State University of New York at Oswego, also known as SUNY Oswego and Oswego State, is a public university in the City of Oswego and Town of Oswego, New York, on the shore of Lake Ontario. It has three campuses: historic lakeside campus in Oswego, Metro Center in Syracuse, New York, and Phoenix Center in Phoenix, New York.SUNY Oswego was founded in 1861 as Oswego Normal School by Edward Austin Sheldon, who introduced a revolutionary teaching methodology Oswego Movement in American education. In 1942 the New York Legislature elevated it from a normal school to a degree-granting teachers' college, Oswego State Teachers College, which was a founding and charter member of the State University of New York system in 1948. In 1962 the college broadened its scope to be a liberal arts college.SUNY Oswego currently has over 73,000 living alumni. Oswego State offers more than 100 academic programs leading to bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and certificates of advanced study. It consists of four colleges and schools: College of Liberal Arts and science, School of Business, School of Education, and School of Communications, Media and the Arts. In 2011, SUNY Oswego marked its 150th anniversary with a sesquicentennial celebration campaign to honor its rich tradition and heritage. Wikipedia.
Bidwell A.J.,State University of New York at Oswego
Nutrients | Year: 2017
Obesity contributes to metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and glucose intolerance, all of which are risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome. The growing prevelance of metabolic syndrome seems to be an end result of our current lifestyle which promotes high caloric, high-fat foods and minimal physical activity, resulting in a state of positive energy balance. Increased adiposity and physical inactivity may represent the beginning of the appearance of these risk factors. Understanding the metabolic and cardiovascular disturbances associated with diet and exercise habits is a crucial step towards reducing the risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Although considerable research has been conducted linking chronic fructose ingestion to the increased prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome risk factors, these studies have mainly been performed on animals, and/or in a post-absorptive state. Further, the magnitude of the effect of fructose may depend on other aspects of the diet, including the total amount of carbohydrates and fats in the diet and the overall consumption of meals. Therefore, the overall aim of this review paper is to examine the effects of a diet high in fructose on postprandial lipidemia, inflammatory markers and glucose tolerance, all risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Moreover, an objective is to investigate whether increased physical activity can alter such effects. © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Chandler C.H.,State University of New York at Oswego
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences | Year: 2017
In many species, sex is determined by sex chromosomes, and the sex-specific chromosome (Y or W) stops recombining until it degenerates and carries fewer genes than its recombining counterpart (X or Z). This creates an imbalance in the dosage of most sex-linked genes between males and females. Early work in model organisms demonstrated that X chromosomes in multiple groups independently evolved regulatory mechanisms maintaining balanced expression of X-linked genes. However, recent studies have shown that these dosage compensation mechanisms are far from universal. It remains unclear why dosage compensation mechanisms evolved in some groups of organisms and not others. Two factors have led to confusion in this area: first, different authors sometimes define dosage compensation in different ways; second, dosage compensation is sometimes viewed as an all-or-nothing phenomenon, even though it may vary across cell types, developmental stages, and different classes of genes. Here, I discuss current approaches to testing for sex chromosome dosage compensation and highlight patterns in the phylogenetic distribution of dosage compensation mechanisms and possible explanations for those patterns. I conclude by outlining how the presence of dosage compensation can be tested in nearly any nonmodel organism and provide some recommendations for future studies. © 2017 New York Academy of Sciences.
Ngeow C.-C.,National Central University |
Kanbur S.M.,State University of New York at Oswego
Astrophysical Journal | Year: 2010
In this paper, we derive the Spitzer IRAC band period-luminosity (P-L) relations for the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) Cepheids, by matching the Spitzer archival SAGE-SMC data with the OGLE-III SMC Cepheids. We find that the 3.6 μm and 4.5 μm band P-L relations can be better described using two P-L relations with a break period at log(P) = 0.4: this is consistent with similar results at optical wavelengths for SMC P-L relations. The 5.8 μm and 8.0 μm band P-L relations do not extend to sufficiently short periods to enable a similar detection of a slope change at log(P) = 0.4. The slopes of the SMC P-L relations, for log(P) > 0.4, are consistent with their Large Magellanic Cloud counterparts that were derived from a similar data set. They are also in agreement with those obtained from a small sample of Galactic Cepheids with parallax measurements. © 2010. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.
