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New Paltz, NY, United States

The State University of New York at New Paltz, known as SUNY New Paltz for short, is a public college in New Paltz, New York. It traces its origins to the New Paltz Classical School, a secondary institution founded in 1828 and reorganized as an academy in 1833. The College is one of only four SUNY universities in the New York metropolitan area. Wikipedia.


Waltermaurer E.,State University of New York at New Paltz
Trauma, Violence, and Abuse | Year: 2012

Understanding the extent to which the general public justifies intimate partner violence (IPV) is necessarily to explain perpetration, victimization, and response to this behavior. This article provides a literature review of quantitative studies measuring IPV justification among the general population. Key word searching of two databases plus bibliographies, and the web yielded 23 studies that provided comparable measures of IPV justification. Results are summarized for the prevalence of IPV justification identified for each country including differences in justification based on the initiating event (e.g., burning food and infidelity), sociodemographic differences in justification and differences across countries. No study identified a zero prevalence of IPV justification and percentages varied considerably across and within countries. Females tended to report a higher rate of IPV justification than males and younger respondents tended to report a higher rate IPV justification than their older counterparts. Further research is needed to understand IPV justification within and across nations as well as to explore the impact this has on IPV prevalence and policy. © The Author(s) 2012. Source


Li K.,State University of New York at New Paltz
IEEE Transactions on Computers | Year: 2012

Energy-efficient scheduling of sequential tasks with precedence constraints on multiprocessor computers with dynamically variable voltage and speed is investigated as combinatorial optimization problems. In particular, the problem of minimizing schedule length with energy consumption constraint and the problem of minimizing energy consumption with schedule length constraint are considered. Our scheduling problems contain three nontrivial subproblems, namely, precedence constraining, task scheduling, and power supplying. Each subproblem should be solved efficiently so that heuristic algorithms with overall good performance can be developed. Such decomposition of our optimization problems into three subproblems makes design and analysis of heuristic algorithms tractable. Three types of heuristic power allocation and scheduling algorithms are proposed for precedence constrained sequential tasks with energy and time constraints, namely, prepower-determination algorithms, postpower-determination algorithms, and hybrid algorithms. The performance of our algorithms are analyzed and compared with optimal schedules analytically. Such analysis has not been conducted in the literature for any algorithm. Therefore, our investigation in this paper makes initial contribution to analytical performance study of heuristic power allocation and scheduling algorithms for precedence constrained sequential tasks. Our extensive simulation data demonstrate that for wide task graphs, the performance ratios of all our heuristic algorithms approach one as the number of tasks increases. © 1968-2012 IEEE. Source


Bose S.,State University of New York at New Paltz
Journal of Biosocial Science | Year: 2011

This study uses the third National Family Health Survey (2005-06) in India to investigate whether differences in women's status, both at the individual and community levels, can explain the persistent gender differential in nutritional allocation among children. The results show that girls are less likely than boys to receive supplemental food and more likely to be malnourished. In general it appears that higher women's status within a community, as well as higher maternal status, have beneficial effects on a daughter's nutritional status. Further, the moderating effects of community appear to be more consistent and stronger than the individual-level characteristics. A positive relationship between the percentage of literate women in a community and the gender differential in malnutrition appears to be an exception to the general findings regarding the beneficial nature of women's status on a daughter's well-being, showing the need for more than just basic adult literacy drives in communities to overcome the problem of daughter neglect. © Copyright Cambridge University Press 2011. Source


Li K.,State University of New York at New Paltz
Journal of Supercomputing | Year: 2012

In this paper, scheduling parallel tasks on multiprocessor computers with dynamically variable voltage and speed are addressed as combinatorial optimization problems. Two problems are defined, namely, minimizing schedule length with energy consumption constraint and minimizing energy consumption with schedule length constraint. The first problem has applications in general multiprocessor and multicore processor computing systems where energy consumption is an important concern and in mobile computers where energy conservation is a main concern. The second problem has applications in real-time multiprocessing systems and environments where timing constraint is a major requirement. Our scheduling problems are defined such that the energy-delay product is optimized by fixing one factor and minimizing the other. It is noticed that power-aware scheduling of parallel tasks has rarely been discussed before. Our investigation in this paper makes some initial attempt to energy-efficient scheduling of parallel tasks on multiprocessor computers with dynamic voltage and speed. Our scheduling problems contain three nontrivial subproblems, namely, system partitioning, task scheduling, and power supplying. Each subproblem should be solved efficiently, so that heuristic algorithms with overall good performance can be developed. The above decomposition of our optimization problems into three subproblems makes design and analysis of heuristic algorithms tractable. A unique feature of our work is to compare the performance of our algorithms with optimal solutions analytically and validate our results experimentally, not to compare the performance of heuristic algorithms among themselves only experimentally. The harmonic system partitioning and processor allocation scheme is used, which divides a multiprocessor computer into clusters of equal sizes and schedules tasks of similar sizes together to increase processor utilization. A threelevel energy/time/power allocation scheme is adopted for a given schedule, such that the schedule length is minimized by consuming given amount of energy or the energy consumed is minimized without missing a given deadline. The performance of our heuristic algorithms is analyzed, and accurate performance bounds are derived. Simulation data which validate our analytical results are also presented. It is found that our analytical results provide very accurate estimation of the expected normalized schedule length and the expected normalized energy consumption and that our heuristic algorithms are able to produce solutions very close to optimum. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010. Source


Scheetz L.J.,State University of New York at New Paltz
Prehospital Emergency Care | Year: 2010

Background. Older injured persons are frequently undertriaged, increasing the risk for preventable mortality and morbidity in an already-vulnerable population. Changes made in 2006 to the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT) Field Triage Decision Scheme might improve triage accuracy for this population. Objective. This study examined triage accuracy before and after the 2006 revisions. Methods. This secondary analysis of 2004, 2007, and 2008 data from the National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System included persons aged 55 years and older who were transported to a hospital and had a maximum injury severity of uninjured or an Abbreviated Injury Scale score of 1 to 5. Trauma center and nontrauma center admission was a proxy for triage accuracy. Frequencies, means, standard deviations, sensitivities, specificities, positive predictive values (PPVs), and negative predictive values (NPVs) were calculated. Results. Although triage accuracy has improved from 2004 to 2008, the undertriage rate still remains higher than the ACS-COT target of 510. Overtriage rates have remained slightly above or within an acceptable range, suggesting that gains in triage accuracy have not unduly overburdened trauma centers. Both PPV and NPV have improved since 2004. Conclusions. There is a positive trend in triage accuracy for older injured persons since 2004. Ongoing funding, continued trauma system development with more training emphasis on scene evaluation of older adults, and the use of the ACS-COT triage decision scheme are essential for further improvement of triage accuracy. More research is needed to identify and validate additional triage criteria that are sensitive to severe injuries in older persons. © 2011 National Association of EMS Physicians. Source

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