometric study, 100 patients with dementia in the age range of 60-90 years participated. Two trained psychiatrists interviewed the study subjects. Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS) and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were used to determine the concurrent validity. Test-retest, inter-rater reliability and internal consistency were calculated. Discrimination validity was determined, using a matched control group consisting of 49 participants without dementia. Cronbach's ± and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to analyze the data. Results: The internal consistency (Cronbach's ± = 0.9) was excellent. The inter-rater reliability varied between 0.6 and 0.98 for frequency, severity and total scale of the F-NPI, and test-retest reliability was between 0.4 and 0.96. Concurrent validity varied between 0.3 and 0.9 (P < 0.05). The most prevalent symptom was 'apathy' and the least prevalent was 'euphoria'. Conclusion: The Farsi version of NPI has satisfactory psychometric indexes and is applicable for clinical and study works in Iranian community. © 2011 International Psychogeriatric Association. Source

Kirkey C.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh | Ostroy N.,American University of Washington
American Review of Canadian Studies

Canada's military engagement in Afghanistan can be fully explained, according to many academic accounts, government officials, and media commentators, by exclusively examining domestic or state-level factors specific to the Canadaian nation, most notably the political priorities of successive governments. This essay instead finds that Canadian external behavior must be analyzed in the context of the current unipolar international political system. The presence of only one great power, and the fact that the power in question is the United States, has and will continue to play a significant role in the formulation and execution of Canadian foreign policy pursuits, including Afghanistan. © 2010 ACSUS. Source

Richard M.P.,State University of New York College at Plattsburgh
American Review of Canadian Studies

This article examines a little-known dimension to the Ku Klux Klan movement in the United States during the 1920s. As Anglo-Canadian Protestants supported the KKK to assert control over French-Canadian and other Catholics in the New England states, they undermined the Klan's emphasis on Americanism and illustrated an inherent contradiction in this avowedly nativist organization. © 2010 ACSUS. Source

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