News Article | October 26, 2015
Losing a limb or a tail isn’t too worrisome for salamanders. They can regenerate lost appendages. And so could a number of their ancient relatives, a new study finds. Amphibian fossils from 290 million years ago show signs of the animals regrowing limbs, researchers report online October 26 in Nature. The findings suggest that some salamander ancestors had the ability to regenerate body parts nearly 80 million years before the first salamander existed. The results “show that salamander-like regeneration is not something that is salamander specific, but was instead widespread in the evolutionary past,” says study coauthor Nadia Fröbisch, a paleontologist at the Museum of Natural History in Berlin. Sea stars, frogs and even humans (in the liver) have some degree of regenerative ability at various life stages. But salamanders are one of the few living four-legged animals that can fully regenerate entire limb bones, nerves and muscles throughout their lifetimes. In other animals that can regenerate arms and legs, bones in the hands or feet that are on the outside edge tend to form first. In salamanders, though, it’s the bones on the inside edge; the thumb before the pinky. Fossils of various ancient amphibians show a similar regenerative pattern, Fröbisch and colleagues report. The new study builds on some of Fröbisch’s previous work with a single species of ancient amphibian that showed the kind of limb abnormalities also seen in modern salamanders that are growing a new limb. “If we had only one animal showing particular traits related to skeletal growth, we could not say much about common patterns or the mechanisms that produce those patterns,” says Jennifer Olori, a study coauthor and evolutionary biologist at State University of New York at Oswego. “When we combine information from across these groups, using the new information from additional fossils, it allows us to predict which traits may have been inherited from an older ancestor.” A second study shows a molecular basis for the odd way that salamanders regenerate limbs. During early regenerative growth, genes called orphan genes are active, report Anoop Kumar of University College London and colleagues October 26 in Nature Communications. Some of these genes are also crucial in digit formation in amniotes, a group including reptiles, mammals and birds but not amphibians. A few of those animals — like lizards that can regrow their tail — have some regenerative powers. But for now, salamanders and their ancient amphibian relatives remain the kings of vertebrate regeneration. “The idea that regenerative capacity was much more widespread in nonamniote species is a significant finding,” says Hillary Maddin, a paleontologist at Carleton University in Ottawa who was not involved with either study. “It suggests that we, and maybe amniotes in general, are much more alone in the lack of an ability to regenerate limbs,” she says. “It becomes tempting to think that amniotes are hiding a latent capacity to perform complex regeneration, and the correlation with a potential molecular mechanism, orphan genes, points to a good place to start.”
News Article | December 16, 2015
In the presence of a water molecule on its surface, lanthanum aluminate film on a strontium titanate crystal emits ultraviolet light from its interior. (Illustration not to scale). Credit: Drexel University A bit of stray moisture during an experiment tipped off scientists about the strange behavior of a complex oxide material they were studying—shedding light on its potential for improving chemical sensors, computing and information storage. In the presence of a water molecule on its surface, the layered material emits ultraviolet light from its interior. A team of researchers from Drexel University, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of California at Berkeley, and Temple University recently published its discovery that it is possible to control UV light production via a chemical reaction that functions like flipping a light switch. While studying a sample of lanthanum aluminate film on a strontinum titanate crystal, the team, led by Drexel College of Engineering Professor Jonathan E. Spanier, Andrew M. Rappe, from Penn; Lane W. Martin, from Berkeley and Temple's Xiaoxing Xi, discovered that the sample was beginning to emit intense levels of UV light. Carefully reproducing the experimental conditions helped them realize that water molecules might be playing a role in the UV light being emitted from inside the material. "In landmark discoveries, this interface between two electrical insulators has been shown to have an electrically conducting state, one that can be altered by water on the surface of lanthanum aluminate, and also exhibits superconducting and ferromagnetic ordering," Spanier said. "But this discovery is quite remarkable because we uncovered a chemical reaction at the surface that prompts the emission of light from the interface within—and we are able to turn it off and on again. Amazingly, we can also make it stronger by increasing the distance between the molecules and surface and the buried interface, by using thicker films for example." Team members from Drexel, Berkeley and Temple turned to their theory collaborators on the team, led by Penn's Rappe and fellow theory researchers Fenggong Wang and Diomedes Saldana-Grego, to help interpret the results. "Dissociation of water fragments on the oxide surface releases electrons that move to the buried interface, cancelling out the ionic charges," Wang said. "This puts all the light emission at the same energy, giving the observed sharp photoluminescence." According to Rappe, this is the first report of the introduction of molecules to the surface controlling the emission of light—of any color—from a buried solid-surface interface. "The mechanism of a molecule landing and reacting, called dissociative chemisorption, as a way of controlling the onset and suppression of light is unlike any other previously reported," Saldana-Grego said. The team recently published its findings, in the American Chemical Society journal Nano Letters. The paper, entitled "Surface Chemically Switchable Ultraviolet Luminescence from Interfacial Two-Dimensional Electron Gas," describes their method for generating and controlling reversible ultraviolet luminescence from a two-dimensional electron gas-based semiconductor interface. This is a process they studied at length through physical testing of materials produced by collaborators at Cal and Temple, and via computer simulations by the Rappe and Spanier groups. "We suspect that the material could be used for simple devices like transistors and sensors. By strategically placing molecules on the surface, the UV light could be used to relay information—much the way computer memory uses a magnetic field to write and rewrite itself, but with the significant advantage of doing it without an electric current," said Mohammad Islam, an assistant professor from the State University of New York at Oswego, who was on Spanier's team when he was at Drexel. "The strength of the UV field also varies with the proximity of the water molecule, this suggests that the material could also be useful for detecting the presence of chemical agents." According to Spanier, considerably more fundamental research must be done, but this discovery can help researchers understand how electrons interact at these interfaces, and the limits of how they can use surface molecules to control the light emission. Explore further: New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated
Bacher L.F.,State University of New York at Oswego
Optometry and Vision Science | Year: 2010
PURPOSE.: The purpose of this work was to investigate whether individual differences in eye surface area are related to the rate of spontaneous eye blinking (SB) in young infants. Rate of SB was also compared with the rate of gaze shifts. METHODS.: Forty-four 4-month-old infants were observed under controlled conditions for 4 to 6 min. SB, eye surface area, gaze shifts, and various background variables were measured. RESULTS.: Individual differences in the rate of SB and in eye surface area were wide. Neither the eye surface area nor the rate of gaze shifting was related to the rate of SB in young infants. However, when SB do occur, they are more likely to coincide with a shift in gaze than immediately precede or follow a shift in gaze. CONCLUSIONS.: Eye surface area does not explain individual differences in the rate of SB in infancy. This and other recent work suggests that central factors may play a more prominent role in the mechanisms of SB early in human development than previously reported and that the mechanisms regulating the rate of SB seem to be developmentally continuous with those of adults. To the extent that the rate and timing of SB reflects developing neurological systems, SB may be useful clinically. Copyright © 2010 American Academy of Optometry.
Chirita M.,Romanian National Institute for Research and Development in Electrochemistry and Condensed Matter |
Ieta A.,State University of New York at Oswego
Crystal Growth and Design | Year: 2012
We developed a new procedure for synthesizing highly crystalline FeCO 3 by hydrothermal decomposition of the Fe(III)-EDTA complex in the presence of urea, starting from ferric ammonium sulfate and Na 4EDTA as the main precursors. Single phase FeCO 3 microcrystals with a size in the range of 50-200 μm have been obtained after high pressure-temperature treatment time between 15 and 26 h at 230 and 250 °C. Without changing the concentrations of the precursors and synthesis temperature, we have investigated the kinetics of phase transitions between 2 and 40 h of high pressure-temperature treatment time. A transition from hematite (in the first 4 h) to magnetite microoctahedrons with superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature, via a single phase of iron carbonate microcrystals, has been recorded. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
McLain D.L.,State University of New York at Oswego
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology | Year: 2014
Social referencing, or seeking information cues from others, occurs when a worker must make sense of those aspects of work, like safety hazards, that are ambiguous. This is a central argument of Social Information Processing Theory (SIPT), a social referencing and job characteristics theory of work attitudes. Adapting SIPT to the understanding of safety perceptions and attitudes, this paper hypothesizes relationships between the worker's sensitivity to social information, the worker's social safety cognitions, and the worker's own safety attitudes. Findings from a field study of workers in a hazardous occupation, emergency care/firefighting, confirmed SIPT-predicted relationships among these factors: the worker's belief in management's willingness to provide a safe work environment, the degree of risk the worker associates with his or her job, the worker's concern about the frequency of exposure to hazards, and the worker's personal experiences with hazards. These findings also suggest that a social referencing and job characteristics perspective like SIPT provides a logical and useful theoretical framework for understanding workers' interpretations of safety conditions. This perspective also helps relate theories of safety attitudes to a broad set of theories of social information and organizational behavior. © 2014 American Psychological Association.
News Article | October 27, 2015
New research found that ancient four-legged animals may have possessed the ability for full limb and tail organ regeneration seen only in salamanders. Salamanders are the only modern tetrapods or four-legged vertebrates that can regenerate their limbs, tails, and internal organs lost or injured in their lifetime. During embryogenesis, their fingers also develop in “a reversed order” compared to others of their kind - a puzzle for scientists for over a century now, said the study’s first author Dr. Nadia Fröbisch. Writing in the journal Nature and using new data from fossils, paleontologists from the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, the State University of New York at Oswego and Brown University sought to study salamanders’ unique limb development and discover its evolutionarily connection with their high regenerative abilities. Previous research suggested that limb development in the amphibian may be key in its unique ability, such as its first and second digits forming prior to others. In a 2013 study of the axolotl, an aquatic salamander, immune cells known as macrophages were seen to be a critical part of the early phase of limb regeneration. However, it’s not just salamanders’ limbs that have the capacity to regenerate. Co-author Dr. Constanze Bickelmann explained that compared to lizards whose tails can be regenerated once or twice and merely replaced by a cartilaginous rod, salamanders reproduce a “genuine tail” that includes the neural spine, associated muscles, and other vertebral factors. The team analyzed different amphibians from the Carboniferous and Permian periods (300 million years ago), deriving the fossils from the collections of natural history museums in the world. It found that various fossil tetrapod groups were able to regenerate their tail and legs, something previously thought to be exclusive to modern salamanders. Such regenerative ability is likely more prevalent, even representative, among primitive tetrapods. The authors said they were lost in the course of the evolution probably multiple times independently, including the lineage that produced today's mammals. They said a large number of individuals at various developmental stages represented the fossilized amphibians – an “extraordinary fossil record” allowing for a detailed study of the evolution of the regenerative capacity. The findings are hoped to contribute to biomedical studies and possibilities such as one day being able to grow human parts.
News Article | December 19, 2016
Dan Tivnan, a State Farm team member for the past eight years, is proud to announce the recent opening of his State Farm agency, which he partially took over from another longtime State Farm agent, located at 8081 Brewerton Road in Cicero, NY. “Taking over this office means a lot to me, as I love the Cicero area,” said Tivnan. “I plan on growing my business by creating 4-5 jobs within my agency made up of licensed insurance producers who live in the community. Who better to help me grow it than those who know it the best?” Tivnan has an associate degree in accounting from Mohawk Valley Community College and a BA in marketing from State University of New York at Oswego. He also holds certificates in property and casualty, health and life insurance, and focuses on life insurance because it’s only pennies for dollars to protect loved ones in the event of the insured’s passing. “My advice to everyone in New York this winter is to check your backup and basement insurance, in the event that water backs up into your home,” concluded Tivnan. “Most homeowner’s insurance in New York does not cover backup unless you specifically request an endorsement to add coverage. It’s a big seasonal risk I have seen around here in my years in the industry. Large amounts of rain, ice and snow can put pressure on systems such as septic, sewers, and sump pumps.” About Dan Tivnan, State Farm Dan Tivnan sells auto, home, property, business, flood, life and health insurance, as well as banking products and annuities. For more information, please call (315) 699-8000, or visit http://www.dantivnaninsurance.com. The office is located at 8081 Brewerton Road, Cicero, NY 13039. About the NALA™ The NALA offers small and medium-sized businesses effective ways to reach customers through new media. As a single-agency source, the NALA helps businesses flourish in their local community. The NALA’s mission is to promote a business’ relevant and newsworthy events and achievements, both online and through traditional media. For media inquiries, please call 805.650.6121, ext. 361.